Wentorf bei Hamburg

Last updated

Wentorf bei Hamburg
Wentorf (bei Hamburg)-Wappen.svg
Location of Wentorf bei Hamburg within Herzogtum Lauenburg district
Wentorf in RZ.svgStormarnBasedowBuchholzElmenhorstGrabauGroveHarmsdorfHorstKittlitzKöthelKrüzenKrukowKulpinLüchowMöllnMustinRoseburgSalemSchönbergSeedorfSteinhorstStubbenTrammWoltersdorfWorthZiethen
Germany adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wentorf bei Hamburg
Germany Schleswig-Holstein adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wentorf bei Hamburg
Coordinates: 53°29′35″N10°15′12″E / 53.49306°N 10.25333°E / 53.49306; 10.25333 Coordinates: 53°29′35″N10°15′12″E / 53.49306°N 10.25333°E / 53.49306; 10.25333
Country Germany
State Schleswig-Holstein
District Herzogtum Lauenburg
Government
   Mayor Dirk Petersen (Greens)
Area
  Total6.87 km2 (2.65 sq mi)
Elevation
48 m (157 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31) [1]
  Total13,391
  Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
21465
Dialling codes 040
Vehicle registration RZ
Website www.wentorf.de

Wentorf bei Hamburg is a municipality in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated on the river Bille, approx. 10 km northwest of the town of Geesthacht, and adjoining the town of Reinbek. It is situated on the city limits to the city of Hamburg and 20 km east of the centre of the city.

Contents

History

The village Wentorf was first mentioned in 1217 under the name "Wenetdorp". A name routed in "Wendendorf" which simply meant “a village inhabited by Slavs". In the course of its eventful history, Wentorf has changed significantly. Remnants of its distant past can only be found sparsely in the present day.

In the Middle Ages Wentorf belonged to the Reinbek monastery and after the Reformation it was ruled by the duchy of Schwarzenbek. After the administrative reforms of 1889, the old farming village had a structural change. A residential area was built near the river Bille and the train station while craftsmen and workers settled in other nearby areas. By 1910, the village of Wentorf with its beautiful landscape and its then 1200 inhabitants had developed into a suburb of Hamburg. Since the middle of the 19th century, Wentorf was connected to Hamburg City by railroad and country road. As a result, Wentorf had significantly different opportunities to develop compared to most of the neighbouring communities that had kept their rural character.

Shortly before the start of World War II, barracks were built in Wentorf that housed over 3000 soldiers. After 1945 these were used for "displaced persons" and from 1952 to 1960 as a transit camp for refugees from the GDR. [2]

From 1960 to the mid-1990s, Wentorf was also had a Bundeswehr base. A large part of the 16th Panzergrenadier Brigade was stationed in the "Bose Bergmann"- and "Bismarck"-barracks. The cultural monuments in Wentorf bei Hamburg are included in the list of cultural monuments of Schleswig-Holstein. The former military training area "Wentorfer Lohe" now serves as a local recreation area.

Politics

The municipality fulfils supra-regional tasks, especially in the areas of education (primary school, community school, high school, several day-care centres), sports, culture and environmental protection. The urban land-use planning of the municipality is geared towards a further continuous increase in the number of inhabitants of up to a maximum of 14,000 inhabitants.

Community representation

Since the local election on 6 May 2018, the 23 seats in the municipal council have been distributed among the individual political parties as follows:

Coat of arms

Blazon: "In gold, a six-spoke black wagon wheel under a green diamond wreath in the head of the shield." [3]

The coat of arms colours gold, black and green were taken from the colours of the Ascanians, the dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg, who strongly influenced the history of the municipality of Wentorf bei Hamburg for five centuries. The wagon wheel marks the importance of its invention for the economic development of Wentorf. It is reminiscent of the traditional community services that blacksmiths owed to their ruler for centuries, of the farmers' timber industry and the trade and transit traffic on the former freight route between Lübeck and Hamburg, today's federal highway B207. The green diamond wreath in the shield head is placed above the wagon wheel and referencing the history of Wentorf. It defines the uniqueness of the wheel as a symbol for community. The green diamond wreath is also passed down from the coat of arms of the Ascanian ancestors. The dukes of Saxony-Lauenburg saw it as a symbol of the well-being of their duchy – and thus of their compatriots.

Economy

Present day Wentorf is a small town with over 12,500 inhabitants. There are many commuters among employed residents who work mainly in the city of Hamburg. The economy is predominantly characterised by small businesses and handicrafts. The European headquarters of Sanrio is also located in Wentorf.

Education

In Wentorf there is a primary school, a community school and a grammar school. The Wentorf Community School is an amalgamation of the Fritz-Specht-Schule (secondary school) and the Realschule. The merger took place in the school year 2010/2011, initially as a regional school. An additional service offered by the community school is the open day school.

Religion

There is an Evangelical Lutheran parish in Wentorf, and the Martin Luther Church was established in 1952. Since the merger of the Catholic parishes from Reinbek, Glinde and Trittau on 1 January 2006, the Catholic parish of Wentorf has belonged to the parish "Seliger Niels Stensen", whose main church is the Sacred Heart of Jesus in Reinbek. [4] In May 2019 this became part of the newly founded parish of Saint Elisabeth in the pastoral area of "Bille-Elbe-Sachsenwald". [5]

Transport

The VHH bus line 235 connects Wentorf to the rapid transit network of Hamburg, the Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV). The buses run between the Reinbek S-Bahn station (S-Bahn line S21), the Hamburg-Bergedorf S-Bahn and regional train station. Hamburg city center can be reached within 26 minutes from Reinbek train station.

Wentorf is also connected to the Autokraft Gmbh regional bus route 8810. Coming from Bergedorf, it connects Wentorf with the neighbouring villages Börnsen, Dassendorf and Schwarzenbek with its final stop in Mölln.

The federal highway B207 also runs through Wentorf. It leads to Hamburg-Bergedorf in one direction and to Mölln and Ratzeburg in the other direction.

Personalities

Literature

Related Research Articles

Herzogtum Lauenburg is the southernmost Kreis, or district, officially called Kreis Herzogtum Lauenburg, of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is bordered by the district of Stormarn, the city of Lübeck, the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, the state of Lower Saxony, and the city state of Hamburg. The district of Herzogtum Lauenburg is named after the former Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg.

Mölln, Schleswig-Holstein Town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Mölln is a town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is surrounded by several small lakes. The Elbe-Lübeck Canal flows through the town. Mölln belongs to the district of Herzogtum Lauenburg.

Reinbek Town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Reinbek is a town located in Stormarn district in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein within the metropolitan region of Hamburg. It is accessed by the A1 and the A24 autobahn and federal highway 5.

Bergedorf Borough of Hamburg in Germany

Bergedorf is the largest of the seven boroughs of Hamburg, Germany, named after Bergedorf quarter within this borough. In 2020 the population of the borough was 130,994.

Bille (Elbe) River in Germany

The river Bille is a small, slow-flowing German river in Stormarn, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg, a right tributary of the Elbe. Its source is near Linau, north of the heathland Hahnheide forest. It then flows south of Trittau, representing the border between Stormarn and Lauenburg, continues south of Reinbek and reaches the river Elbe near Billwerder. A lot of old estates and tasteful parks are laid out along its riverbank. Its total length is 65 km.

Aumühle Municipality in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Aumühle is a municipality in Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany, about 21 km (14 mi) east of Hamburg. Its Friedrichsruh district is home to the family estate and mausoleum of Otto von Bismarck.

Bouches-de-lElbe

Bouches-de-l'Elbe was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Germany that survived for three years. It was named after the mouth of the river Elbe. It was formed in 1811, when the region, originally belonging partially to Bremen-Verden, to Hamburg, Lübeck and Saxe-Lauenburg, was annexed by France. Its territory is part of the present-day German states of Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg. Its capital was Hamburg.

Saxe-Lauenburg German duchy

The Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg, was a reichsfrei duchy that existed 1296–1803 and 1814–1876 in the extreme southeast region of what is now Schleswig-Holstein. Its territorial center was in the modern district of Herzogtum Lauenburg and originally its eponymous capital was Lauenburg upon Elbe, though in 1619 the capital moved to Ratzeburg.

Geesthacht Town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Geesthacht is the largest city in the District of the Duchy of Lauenburg in Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany, 34 kilometres (21 mi) south-east of Hamburg on the right bank of the River Elbe.

Schwarzenbek Town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Schwarzenbek is a town in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated approximately 10 km northeast of Geesthacht, and 35 km east of Hamburg. Schwarzenbeks' coat of arms shows a black wolf on a yellow field, beneath the wolf, the water symbolizes the river Schwarze Beke.

Breitenfelde Municipality in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany

Breitenfelde is a village in the district of Lauenburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It is situated near the Elbe-Lübeck Canal, approx. 5 km southwest of Mölln, and 30 km south of Lübeck.

Free City of Lübeck

The Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck was a city-state from 1226 to 1937, in what is now the German states of Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

Altengamme Quarter of Hamburg in Germany

Altengamme located in the Bergedorf borough of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg in northern Germany, is a rural quarter on the right bank of the Elbe river. Altengamme is the most eastern part of Hamburg. In 2020 the population was 2,362.

Bergedorf (quarter) Quarter of Hamburg in Germany

Bergedorf is a quarter (Stadtteil) in the borough (Bezirk) of Bergedorf in the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg in northern Germany. In 2020, the population was 36,160.

Eric I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg

Eric I of Saxe-Lauenburg (c.1280–1360) was a member of the House of Ascania who ruled as one of the dukes of Saxony from 1282 until 1338.

John II of Saxe-Lauenburg was the eldest son of John I of Saxony and Ingeborg Birgersdotter of Småland, a daughter or grandchild of Birger jarl. He ruled Saxony jointly with his uncle Albert II and his brothers Albert III and Eric I, first fostered by Albert II, until coming of age. In 1296 John II, his brothers and their uncle divided Saxony into Saxe-Wittenberg, ruled by Albert II, and Saxe-Lauenburg, jointly ruled by the brothers between 1296 and 1303 and thereafter partitioned among them. John II then ruled the branch duchy of Saxe-Mölln, later extended to become Saxe-Bergedorf-Mölln. In 1314 he officiated as Saxon Prince-elector in an election of a German king.

Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg was a son of Eric II, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Agnes of Holstein.

Eric V of Saxe-Lauenburg was a member of the House of Ascania; son of Duke Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg and Sophia of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Eric V and his brother John IV jointly succeeded their father in 1412 as dukes of Saxe-Lauenburg. After John IV had died in 1414, Eric ruled alone.

Lübeck–Lüneburg railway

The Lübeck–Lüneburg railway line is a 77 kilometre-long, single-track non-electrified rail link from Lübeck on the Baltic coast of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein to Lüneburg in Lower Saxony. The line was opened in sections between 1851 and 1864 and is one of the oldest railways in Germany.

Billwerder Quarter of Hamburg in Germany

Billwerder is a quarter of Hamburg, Germany, in the borough of Bergedorf. It is located on the northwestern border of the borough adjacent to the borough of Hamburg-Mitte. At the same time Billwerder means a greater area south of the river Bille.

References

  1. "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2020 (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
  2. http://www.dpcamps.org/wentorf.html
  3. "Wappenrolle Schleswig-Holstein". efi2.schleswig-holstein.de. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  4. "Pfarrei Heilige Elisabeth". Pfarrei Heilige Elisabeth im Pastoralen Raum Bille-Elbe-Sachsenwald (in German). 10 April 2019. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  5. "Herz-Jesu, Reinbek". Pfarrei Heilige Elisabeth im Pastoralen Raum Bille-Elbe-Sachsenwald (in German). 9 February 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  6. author, Unknown (1940), Nederlands: Lt.gen. Von Tiedemann, commandant van de divisie die het eerste Noord-Holland binnenkwam , retrieved 11 August 2020{{citation}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  7. "Krebspatienten leben länger mit modifizierter Immuntherapie". idw-online.de. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  8. "Homepage at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg" . Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  9. "Südafrikanischer Popstar auf Heimatbesuch". www.bergedorfer-zeitung.de (in German). 11 August 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  10. "Presse in DE | IKEMORIZ.DE | Ike Moriz Hamburg". www.ikemoriz.de. Retrieved 11 August 2020.