Whangarei is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate that was first created for the 1972 election. The electorate is a reasonably safe National seat, and was held for long periods by John Banks (1981–1999) and Phil Heatley (1999–2014), before being won in the 2014 election by Shane Reti.
An electorate is a geographical constituency used for electing members to the New Zealand Parliament. In informal discussion, electorates are often called seats. The most formal description, electoral district, is used in legislation. The size of electorates is determined on a population basis such that all electorates have approximately the same population.
The New Zealand general election of 1972 was held on 25 November to elect MPs to the 37th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Labour Party, led by Norman Kirk, defeated the governing National Party.
The New Zealand National Party, shortened to National or the Nats, is a centre-right political party in New Zealand. It is one of two major parties that dominate contemporary New Zealand politics, alongside its traditional rival, the New Zealand Labour Party.
Since the 1969 election, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, with continued faster population growth in the North Island leading to an increase in the number of general electorates. There were 84 electorates for the 1969 election,and the 1972 electoral redistribution saw three additional general seats created for the North Island, bringing the total number of electorates to 87. Together with increased urbanisation in Christchurch and Nelson, the changes proved very disruptive to existing electorates. In the South Island, three electorates were abolished, and three electorates were newly created. In the North Island, five electorates were abolished, two electorates were recreated, and six electorates were newly created (including Whangarei).
The 1969 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of Parliament's 36th term. It saw the Second National Government headed by Prime Minister Keith Holyoake of the National Party win a fourth consecutive term.
The South Island, also officially named Te Waipounamu, is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand in surface area; the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 square kilometres (58,084 sq mi), making it the world's 12th-largest island. It has a temperate climate.
The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by Cook Strait. The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,749,200.
The boundaries of the Whangarei electorate were last adjusted for the 1999 election; before then, the electorate bordered onto the Kaipara Harbour. Subsequent redistributions in 2002,2007, and 2013/14 did not change the boundaries further.
The 1999 New Zealand general election was held on 27 November 1999 to determine the composition of the 46th New Zealand Parliament. The governing National Party, led by Prime Minister Jenny Shipley, was defeated, being replaced by a coalition of Helen Clark's Labour Party and the smaller Alliance. This marked an end to nine years of National Party government, and the beginning of the Fifth Labour Government of New Zealand which would govern for 9 years, until its loss to the National Party in the 2008 general election.
Kaipara Harbour is a large enclosed harbour estuary complex on the north western side of the North Island of New Zealand. The northern part of the harbour is administered by the Kaipara District and the southern part is administered by the Auckland Council. The local Māori tribe is Ngāti Whātua.
The electorate includes the following population centres:
It extends from Hikurangi in the north to Ruatangata and Poroti in the west and Waipu and Langs Beach in the south.
Hikurangi is a settlement in Northland, New Zealand. The city of Whangarei is 17 km (11 miles) to the south, and Kawakawa is 39 km (24 miles) northwest. The Glenbervie Forest is southeast of the settlement. State Highway 1 once passed through the town, but now bypasses it to the west. Mount Hikurangi is a volcanic dome rising 365 metres (1,198 ft) to the west of the town. It is 1.2 million years old, and part of the Harbour Fault which also includes Parakiore, near Kamo, and Parihaka in Whangarei.
Poroti is a locality in Northland, New Zealand. Titoki is about 7 km to the west, and Maungatapere is about 8 km east.
Waipu is a small town in Bream Bay, in the Northland Region of New Zealand, with a Scottish heritage. The population was 1,491 in the 2006 Census, an increase of 222 from 2001. A highlight of the town's calendar is the annual Highland Games held at New Year. Near the town are the Waipu Caves, which contain a significant population of glow worms.
The electorate was created for the 1972 election, and apart from a Labour win that year, it has been won by National in every election since. Phil Heatley, who held the electorate since 1999,retired at the end of the current parliamentary term in 2014. Shane Reti stood for the National Party in the 2014 election and had a large margin over Labour's Kelly Ellis.
Philip Reeve Heatley is a New Zealand politician. He is a member of the National Party. From 2008 until January 2013, he was a member of cabinet, holding the portfolios of Fisheries, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Energy and Resources, and Housing, before being replaced in a cabinet reshuffle by Prime Minister John Key. Heatley retired from Parliament in 2014.
Shane Raymond Reti is a New Zealand politician who was elected to the New Zealand parliament at the 2014 general election as a representative of the New Zealand National Party.
The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.
Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.
|1972 election||Murray Smith|
|1975 election||John Gordon Elliott|
|1981 election||John Banks|
|1999 election||Phil Heatley|
|2014 election||Shane Reti|
Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Whangarei electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.
|1996 election||Brian Donnelly|
|1999 election||Brian Donnelly (2nd time)|
|Muriel Newman (2nd time)|
|2002 election||Brian Donnelly (3rd time)|
|Muriel Newman (3rd time)|
|2005 election||Brian Donnelly (4th time) 1|
|2014 election||Pita Paraone|
|2017 election||Shane Jones|
1Donnelly resigned in February 2008 when appointed High Commissioner to the Cook Islands
The Cook Islands is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand. It comprises 15 islands whose total land area is 240 square kilometres (92.7 sq mi). The Cook Islands' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) covers 1,800,000 square kilometres (690,000 sq mi) of ocean.
|2017 general election: Whangarei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|Labour||Tony John Savage||7,767||19.0||-0.01||12,993||31.4||+13.61|
|NZ First||Shane Jones||7,651||18.7||+10.64||5,804||14.01||+0.65|
|Total Valid votes||40,866||41,406|
|2014 general election: Whangarei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||2,944||8.06||+3.60||4,936||13.36||+3.68|
|Total Valid votes||36,520||36,949|
|2011 general election: Whangarei|
Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
|NZ First||Pita Paraone||1,512||4.46||+4.46||3,340||9.68||+3.52|
|Democrats||Edgar Kenneth Goodhue||142||0.42||-0.08||84||0.24||+0.06|
|Total Valid votes||33,879||34,512|
Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,511
|2008 general election: Whangarei|
|ACT||Thomas John McClelland||304||0.85||1,385||3.80|
|Democrats||Edgar Kenneth Goodhue||179||0.50||66||0.18|
|United Future||Maureen Gunston||107||0.30||260||0.71|
|Bill and Ben||231||0.63|
|Total Valid votes||35,935||36,476|
|2005 general election: Whangarei|
|NZ First||Brian Donnelly||2,983||8.49||-3.31||3,217||9.04|
|Māori||Rangi Ngāti Huna Tahiao||384||1.09||264||0.74|
|United Future||Craig Hunt||168||0.48||637||1.79|
|Total Valid votes||35,122||35,568|
|2002 general election: Whangarei|
|NZ First||Brian Donnelly||3,774||11.74||5,008||15.48|
|Christian Heritage||Rod Harris||521||1.62||807||2.49|
|United Future||Gary Phillips||268||0.83||1,483||4.58|
|Total Valid votes||32,135||32,332|
Refer to Candidates in the New Zealand general election 1999 by electorate#Whangarei for a list of candidates.
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