West Virginia House of Delegates

Last updated

West Virginia House of Delegates
West Virginia Legislature
Seal of West Virginia.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 9, 2019 [1]
Leadership
Roger Hanshaw (R)
since August 29, 2018
Speaker pro tempore
Daryl Cowles (R)
since December 10, 2018
Majority Leader
Amy Summers (R)
since December 10, 2018
Minority Leader
Doug Skaff (D)
since November 30, 2020
Structure
Seats100
House of Representatives diagram 2020 State of WV.svg
Political groups
Majority
   Republican (76)

Minority

   Democratic (23)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle VI, West Virginia Constitution
Salary$20,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2020
(100 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(100 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
WV-House-of-Delegate.jpg
House of Delegates Chamber
West Virginia State Capitol
Charleston, West Virginia
Website
wvlegislature.gov

The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. Only three states—Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia—refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.

Contents

Organization

Regular sessions begin with an organizational day on the second Wednesday of January of each year. [2] The length of regular session is limited to 60 calendar days. [2] The governor can call for special sessions. [2]

Delegates are elected for terms of two years. [2]

Legislative process

Delegates submit bill proposals to the Office of Legislative Services or legislative staff counsel, who draft the bill. [3] Once the bill draft is approved by the delegate, it is submitted for introduction. [3] Bills then undergo committee review and three readings in the house of origin and then the other house of the state legislature. [3]

An unusual feature of the West Virginia legislative process is that revenue bills can originate in either house. [2] The state constitution also prohibits multiple subjects in a single bill. [2]

If approved by both the West Virginia House of Delegates and the West Virginia Senate, bills are submitted to the governor, who may sign them into law or veto them. [2] State legislators can override the governor's veto of bills with a simple majority vote of both houses, unless the bill is a revenue bill, in which case two-thirds of the members elected to each house are required to override the governor's veto or line-item veto. [2]

Membership

Historical

Affiliation (Elected)Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Other
81st Legislature (2012)54461000
5347 [note 1] 1000
82nd Legislature (2014)36641000
83rd Legislature (2016)36631001 (Independent)
3664 [note 2] 1000
84th Legislature (2018)41591000
4158 [note 3] 1001 (Independent)
85th Legislature (2020)24761000
2377 [note 4] 1000
2376 [note 5] 990
Latest voting share24%76%
  1. Ryan Ferns (District 3) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Republican.
  2. Rupert Phillips (District 24) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Independent to Republican.
  3. Marshall Wilson (District 60) changed party affiliation from Republican to Independent
  4. Jason Barrett (District 61) changed party affiliation from Democrat to Republican
  5. Derrick Evans (District 19) resigned after being arrested for his participation in the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol

District organization

Prior to the 1970 Census, districts always respected county lines, with districts always consisting of either a single entire county, or several entire counties. Beginning with that year, the state began to use smaller geographic areas.

The 2000 House of Delegates' districting system divided the state into 58 districts that elected a varying number of members. The majority of districts, 35, were single-member districts. 23 districts were multi-member districts, varying from two to seven (the 30th District in Kanawha County) delegates.

In response to the 2010 Census, the Legislature again was required to redistrict. The Republican Party, and groups from the growing eastern panhandle and Putnam County were among those calling for 100 single member districts. Eventually redistricting was adopted by House Bill 201, which divided the state into 67 districts, of which 47 are one-member districts, 11 two-member districts, 6 three-member districts, 2 four-member districts, and 1 five-member district. The old 30th District was abolished; however, the five-member district, covering most of Monongalia County, remains among the ten largest multi-member lower house districts in the country. These changes took effect with the 2012 election cycle. The state Supreme Court rejected legal challenges and no federal challenge was filed.

Speaker

The Speaker of the House is selected by its members. In contrast to the tradition of the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, the Speaker must vote unless excused. The House rules state that in some cases, he or she is not required to vote unless the House is equally divided, or unless his or her vote, if given to the minority, will make the division equal. In the latter case, the question is lost.

Members

Current party leadership

PositionNamePartyDistrictCounty
Speaker of the House Roger Hanshaw Republican 33 Clay Co.
Speaker pro tempore Daryl Cowles Republican 58 Morgan Co.
Majority leader Amy Summers Republican 49 Taylor Co.
Minority leader Tim Miley Democratic 48 Harrison Co.
Majority Whip Paul Espinosa Republican 66 Jefferson Co.
Minority Whip Mike Caputo Democratic 50 Marion Co.

Current members

DistrictSenatorPartySinceResidenceCounties represented [4]
1 Pat McGeehan Republican2014 Chester Brooke, Hancock
Mark Zatezalo Republican2020 Wierton
2 Phil Diserio Democratic2016 Follansbee Brooke, Ohio
3 Shawn Fluharty Democratic2014 Wheeling Ohio
Erikka Lynn Storch Republican2010 Wheeling
4Charlie ReynoldsRepublican2020 Moundsville Marshall
Lisa ZukoffDemocratic2018 Moundsville
5 Dave Pethtel Democratic1998 Burton Monongalia, Wetzel
6David KellyRepublican2018 Sistersville Doddridge, Pleasants, Tyler
7Trenton BarnhartRepublican2019 St. Marys Pleasants, Ritchie
8 Bill Anderson Republican1992 Williamstown Wood
9Shannon KimesRepublican2020 Rockport Wirt, Wood
10Roger ConleyRepublican2020 Vienna Wood
Vernon Criss Republican2016 Parkersburg
John R. KellyRepublican2014 Parkersburg
11Riley KeatonRepublican2020 Spencer Jackson, Roane
12 Steve Westfall Republican2012 Ripley Jackson
13 Joshua Higginbotham Republican2016 Poca Jackson, Mason, Putnam
Jonathan PinsonRepublican2020 Point Pleasant
14Johnnie WamsleyRepublican2020 Point Pleasant Mason, Putnam
15Geoff FosterRepublican2014 Winfield Putnam
16 Sean Hornbuckle Democratic2014 Huntington Cabell, Lincoln
Daniel LinvilleRepublican2018 Milton
John Mandt Republican2020 Huntington
17 Chad Lovejoy Democratic2016 Huntington Cabell, Wayne
Matthew Rohrbach Republican2014 Huntington
18 Evan Worrell Republican2018 Barboursville Cabell
19Vacant Wayne
Ric Griffith Democratic2020 Kenova
20 Nathan Brown Democratic2018 Williamson Logan, Mingo
21 Mark Dean Republican2016 Gilbert McDowell, Mingo, Wyoming
22Joe JeffriesRepublican2018 Culloden Boone, Lincoln, Logan, Putnam
Zack Maynard Republican2016 Harts
23Josh HolsteinRepublican2020 Ashford Boone
24Jordan BridgesRepublican2020 Logan Boone, Logan, Wyoming
Margitta MazzocchiRepublican2020 Chapmanville
25 Tony Paynter Republican2016 Hanover McDowell, Mercer, Wyoming
26Ed EvansDemocratic2016 Welch McDowell, Mercer
27 Joe Ellington Republican2010 Princeton Mercer, Raleigh
Marty Gearheart Republican2020 Bluefield
Doug SmithRepublican2020 Princeton
28 Roy Cooper Republican2012 Wayside Monroe, Raleigh, Summers
Jeffrey PackRepublican2018 Cool Ridge
29Brandon SteeleRepublican2018 Beckley Raleigh
30 Mick Bates Democratic2014 Beckley Raleigh
31Chris ToneyRepublican2018 Beckley Raleigh, Wyoming
32Tom FastRepublican2014 Fayetteville Clay, Fayette, Kanawha, Nicholas, Raleigh
Austin HaynesRepublican2020 Oak Hill
Kayla Kessinger Republican2014 Mt. Hope
33 Roger Hanshaw Republican2014 Wallback Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer
34 Brent Boggs Democratic1996 Gassaway Braxton, Gilmer
35 Moore Capito Republican2016 Charleston Kanawha
Larry PackRepublican2020 Charleston
Doug Skaff Democratic2018 South Charleston
Kayla YoungDemocratic2020 South Charleston
36Jim BarachDemocratic2020 Charleston Kanawha
Chris PrittRepublican2020 Charleston
Larry L. RoweDemocratic2014 Malden
37 Mike Pushkin Democratic2014 Charleston Kanawha
38Dianna GravesRepublican2017 Cross Lanes Kanawha, Putnam
39Dana FerrellRepublican2020 Sissonville Kanawha
40Dean JeffriesRepublican2018 Elkview Kanawha
41Heather TullyRepublican2020 Summersville Greenbrier, Nicholas
42Barry BruceRepublican2020 Lewisburg Greenbrier, Monroe, Summers
Todd LonganacreRepublican2020 Caldwell
43Ty NestorRepublican2020 Elkins Pocahontas, Randolph
Cody Thompson Democratic2018 Elkins
44 Caleb Hanna Republican2018 Fenwick Nicholas, Randolph, Upshur, Webster
45Carl MartinRepublican2018 Buckhannon Upshur
46Adam BurkhammerRepublican2020 Horner Lewis, Upshur
47 Chris Phillips Republican2018 Buckhannon Barbour, Tucker
48 Danny Hamrick Republican2012 Lost Creek Harrison, Taylor
Laura KimbleRepublican2020 Bridgeport
Ben Queen Republican2016 Bridgeport
Clay RileyRepublican2020 Shinnston
49 Amy Summers Republican2014 Flemington Marion, Monongalia, Taylor
50Joey GarciaDemocratic2020 Fairmont Marion
Phil MallowRepublican2020 Fairmont
Guy WardRepublican2020 White Hall
51 Barbara Fleischauer Democratic2006 Morgantown Monongalia
Evan HansenDemocratic2018 Morgantown
Joe StatlerRepublican2020 Core
Danielle Walker Democratic2018 Morgantown
John WilliamsDemocratic2016 Morgantown
52 Terri Funk Sypolt Republican2016 Kingwood Preston
53D. Rolland JenningsRepublican2017 Thornton Preston, Tucker
54John Paul HottRepublican2018 Petersburg Grant, Mineral, Pendleton
55Bryan WardRepublican2020 Fisher Hardy, Pendleton
56 Gary Howell Republican2010 Keyser Mineral
57 Ruth Rowan Republican2004 Points Hampshire, Mineral
58George MillerRepublican2020 Berkeley Springs Hampshire, Morgan
59Ken ReedRepublican2020 Hedgesville Berkeley, Morgan
60Don ForshtRepublican2020 Gerrardstown Berkeley
61 Jason Barrett Republican2016 Martinsburg Berkeley
62Chuck HorstRepublican2020 Falling Waters Berkeley
63John HardyRepublican2018 Shepherdstown Berkeley
64 Eric Householder Republican2010 Martinsburg Berkeley
65Wayne ClarkRepublican2020 Charles Town Jefferson
66 Paul Espinosa Republican2012 Charles Town Jefferson
67 John Doyle Democratic2018 Shepherdstown Jefferson

    See also

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    References

    1. "West Virginia Legislature" . Retrieved January 8, 2015.
    2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 West Virginia Constitution, West Virginia Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
    3. 1 2 3 How a Bill Becomes Law, West Virginia State Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
    4. "Senate District Maps - 2010 Plan". West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved July 7, 2016.

    Coordinates: 38°20′9.8″N81°36′41.5″W / 38.336056°N 81.611528°W / 38.336056; -81.611528