West Japan Railway Company

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West Japan Railway Company
Native name
西日本旅客鉄道株式会社
Romanized name
Nishi-nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha
lit. "West Japan Passenger Railway Stock Company"
Type Public KK
Industry Rail transport
Predecessor Japanese National Railways (JNR)
FoundedOsaka, Japan (April 1, 1987 (1987-04-01), privatization of JNR)
Headquarters
4-24 Shibata 2-chome, Kita-ku, Osaka, 530-8341
,
Japan
Area served
Key people
Takayuki Sasaki (Executive Chairman of the Board) [1]
Seiji Manabe (Representative Director and President) [1]
Products ICOCA (a rechargeable contactless smart card)
Services
[2]
RevenueIncrease2.svg ¥1,298,913 million (FY 2013) [3]
Increase2.svg¥129,497 million (FY 2013) [3]
Increase2.svg¥60,198 million (FY 2013) [3]
Total assets Increase2.svg¥2,613,743 million (FY 2013) [3]
Total equity Increase2.svg¥768,174 million (FY 2013) [3]
Owners Investment trusts (TMTBJ 5.52%, JTSB 4.74%)
SMBC (3.33%)
MUFG Bank (3.27%)
Nippon Life (2.08%)
As of 31 March 2018
Number of employees
  • consolidated: 45,402
  • non-consolidated: 26,778
  • (as of March 31, 2012)
[4]
Divisions
  • Railway operations
  • Shinkansen management
[2]
Subsidiaries
[2]
Website westjr.co.jp
  West Japan Railway Company
Operation
National railway Japan Railways Group
Infrastructure company Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency
Statistics
Ridership 1.778 billion per year [2]
Passenger km 52.614 billion per year [2]
System length
Total5,012.7 km (3,114.7 mi) [2]
Double track 2,253.2 km (1,400.1 mi) (44.9%) [2]
Electrified 3,385.7 km (2,103.8 mi) (67.5%) [2]
High-speed 644.0 km (400.2 mi) (12.8%) [2]
Track gauge
Main 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
High-speed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification
Main1,500 V DC overhead catenary 2,447 km (1,520 mi) [5]
20 kV AC 60 Hz overhead 278.0 km (172.7 mi)
Hokuriku Main Line
(Tsuruga - Itoigawa) [5]
25 kV AC 60 Hz overhead 644.0 km (400.2 mi)
Sanyo Shinkansen [5]
Features
No. tunnels 1,016 [5]
Tunnel length667 km (414 mi) [5]
Longest tunnelThe Shin-Kanmon Tunnel
18,713 metres (61,394 ft)
Sanyo Shinkansen
(Shin-Shimonoseki - Kokura) [5]
No. bridges 28,568 [5]
Longest bridgeThe Yoshii River Bridge
669 m (2,195 ft)
Sanyo Shinkansen
(Okayama - Aioi) [5]
No. stations 1,222 [2]
Map
Service area
Route Map (in Japanese)
ICOCA Service Area (in Japanese)

The West Japan Railway Company [6] , also referred to as JR West (JR西日本, Jeiāru Nishi-Nihon), is one of the Japan Railways Group (JR Group) companies and operates in western Honshu. It has its headquarters in Kita-ku, Osaka. [2] It is listed in the Tokyo, Nagoya and Fukuoka stock exchanges, is a constituent of the TOPIX Large70 index, and is also one of the only three Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index: the others are JR East and JR Central.

Contents

Lines

Shinkansen

Officially not a Shinkansen

JR-West's highest-grossing line is the Sanyo Shinkansen high-speed rail line between Osaka and Fukuoka. The Sanyo Shinkansen alone accounts for about 40% of JR-West's passenger revenues. The company also operates Hakata Minami Line, a short commuter line with Shinkansen trains in Fukuoka.

Urban Network

The "Urban Network" is JR-West's name for its commuter rail lines in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto metropolitan area. These lines together comprise 610 km of track, have 245 stations and account for about 40% of JR-West's passenger revenues. Urban Network stations are equipped to handle ICOCA fare cards. Train control on these lines is highly automated, and during peak hours trains run as often as every two minutes.

JR-West's Urban Network competes with a number of private commuter rail operators around Osaka, the "Big 4" being Hankyu Railway/Hanshin Railway (Hankyu bought Hanshin in 2005), Keihan Railway, Kintetsu, and Nankai Railway. JR-West's market share in the region is roughly equal to that of the Big 4 put together, largely due to its comprehensive network and high-speed commuter trains (Special Rapid Service trains on the Kobe and Kyoto lines operate at up to 130 km/h).

Those in italics are announcement names.[ clarification needed ]

Officially Tōkaidō Main Line, Hokuriku Main Line
Officially Katamachi Line
Officially Tōkaidō Main Line, San'yō Main Line
Officially Tōkaidō Main Line
Officially San'in Main Line
Officially Sakurai Line
Officially Fukuchiyama Line
Officially Kansai Main Line
Officially Sakurajima Line

Intercity and regional lines

A number of other lines account for more than half of JR-West's track mileage. These lines mainly handle business and leisure travel between smaller cities and rural areas in western Japan. They account for about 20% of the company's passenger revenues.

Intercity lines

Includes JR Takarazuka Line.
Includes Biwako Line.
Nicknamed Seto-Ōhashi Line
Includes Yamatoji Line.
Includes Kinokuni Line.
Includes Sagano Line.
Includes JR Kobe Line.
Includes Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line, and JR Kobe Line.

Regional lines

Nicknamed Kuzuryū Line
Includes Setouchi Sazanami Line

Other businesses

JR-West subsidiaries include the following.

History

JR-West was incorporated as a business corporation (kabushiki kaisha) on April 1, 1987 as part of the breakup of the state-owned Japanese National Railways (JNR). Initially, it was a wholly owned subsidiary of the JNR Settlement Corporation (JNRSC), a special company created to hold the assets of the former JNR while they were shuffled among the new JR companies.

For the first four years of its existence, JR-West leased its highest-revenue line, the Sanyō Shinkansen, from the separate Shinkansen Holding Corporation. JR-West purchased the line in October 1991 at a cost of 974.1 billion JPY (about US$7.2 billion) in long-term debt.[ citation needed ]

JNRSC sold 68.3% of JR-West in an initial public offering on the Tokyo Stock Exchange in October 1996. After JNRSC was dissolved in October 1998, its shares of JR-West were transferred to the government-owned Japan Railway Construction Public Corporation (JRCC), which merged into the Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (JRTT) as part of a bureaucratic reform package in October 2003. JRTT offered all of its shares in JR-West to the public in an international IPO in 2004, ending the era of government ownership of JR-West. JR-West is now listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, Nagoya Stock Exchange, Osaka Securities Exchange and Fukuoka Stock Exchange.

Related Research Articles

Tōkaidō Main Line Railway line in Japan

The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.

Umeda Station is a railway station in Kita-ku in the northern commercial center of Osaka, Japan. It is the busiest station in western Japan, serving 2,343,727 passengers daily in 2005.

Ōsaka Station Major railway and metro station in Osaka, Japan

Osaka Station is a major railway station in the Umeda district of Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It forms the city's main rail terminal in the north.

Kyōto Station Major railway and metro station in Kyoto, Japan

Kyōto Station is a major railway station and transportation hub in Kyōto, Japan. It has Japan's second-largest station building and is one of the country's largest buildings, incorporating a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one 15-story roof. It also housed the Kyōto City Air Terminal until August 31, 2002.

Shin-Ōsaka Station Railway and metro station in Osaka, Japan

Shin-Osaka Station is a railway station in Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, Japan. It is the western terminus of the high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen line from Tokyo, and the eastern terminus of the San'yō Shinkansen. The lines are physically joined, and many trains offer through service.

The Biwako Line is the nickname used by the operator of the West Japan Railway Company to refer to the portion of the Tōkaidō Main Line and the Hokuriku Main Line. The section, along with JR Kyoto Line and JR Kobe Line, forms a contiguous service that is the main trunk of JR West's "Urban Network" commuter rail network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area.

Maibara Station Railway station in Maibara, Shiga Prefecture, Japan

Maibara Station is a railway station in Maibara, Shiga, Japan. It is the southern terminus of the West Japan Railway Company Hokuriku Main Line, and the boundary of control between JR West and JR Central over the Tōkaidō Main Line.

Hokuriku Shinkansen High-speed railway line in Japan between Tokyo and Kanazawa

The Hokuriku Shinkansen (北陸新幹線) is a high-speed Shinkansen railway line jointly operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company, connecting Tokyo with Kanazawa in the Hokuriku region of Japan. The first section, between Takasaki and Nagano in Nagano Prefecture, opened on 1 October 1997, originally called the Nagano Shinkansen (長野新幹線). The extension to Toyama in Toyama Prefecture and Kanazawa in Ishikawa Prefecture opened on 14 March 2015. Construction of a further section onward to Fukui and Tsuruga in Fukui Prefecture commenced in 2012, with scheduled opening in fiscal 2022. The route of the final section to Shin-Osaka was decided on 20 December 2016 as the Osaka–Kyoto route, with construction expected to begin in 2030 and take 15 years.

JR Kyoto Line Railway line in Keihanshin, Japan

The JR Kyoto Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The name applies to the section of the Tōkaidō Main Line between Kyōto Station and Ōsaka Station.

Keihanshin Metropolitan region in the Kansai region of Japan

Keihanshin is a metropolitan region in the Kansai region of Japan encompassing the metropolitan areas of the cities of Kyoto in Kyoto Prefecture, Osaka in Osaka Prefecture and Kobe in Hyōgo Prefecture. The entire region has a population of 19,341,976 over an area of 13,033 km2 (5,032 sq mi). It is the second-most-populated urban region in Japan, containing approximately 15% of Japan's population.

Nara Line (JR West) Railway line in Kyoto prefecture, Japan

The Nara Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka–Kobe–Kyoto metropolitan area, operated by the West Japan Railway Company. Its official termini are Kizu Station in Kizugawa and Kyōto Station in Kyoto, within Kyoto Prefecture; however, all trains continue past Kizu on the Yamatoji Line to Nara Station in Nara, Nara Prefecture.

<i>Kitaguni</i>

The Kitaguni (きたぐに) was an overnight train service that operated in Japan from October 1961 until January 2013. Operated by West Japan Railway Company, it ran between Niigata and Osaka, taking approximately nine hours northbound and eight hours southbound. Reduced to seasonal operations in March 2012, the service was officially discontinued in January 2013.

Kosei Line Railway line in Japan

The Kosei Line is a commuter rail line in Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, operated by West Japan Railway Company. The line was completed in 1974 by the former Japanese National Railways (JNR) to provide faster access from the Kansai region to the Hokuriku region. It originates at Yamashina Station in Yamashina-ku, Kyoto and ends at Ōmi-Shiotsu Station in Nagahama, Shiga.

JR Kobe Line Railway line in Japan

The JR Kobe Line is the nickname of portions of the Tokaido Main Line and the Sanyo Main Line, between Osaka Station in Osaka, Osaka Prefecture and Himeji Station in Himeji, Hyōgo Prefecture. The line, along with the JR Kyoto Line and the Biwako Line, forms a contiguous service that is the main trunk of West Japan Railway Company's Urban Network commuter rail network in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area. The line also offers continuous service to the Gakkentoshi Line via the JR Tōzai Line.

223 series Japanese train type

The 223 series is a suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region, Chūgoku region and Shikoku of Japan. Multiple batches of the train have been built with varying differences, although the overall general appearance remains similar.

Japan Rail Pass Rail pass for overseas visitors sold by the Japan Railways Group

The Japan Rail Pass, also called the JR Pass, is a rail pass for overseas visitors sold by the Japan Railways Group, and is valid for travel on all major forms of transportation provided by the JR Group in Japan, with a few exceptions. The Rail Pass is designed to stimulate travel and tourism throughout the country. It is only cost effective for long-distance travel, particularly by bullet train. While the savings from extensive travel can be considerable, those who travel too little may in fact lose money on a rail pass. The Japan Rail Pass is of limited use within larger cities. In Tokyo, for instance, it does cover the Yamanote Line which goes to several popular tourist areas as well as in Osaka on the Osaka Loop Line, plus in Kyoto on the Nara Line and Sagano Line.

221 series Japanese train type

The 221 series is a suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan since March 1989.

225 series Japanese train type

The 225 series is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on suburban services in the "Keihanshin" Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe area since December 2010.

Sanyō Shinkansen Shinkansen (high-speed railway) line between Osaka and Fukuoka

The San'yō Shinkansen (山陽新幹線) is a line of the Japanese Shinkansen high-speed rail network, connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. Operated by the West Japan Railway Company, it is a westward continuation of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu. The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata to Kagoshima. The San'yō Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) for most of the journey Some Nozomi trains operate continuously on San'yō and Tōkaidō Shinkansen lines, connecting Tokyo and Hakata in five hours.

References

  1. 1 2 West Japan Railway Company. "JR West 2013 Annual Business Report (Japanese)" (PDF). Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 West Japan Railway Company. "2011 Annual Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 West Japan Railway Company. "JR West 2013 Earnings Summary (Japanese)" (PDF). Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  4. West Japan Railway Company (April 27, 2012). "Supplemental Data Fiscal Year ended March 31, 2011" (PDF). Retrieved May 3, 2012.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 West Japan Railway Company. "Company Profile 2007-2008 ebook" . Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  6. 西日本旅客鉄道株式会社, Nishi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha, lit. "West Japan Passenger Railway Share Company"