Western Cross

Last updated
Western Cross
Krzyż Zachodni
Krzyz Zachodni.jpg
Obverse and reverse
Awarded by the President of Poland
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
TypeCommemorative decoration of merit
StatusCurrently awarded
Statistics
Established7 April 2017
Related Eastern Cross
POL Krzyz Zachodni BAR.svg
Ribbon of the cross

The Western Cross (Krzyż Zachodni) is a Polish decoration established on 7 April 2017.

Contents

The concept of the Cross was presented by senator Jan Żaryn, [1] and designed by Robert Szydlik and Tadeusz Jeziorowski. [2]

Jan Żaryn

Jan Krzysztof Żaryn is a Polish historian and politician.

Tadeusz Romuald Jeziorowski is a Polish historian and writer specialising in weaponry, uniforms and orders.

It is awarded by the President of Poland on recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who might be advised by e.g. the head of the Office for War Veterans and Victims of Oppression, [3] the director of the Pilecki Institute [4] as a token of commemoration and gratitude to foreigners who provided aid and assistance to Polish citizens persecuted by Nazi and communist regimes between 1939 and 1989 in places not included by the Eastern Cross. [3]

President of Poland head of state of Republic of Poland

The President of the Republic of Poland is the head of state of Poland. Their rights and obligations are determined in the Constitution of Poland. The president heads the executive branch. In addition the president has a right to dissolve parliament in certain cases, veto legislation and represents Poland in the international arena.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland) Poland Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs(Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych) is the Polish government department tasked with maintaining Poland's international relations and coordinating its participation in international and regional supra-national political organisations such as the European Union and United Nations. The head of the ministry holds a place in the Council of Ministers.

Office for War Veterans and Victims of Oppression

The Office for War Veterans and Victims of Oppression in the main institution in the Government of Poland to deal with the issues of Polish veterans of struggles for independence and victims of oppression. In 1991 a special status was set up for people of these categories, and the main tasks of the Office include awarding this status, providing care for people with this status, and disseminating the information about their life and struggle.

Design

On the obsverse it is inscribed "PRO AUXILIO POLONIS DATO" (For aid given to Poles). [3]

Related Research Articles

Andrzej Kazimierz Towpik is a Polish diplomat.

Military Counterintelligence Service (Poland)

The Military Counterintelligence Service is one of the principal intelligence agencies of Poland. It is responsible for the protection of Poland against internal threats and for the combat capability of the Polish Armed Forces.

Jacek Baluch was a Polish scholar, writer, poet, translator and politician.

Joanna Wronecka Polish politician

Joanna Wronecka is a Polish diplomat, since November 2017 serving as a Permanent Representative of Poland to the United Nations.

Marek Ziółkowski Polish diplomat

Marek Ziółkowski is a Polish diplomat, ambassador of Poland to Ukraine (2001–2005), Kenya (2012–2015), and NATO (2017–2019).

Paweł Lechowicz is a Polish civil servant who serves the Ambassador of the Republic of Poland to Kuwait since December 2017.

Grzegorz Kaliciak (officer) Polish officer

Grzegorz Seweryn Kaliciak is a Colonel of Polish Armed Forces.

Urszula Doroszewska is a Polish diplomat, journalist and sociologist, ambassador to Georgia (2008–2013) and Lithuania.

Wojciech Jerzy Muszyński (1972-present) is a Polish historian. He is conducting research in the Polish Institute of National Remembrance.

Piotr Józef Myśliwiec is a Polish diplomat and chemist, serving as a Poland ambassador to Angola.

Wiesław Karol Tarka is a Polish diplomat, Poland Ambassador to Croatia (2008–2012) and Sweden (2014–2018).

Aleksandra Maria Piątkowska is a Polish civil servant and diplomat, serving as an ambassador to Chile (2012–2017) and Argentina.

Piotr Andrzej Opaliński is a Polish diplomat, serving as an ambassador to Pakistan since 2015.

Jerzy Skarżyński was Polish painter, theater and film stage designer, book illustrator and educator.

Ministry of Economic Cooperation with Foreign Countries was a Polish government administration office, its tasks included implementation of state policy and coordination of activities in the field of economic, trade and scientific and technical relations with foreign countries.

Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology

Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology is a Polish government administration office.

The Pilecki Institute is a Polish government institution in charge of preserving the memory, documenting and researching the historical experiences of Polish citizens in the 20th century. Its patron is Witold Pilecki.

The Virtus et Fraternitas Medal was established on 9 November 2017.

Maciej Grzegorz Szymański is a Polish slavist and diplomat, an ambasador to Slovenia (1998–2002), Serbia (2005–2009), Croatia (2013–2017), and Bulgaria.

Eastern Cross

The Eastern Cross is a Polish decoration established on 15 December 2016.

References

  1. "Druk nr 1294". www.sejm.gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  2. "NASZ WYWIAD. Nowe ważne odznaczenie państwowe. Szydlik: Krzyż Zachodni będzie nadawany „Za pomoc niesioną Polakom" w latach 1939-1989". wpolityce.pl (in Polish). 2017-02-21. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  3. 1 2 3 "Ustawa z dnia 7 kwietnia 2017 r. o ustanowieniu Krzyża Zachodniego". prawo.sejm.gov.pl (in Polish). 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  4. "Obwieszczenie Marszałka Sejmu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 17 stycznia 2019 r. w sprawie ogłoszenia jednolitego tekstu ustawy o Instytucie Solidarności i Męstwa imienia Witolda Pileckiego". prawo.sejm.gov.pl (in Polish). 2019-01-17. Retrieved 2019-10-29.

See also