West Lafayette, Indiana

Last updated
West Lafayette, Indiana
West Lafayette, Indiana Public Library and urban spread, Autumn.jpg
West Lafayette Public Library, with Purdue campus skyline in background
Flag of West Lafayette.png
Flag
Nickname(s): 
West Side
Tippecanoe County Indiana Incorporated and Unincorporated areas West Lafayette Highlighted 1882862.svg
Location of West Lafayette in Tippecanoe County, Indiana.
Coordinates: 40°26′31″N86°54′45″W / 40.44194°N 86.91250°W / 40.44194; -86.91250 Coordinates: 40°26′31″N86°54′45″W / 40.44194°N 86.91250°W / 40.44194; -86.91250
Country United States
State Indiana
County Tippecanoe
Township Wabash
Incorporated 1888
Government
   Mayor John Dennis (R)
Area
[1]
   City 13.81 sq mi (35.78 km2)
  Land13.58 sq mi (35.18 km2)
  Water0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
  Metro
904.6 sq mi (2,343 km2)
Elevation
[2]
614 ft (187 m)
Population
 (2021) [3]
   City 54,964
  Estimate 
(2021) [4]
54,964
  Density3,754.40/sq mi (1,449.59/km2)
   Metro
182,821
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
47906
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-82862 [5]
GNIS feature ID 445775
Website www.westlafayette.in.gov

West Lafayette ( /ˌlɑːfˈɛt,ˌlæf-/ ) is a city in Wabash Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States, [6] about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the state capital of Indianapolis and 103 miles (166 km) southeast of Chicago. West Lafayette is directly across the Wabash River from its sister city, Lafayette. As of the 2010 census, its population was 29,596. [7] It is the most densely populated city in Indiana and is home to Purdue University.

Contents

History

Sunrise over Lafayette and West Lafayette Lafayette.sunset.2011.jpg
Sunrise over Lafayette and West Lafayette
West Lafayette Public Library at night ChaunceyLibrary.jpg
West Lafayette Public Library at night
Chauncey Village before the State Street Project Chauncey.village2011.jpg
Chauncey Village before the State Street Project

Augustus Wylie laid out a town in 1836 in the Wabash River floodplain south of the present Levee. Due to regular flooding of the site, Wylie's town was never built. The present city was formed in 1888 by the merger of the adjacent suburban towns of Chauncey, Oakwood, and Kingston, located on a bluff across the Wabash River from Lafayette, Indiana. [8] The three towns had been small suburban villages which were directly adjacent to one another. Kingston was laid out in 1855 by Jesse B. Lutz. Chauncey was platted in 1860 by the Chauncey family of Philadelphia, wealthy land speculators. Chauncey and Kingston formed a municipal government in 1866 which selected the name "Chauncey". [8]

The new town of Chauncey remained a small suburban village until Purdue University opened in 1869. In 1871 Chauncey voted to be annexed by Lafayette because it was unable to provide the infrastructure (such as improved streets, waterworks, police and fire protection). Lafayette voted against annexing Chauncey because of the high cost of the many improvements that the village lacked. [9] In May 1888, the town of Chauncey voted to change its name to West Lafayette after a petition signed by 152 electors. [10] By that time, the growth of the university was fueling the growth of the little town. The address of Purdue University was given as "Lafayette, Indiana" until well into the twentieth century. West Lafayette never gained a railroad depot and lagged several years behind Lafayette in the establishment of municipal infrastructure and services. Today, West Lafayette has established itself as a separate city, with independent services and unique neighborhoods distinct from those of its sister city, Lafayette.

In November 2013, the City of West Lafayette approved an annexation that placed much of the Purdue University academic campus and residence hall system within the official boundaries of the municipality for the first time. This expansion also included a large section of the US Highway 231 corridor that was previously part of unincorporated Tippecanoe County. [11]

Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity House, Jesse Andrew House, Chauncey-Stadium Avenues Historic District, John E. and Catherine E. Christian House, Curtis-Grace House, Happy Hollow Heights Historic District, Hills and Dales Historic District, Morton School, and The Varsity are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [12] [13]

Non-profits

The city of West Lafayette has its fair share of non-profits, many of whom are committed to preserving the arts. Organizations like the Tippecanoe Arts Federation (TAF) has a mission to "grow the arts". [14] The International Center of West Lafayette [15] helps them to achieve this goal by being a member organization of TAF. [16]

Geography

West Lafayette lies in central Tippecanoe County and overlooks the Wabash River, which borders the city on the east and south. Most of the city lies in eastern Wabash Township, though a small portion on the northeast side extends into Tippecanoe Township. Elevations range from slightly over 500 feet (150 m) near the river to more than 720 feet (220 m) in northern parts of the city near U.S. Route 52.

According to the 2010 census, West Lafayette has a total area of 7.63 square miles (19.76 km2), of which 7.62 square miles (19.74 km2) (or 99.87%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) (or 0.13%) is water. [17]

Climate data for West Lafayette, Indiana
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)69
(21)
73
(23)
86
(30)
89
(32)
94
(34)
105
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
98
(37)
92
(33)
78
(26)
73
(23)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C)34
(1)
39
(4)
50
(10)
63
(17)
73
(23)
83
(28)
85
(29)
84
(29)
78
(26)
65
(18)
51
(11)
38
(3)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C)19
(−7)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
51
(11)
61
(16)
64
(18)
63
(17)
55
(13)
44
(7)
34
(1)
23
(−5)
42
(6)
Record low °F (°C)−23
(−31)
−20
(−29)
−3
(−19)
7
(−14)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
43
(6)
37
(3)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
6
(−14)
−16
(−27)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm)1.86
(47)
1.84
(47)
2.67
(68)
3.54
(90)
4.19
(106)
4.10
(104)
3.97
(101)
3.46
(88)
2.66
(68)
2.89
(73)
2.97
(75)
2.51
(64)
36.66
(931)
Average snowfall inches (cm)6.5
(17)
4.8
(12)
2.9
(7.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.8
(2.0)
5.2
(13)
21.2
(54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.67.710.210.910.610.48.98.47.68.39.810.1112.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)5.33.31.70.3000000.10.93.515.1
Source 1: The Weather Channel (January record high) [18]
Source 2: NOAA: Lafayette [19]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 717
1890 1,24273.2%
1900 2,30285.3%
1910 3,86768.0%
1920 3,830−1.0%
1930 5,09533.0%
1940 6,27023.1%
1950 11,87389.4%
1960 12,6806.8%
1970 19,15751.1%
1980 21,24710.9%
1990 25,90721.9%
2000 28,77811.1%
2010 29,5962.8%
2019 (est.)50,996 [4] 72.3%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the census [3] of 2010, there were 29,796 people, 11,945 households, and 4,072 families living in the city. The population density was 3,884.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,499.6/km2). There were 12,591 housing units at an average density of 1,652.4 per square mile (638.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.2% White, 6.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 17.3% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.6% of the population.

There were 11,945 households, of which, 16.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.2% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 65.9% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 22.8 years. 11.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 49.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.4% were from 25 to 44; 11.7% were from 45 to 64; and 8.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 54.2% male and 45.8% female.

Following the 2010 census, West Lafayette annexed additional territory including the Purdue University main campus. The census bureau released an updated report to reflect the boundary updates. The census now reports 14,053 households and a population of 42,010. [20]

2000 census

As of the census [5] of 2000, there were 28,778 people, 10,462 households, and 3,588 families living in the city. The population density was 5,219.6 people per square mile (2,016.6/km2). There were 10,819 housing units at an average density of 1,962.3 per square mile (758.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.3% White, 11.3% Asian, 5.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population. [21]

There were 10,462 households, out of which 14.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.6% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 65.7% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 10.4% under the age of 18, 54.6% from 18 to 24, 16.9% from 25 to 44, 10.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 133.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 137.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,869, and the median income for a family was $71,510. Males had a median income of $46,787 versus $30,218 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,337. About 9.5% of families and 38.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The city's elected officials consist of the mayor, a clerk, and a nine-member Common Council.

The nine-member Common Council holds the city's legislative authority and makes the laws through ordinances, orders, resolutions and motions. The city is divided into 6 districts, and the Common Council consists of one council member from each district, plus three at-large council members. Elected by the council members, the president of the Common Council presides over the council meetings and is first in the line of succession should the mayor not finish his or her term of office.

All city elected officials have a term of office of four years with no limit on the number of terms. Regular elections for all offices are held at the same time in the odd year preceding the presidential election year. [22]

The following is a list of all mayors of West Lafayette since the position began in 1924. [23]

TermName
1924 – 1938Myron B. Morgan [24]
1939 – 1942Dwight S. Keim [25]
1943 – 1955Charles R. Burnham
1956 – 1963Fred L. Willis [26]
1964 – 1971James R. Williamson [27]
1972 – 1979Joe S. Dienhart [28]
1980 – 2003Sonya L. Margerum [29] [30]
2004 – 2007Jan Mills [31] [32]
2008 – PresentJohn Dennis [32]

Education

Class of 1939 Water Sculpture Purdue University Engineering Quad Fountain.JPG
Class of 1939 Water Sculpture

West Lafayette is the home of Purdue University's main campus, with an enrollment of over 40,000 students. [33]

Loeb Fountain on Purdue's campus Purdue University Liberal Arts fountain.jpg
Loeb Fountain on Purdue's campus

The West Lafayette Community School Corporation administers three schools. The school district is not coterminous with the municipality; areas annexed by the city after 2000 continue to be served by county schools. Students attend West Lafayette Elementary School (formerly Cumberland Elementary School) through third grade, while students in grades 4–6 attend West Lafayette Intermediate School. Students in the 7th grade and above attend West Lafayette Junior-Senior High School. [34]

The Seventh-day Adventist Church operates Pleasantview SDA School which offers courses for grades K–8, and the Montessori School of Greater Lafayette teaches K–6. There are other schools, both public and private, that have a West Lafayette address, but these are actually located outside the city limits.

Approximately 77% of West Lafayette's population age 25 or older hold a bachelor's degree or higher according to the U.S. Census 2005–2007 American Community Survey. The city ranks sixth highest on this measure among U.S. municipalities between 20,000 and 65,000 population. [35]

In addition, the Tippecanoe School Corporation and Lafayette School Corporation operate public schools outside the West Lafayette city limits. There is also a variety of private schools in Lafayette and an Ivy Tech Community College branch.

The town has a lending library, the West Lafayette Public Library. [36]

Economy

The economy of West Lafayette is heavily influenced by the presence of Purdue University, with an enrollment of nearly 40,000, more than the city's population. The university employs 12,000 people, most of whom live in either West Lafayette or Lafayette.

The 725-acre (2.93 km2) Purdue Research Park, established in 1961, is home to more than 140 companies of which nearly 100 are technology related. As of 2009, these companies employ more than 3,000. [37] The Park offers communications infrastructure, research facilities, a business incubation complex to help start-up firms and scenic walking trails and lakes. It is one of the largest university-affiliated research parks in the United States. The Purdue Research Park is owned by Purdue Research Foundation, the University's non-profit funding and technology licensing arm.

Commercial activities, however, take place mostly across the river in Lafayette. The largest commercial area in West Lafayette is the 90-acre (360,000 m2) Wabash Landing/Levee area, which has become a thriving urban-type district since the entire area was reconstructed and the Pedestrian Bridge to Lafayette replaced the old State Street bridge. The Levee features Wabash Landing, a complex containing shops, restaurants, coffee houses, a 9-screen movie theater, a Hilton Garden Inn, and the Riverside Skating Center.

News and media

West Lafayette residents use many of the news and media outlets located in its twin city of Lafayette. Media located in West Lafayette proper include:

Transportation

The XXX Family Restaurant, "On the hill, but on the level." Triple XXX Family Restaurant.jpg
The XXX Family Restaurant, "On the hill, but on the level."
Harry's Chocolate Shop near campus Harry's Chocolate Shop.jpg
Harry's Chocolate Shop near campus

Public transportation in West Lafayette is managed by the Greater Lafayette Public Transportation Corporation.

Airports

Highways

Railroads

Points of interest

"Sidewinder" sculpture at Purdue's Pao Hall PAO.sidewinder2011.jpg
"Sidewinder" sculpture at Purdue's Pao Hall
Celery Bog Nature Area Celery Bog.jpg
Celery Bog Nature Area

Notable people

For notable residents associated with Purdue University, see List of Purdue University people.
For notable natives from the neighboring city Lafayette, Indiana, see that page.

See also

Related Research Articles

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  11. "West Lafayette council votes 6-1 for annexation plan". Lafayette Journal and Courier. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
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  13. "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 4/09/12 through 4/13/12. National Park Service. 2012-04-20.
  14. "Tippecanoe Arts Federation - Making Arts Work - Lafayette, Indiana". tippecanoearts.org. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  15. "International Center". International Center of West Lafayette. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
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  24. (22 February 1946). Myron B. Morgan Called By Death, Journal & Courier (Lafayette, Indiana)
  25. (2 November 1963). Arrangements and Funeral Arrangements for Explosion Victims, Indianapolis Star
  26. (30 May 1994). Obituaries (Fred L. Willis), Indianapolis Star (paywall)
  27. (24 May 1997). James William was ex-West Lafayette Mayor (obituary), Indianapolis Star (paywall)
  28. Dienhart, Joe S., Indiana Football Hall of Fame, Retrieved 20 April 2018
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  30. (2 December 2003). Mayor Sonya Margerum thanks citizens, notes accomplishments in State of the City address, Purdue Exponent
  31. Anthony, Amanda (November 5, 2003). "Mayor-elect hopes to keep business politics out of city office". Purdue Exponent. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  32. 1 2 Westervelt, Mike (18 February 2008). Dennis succeeds over Mills as West Lafayette mayor, Purdue Exponent
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  38. "Harrys Chocolate Shop - The #1 Purdue alumni bar and restaurant in Lafayette, IN". www.harryschocolateshop.com. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
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Bibliography