Waxweiler

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Waxweiler
DEU Waxweiler COA.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Waxweiler within Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm district
Waxweiler in BIT.svg
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Waxweiler
Rhineland-Palatinate location map.svg
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Waxweiler
Coordinates: 50°5′30″N6°21′52″E / 50.09167°N 6.36444°E / 50.09167; 6.36444 Coordinates: 50°5′30″N6°21′52″E / 50.09167°N 6.36444°E / 50.09167; 6.36444
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm
Municipal assoc. Arzfeld
Government
   Mayor Manfred Groben (CDU)
Area
  Total5.96 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
Elevation
360 m (1,180 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31) [1]
  Total1,122
  Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
54649
Dialling codes 06554
Vehicle registration BIT
Website www.waxweiler.com

Waxweiler is a municipality in the county of Bitburg-Prüm, in Rhineland-Palatinate, western Germany. It is located in the Eifel, south of Prüm and is accessible through the Autobahn 60. The parish of about 1100 inhabitants lies 345 meters (1,132 feet) above sea level.

The Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is bounded by Luxembourg, Belgium and the districts of Euskirchen, Vulkaneifel, Bernkastel-Wittlich and Trier-Saarburg.

Rhineland-Palatinate State in Germany

Rhineland-Palatinate is a state of Germany.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

History

Roman artifacts dating to AD 150 on the hill "Am Hüttenberg" attest to the early origins of Waxweiler. In the Middle Ages Waxweiler was part of Austrasia in the Frankish Empire. Around 700, Saint Willibrord (657–739), a Benedictine monk from Northumbria, brought Christianity to Waxweiler (see also Dancing procession of Echternach) and at that time the Church was founded in the town. The first official documents mention Waxweiler in 943. From 962 Waxweiler belonged to the Holy Roman Empire until 1804 and the time of Napoleon. Prior to the opening of the TrierGerolstein railroad in 1871, four-span stage coaches traversed the routes Trier–Köln and Trier–Aachen. These passed through Waxweiler daily, one going and once coming. Shortly after the start of World War I, two German soldiers on guard duty were killed by friendly fire in Waxweiler. Until the end of World War I in 1919, a stage coach operated from Waxweiler to nearby villages. World War II started in 1939 and on January 8, 1945 a massive bomb attack occurred on Waxweiler. In 1945 and 1946, to make emergency repairs for extensive destruction by bombing and artillery, every able-bodied male inhabitant, age 16 to 60, was obligated to perform repairs or equivalent work without pay. Shortly before Christmas in 2004, a massive fire destroyed the bell tower of the church and caused extensive damage. The church and tower were rebuilt within two years.

Austrasia

Austrasia was a territory which formed the northeastern section of the Merovingian Kingdom of the Franks during the 6th to 8th centuries. It was centred on the Meuse, Middle Rhine and the Moselle rivers, and was the original territory of the Franks, including both the so-called Salians and Rhineland Franks, which Clovis I conquered after first taking control of the bordering part of Roman Gaul, now northern France, which is sometimes described in this period as Neustria.

Franks Germanic people

The Franks were a tribal confederation of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine, on the edge of the Roman Empire. Later the term was associated with later Romanized Germanic dynasties within the collapsing Western Roman Empire, who eventually commanded the whole region between the rivers Loire and Rhine. They then imposed power over many other post-Roman kingdoms and Germanic peoples, and still later they were given recognition by the Catholic Church as successors to the old rulers of the Western Roman Empire.

Willibrord Catholic bishop and saint from Northumbria

Willibrord was a Northumbrian missionary saint, known as the "Apostle to the Frisians" in the modern Netherlands. He became the first Bishop of Utrecht and died at Echternach, Luxembourg.

It has been used as a special stage for the Rallye Deutschland.

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References

  1. "Bevölkerungsstand 2018 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2019.