|Died||1 October 2019 101) (aged|
Wen Chuanyuan (Chinese :文传源; 22 June 1918 – 1 October 2019) was a Chinese aeronautical and automation engineer. He was a professor and co-founder of the School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering at Beihang University. He developed China's first unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in 1959 and first flight simulator in 1983. He was awarded the State Science and Technology Progress Award (First Class) in 1985.
Wen was born 22 June 1918 in Xinqiao Township, Hengshan County, Hunan.His father, Wen Bingnan, was a farmer. He entered Yue Yun Middle School in Changsha in 1933, and Hunan No. 1 Normal School in 1936. When the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out in July 1937, Wen and other high school students received military training organized by the provincial chairman Zhang Zhizhong.
After the 1938 Changsha fire, Wen attempted to organize a guerrilla force to resist Japanese invasion in Hunan, but was unsuccessful. He moved to Northwest China, which was free from Japanese occupation, and studied aeronautical engineering at the Northwestern Engineering Institute.
Upon graduation in 1943, Wen was assigned to work at the No. 4 Aircraft Factory in Guilin, under the Republic of China Air Force. After the surrender of Japan in 1945, Wen joined the faculty of the Republic of China Air Force Academy in Jianqiao, Hangzhou.In 1948, during the Chinese Civil War, Wen resigned from the Jianqiao Academy and returned to Hunan. He joined the Communist Party of China in February 1949 and served as a political commissar in the Communist guerrilla force in Hunan.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Wen joined the training department of the newly established People's Liberation Army Air Force in December 1949. He served as a mechanics advisor and wrote three textbooks for aeronautical engineering, including The Structure of the MiG-15 Aircraft.
Wen became an associate professor of North China University in July 1951.When the Communist government reorganized China's higher education on the Soviet model in 1952, Wen was transferred to the newly created Beijing Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (now Beihang University). At Beihang, he co-founded the department of aircraft equipment, a predecessor of the School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, and served as its chair. He became a full professor in 1962.
In 1957, Wen and his group proposed building an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or drone. Although Soviet experts cast doubt on his proposal, Beihang's president Wu Guang presented it to Premier Zhou Enlai, who approved the project.As chief designer, Wen based his design of the UAV on the Nanchang Y-5 transport aircraft. In February 1959, China's first UAV, dubbed Beijing No. 5, completed its maiden flight in Beijing.
When the Cultural Revolution broke out in 1966, Wen was persecuted and repeatedly beaten and humiliated, sometimes by his own students. However, when university education resumed after the end of the revolution in 1976, he forgave his former tormenters and continued to teach the students who had beaten him.
In 1975, Wen was appointed the lead designer of China's first flight simulator. The system was approved for use in 1983, and won the State Science and Technology Progress Award (First Class) in 1985.In 1987, Wen founded the Flight Control System Research Center at Beihang. He co-founded the China System Simulation Association in 1988 and served as its first president.
Although nominally retired in 1988, he taught at Beihang until 2003.He donated more than 150,000 yuan to the university for student scholarships. In September 2018, he was conferred the "Lide Shuren Achievement Award" by the university.
Wen died on 1 October 2019 in Beijing, aged 101.
Beihang University, previously known as Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (simplified Chinese: 北京航空航天大学; traditional Chinese: 北京航空航天大學, abbreviated as BUAA or Beihang) is a major public research university located in Beijing, China, emphasizing engineering, technology, and the hard sciences.
Xia Yu is a Chinese actor.He was rocketed to international stardom after he won the Best Actor award from the Venice Film Festival 1994 for his role in film In the Heat of the Sun and became the youngest actor to win that award in the history of the festival when he was 18 years old.
Song Wencong was a Chinese aircraft designer, who was responsible for the development of the single seat version of the Chengdu J-10. He was a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Wen Zhang is a Chinese actor. He graduated from the Central Academy of Drama in 2006. Li ranked 58th on Forbes China Celebrity 100 list in 2013, and 45th in 2014.
Candy Hsu is a Taiwanese singer-songwriter, actress and record producer. She writes, composes her own songs, and plays many instruments including piano and saxophone.
Cao Jianyou was a Chinese electrical engineer. He was one of the earliest contributors to Chinese railway electrification, a member of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and an expert in electric power system.
Xu Qing, known also as Summer Qing, is a Chinese actress. She was accepted into the acting class of Beijing Film Academy in 1988 and graduated in 1992.
Liu Yudi was a MiG-15 pilot of the People's Liberation Army Air Force of China, and a flying ace during the Korean War, with 6 victories. He later served as Commander of the Beijing Military Region Air Force, and was awarded the rank of lieutenant general in 1988.
Chen Nengkuan was a Chinese metallurgist and physicist. He was a detonation physics expert and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He was known as one of the founding fathers of Two Bombs, One Satellite.
Princess Agents is a 2017 Chinese television series based on the novel 11 Chu Te Gong Huang Fei (11处特工皇妃) written by Xiao Xiang Dong Er (潇湘冬儿). It stars Zhao Liying, Lin Gengxin, Shawn Dou and Li Qin. The series aired on Hunan TV from 5 June to 1 August 2017.. The story is unfinished and ends on a cliffhanger in the final episode.
Jessie Li, also known as Chun Xia, is a Chinese actress. Her film credits include Port of Call, Hide and Seek and The Hidden Sword.
Liu Yijun is a Chinese actor. He graduated from the Beijing Film Academy. Liu is known for his television roles in The Disguiser (2015), Nirvana in Fire (2015) and Surgeons (2017); and has been nominated for the Golden Eagle Awards and Magnolia Awards.
Zhu Yawen is a Chinese actor. He appeared in the films The Witness and The Founding of an Army; and the television series Red Sorghum and Empress of the Ming. In 2019, he joined the variety show Keep Running as a cast member.
Li Tian was a Chinese physicist and aircraft designer. An expert in aerodynamics for aeronautics, he served as chief scientist of the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation. He was also an adjunct professor at Beihang University.
Guan De was a Chinese aeroelasticity engineer and aircraft designer. He participated in the design and development of the Shenyang JJ-1 jet trainer and the Shenyang J-8 and J8-II interceptors. He served as Chief Engineer and Vice President of Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, Deputy Director of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, and professor of Beihang University. He was an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Xu Shunshou was a Chinese aircraft designer and a founder of the aircraft manufacturing industry in the People's Republic of China. He was the founding director of the PRC's first aircraft design organization, where he oversaw the development of the Shenyang JJ-1, the first jet aircraft designed in China. He trained many of the country's top aircraft designers and also participated in the design of the Nanchang CJ-6 trainer, the Nanchang Q-5 jet attack aircraft, and the Xian H-6 bomber. He was severely persecuted during the Cultural Revolution and died at the age of 50.
Tu Jida was a Chinese aircraft designer who led the development of five models of aircraft and was hailed as the "father of the Chengdu J-7" family of jet fighters. In the 1950s, he participated in the development of the Shenyang JJ-1 trainer and was a chief designer of the Nanchang CJ-6 trainer. Starting in 1960, as chief designer of the Chengdu Aircraft Factory, he developed the fighter jets Shenyang J-5A, Chengdu JJ-5, and several variants of the J-7 fighter, including the Chengdu J-7M, then China's only warplane competitive in the world market. He was an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Lu Xiaopeng was a Chinese aircraft designer who spent most of his career at Hongdu Aviation. He was the chief designer of the Nanchang Q-5 supersonic attack aircraft, one of the most widely deployed aircraft of the PLA Air Force. He also designed the Nanchang J-12, the world's lightest supersonic fighter, which however never entered service. He was an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
The Chengdu Wing Loong II, military designation GJ-2, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group in the People's Republic of China. Intended for use as a surveillance and aerial reconnaissance and precision strike platform, Chengdu unveiled the concept of Wing Loong II at the Aviation Expo China in Beijing on September 2015. Wing Loong II has long range strike capability with satellite link.
Xiang Jinwu is a Chinese engineer and professor at Beihang University.