Whangarei (New Zealand electorate)

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Whangarei electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election Whangarei electorate, 2014.svg
Whangarei electorate boundaries used since the 1999 election

Whangarei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that was first created for the 1972 election. The electorate is a reasonably safe National seat, and was held for long periods by John Banks (1981–1999) and Phil Heatley (1999–2014), before being won in the 2014 election by Shane Reti.

New Zealand electorates voting district for elections to the New Zealand Parliament

An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.

1972 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.

New Zealand National Party Major New Zealand political party

The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.

Contents

Population centres

Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election, [1] and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. [2] Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. [2] In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. [3] In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including Whangarei). [4]

1969 New Zealand general election

The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.

South Island Southernmost of the two main islands in New Zealand

The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.

North Island The northern of the two main islands of New Zealand

The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.

The boundaries of the Whangarei electorate were last adjusted for the 1999 election; before then, the electorate bordered onto the Kaipara Harbour. Subsequent redistributions in 2002, [5] 2007, [6] and 2013/14 [7] did not change the boundaries further.

1999 New Zealand general election

The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.

Kaipara Harbour

Kaipara Harbour is a large enclosed harbour estuary complex on the north western side of the North Island of New Zealand. The northern part of the harbour is administered by the Kaipara District and the southern part is administered by the Auckland Council. The local Māori tribe is Ngāti Whātua.

The electorate includes the following population centres:

It extends from Hikurangi in the north to Ruatangata and Poroti in the west and Waipu and Langs Beach in the south.

Hikurangi Place in Northland Region, New Zealand

Hikurangi is a settlement in Northland, New Zealand. The city of Whangarei is 17 km (11 miles) to the south, and Kawakawa is 39 km (24 miles) northwest. The Glenbervie Forest is southeast of the settlement. State Highway 1 once passed through the town, but now bypasses it to the west. Mount Hikurangi is a volcanic dome rising 365 metres (1,198 ft) to the west of the town. It is 1.2 million years old, and part of the Harbour Fault which also includes Parakiore, near Kamo, and Parihaka in Whangarei.

Poroti Place in Northland Region, New Zealand

Poroti is a locality in Northland, New Zealand. Titoki is about 7 km to the west, and Maungatapere is about 8 km east.

Waipu, New Zealand Place in Northland Region, New Zealand

Waipu is a small town in Bream Bay, in the Northland Region of New Zealand, with a Scottish heritage. The population was 1,491 in the 2006 Census, an increase of 222 from 2001. A highlight of the town's calendar is the annual Highland Games held at New Year. Near the town are the Waipu Caves, which contain a significant population of glow worms.

History

The electorate was created for the 1972 election, and apart from a Labour win that year, it has been won by National in every election since. Phil Heatley, who held the electorate since 1999, [8] retired at the end of the current parliamentary term in 2014. [9] Shane Reti stood for the National Party in the 2014 election and had a large margin over Labour's Kelly Ellis. [10] [11]

Phil Heatley New Zealand politician

Philip Reeve Heatley is a New Zealand politician. He is a member of the National Party. From 2008 until January 2013, he was a member of cabinet, holding the portfolios of Fisheries, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Energy and Resources, and Housing, before being replaced in a cabinet reshuffle by Prime Minister John Key. Heatley retired from Parliament in 2014.

Shane Raymond Reti is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.

2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Key

  Labour     National   
  NZ First     ACT   
ElectionWinner
1972 election Murray Smith
1975 election John Gordon Elliott
1978 election
1981 election John Banks
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election Phil Heatley
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Shane Reti
2017 election

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Whangarei electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

ElectionWinner
1996 election Brian Donnelly
Muriel Newman
1999 election Brian Donnelly (2nd time)
Muriel Newman (2nd time)
2002 election Brian Donnelly (3rd time)
Muriel Newman (3rd time)
2005 election Brian Donnelly (4th time) 1
2014 election Pita Paraone
2017 election Shane Jones

1Donnelly resigned in February 2008 when appointed High Commissioner to the Cook Islands

Cook Islands state in the South Pacific Ocean

The Cook Islands is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It comprises 15 islands whose total land area is 240 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi). The Cook Islands' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers 1,800,000 square kilometres (690,000 sq mi) of ocean.

Election results

2017 election

2017 general election: Whangarei [12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Shane Reti 18,73445.8-9.2718,57244.9-5.18
Labour Tony John Savage7,76719.0-0.0112,99331.4+13.61
NZ First Shane Jones 7,65118.7+10.645,80414.01+0.65
Green Ash Holwell4,86811.9+3.242,3425.65-4.12
Democrats Chris Leitch9942.43-0.25710.17-0.14
ACT Robin Grieve1880.46-0.321980.48-0.05
Conservative Jim Taylor1580.39-2.301130.27-4.94
Independent Marie Minhinnick1100.27-0.66
Opportunities  7161.73
Legalise Cannabis  1350.33-0.17
Māori  1010.24-0.29
Mana  430.1-0.94
Ban 1080  390.09-0.01
Outdoors  280.07
United Future  190.046-0.47
People's Party  180.043
Internet  100.02-1.02
Informal votes396204
Total Valid votes40,86641,406
National holdMajority10,967

2014 election

2014 general election: Whangarei [13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Shane Reti 20,11155.07-4.1118,50350.08-0.59
Labour Kelly Ellis6,94219.01-3.436,57517.79-2.54
Green Paul Doherty3,1638.66-0.173,6119.77-0.87
NZ First Pita Paraone 2,9448.06+3.604,93613.36+3.68
Conservative Don Nightingale9842.69-0.691,9255.21+0.99
Democrats Chris Leitch9782.68+2.261160.31+0.07
Independent Les King3410.93+0.37
Māori Anaru Kaipo3000.82+0.821960.53-0.08
ACT Robin Grieve2850.78-0.222050.55-1.18
Focus Les King1360.37+0.37340.09+0.09
Internet Mana  3861.04+0.35
Legalise Cannabis  1830.50-0.03
United Future  930.25-0.27
Ban 1080  380.10+0.10
Civilian  160.04+0.04
Independent Coalition  150.04+0.04
Informal votes336117
Total Valid votes36,52036,949
National holdMajority13,16936.06-0.68

2011 election

2011 general election: Whangarei [14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Phil Heatley 20,04959.18-4.9817,48650.67+0.63
Labour Pat Newman7,60222.44-0.927,01720.33-8.27
Green Rick Bazeley2,9938.83+1.233,67310.64+4.65
NZ First Pita Paraone 1,5124.46+4.463,3409.68+3.52
Conservative Ross Craig1,1463.38+3.381,4574.22+4.22
ACT Robin Grieve3381.00+0.155961.73-2.07
Democrats Edgar Kenneth Goodhue1420.42-0.08840.24+0.06
Libertarianz Helen Hughes970.29+0.12310.09+0.04
Mana  2380.69+0.69
Māori  2120.61-0.30
Legalise Cannabis  1840.53+0.07
United Future  1800.52-0.19
Alliance  140.04-0.01
Informal votes654287
Total Valid votes33,87934,512
National holdMajority12,44736.74-4.06

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,511 [15]

2008 election

2008 general election: Whangarei [16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Phil Heatley 23,05664.1618,25250.04
Labour Paul Chalmers8,39323.3610,43328.60
Green Paul Doherty2,7317.602,1876.00
Progressive Viv Shepherd6361.775311.46
ACT Thomas John McClelland3040.851,3853.80
RAM Martin Kaipo2810.78250.07
Democrats Edgar Kenneth Goodhue1790.50660.18
Independent Simon Vallings1130.31
United Future Maureen Gunston1070.302600.71
Independent Don Hedges740.21
Libertarianz Helen Hughes610.17180.05
NZ First  2,2466.16
Māori  3330.91
Bill and Ben  2310.63
Legalise Cannabis  1690.46
Kiwi  1670.46
Family Party  1280.35
Alliance  170.05
Workers Party  130.04
Pacific  120.03
RONZ  30.01
Informal votes413240
Total Valid votes35,93536,476
National holdMajority14,66340.80

2005 election

2005 general election: Whangarei [17]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Phil Heatley 18,90053.81+10.5615,33343.11
Labour Paul Chalmers9,81127.93-5.2712,88436.22
NZ First Brian Donnelly 2,9838.49-3.313,2179.04
Green Moea Armstrong1,2403.531,6484.63
ACT Muriel Newman 1,0673.047071.99
Māori Rangi Ngāti Huna Tahiao3841.092640.74
Progressive Viv Shepherd3110.894091.15
Destiny Tony Ford1780.512400.67
United Future Craig Hunt1680.486371.79
Libertarianz Helen Hughes800.23390.11
Legalise Cannabis  810.23
Christian Heritage  460.13
Democrats  230.06
Alliance  190.05
RONZ  60.02
99 MP  40.01
Direct Democracy  40.01
One NZ  40.01
Family Rights  30.01
Informal votes243117
Total Valid votes35,12235,568
National holdMajority9,08925.88+15.88

2002 election

2002 general election: Whangarei [18]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green check.svgY or Red x.svgN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

PartyCandidateVotes%±%Party votes%±%
National Green check.svgY Phil Heatley 13,82943.037,49323.17
Labour David Shearer 10,61533.0311,37435.17
NZ First Brian Donnelly 3,77411.745,00815.48
ACT Muriel Newman 1,2974.032,6238.11
Green Calvin Green1,1803.602,1116.52
Christian Heritage Rod Harris5211.628072.49
United Future Gary Phillips2680.831,4834.58
Alliance Ticia Cutforth2390.743511.08
Progressive David Wilson1560.483941.21
Libertarianz Helen Hughes970.30
ORNZ  3831.18
Legalise Cannabis  1430.44
One NZ  230.07
Mana Māori  110.03
NMP  30.009
Informal votes159125
Total Valid votes32,13532,332
National holdMajority3,21410.00

1999 election

Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Whangarei for a list of candidates.

Notes

  1. McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  2. 1 2 McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  3. McRobie 1989, pp. 112, 116.
  4. McRobie 1989, pp. 111, 115.
  5. Report of the Representation Commission 2002 (PDF). Representation Commission. 21 March 2002. p. 8. ISBN   0-478-20169-9 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  6. Report of the Representation Commission 2007 (PDF). Representation Commission. 14 September 2007. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  7. Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 8. ISBN   978-0-477-10414-2 . Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  8. "Hon Phil Heatley". New Zealand Parliament. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  9. Vance, Andrea (1 November 2013). "MP Phil Heatley to Retire". stuff.co.nz . Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  10. Watkins, Tracy (10 March 2014). "Labour announces Chch Central candidate". The Press . p. A2. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  11. "Election 2014: Shane Reti wins Whangarei". The New Zealand Herald . 20 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  12. "Official Count Results – Whangarei". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  13. 2014 election results
  14. 2011 election results
  15. "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  16. 2008 election results
  17. election result Whangarei 2005
  18. election result Whangarei 2002

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