|Chief queen consort of Burma|
|Tenure||1174 – 1186|
|Predecessor||Min Aung Myat|
|Successor||Taung Pyinthe II (Sithu II)|
|Queen of the Western Palace|
|Tenure||c. April – May 1174|
Myinsaing, Pagan Empire
Pagan (Bagan), Pagan Empire
|Spouse|| Sithu II (1171–86) |
Weluwaddy (Burmese : ဝေဠုဝတီ, pronounced [wèlṵ wədì] ; Pali : Veḷuvatī; d. 1186) was a chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. According to the royal chronicles, Sithu II overthrew his brother King Naratheinkha after his brother seized his wife Weluwaddy in 1174.
According to the chronicles, the future queen was born in Myinsaing to a commoner family, and grew up to be a great beauty.When King Naratheinkha came to power in 1171, the chief of Myinsaing sent her as part of his tribute to the new king. At the palace in Pagan (Bagan), the king was not impressed by the country girl before him. He is said to have particularly disliked her ears, deeming them too large. He passed, and gave her to his younger brother Crown Prince Narapati who made her a junior wife.
Chronicles say that the former country girl blossomed into a sophisticated beauty in the next few years. Her transformation was orchestrated by the dowager queen Myauk Pyinthe. The queen mother had the girl's ears surgically reduced, sent her to finishing school, and personally taught her court etiquette. The junior princess is said to have emerged more beautiful and sophisticated than all other princesses at the palace.She was finally noticed by the king himself one day when she accompanied the queen mother to a party at the palace. There, the king was taken by her beauty, and now coveted his brother's wife.
Naratheinkha's attempt to seize her in the next few months would alter the course of history. The king hastily came up with a scheme: He had a minister falsely report a rebellion in the extreme north of the kingdom at Ngasaunggyan (present-day Dehong, Yunnan), and ordered his brother, commander-in-chief of the royal army, to march there. As ordered, Narapati left with the army. When the army reached Thissein (modern Shwebo District), about 210 km north of Pagan, Naratheinkha raised his sister-in-law to queen. But the news reached Thissein within a few days as a cavalry officer loyal to the crown prince came up to deliver the news. Narapati turned around, and sent an elite company of 80 troops led by Commander Aung Zwa with the order to assassinate the king.
In 1174, Narapati became king as Sithu II. All three main chronicles say that she became the chief queen consort with the title of Weluwaddy (Pali: Veluvati).However, a contemporary inscription from Sithu II's reign places her last in a list of six senior queens. The couple had a son, Zeya Thura. Both Weluwaddy and Zeya Thura were given the towns of Talok, Amyint and Aneint (modern Myingyan and Monywa Districts) in fief.
She died in 1186.After her death, the king dedicated the Shwe Thabeik Pagoda in Talok (Myingyan District).
Narapati Sithu was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1174 to 1211. He is considered the last important king of Pagan. His peaceful and prosperous reign gave rise to Burmese culture which finally emerged from the shadows of Mon and Pyu cultures. The Burman leadership of the kingdom was now unquestioned. The Pagan Empire reached its peak during his reign, and would decline gradually after his death.
Naratheinkha was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1171 to 1174. He appointed his brother Narapati Sithu heir apparent and commander-in-chief. It was the first recorded instance in the history of the dynasty that the king had given up the command of the army. The king was assassinated by Aungzwa, one of Sithu's servants, after the king had raised one of Sithu's wives to queen.
Kyawswa I of Pinya was king of Pinya from 1344 to 1350. His six-year reign briefly restored unity in southern Upper Burma although his authority over his southernmost vassals remained largely nominal. He suddenly died in 1350, and came to be regarded as one of the major Burmese folk spirits, known as Nga-zi Shin Nat.
Uzana II of Pinya was king of Pinya for three months in 1364. He was merely a nominal king, and could not consolidate his power in the wake of the devastating raid by the northern Shan state of Mong Mao. He was overthrown in September 1364 by Thado Minbya of Sagaing.
The Pinya Kingdom was the kingdom that ruled Central Myanmar (Burma) from 1313 to 1365. It was the successor state of Myinsaing, the polity that controlled much of Upper Burma between 1297 and 1313. Founded as the de jure successor state of the Pagan Empire by Thihathu, Pinya faced internal divisions from the start. The northern province of Sagaing led by Thihathu's eldest son Saw Yun successfully fought for autonomy in 1315−17, and formally seceded in 1325 after Thihathu's death.
Bayin Htwe was king of Prome (Pyay) from 1526 to 1532. His small kingdom, founded by his father Thado Minsaw in 1482, was conquered by the Confederation of Shan States in 1532, and he was taken prisoner to Upper Burma. He was later released, and returned to Prome only to be refused entry by his son Narapati. Bayin Htwe died at the outskirts of Prome (Pyay) in mid 1533.
Laygyun Mibaya was the chief queen of Viceroy Minkhaung II of Toungoo. Self-proclaimed kings of Toungoo Minye Thihathu II and Natshinnaung were her son and grandson, respectively.
Ananda Thuriya was a senior minister to kings Sithu I, Narathu and Naratheinkha of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. He is best remembered in Burmese history for the poem he wrote for King Sithu II, just a few minutes before his execution, titled The Law of Nature. The extant poem, likely a result of a 14th-century update, is considered to be the first known instance of poetry in Burmese as well as monarchical criticism.
Taung Pyinthe was a queen consort of King Sithu I of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Min Aung Myat was the chief queen consort of King Naratheinkha, and the Queen of the Southern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). King Sithu I and Queen Khin U were her maternal grandparents. Naratheinkha and Sithu II were her second cousins. She and Naratheinkha were married by their grandfather king. She had a daughter Saw Pyei Chantha with Naratheinkha but their child died in early 1170s during the reign of Naratheinkha.
Saw Lat was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Saw Ahlwan was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Taung Pyinthe was the second chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Myauk Pyinthe was the second Queen of the Northern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).
Wadanthika was the second Queen of the Central Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She may also have been Sithu II's chief queen for a brief period.
Saw Mya Kan was a principal queen of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She was the mother of King Htilominlo.
Myat Hpone Pyo was the chief wife of Gov. Thado Minsaw of Tharrawaddy. She was the mother of King Bayin Htwe of Prome, and paternal grandmother of kings Narapati of Prome and Minkhaung of Prome.
Thray Sithu of Myinsaing was a Burmese royal who served as a senior minister at the court of Ava from 1400 to 1426. A grandson of two kings, the prince was governor of Myinsaing, the ancestral home of the Pinya–Sagaing–Ava dynasties, from c. 1386 to 1426. He was also Ava's wartime Viceroy of Arakan for a few months in 1408–1409.
Minkhaung Medaw was a Burmese princess in the early Ava period. The youngest daughter of Swa Saw Ke and Khame Mi, she became a princess in 1367 when her father ascended to the Ava throne. The princess was married to Prince Sithu Min Oo of Pinya, who was probably at least four decades her senior, perhaps in a marriage alliance arranged by her father. The couple had two children: Sithu Thanbawa and Thray Sithu of Myinsaing. Kings Mingyi Nyo, Tabinshwehti and Nanda of the Toungoo dynasty were descended from her.
Sithu Thanbawa was a Burmese prince who held in fief the Five Irrigated Districts of the Ava Kingdom in the late 14th century. Descended from the Pagan royal lines from both sides, the prince was an ancestor of kings Mingyi Nyo, Tabinshwehti and Nanda of the Toungoo dynasty.
WeluwaddyBorn:c. 1150s Died: 1186
Min Aung Myat
| Chief queen consort of Burma |
Taung Pyinthe II (Sithu II)
|Vacant|| Queen of the Western Palace |