West Coast Highway, Perth

Last updated

West Coast Highway

West Coast Highway, Scarborough.JPG
View northbound approaching Scarborough
West Coast Highway, Perth
General information
Type Highway
Length13 km (8.1 mi)
Opened1960s
Route number(s) Australian state route 71.svg State Route 71 (all sections)
Tourist routesAustralian Tourist Drive 204.svg Tourist Drive 204 (Swanbourne to Oceanic Drive, City Beach and Challenger Parade, City Beach to Trigg)
Major junctions
South endAustralian state route 71.svg Curtin Avenue (State Route 71), Swanbourne
 
North endAustralian state route 71.svg Marmion Avenue (State Route 71), Trigg
Location(s)
Major suburbs City Beach, Scarborough
Highway system

West Coast Highway is an arterial coastal highway located in the western and inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is part of State Route 71, and also Tourist Drive 204 in various coastal parts. [1]

Contents

The highway commences from the end of Curtin Avenue at Swanbourne and heads north, via the SAS Campbell Barracks and rifle range, to City Beach, Scarborough and Trigg, terminating at the Karrinyup Road intersection, where it becomes Marmion Avenue. It links the northern coastal suburbs of Perth with the city of Fremantle. The speed limit for the majority of the highway is 70 km/h with two small 60 and 80 km/h sections at the Scarborough end. The highway is a dual carriageway for most of its length.

History

Approximate road distances (in kilometres) of coastal suburbs from Swanbourne onwards. WestCoastHwyKMSign.png
Approximate road distances (in kilometres) of coastal suburbs from Swanbourne onwards.

The highway began life as a minor coastal road (called Coast Road) between Swanbourne and North Beach in the 1940s. Prior to this time, the only access to settlements such as North Beach and Mullaloo had been by gravel road from Wanneroo Road. In the late 1960s, it was significantly upgraded and extended to Mullaloo Beach.

In the mid 1970s, the section through City Beach was redesigned, seeing the former Challenger Drive (inland) and West Coast Highway (coastal) trading names and the new highway being dualled as far north as Scarborough. The southernmost section running through Swanbourne was renamed Rochdale Road. In 1984, the highway was extended north to Ocean Reef Road.

By this stage, Marmion Avenue had supplanted the highway as the major road servicing the new northern suburbs, and suburban Swanbourne was struggling to cope with the through-traffic. In 1985-86, immediately preceding the designation of the State Route system, the highway immediately north of Scarborough was diverted inland along its present route to join Marmion Avenue at Karrinyup Road, and the highway south of City Beach was rerouted into Servetus Street, Swanbourne.

The northern two-thirds of the highway was divided up and renamed:

Apart from the section in Scarborough, all of these sections were continuous.

By 2000, Servetus Street had become as much of a bottleneck as Rochdale Road had prior to 1985. A new extension to West Coast Highway, cut into the ground to reduce noise for local residents, was completed immediately next to Servetus Street, which was reduced to a local road. Curtin Avenue (leading to Fremantle) was also upgraded.

Major intersections

All intersections below are controlled by traffic signals unless otherwise mentioned.

LGALocationkmmiDestinationsNotes
Cottesloe-Nedlands boundary Cottesloe-Swanbourne boundary00.0Australian state route 71.svg Curtin Avenue (State Route 71) south   Mosman Park, North Fremantle / Claremont Crescent east   Claremont, Karrakatta Southern terminus. Continues as Curtin Avenue southwards to connect with Australian state route 5.svg Stirling Highway (State Route 5) via Eric Street
0.20.12Australian Tourist Drive 204.svg North Street (Tourist Drive 204)Connection to Servetus Street. Tourist Drive 204's (Sunset Coast Tourist Drive) southern section ends here.
Nedlands Swanbourne 1.40.87Alfred Road east   Mount Claremont, Karrakatta / Campbell Barracks access road west
Cambridge Mount Claremont-City Beach boundary3.32.1Australian state route 65.svg Rochdale Road (State Route 65)  Subiaco, Perth Non-signalised intersection.
City Beach 3.72.3Australian Tourist Drive 204.svg Challenger Parade (Tourist Drive 204)Non-signalised intersection. Tourist Drive 204's (Sunset Coast Tourist Drive) northern section commences here.
5.13.2Oceanic Drive   Floreat, West Leederville
6.23.9Australian Tourist Drive 204.svg Challenger Parade (Tourist Drive 204)Non-signalised intersection. Tourist Drive 204's (Sunset Coast Tourist Drive) southern concurrency terminus.
6.64.1Australian state route 72.svg The Boulevard (State Route 72)  Floreat, Wembley
8.15.0Hale Road   Wembley Downs, Churchlands
Stirling Scarborough 9.86.1Brighton Road
10.26.3Australian state route 75.svg Scarborough Beach Road (State Route 75)  Innaloo, Osborne Park, North Perth
10.56.5Manning Street
Trigg-Karrinyup boundary13.18.1Australian state route 71.svg Marmion Avenue (State Route 71)  Marmion, Hillarys, Clarkson, Yanchep north / Australian state route 76.svgAustralian Tourist Drive 204.svg Karrinyup Road (State Route 76 / Tourist Drive 204 west)   Stirling, Morley, Eden Hill Northern terminus. Continues as Marmion Avenue northwards. Tourist Drive 204's (Sunset Coast Tourist Drive) northern concurrency terminus.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
Note: Intersections with minor local roads are not shown

See also

Related Research Articles

Carine, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Carine is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, and is located 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of Perth's central business district (CBD) between Marmion Avenue and Mitchell Freeway. Its local government area is the City of Stirling.

Karrinyup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Karrinyup is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, and is located 12 km north of Perth's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Stirling.

Cottesloe, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Cottesloe is a western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, within the Town of Cottesloe. Cottesloe was named for Thomas Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe, a prominent Tory politician and the brother of Admiral Sir Charles Fremantle for whom the city of Fremantle was named. The nearby suburb of Swanbourne was named for the Fremantle family seat, Swanbourne House, in Swanbourne, Buckinghamshire.

Division of Curtin Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Curtin is an Australian electoral division in Western Australia.

Mitchell Freeway is a 36-kilometre-long (22 mi) freeway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking central Perth with the city of Joondalup. It is the northern section of State Route 2, which continues south as Kwinana Freeway and Forrest Highway. Along its length are interchanges with several major roads, including Graham Farmer Freeway and Reid Highway. The southern terminus of the Mitchell Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge, which crosses the Swan River, and the northern terminus is at Hester Avenue, Clarkson, a suburb within the City of Wanneroo.

Hillarys, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Hillarys is a northern coastal suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, in the local government area of the City of Joondalup. It is part of the Whitfords precinct, and is located 21 km north-northwest of Perth's central business district via Mitchell Freeway and Hepburn Avenue.

Wanneroo Road

Wanneroo Road is a 44-kilometre (27 mi) arterial highway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia linking Joondanna and Yokine in the south with Wanneroo and Yanchep in the north. As part of State Route 60, it begins from Charles Street in the inner city and becomes Indian Ocean Drive up to Dongara.

Marmion Avenue

Marmion Avenue is a 40-kilometre (25 mi) arterial road in the northern coastal suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking Trigg in the south with Yanchep in the north. It forms part of State Route 71 along with West Coast Highway, which it joins onto at its southern terminus.

Sunset Coast

Sunset Coast is the name given by Tourism Western Australia to the coastal section of the northern metropolitan area of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, and is one of the six component tourism precincts of the Perth region. While not in extensive use locally, since the 1990s it has been a centrepiece of Western Australian tourism planning and is used in interstate and overseas marketing of the region. The region contains many white sand beaches.

Beach Road, Perth

Beach Road is a major east-west road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting Perth's inner northern beachside suburbs and inland state housing areas with shopping and public transport facilities at Warwick and the Malaga industrial area. It was mostly built between 1967 and 1974, and is a dual carriageway for most of its length, except for a small western part between Marmion Avenue and the coast, which is a minor residential distributor road and is discontinuous at Marmion Avenue. Beach Road also serves as a local government boundary. From Alexander Drive to Wanneroo Road, Beach Road is the boundary with the City of Wanneroo on the northern side and the City of Stirling on the southern side. From Wanneroo Road to the coast Beach Road is the boundary with the City of Joondalup on the northern side and the City of Stirling on the southern side.

Karrinyup Road Road in Perth, Western Australia

Karrinyup Road is a major east-west road in the inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting the City of Stirling council offices, Osborne Park Hospital and Karrinyup Shopping Centre with residential estates in Innaloo, Stirling and Balcatta. The road, especially the portion between the Freeway and Main Street, was one of the first roads in the area, known as Balcatta Beach Road and later as North Beach Road. Until the 1990s, most of this stretch of the road was still fledged by functioning market gardens.

West Coast Drive

West Coast Drive is a scenic north-south route along the Indian Ocean in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia.

Whitfords Avenue

Whitfords Avenue is an arterial east–west road located in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia.

Ocean Reef Road

Ocean Reef Road is an arterial east-west road in Perth, Western Australia. It is located within the northern suburbs of Perth, from Ocean Reef in the west, to Landsdale in the east, with a portion travelling northwards along the coast to Iluka.

North Beach Road

North Beach Road is a distributor road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, running from Gwelup to North Beach. It is mostly a two-lane divided carriageway. The central section of the road, from Reid Highway to Erindale Road, is part of State Route 77. The route continues along Erindale Road, while North Beach Road heads south to Karrinyup Road.

Scarborough Beach Road

Scarborough Beach Road is an arterial northwest-southeast road located in the inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It connects North Perth to Scarborough Beach, and is mostly a single carriageway road, with two or three lanes in each direction. The road is the western section of State Route 75, between Osborne Park and Scarborough, and a short section in Innaloo is also part of State Route 64.

Transport in Perth, Western Australia, is served by various means, among them an extensive highway / freeway network and a substantial system of commuter rail lines and bus routes. Public transport is managed by the Transperth agency.

Morley Drive

Morley Drive is a major east-west road in the inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, connecting the residential areas of Balcatta, Osborne Park, Tuart Hill, Nollamara, Yokine, Dianella, and Morley with major north-south arterial roads including Wanneroo Road, Alexander Drive, and Tonkin Highway.

Tourist Drives in Western Australia are routes through areas of scenic or historic significance, designated by route markers with white numbers on a brown shield. Tourist Drives were introduced into Western Australia while Eric Charlton was the state government Minister for Transport in the 1990s. The 28 numbered routes collectively traverse more than 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) across the state. In addition to the Tourist Drives, there are unnumbered routes such as the Golden Pipeline Heritage Trail, and local governments may designate and maintain local scenic drives, generally unnamed and unnumbered.

Stephenson Avenue refers to two separate sections of road in the western suburbs of Perth, Western Australia.

References

  1. Distance book (12 ed.). Main Roads Western Australia. 2012. pp. 4–5. ISBN   0 7309 7657 2 . Retrieved 3 January 2014.

Route map:

KML file (edithelp)
    KML is from Wikidata