|Native name: |
|Area||24.74 km2 (9.55 sq mi)|
|Length||6.5 km (4.04 mi)|
|Width||6 km (3.7 mi)|
|Coastline||15.6 km (9.69 mi)|
Weizhou Island (simplified Chinese :涠洲岛; traditional Chinese :潿洲島; pinyin :Wéizhōu Dǎo) is a Chinese island in the Gulf of Tonkin. The largest island of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Weizhou is west of Leizhou Peninsula, south of Beihai, and east of Vietnam. Administratively, it is part of Weizhou Town, Haicheng District of Beihai City. The name derives from Chinese 潿 wéi ("still water") and 洲 zhōu ("river islet").
Its north-south length is 6.5 kilometres (4.0 miles), east-west 6 kilometres (3.7 miles). The coast is 15.6 kilometres (9.7 miles), with 6 to 10 kilometres (3.7 to 6.2 miles) of sandy beach. Weizhou rises in the south, where Nanwan Port (南灣港; pinyin: nánwān gǎng) is located. Coral reefs have been established around the island.
Weizhou Dao is China's youngest volcanic island.Its origin is probably from a mantle plume that rose 50–32 million years ago, as a result from the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates. When the plume reached the asthenosphere, it helped to create the South China Sea by the plume's lateral flow. An evidence that the plume still exists is that a lot of basalt has since the Pliocene erupted in the South China Sea and its adjacent areas, for example the Yandunling (烟墩岭) and Yantouling (烟头岭) volcanoes, Leiqiong (雷琼) volcano group, Weizhou Island and Xieyang Island.
The mantle below the Weizhou island has an average temperature of 1,661 °C, which is between the corresponding values of the Hawaii hotspot and the Iceland hotspot.
There have been four periods of volcanic activity on the site, the first one occurred in the early Pleistocene, when mainly ash began to erupt from the bottom of the sea.
The second time, between 9–225 million years ago, started with basaltic magma eruptions, and ended with pyroclastic eruptions. This was the time with the heaviest eruptions on Weizhou and Xieyang.
The third time began with large amounts of volcanic bombs and ended with basaltic magma, this was from 200,000 to 15,000 years ago.
The fourth time, from 10,000 to 7,100 years ago, a few intermittent eruptions happened, first mainly with volcanic bombs, and in the end volcanic ash.
From 1869 to 1879, the French built a Gothic-style 15 metre Catholic church in Shengtang Village (盛塘村; pinyin: shèngtáng cūn), Weizhou. Weizhou Chengzai Church (城仔教堂) was built in 1880, also by French Catholics.
Along with smaller Xieyang Island, Weizhou island is a nature reserve named Beihai Weizhoudao Volcano National Geopark to preserve its volcanic features and protect rich local ecosystem engulfing 147 species of migratory and non-migratory birds, including threatened species such as black-faced spoonbills.
Calm and shallow waters around the two islands have shown recoveries in recent years, resulting in support and attract varieties of marine life from coral reefs [ citation needed ]to megafaunas more increasingly appear such as sea turtles, whale sharks, endangered finless porpoises, several species of dolphins including nationally protected Chinese white dolphins, and Bryde's whales. Even a blue whale appeared in the waters in 2017. Hepu Dugong National Nature Reserve established in 1992 covers nearby areas and which is the only sanctuary for dugongs in China.
Bryde's whale, or the Bryde's whale complex, putatively comprises two species of rorqual and maybe three. The "complex" means the number and classification remains unclear because of a lack of definitive information and research. The common Bryde's whale is a larger form that occurs worldwide in warm temperate and tropical waters, and the Sittang or Eden's whale is a smaller form that may be restricted to the Indo-Pacific. Also, a smaller, coastal form of B. brydei is found off southern Africa, and perhaps another form in the Indo-Pacific differs in skull morphology, tentatively referred to as the Indo-Pacific Bryde's whale. The recently described Omura's whale, was formerly thought to be a pygmy form of Bryde's, but is now recognized as a distinct species.
The Leizhou Peninsula, alternately romanized as the Luichow Peninsula, is a peninsula in the southernmost part of Guangdong Province in South China.
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Xiuyu District is a district of the city of Putian, Fujian, People's Republic of China. The district executive, legislature and judiciary are in Hushi Town (笏石镇), together with the CPC and PSB branches.
Weizhou is a town of Haicheng District, Beihai, Guangxi, People's Republic of China. The town comprises two Gulf of Tonkin islands: Weizhou Island and a smaller 1.89 square kilometres (0.73 sq mi) Xieyang Island (斜阳岛), covering an area of 26.63 km2 (10.28 sq mi) and with a population of 15,900. It includes 2 neighborhood committees, 9 village committees. As of 2011, it has 2 residential communities (社区) and 9 villages under its administration.
The Songtao Reservoir, also known as the Songtao Reservoir Irrigation Area, is the largest body of water in Hainan, and the second largest reservoir in China.
Xieyang Island is a Chinese island in the Gulf of Tonkin, located 9 nautical miles southeast of Weizhou Island. Administratively, it, along with Weizhou Island, forms the town of Weizhou, in Haicheng District, Beihai, Guangxi. It has an area of only 1.89 square kilometres (0.73 sq mi) and is of volcanic origin. The island may be described as appearing like a goat with its front legs crouched, and so in ancient times was also called "斜羊島". It is one of the tourist attractions of Beihai.
The Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region Intercity Railway System is a regional higher-speed rail and commuter rail network being gradually constructed in the Pearl River Delta, People's Republic of China. The project's goal is to have every major urban center in the Yuegang'ao Greater Bay Area to be within one-hour travel by rail to Guangzhou. On March 16, 2005, the State Council approved plans for a regional high-speed commuter rail network for the Jingjinji, Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. According to the plan, by 2020, the network will have a total route mileage of about 600 kilometres (370 mi). In September 2009, the plan was expanded to 1,478 km (918 mi) of routes split up into 23 lines. In the long term vision network length will reach 1,890 km (1,170 mi) by 2030. By then the network will provide basic coverage to the Pearl River Delta region. The Suishen ICR, Guanhui ICR and Guangfozhao ICR accept Alipay, avoiding the need to purchase tickets in advance.
Kōjirō Matsumoto is a Japanese educationist. He was a professor of Waseda University, and the provost of Tokyo Higher Normal School. With educationists including Takashima (高島平三郎), he jointly founded the Children Research magazine in 1898, and in 1902 founded Children Research Society in Japan. In 1906 he was invited by Liangjiang Higher Normal School president Li Ruiqing and then came to China to be the school provost.
Yang Shouren is a professor in the School of Earth and Space Sciences in Peking University.
Zhou Shen, also known as Charlie Zhou, is a Chinese singer. He is best known for his songs "Big Fish", which won 8 awards. In November 2017, Zhou released his debut album 深的深, a co-creation with producer Gao Xiaosong, songwriter Yin Yue, and composer Qian Lei. He has performed for many TV series and Chinese animation films such as Big Fish & Begonia, Dahufa, and Crystal Sky of Yesterday, among others. In March 2018, Zhou sang the Chinese promotional song for the 2018 Oscar Best Picture The Shape of Water. In 2020, Zhou Shen won first place for his performance of the song "Da La Beng Ba" in the show Singer 2020, imitating multiple voices, including that of a little girl and a man. By April 2020, this performance clip's view count on Bilibili had exceeded 10 million, surpassing that of the original song; after the song was released on Netease Cloud Music, it dominated the chart for several days, and the single has been played over 100 million times, and has been on top of Chinese search engines.
Luci Island (Chinese: 鸬鹚岛 / 鸬鹚屿; pinyin: Lúcí Dǎo/Yǔ/Xù; Wade–Giles: Lu2-tzʻŭ2 Tao3/Yü3/Hsü4; lit. 'cormorant island') (also Loutz Island (Lu-tzʻu, Lucih) and Lusi Island (Lusih, Lu-ssu) (Chinese: 鷺鷥島; pinyin: Lùsī Dǎo; Wade–Giles: Lu4-ssŭ1 Tao3; lit. 'little egret island') is an uninhabited island southeast of the Asian mainland in Pinghai Town (平海镇), Xiuyu District, Putian, Fujian, People's Republic of China (PRC) and 9 nautical miles (17 km) north-northwest of Wuciou Township (Ockseu), Kinmen County (Quemoy), Republic of China (Taiwan) which can be seen from the island.
Nantai is the largest island in the Min River of Fujian. It is located in the center of the Fuzhou Plain, surrounded by the "north harbor" of the Min (闽江北港) and the Wulong River, or "south harbor" of the Min. It has the nickname "Island of Chinese snowballs and jade" (琼花玉岛).
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