Wawrzyniec Jerzy Żuławski (14 February 1916 in Zakopane – 18 August 1957 in the Alps), also known as Wawa, was a Polish alpinist, educator, composer, music critic, and musicologist. He was a professor of Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Muzyczna in Warsaw. Żuławski was an initiator and organiser of Polish alpinism.During World War II he was a member of Armia Krajowa and was a soldier during the Warsaw Uprising.
Zakopane is a town in the extreme south of Poland, in the southern part of the Podhale region at the foot of the Tatra Mountains. From 1975 to 1998 it was part of Nowy Sącz Province; since 1999 it has been part of Lesser Poland Province. As of 2017 its population was 27,266.
The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
Żuławski published music reviews in Ruch Muzyczny, Express Wieczorny, Nowa Kultura. He also composed orchestral, chamber, piano and vocal pieces.
He was one of the leading Polish alpinists.He died on Mont Blanc during a rescue action in 1957.
Mont Blanc, meaning "White Mountain", is the highest mountain in the Alps and the highest in Europe west of Russia's Caucasus peaks. It rises 4,808.7 m (15,777 ft) above sea level and is ranked 11th in the world in topographic prominence. The mountain stands in a range called the Graian Alps, between the regions of Aosta Valley, Italy, and Savoie and Haute-Savoie, France. The location of the summit is on the watershed line between the valleys of Ferret and Veny in Italy and the valleys of Montjoie, and Arve in France, in the middle of what is generally considered to be the border between the two countries.
The violin, sometimes known as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family. Most violins have a hollow wooden body. It is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in the family in regular use. Smaller violin-type instruments exist, including the violino piccolo and the kit violin, but these are virtually unused. The violin typically has four strings tuned in perfect fifths with notes G3, D4, A4, E5, and is most commonly played by drawing a bow across its strings, though it can also be played by plucking the strings with the fingers (pizzicato) and by striking the strings with the wooden side of the bow.
Żuławski was an author of several mountain-related books:
|This article about a Polish composer is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a Polish writer or poet is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
Andrzej Żuławski was a Polish film director and writer. He was born in Lwów (Lviv), Ukrainian SSR. Żuławski often went against mainstream commercialism in his films, and enjoyed success mostly with European art-house audiences.
Tadeusz Baird was a Polish composer.
Ludomir Różycki was a Polish composer and conductor. He was, with Mieczysław Karłowicz, Karol Szymanowski and Grzegorz Fitelberg, a member of the group of composers known as Young Poland, the intention of which was to invigorate the musical culture of their generation in their mother country.
Jerzy Zawieyski, born Henryk Nowicki, was a Polish playwright, prose writer, Catholic political activist and amateur stage actor. He wrote psychological, social, moral and historical novels, dramas, stories, essays and journals.
Jerzy Żuławski was a Polish literary figure, philosopher, translator, alpinist and nationalist whose best-known work is the science-fiction epic, Trylogia Księżycowa, written between 1901 and 1911.
Juliusz Żuławski was a Polish poet, prose writer, literary critic and translator. He was an editor of Nowa Kultura (1950–1951), chairman of Polish PEN Club, member of Stowarzyszenie Pisarzy Polskich. He fought during Polish September Campaign (1939).
Marek Żuławski, was a painter and graphic artist, son of Jerzy Żuławski. He created posters, still life and landscape paintings, figural compositions. Marek published essays about art: Od Hogartha do Bacona (1973), Romantyzm, klasycyzm i z powrotem (1976). He also wrote a two-part autobiography, Studium do autoportretu (1980), which has recently been republished in its full trilogy form by the publishing house Oficyna Wydawnicza Kucharski. His second wife, Halina Korn, was also an artist.
Mirosław Żuławski was a Polish writer, prosaist, diplomatist and screenwriter. He is father of film director, Andrzej Żuławski.
Zygmunt Żuławski was a Polish politician, association activist, and socialist. He was a member of:
Żuławski is a Polish surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Lorenz Christoph Mizler von Kolof was a German physician, historian, printer, mathematician, Baroque music composer, and precursor of the Polish Enlightenment.
Jerzy Zagórski was a Polish poet, essayist and translator. Member of literary group Żagary. Awarded the Righteous Among the Nations together with his wife Maria (Maryna) Zagórska, translator of belles-lettres.
Jerzy Zaruba (1891–1971) was a Polish graphic artist, stage scenographer and caricaturist; author of satirical drawings, political crèches and illustrations for books and magazines. Pupil of Stanisław Lentz.
Aleksander Zarzycki was a Polish pianist, composer and conductor. Author of piano and violin compositions, mazurkas, polonaises, krakowiaks, and songs.
Andrzej Zawada, born: Maria Andrzej Zawada, was a Polish Alpinist and Tatra Mountains climber, pioneer of winter Himalayism. Organiser and leader in numerous high-mountains expeditions. Author of movies and photographs from expeditions, co-author of Alpinist books. Honorary member of the British Alpine Club, French Groupe de Haute Montagne and American The Explorers Club.
The Fryderyk Chopin University of Music is located at ulica Okólnik 2 in central Warsaw, Poland. It is the oldest and largest music school in Poland, and one of the largest in Europe.
Wawrzyniec is a Polish male given name. Notable people with the name include:
Antoni Stolpe was a Polish composer and pianist.
Trylogia Księżycowa is a trilogy of science fiction novels by the Polish writer Jerzy Żuławski, written between 1901 and 1911. It has been translated into Russian, Czech, German and Hungarian, and has been reprinted several times in Poland. They are his best-known works.