Wawrzyniec Styczeń

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Wawrzyniec Styczeń ( [vaˈvʐɨɲɛt͡s ˈstɨt͡ʂɛɲ] ; January 5, 1836 in Wola Drwińska near Bochnia May 29, 1908 in Niepołomice) was a Polish social activist, lawyer, president of the Kraków branch of the Youth Club Sokół ("Falcon"), member of the Society of Appreciation of the History and Monuments of Kraków, and member of the Kraków City Council.

Wola Drwińska Village in Lesser Poland, Poland

Wola Drwińska is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Drwinia, within Bochnia County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It lies approximately 2 kilometres (1 mi) east of Drwinia, 14 km (9 mi) north of Bochnia, and 38 km (24 mi) east of the regional capital Kraków. Wawrzyniec Styczeń was born there.

Bochnia Place in Lesser Poland, Poland

Bochnia(listen) is a town of 30,000 inhabitants on the river Raba in southern Poland. The town lies approximately in halfway [38 kilometres (24 mi)] between Tarnów (east) and the regional capital Kraków (west). Bochnia is most noted for its salt mine, the oldest functioning in Europe, built c. 1248. Since Poland's administrative reorganization in 1999, Bochnia has been the administrative capital of Bochnia County in Lesser Poland Voivodeship. Before reorganization it was part of Tarnów Voivodeship.

Niepołomice Place in Lesser Poland, Poland

Niepołomice is a town in southern Poland, situated in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship, previously in Kraków Voivodeship (1975–1998). It is situated on the Vistula River, and belongs to Kraków on the verge of a large virgin forest. There is a 14th-century gothic hunting castle in town built by Casimir III, as well as a conservation center for wisents nearby.


Styczeń came from a peasant family. He most likely began his studies in his native Wola Drwińska, and by 1854 attended the Saint Anne's gymnasium in Kraków. He graduated after five years. Between 1859 and 1863 he studied at the Faculty of Law of the Jagiellonian University. He finished his doctorate in Law in 1869.

Peasant member of a traditional class of farmers

A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees, or services to a landlord. In Europe, peasants were divided into three classes according to their personal status: slave, serf, and free tenant. Peasants either hold title to land in fee simple, or hold land by any of several forms of land tenure, among them socage, quit-rent, leasehold, and copyhold.

Gymnasium (school) type of school providing advanced secondary education in Europe

A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools. In its current meaning, it usually refers to secondary schools focused on preparing students to enter a university for advanced academic study. Before the 20th century, the system of gymnasiums was a widespread feature of educational system throughout many countries of central, north, eastern, and south Europe.

Jagiellonian University Polish higher education institution

The Jagiellonian University is a research university in Kraków, Poland.

Styczeń settled permanently in Kraków and purchased a house on Karmelicka street. He operated a successful law practice, and gradually acquired the reputation as "the most outstanding personality of the Kraków Bar". For many years he served as President of the Board of the Kraków Bar, and was also a member of the disciplinary committee of the Bar (within the Kraków National Court).

Bar (law)

In law, the bar is the legal profession as an institution. The term is a metonym for the line that separates the parts of a courtroom reserved for spectators and those reserved for participants in a trial such as lawyers.

He was active in social work. After the establishment of the Kraków branch of the Youth Club/Athletic society "Sokól" in Kraków in 1885, he became one of its members and served as the president of the organization after the resignation of Michał Bałucki, in 1886. He also served as the vice-president of the Lwów chapter of the organization. Styczeń was instrumental in obtaining funds for and organizing the construction of the Sokól headquarters in Kraków, which opened up in November 1889 on Wolska Street. The building was expanded in 1894.

Wolska Street street in Warsaw

Wolska is the main artery of Warsaw's borough of Wola. Initially Wola district was but a western suburb of Warsaw and a road leading to it was dubbed "droga wolska" - Wola road. In 1725 parts of that road closest to the Warsaw Old Town, located along the Saxon Axis, were officially renamed to "Aleja Wolska" - Wola Avenue. In modern times it starts at a crossing of Chłodna and Towarowa Streets, and runs as a continuation of Solidarity Avenue through the neighbourhoods of Młynów, Czyste and Ulrychów, all the way to Połczyńska Street.

Under his leadership the athletic organization expanded to include, in addition to gymnastics, fencing, rowing, horse riding and cycling. Styczeń closely cooperated with the original Czech Sokol establishment . In 1894 the Kraków members participated in a national athletic exhibition in Lwów, and in June 1896 Styczeń helped to organize a three-day tournament and rally of the club with representatives from Galicia, Greater Poland, Czech lands and the United States. In 1894 the Kraków branch had 1,200 members, including doctors, land owners, merchants and artists. Due to disputes with other members of the organization, Styczeń stepped down as president in 1898 and was replaced by Władysław Turski.

Sokol all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague

The Sokol movement is an all-age gymnastics organization first founded in Prague in the Czech region of Austria-Hungary in 1862 by Miroslav Tyrš and Jindřich Fügner. It was based upon the principle of "a strong mind in a sound body". The Sokol, through lectures, discussions, and group outings provided what Tyrš viewed as physical, moral, and intellectual training for the nation. This training extended to men of all ages and classes, and eventually to women.

Galicia (Eastern Europe) historical and geographic region in Eastern Europe

Galicia is a historical and geographic region between Central and Eastern Europe. It was once the small Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia and later a crown land of Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, which straddled the modern-day border between Poland and Ukraine. The area, named after the medieval city of Halych, was first mentioned in Hungarian historical chronicles in the year 1206 as Galiciæ. In 1253 Prince Daniel of Galicia was crowned the King of Rus or King of Ruthenia following the Mongol invasion in Ruthenia. In 1352 the Kingdom of Poland annexed the Kingdom of Galicia and Volhynia as the Ruthenian Voivodeship.

Greater Poland Place in Poland

Greater Poland, often known by its Polish name Wielkopolska, is a historical region of west-central Poland. Its chief city is Poznań.

In June 1887, Styczeń began to serve on the Kraków City Council, and remained in the position for the next fifteen years. He served in the economic and legal departments and from 1891 he headed the commission to "attract foreign visitors to the city of Kraków and its surroundings". He was deeply concerned with improving the aesthetics of the city and in November 1896 he was invited by Stanisław Krzyżanowski to join the Society of Appreciation of the History and Monuments of Kraków.

Between 1887 and 1890 he was a member of the Faculty of the Great Savings Fund for the City of Kraków under the presidency of Feliks Szlachtowski. He continued to work in the same capacity under the next president, Józef Friedlein.

He was involved in charitable work, as a member of the Arcybractwa Miłosierdzia i Banku Pobożnego (the "Arch-brothers of Mercy and of the Pious Bank"). He served as their legal advisor, as well as for the Goodwill Society.

At the end of 1904 he left Kraków and moved his offices to Niepołomice, where he served as a city councilor and on the district court. He died in Niepołomice on May 29, 1908. He was buried at the Rakowicki Cemetery in the family tomb of the Ziembiński, his wife's family. His tomb has an erroneous date of birth, given as 1837 instead of 1836.

He married Helena Ziembińska (born in 1850 in Kraków) in 1870 and had four children: daughter Mary (born 1873), and sons, Stanisław (born 1876), Alexander (born 1878) and Adam (born 1889).


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