Wealdstone

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War memorial and clock tower, Wealdstone - geograph.org.uk - 4446283.jpg
Wealdstone war memorial and clock alongside a parade in the northern part of High Street
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Wealdstone
Location within Greater London
Population11,394 (2011 Census. Ward) [1]
OS grid reference TQ155895
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Historic county
Post town HARROW
Postcode district HA3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°35′45″N0°20′07″W / 51.595697°N 0.335190°W / 51.595697; -0.335190 Coordinates: 51°35′45″N0°20′07″W / 51.595697°N 0.335190°W / 51.595697; -0.335190

Wealdstone ( /ˈwldstn/ ) is a district located in the centre of the London Borough of Harrow, England. It is located just north of Harrow town centre and is south of Harrow Weald, west of Belmont and Kenton, and east of Headstone. The area accommodates most of Harrow's industrial and business designated land. As the blue-collar part of the borough, Wealdstone is perhaps best known for the Kodak Harrow plant, which closed down in 2016. [2] Wealdstone is centred on the High Street, and much traffic is bypassed from here by the George Gange Way flyover built in 1996. [3] [4] Its western boundary is formed by Harrow View, across which Headstone Manor lies, whereas on the east is Byron Park and the Belmont Trail. Harrow & Wealdstone station and the council offices are located at its southern end.

Contents

Etmyology

The eponymous Weald Stone is a sarsen stone, positioned to mark the then boundary between the parishes of Harrow and Harrow Weald. It is located outside the Bombay Central restaurant, [5] which was built as a public house (previously known as the Weald Stone Inn and prior to that, the Red Lion), outside 328 High Road, Harrow Weald. [6]

History

Wealdstone Urban District was created under the Local Government Act 1894 in 1894, and absorbed by Harrow Urban District in 1934.

Much of the housing stock in central Wealdstone consists of older Victorian and Edwardian terraces along with new flatted developments in High Street and George Gange Way. [7]

The former Eastman Kodak factory on Headstone Drive, Wealdstone. It was Kodak's first outside the U.S., opened in 1891 and closed 2016, now demolished. The Kodak Factory, Harrow (6448693205).jpg
The former Eastman Kodak factory on Headstone Drive, Wealdstone. It was Kodak's first outside the U.S., opened in 1891 and closed 2016, now demolished.

The Kodak Harrow factory was located in Wealdstone until closure in 2016. This, along with nearby factories of Winsor & Newton (closed 2010 [8] ), Whitefriars Glass and Hamilton Brush Works, [9] turned Wealdstone into Harrow's industrial centre. Waverley Industrial Estate still contains industry today. A Her Majesty's Stationery Office factory in the area was demolished in 1996 and now replaced by Harrow Crown Court. [10]

At the junction of Graham Road with High Street was located the former Herga Cinema which opened in 1939 but closed in 1951. [11] The building was variously used throughout its later lifetime as commercial premises until Harrow Council confirmed in 2018 that the building was to be demolished and replaced by flats. [12]

The bypass of Wealdstone High Street was completed in late 1996. In 1997 supermarket chain Asda announced a grand scheme for a superstore in Wealdstone involving a massive redevelopment of the town centre, including demolishing 60 small businesses. Due to its controversy and dividing opinion it was scrapped and revived again later that year with a more modest scheme. [13] [14] [15] Following lengthy negotiations and consultations, Asda dropped the plan in 1999 blaming Harrow Council. [16] Local traders were reportedly "beleaguered" by the high street's decline since the opening of the bypass and the abandonment of Sainsbury's promising to built a supermarket in 2001, which traders hoped would help revitalise Wealdstone. [17] [18] Later that year Harrow Council secured funding for a community centre including a library at the site of a former Safeway. [19] [20] It opened in 2004 as the Wealdstone Centre. Asda eventually opened a smaller supermarket on the high street in 2015. [21]

A mural of Queen Victoria on the sidewalls of Harrow & Wealdstone station Queen Victoria mural, Wealdstone.jpg
A mural of Queen Victoria on the sidewalls of Harrow & Wealdstone station

A mural commemorating Queen Victoria was painted on the railway bridge in 2004 by local children. [22]

Police Station

Wealdstone Police Station in 2017 Wealdstone Police Station from W.png
Wealdstone Police Station in 2017
High Street showing police station on the right in 2006 High Street, Wealdstone (2) - geograph.org.uk - 234453.jpg
High Street showing police station on the right in 2006

Possibly the most prominent building in Wealdstone is the former Police Station in the high street. The site was built in 1909 and has been Grade II listed since 1998. [23] It is noted for its distinctive style and features. [24]

In 2003, plans by the Metropolitan Police to close Wealdstone police station was met with widespread protest and opposition within the community. A petition against the closure received 200 signatures. [25] The station eventually remained open, but the issue arose again in 2008 and 2011 amid police plans to sell the building. While the station was no longer open to the public, it still housed the Anti-Social Behaviour Partnership team. [26]

In May 2011, Navin Shah representing Brent and Harrow in the London Assembly asked then-Mayor of London Boris Johnson about his thoughts on the closure. Johnson responded:

Let's be clear - the closing of a police station is always a very difficult decision. People understandably are reassured by the physical presence of a corner police station. But the Met's real estate portfolio is ageing, and modern policing is these days more reliant on resources other than just bricks and mortar. [27]

Gareth Thomas, MP for Harrow West, launched a petition to save the station. [28] However the prevention was unsuccessful and the station closed down. [29]

Sport

The Harrow Leisure Centre is located in Wealdstone and facilities include swimming, badminton, snooker, martial arts and a gym run by Harper's Fitness. One of the country's oldest remaining skate parks, Harrow Skate Park, is next to the leisure centre. The park is a major centre of the British skateboarding scene and draws visitors from all over the country.

Wealdstone FC have a long association with the town. In 1903 they played at the College Farm ground situated in Locket Road, then later played in Belmont Road before moving in 1922 to Lower Mead, which was located behind the Dominion/ABC cinema (now closed) on Station Road, prior to its controversial sale to Tesco for retail development in 1991. After many years of without a home stadium of their own, Wealdstone FC is now based nearby in Ruislip, having currently abandoned plans to relocate within the borough of Harrow at Prince Edward Fields, Canons Park, now the home stadium of Barnet FC. Famous former players include Stuart Pearce, Vinnie Jones and Jermaine Beckford.

Demography

Wealdstone High Street (2006) High Street, Wealdstone - geograph.org.uk - 234286.jpg
Wealdstone High Street (2006)

Wealdstone is the youngest ward in the borough of Harrow. [30] It is also the most deprived part of the borough. [31] [32]

2011 census results show the largest ethnic group in Wealdstone ward is White British (25%), followed by 20% Indian and 13% Other Asian. [33] Marlborough ward (which covers southern parts of Wealdstone) was 24% Indian, 23% White British, 11% Other Asian and 10% Other White. [34]

Wealdstone used to have the highest crime rate in the borough, as the town suffered from antisocial behaviour and drug crime, higher than the borough's average. However, the Wealdstone Antisocial Behaviour Partnership (WASP), started by the Metropolitan Police to tackle crime in the town in 2010, saw impressive results with crime figures below the average in the borough. Wealdstone was one of only four Harrow wards to show a fall in reported Crime from April 2015 to March 2016. [35]

Governance

Wealdstone ward is within the Harrow West constituency, currently represented by Labour MP Gareth Thomas. However smaller parts of the district west of High Street and north of Locket Road are in the Harrow Weald ward, which is in Harrow East constituency and represented by Conservative MP Bob Blackman.

Other amenities

Holy Trinity, Wealdstone Holy Trinity, Wealdstone - geograph.org.uk - 4731116.jpg
Holy Trinity, Wealdstone

The Holy Trinity Church of England was built in Gothic style in 1882. [36]

Schools include Sacred Heart Language College, Salvatorian College and Whitefriars School.

Transport

Tube/Trains

There is one station in the district:

Bus routes

Seven London Buses routes run during day, as well as a school bus (640). There are two night routes serving Wealdstone: 140 and N18.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Edgware Human settlement in England

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Kensal Green Human settlement in England

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Kenton, London Human settlement in England

Kenton is an area of northwest London, England, historically in Middlesex. The main road through it, Kenton Road, forms the boundary between the London boroughs of Harrow and Brent.

Pinner Area of north west London

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Stanmore Human settlement in England

Stanmore is a district in the London Borough of Harrow in Greater London. It is centred 11 miles (18 km) northwest of Charing Cross in the outskirts of the urban area and includes southern slopes of the unnamed ridge of hills rising to Stanmore Hill, one of the highest points of London, 152 metres (499 ft) high. The town is based on the ancient Middlesex parish of Great Stanmore, separate from Little Stanmore where the 1st Duke of Chandos built Cannons house.

London Borough of Harrow London borough in United Kingdom

The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough in north-west London, England, and forms part of Outer London. It borders four other London boroughs – Barnet to the east of ancient Watling Street, Brent to the south-east, Ealing to the south and Hillingdon to the west – plus the Hertfordshire districts of Three Rivers and Hertsmere to the north. The local authority is Harrow London Borough Council. The London borough was formed in 1965, based on boundaries that had been established in 1934. The borough is made up of three towns: Harrow proper, Pinner, and Stanmore, but also includes western parts of Edgware; it is of suburban character and includes some countryside in the northern outskirts.

Harrow & Wealdstone station London Underground and railway station

Harrow & Wealdstone is a railway station on the Watford DC line and West Coast Main Line in Harrow and Wealdstone in the London Borough of Harrow. It is 11 miles 30 chains (18.31 km) on the line from London Euston station, and it also the northern terminus of the Bakerloo line.

Harrow, London Town in Greater London, England

Harrow is a large town in Greater London, England, and serves as the principal settlement of the London Borough of Harrow. Lying about 10.5 miles (16.9 km) north-west of Charing Cross and 5.4 miles (8.7 km) south of Watford, the entire town including its localities had a population of 149,246 as of the 2011 census, whereas the wider borough had a population of 250,149.

Belmont, Harrow Human settlement in England

Belmont is a residential area of the London Borough of Harrow, located between Stanmore, Kenton, Wealdstone and Queensbury.

Harrow Weald Human settlement in England

Harrow Weald is a suburban district in Greater London, England. Located about 2 miles north of Harrow, Harrow Weald is formed from a leafy 1930s suburban development along with ancient woodland of Harrow Weald Common. It forms part of the London Borough of Harrow.

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West Harrow Human settlement in England

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Harrow East (UK Parliament constituency)

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South Harrow Human settlement in England

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North Wembley Human settlement in England

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Headstone, London Human settlement in England

Headstone is a residential area north-west of Harrow, London, and immediately north of North Harrow. A green buffer exists between Headstone and North Harrow that consists of a moated manor site and football and rugby pitches, making the area mostly separate from North Harrow. However, there are some points of flux and overlap. To the west the area abuts the large and predominantly agricultural pasture of Pinner Park.

Stonebridge, London Human settlement in England

Stonebridge is a locality in the London Borough of Brent that forms the western part of Harlesden in Northwest London, England. The A404 runs through the district known locally as Brentfield and Hillside, while to the south are railway tracks and to the west is the North Circular Road along with Stonebridge Park station. The area is known for the previously troubled 1960s Stonebridge housing estate, which was completely redeveloped in the 2000s.

Harrow Skate Park

Harrow Skate Park or Harrow Solid Surf is one of only two remaining 1970's shotcrete skateparks still operating in the United Kingdom. It is located next to Byron Park and Harrow Leisure Centre in Wealdstone in the London Borough of Harrow, England.

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