Whistler, British Columbia

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Whistler
Resort Municipality of Whistler [1]
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Whistler Panorama
Whistler-logo.png
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Whistler
Location of Whistler
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Whistler
Whistler (Canada)
Coordinates: 50°7′15″N122°57′16″W / 50.12083°N 122.95444°W / 50.12083; -122.95444
CountryCanada
Province British Columbia
Region Sea to Sky Country
Regional District Squamish-Lillooet
Settled1914 by Myrtle and Alex Philip
Incorporated as a resort municipality 1975
Government
  TypeElected town council
  MayorJack Crompton
  ManagerMike Furey
  Governing bodyWhistler Town Council
   MP Patrick Weiler
   MLA Jordan Sturdy
Area
  Total240.40 km2 (92.82 sq mi)
Elevation
670 m (2,200 ft)
Population
 (2016) [2]
  Total11,854
  Density49.3/km2 (128/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−08:00 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−07:00 (PDT)
Postal code span
V0N 1B0 & V8E
Area code(s) 604
Website www.whistler.ca

Whistler (Squamish: Sḵwiḵw) is a resort municipality in the southern Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in British Columbia, Canada. Approximately 125 km (78 mi) north of Vancouver and 36 km (22 mi) south of Pemberton, it is incorporated as the Resort Municipality of Whistler (RMOW). It has a permanent population of approximately 11,854, as well as a larger but rotating population of seasonal workers, who are typically younger people from beyond British Columbia, notably from Australia and Europe.

Contents

Over two million people visit Whistler annually, primarily for alpine skiing and snowboarding and, in the summer, mountain biking at Whistler Blackcomb. Its pedestrian village has won numerous design awards, and Whistler has been voted among the top destinations in North America by major ski magazines since the mid-1990s. During the 2010 Winter Olympics, Whistler hosted most of the alpine, Nordic, luge, skeleton, and bobsled events.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19811,369    
19862,002+46.2%
19914,459+122.7%
19967,172+60.8%
20018,896+24.0%
20069,754+9.6%
20119,824+0.7%
201611,854+20.7%
[3]

The Whistler Valley is located around the pass between the headwaters of the Green River and the upper-middle reaches of the Cheakamus. It is flanked by glaciated mountains on both sides; the Garibaldi Ranges on the side that contains the ski mountains, and a group of ranges with no collective name but which are part of the larger Pacific Ranges and are essentially fore-ranges of the Pemberton Icefield. Although there are a few other routes through the maze of mountains between the basin of the Lillooet River just east, the Cheakamus-Green divide is the lowest and most direct.

The first British survey by the Royal Navy took place in the 1860s. [4] These surveyors named the mountain London Mountain because of the heavy fog and cloud typically gathering around the mountain, but the area informally acquired the name "Whistler" due to the call of the hoary marmot. [5] In the late 19th century, a trail was cut through the valley, linking Lillooet via Pemberton with Burrard Inlet via a pass from Squamish to the Seymour River. The trail was completed in 1877, but because of the difficult and unforgiving terrain, it was only used once for its intended purpose, which was to drive cattle. The area began to attract trappers and prospectors (such as John Millar and Henry Horstman) who established small camps in the area in the early 20th century. The area began to gain recognition with the arrival of Myrtle and Alex Philip, who in 1914 purchased 10 acres (4.0  ha ) of land on Alta Lake and established the Rainbow Lodge. The Philips had relocated from Maine to Vancouver in 1910 and had heard rumours of the natural beauty of the area from Pemberton pioneer John Millar. [6] After an exploratory journey, the couple was convinced. Rainbow Lodge and other railway-dependent tourist resorts were collectively known as Alta Lake. Along with the rest of the valley bridging the Cheakamus and Green River basins, they became part of British Columbia's first Resort Municipality in 1975.

Completion of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway in 1914 greatly reduced the travel time from three days, providing ease of access from Vancouver, and the Rainbow Lodge gained a reputation as the most popular vacation destination west of the Rockies.[ citation needed ] The lodge was primarily a summer destination, with boating, fishing and hiking among the most popular activities, and soon other lodges began to open not just on Alta Lake, but on other valley lakes as well.

Appreciation of the outdoors was not the only activity in the valley, however. Logging was a booming industry. During the first half of the 20th century, most of the lower slopes of the surrounding mountains were cleared of old-growth. At its peak, four mills were in operation, most located around Green Lake. Prospecting and trapping were pursued as well, though no claims of great value were ever staked.

Insignia

The resort town was granted heraldic symbols by the Canadian Heraldic Authority on January 2016. [7]

Coat of arms of Whistler, British Columbia
Granted
2016
Armiger
Resort Municipality of Whistler
Crest
On a rock set with moss a grey jay close holding in its dexter claw a lupin proper
Escutcheon
Per pale Argent and Vert to the dexter two pallets wavy Azure, to the sinister two pallets wavy Argent, a chief dancetty per pale Azure and Argen
Supporters
Dexter a black bear sinister a hoary marmot each holding a ski and standing on a rocky mount proper issuant from barry wavy Argent and Azure charged with a trout naiant and between grass set with bunchberries and skunk cabbage proper
Motto
VALLEY OF DREAMS

Activities

Whistler is known for its skiing and snowboarding in the winter and mountain biking and hiking in the summer. Other winter activities that are enjoyed in Whistler are cross country skiing, skate skiing, ice skating, snowshoeing, backcountry skiing, telemark skiing, and tobogganing. Summer activities enjoyed in Whistler include golfing, fishing, trail running, mountain biking, outdoor yoga, and hiking.

For skiing, arguably the main attraction of Whistler, the different run difficulties (easiest to hardest) are green (circle), blue (square), black (diamond), and double black (diamond). Throughout the year each run's difficulty stays the same. [8] There are many signs around the mountain that indicate the difficulty of the runs and there are "expert only" signs at the bottom of some chairlifts indicating that most of the runs accessible from that chair are black diamonds or double black diamonds.

1968 and 1976 Winter Olympic bids

Until the 1960s, this quiet area was without basic infrastructure. There were no sewage facilities, water, or electricity, and no road from Squamish or Vancouver. In 1962, four Vancouver businessmen began to explore the area with the intent of building a ski resort and bidding for the 1968 Winter Olympics. Garibaldi Lift Company was formed, shares were sold, and in 1966, Whistler Mountain opened to the public.

Later, the town, then still known as Alta Lake, was offered the 1976 Winter Olympics after the selected host city Denver declined the games due to funding issues. Alta Lake Whistler declined as well, after elections ushered in a local government less enthusiastic about the Olympics. The 1976 Winter Olympics were ultimately held in Innsbruck, Austria.

2010 Winter Olympics

A statue of Ilanaaq, emblem of the 2010 Olympics, located on Whistler Mountain 2009-0605-Ilanaaq-2010Oly-Whistler.jpg
A statue of Ilanaaq, emblem of the 2010 Olympics, located on Whistler Mountain

Whistler was the Host Mountain Resort of the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics and Paralympic Games, the first time the International Olympic Committee has bestowed that designation on a community. Whistler hosted the alpine technical and speed events, the sliding events at Fitzsimmons Creek, the Nordic events in the nearby Callaghan Valley and all the Paralympic events except the opening ceremonies, sledge hockey and wheelchair curling.

The Whistler Olympic and Paralympic Village (commonly referred to as the Athlete's village) housed around 2,400 athletes, coaches, trainers and officials. Post-games, the site has been turned into a new residential neighbourhood Cheakamus Crossing.

Transportation

Whistler is located on British Columbia Highway 99, also known as the "Sea to Sky Highway", approximately 58 km (36 mi) north of Squamish, and 125 km (76 mi) from Vancouver. The highway connects Whistler to the British Columbia Interior via Pemberton-Mount Currie to Lillooet and connections beyond to the Trans-Canada and Cariboo Highways.

Elite-class rail service is only provided at the Whistler railway station between Vancouver and Jasper by the Rocky Mountaineer, using Canadian National Railway tracks from North Vancouver via Whistler and Prince George. The station for tour passengers embarking from Whistler is in the Southside area, between Nita and Alpha Lakes.

Local bus transit service is provided by the Whistler and Valley Express, which also provides service to Pemberton.

A shuttle bus service from the Vancouver Airport and Downtown Vancouver is provided by the Whistler Shuttle and YVR Skylynx. [9] [10]

Vancouver International Airport

Vancouver International Airport ( IATA : YVR, ICAO : CYVR) [11] is the main international airport for Whistler residents and tourists and is located 140 km (87 mi) south.

Pemberton Regional Airport

Pemberton Regional Airport ( ICAO : CYPS) [11] is a public airport serving Pemberton and Whistler. It is the closest airport for fixed-wing non-amphibious aircraft and is 38 minutes north of Whistler. There are no scheduled flights but three charter services operate out of the airport.

Whistler (Municipal) Heliport

Whistler (Municipal) Heliport ( TC LID : CBE9) is a public heliport operated by the Whistler Heliport Society. [11] Currently there are no scheduled flights but charter services to/from Vancouver International Airport, Vancouver/Harbour (Public) Heliport and Victoria Harbour (Camel Point) Heliport ( TC LID : CBF7) are available.

Whistler/Green Lake Water Aerodrome

Whistler/Green Lake Water Aerodrome ( ICAO : YWS, TC LID : CAE5) is a public floatplane base owned and operated by Harbour Air Group and Whistler Air. [11] Seasonal scheduled flights are provided by Harbour Air Seaplanes and West Coast Air to Victoria Inner Harbour Airport and Vancouver Harbour Water Airport. [12] The seaplane base is located at the Nicklaus North subdivision on the South end of Green Lake.

Directions

Whistler is located on the Sea to Sky Highway (Highway 99), which goes from the Peace Arch Border Crossing in Surrey, British Columbia to the Cariboo Highway (Highway 97) 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Cache Creek, British Columbia. North of Whistler is Pemberton, British Columbia, which is about 23 km (14 mi) north of the mountain village. Also north is Lillooet, British Columbia, which is 122 km (76 mi) north of Whistler. South of the village is Squamish, British Columbia, about a 53 km (33 mi) drive. Also located south is Vancouver, which is 125 km (78 mi) south of the village.

Climate

Whistler has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). It has cold wet winters, and drier, warm summers. On average Whistler receives approximately 11 days with temperatures over 30 °C (86 °F), and approximately 24 days on average with temperatures falling below −10 °C (14 °F). [13]

Climate data for Whistler
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex 7.812.818.838.734.838.042.238.834.627.313.710.342.2
Record high °C (°F)8.9
(48.0)
14.3
(57.7)
19.6
(67.3)
27.8
(82.0)
35.6
(96.1)
35.3
(95.5)
38.8
(101.8)
38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95.0)
26.8
(80.2)
13.6
(56.5)
9.8
(49.6)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F)0.6
(33.1)
3.2
(37.8)
7.2
(45.0)
11.8
(53.2)
16.4
(61.5)
19.9
(67.8)
23.6
(74.5)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
11.2
(52.2)
3.5
(38.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
11.7
(53.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.1
(28.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.4
(36.3)
6.1
(43.0)
10.1
(50.2)
13.6
(56.5)
16.4
(61.5)
16.5
(61.7)
12.7
(54.9)
6.7
(44.1)
0.9
(33.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
6.7
(44.1)
Average low °C (°F)−4.9
(23.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
0.3
(32.5)
3.8
(38.8)
7.2
(45.0)
9.2
(48.6)
8.9
(48.0)
5.6
(42.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
1.5
(34.7)
Record low °C (°F)−28.2
(−18.8)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.7
(18.1)
−3.4
(25.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.3
(32.5)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.2
(26.2)
−14.2
(6.4)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−29.2
(−20.6)
Record low wind chill −29.4−37.4−21.7−100.00.00.00.00.0−22.2−31.9−30.1−37.4
Average precipitation mm (inches)176.0
(6.93)
104.6
(4.12)
97.6
(3.84)
75.9
(2.99)
66.7
(2.63)
58.9
(2.32)
44.7
(1.76)
47.5
(1.87)
54.9
(2.16)
154.6
(6.09)
192.1
(7.56)
154.1
(6.07)
1,227.7
(48.33)
Average rainfall mm (inches)84.7
(3.33)
50.2
(1.98)
55.4
(2.18)
61.2
(2.41)
65.7
(2.59)
58.9
(2.32)
44.7
(1.76)
47.5
(1.87)
54.9
(2.16)
146.7
(5.78)
131.1
(5.16)
54.8
(2.16)
855.9
(33.70)
Average snowfall cm (inches)103.0
(40.6)
64.2
(25.3)
47.4
(18.7)
15.8
(6.2)
1.0
(0.4)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
7.6
(3.0)
65.7
(25.9)
114.0
(44.9)
418.7
(164.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)18.914.916.916.215.013.810.09.210.017.319.618.0179.7
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)10.68.711.614.315.013.810.09.210.016.714.57.9142.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)13.710.19.24.40.50.00.00.00.01.49.714.663.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST)85.875.166.357.852.552.947.947.552.470.385.887.165.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40.378.4123.2162.4207.3204.9250.6241.4194.0109.041.830.41,683.8
Percent possible sunshine 15.127.633.539.443.441.950.853.851.132.615.312.034.7
Source: Environment Canada [13]

Flora

Whistler is a collection of microclimates ranging from coniferous mixed forest on the valley floor, to slightly drier slopes, to Alpine tundra in the alpine.

The wet West Coast marine temperate climate in the valley floor is characterized by a coniferous mixed forest, with a preponderance of western red cedar—a continuation of the rainforest of the Pacific Northwest.

The slopes are slightly drier and are also coniferous mixed forest with western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana), Whistler hybrid spruce (Sitka spruce and Engelmann spruce). [14] The last is

...a hybrid spruce that is unique to Whistler, aptly dubbed the "Whistler Spruce." The Whistler spruce hybrid is indicative of Whistler's geographic position—we're not quite coastal, but not quite interior.

Robyn Goldsmith, Getting to know Whistler's trees – Museum Musings [14]

A hybrid of the wetter West Coast Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) – that ranges from Northern California to Alaska and the drier Interior Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii). Others include the Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), [15] lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta), [16] endangered whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis). [17]

The higher slopes transition to many species of scrub juniper, Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum), and many species of scrub willow in the genus Salix at the tree line, and to Arctic tundra like conditions in the high alpine above the tree line.

Both the valley floor and the mountain sides are characterized as mixed forest, predominantly conifers, but with a peppering of a few deciduous trees like the Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii), locally extinct Pacific crabapple ( Malus fusca ) or Pryus fusca, [18] bitter cherry (Prunus emarginata), pin cherry (Prunus pensylvanica), choke cherry (Prunus virginiana), [19] Red Alder (Alnus rubra), Sitka Alder (Alnus sinuata), Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera), big leaf maple (Acer macrophyllum), Douglas maple (Acer glabrum) [20]

Whistler was clear cut twice in succession. So it is not an old growth rain forest with 1,000s of species, but a mere plantation with only 100 species. The Oregon Grape Mahonia aquifolium (AKA hollyleaved barberry) and Highbush Cranberry Viburnum opulus were accidentally re-introduced as escaped landscaping plants, and may all be Oregonian Subspecies. All the wild Pacific crabapples Malus fuscawere AKA Pyrus rivularis Douglas and AKA Pyrus fusca were dug up by Pemberton Pioneers for grafting Rootstock. [21] [22] It is unclear whether the Chickasaw Plum, Prunus americana was indigenous, or introduced by Indigenous Transcontinental Trade Networks or later Western Contact. All the wild Plums were dug up too by Pemberton Pioneers for fruit trees to transplant and as rootstock. Once abundant on the forest floor, Lingonberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea is no longer found because of the loss of habitat through the clear-cutting. [23]

Education

The School District 48 Sea to Sky operates public schools in Whistler. There are two elementary schools, Myrtle Phillip Elementary and Spring Creek Elementary. There is one high school in the community, it is named Whistler Secondary School.

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone primary school in that city: the école La Passerelle. [24]

Media

Whistler has one weekly newspaper, Pique Newsmagazine , published every Thursday. The Whistler Answer was published intermittently from 1977 to the 1990s. The Lost Duck is a monthly events guide and calendar that lists what's happening in the resort. Other tourist-oriented, print media such as FAQ, Visitors Choice and Whistler Magazine are published from quarterly to once or twice a year.

Radio

FrequencyCall signBrandingFormatOwnerNotes
FM 88.7CFTW-FMWhistler Information Radio Tourist information Four Senses Entertainment
FM 90.7 CFMI-FM-1Rock 101 Mainstream rock Corus Entertainment Rebroadcaster of CFMI-FM (Vancouver)
FM 92.3 CFOX-FM-1CFOX Alternative rock Corus Entertainment Rebroadcaster of CFOX-FM (Vancouver)
FM 96.9 CJAX-FM-1 Jack Adult hits Rogers Radio Rebroadcaster of CJAX-FM (Vancouver)
FM 100.1 CBYW-FM CBC Radio One Talk radio, public radio Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster of CBU (Vancouver)
FM 101.5 CKEE-FM Whistler FM Adult contemporary Four Senses Entertainment
FM 102.1 CISW-FM Mountain FM Adult contemporary Rogers Radio Rebroadcaster of CISQ-FM (Squamish)
FM 103.1 CBUF-FM-10 Ici Radio-Canada Première Talk radio, public radio Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster of CBUF-FM (Vancouver)

An internet radio site for the community exists It is designed to be a community radio station showcasing local music talent and interests of relative importance. History: 28 November 2003, "Feds shut down local pirate radio station... frequency 105.5 FM in the Whistler area, received a visit from Industry Canada and local RCMP officer", Federal Police. [25] Freeradio Whistler still legally broadcasts over the Internet at freewhistler.com. [26]

Television

OTA channel Shaw Cable Call signNetworkNotes
9 (VHF)11 CHAN-TV-7 Global Rebroadcaster of CHAN-DT (Vancouver)
18 (UHF)6 CHWM-TV-1 Independent Rebroadcaster of CHEK-DT (Victoria)
21 (UHF)13 CJWM-TV Citytv Rebroadcaster of CKVU-DT (Vancouver)

The incumbent cable television provider in Whistler is Shaw Cable. Additional service providers covering whistler include Telus TV (Optik IPTV service and Telus Satellite TV), Shaw Direct (satellite), and Bell Satellite TV (satellite).

Whistler was previously served by CBUWT-TV channel 13, a CBC Television repeater of CBUT-DT (Vancouver); that station shut down in 2012 due to budget cuts affecting the CBC.

In Media

The television show Whistler takes place in Whistler. Whistler, the series is a Canadian television drama centering on the aftermath of the mysterious death of a local snowboard legend. The series was set in the ski resort of the same name and aired for two seasons from 2006 to 2008. It was created by Kelly Senecal and developed by Patrick Banister, John Barbisan, Mindy Heslin, and Susan James.

The television series Peak Season is filmed in Whistler and documents the lives of people that live there. Reality Show Fresh Meat II was filmed in Whistler. The community also appeared as the location for Shane and Carmen's wedding in The L Word (season 3, episode 12) Whistler was also featured on The Real Housewives of Orange County and ABC's Extreme Weight Loss.

Reality Show Gene Simmons Family Jewels filmed some episodes in Whistler, it is an American reality television series that premiered on A&E on 7 August 2006. The show follows the life of Kiss bassist and vocalist Gene Simmons, his longtime partner and wife Shannon Tweed, and their two children, Nick and Sophie.

Sophie Tweed-Simmons has her own reality TV series spin off in production. Filming began December 2013, in Whistler, Vancouver Los Angeles and Nashville. Sophie and her mother, model Shannon Tweed, will be the focus of the new show. Producers of the show are Force Four Entertainment, Vancouver. Eight 12-hour episodes are to be broadcast on W Network Canada in the spring of 2014. [27]

Kansai TV Japan was produced in Whistler with a 1+12-hour TV special, Race to the Canadian Northern Lights. Thirty minutes of footage on Whistler's winter activities, shopping, Village and spa. The show aired March 2001. It had a viewership of 3 million and had an estimated public relations value of $2 million. [28]

Stewardess Cops Fuji Television AKA Fuji Network, a popular Japanese drama, shot a two-hour special on location in Whistler during the fall of 2001. It was aired January 2002 and had an estimated audience of 22 million. [28]

Besides the 2010 Winter Olympics broadcasters from the United States, Australia's Today Show, [29] and Japan have done daily up to week long segments from Whistler.

ESPN2 shows BMX Races from Whistler but they are really from nearby Pemberton's Green River BMX Track.

Most videos of Whistler Backcountry skiing, snowboarding, and snowmobiling are filmed in the Pemberton Valley or area. The Whistler name has a much higher brand recognition.

Movies

The Whistler Film Festival is produced by the Whistler Film Festival Society (WFFS). It is held over five days from the first weekend of December. [30]

The Crash Reel , a 2013 documentary and reality film, directed by Academy Award Nominee Lucy Walker, was filmed on location in Whistler. It features top-ranked American snowboarder Kevin Pearce, who because of injuries missed the 2010 Winter Olympics, dealing with his rival Shaun White. It was a selection for the Whistler Film Festival, the Montreal World Film Festival and the Sundance Film Festival. [31]

Ski School , a 1991 comedy, with Dean Cameron, was filmed on location partially, in Whistler and on the mountain. [32]

The X-Files: I Want to Believe (2008) used the glacier above the community to stand in for Antarctica. [33] [34]

Why Did I Get Married? (2008) which was directed, written and starred Tyler Perry, was shot on the slopes of Whistler Blackcomb ski resort. [34] [35]

White Fang 2: Myth of the White Wolf (1994) was directed by Ken Olin, and stars Scott Bairstow, Alfred Molina, Geoffrey Lewis and Ethan Hawke. Whistler is the back drop for this Disney film. [34] [36]

The Grey (2011) which was directed by Joe Carnahan. Liam Neeson sips cocktails in The Cure Bar at Whistler's Nita Lake Lodge. [34]

The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 1 (2011) and The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2 (2012) were not filmed in Whistler proper, but north and south of town. The crew was housed in Squamish and later Pemberton, but the stars were housed in Whistler hotels, hence the reason for all the star sightings in the village.

A panorama of Whistler and Blackcomb Mountains taken in March, 2007 Whistler Panorama -2007.jpg
A panorama of Whistler and Blackcomb Mountains taken in March, 2007

.

Looking WSW from Whistler Mountain Whistler Panorama 2.jpg
Looking WSW from Whistler Mountain

Notes

See also

Related Research Articles


Whistler Blackcomb is a ski resort located in Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. By many measures it is the largest ski resort in North America and has the greatest uphill lift capacity. It features the Peak 2 Peak Gondola for moving between Whistler and Blackcomb mountains at the top. With all of this capacity, Whistler Blackcomb is also often the busiest ski resort, often surpassing 2 million visitors a year.

Nancy Greene Raine Canadian alpine skier and politician

Nancy Catherine Greene Raine is a former Canadian Senator for British Columbia and an Olympian alpine skier voted as Canada's Female Athlete of the 20th Century. She was born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Greene Raine won a very decisive giant slalom victory in Grenoble, France, in the 1968 Winter Olympics.

Highway 99, also known as the Fraser Delta Thruway south of Vancouver, and the Sea to Sky Highway, the Squamish Highway, or Whistler Highway north of Vancouver, is the major north–south artery running through the Greater Vancouver area of British Columbia from the U.S. border, up Howe Sound through the Sea to Sky Country to Lillooet, and connecting to Highway 97 just north of Cache Creek. The highway's number was derived from the former U.S. Route 99, with which the highway originally connected to at the border. The highway currently connects with Interstate 5 at the United States border.

Squamish, British Columbia District municipality in British Columbia, Canada

Squamish is a community and a district municipality in the Canadian province of British Columbia, located at the north end of Howe Sound on the Sea to Sky Highway. The population of the Squamish census agglomeration, which includes First Nation reserves of the Squamish Nation although they are not governed by the municipality, is 19,893.

Squamish-Lillooet Regional District Regional district in British Columbia, Canada

The Squamish-Lillooet Regional District is a quasi-municipal administrative area in British Columbia, Canada. It stretches from Britannia Beach in the south to Pavilion in the north. Lillooet, Pemberton, Whistler and Squamish are the four municipalities in the regional district. Its administrative offices are in the Village of Pemberton, although the district municipalities of Squamish, Whistler, and Lillooet are all larger population centres. The district covers 16,353.68 km² of land area.

Garibaldi Provincial Park Wilderness park in British Columbia, Canada

Garibaldi Provincial Park, also called Garibaldi Park, is a wilderness park located on the coastal mainland of British Columbia, Canada, located 70 kilometres (43.5 mi) north of Vancouver. It was established in 1920 and named a Class A Provincial Park of British Columbia in 1927. The park is a popular destination for outdoor recreation, with over 30,000 overnight campers and over 106,000 day users in the 2017/2018 season.

Cheakamus River

The Cheakamus River is a tributary of the Squamish River, beginning on the west slopes of Outlier Peak in Garibaldi Provincial Park upstream from Cheakamus Lake on the southeastern outskirts of the resort area of Whistler. The river flows into Cheakamus Lake before exiting it and flowing northwest until it turns south and enters Daisy Lake. Between the outlet of Daisy Lake and its mouth, much of its length is spent going through Cheakamus Canyon, where the river flows through swift rapids and even one good sized waterfall. The river flows south from the lake and through the canyon before joining the Squamish River at Cheekye, a few miles north of the town of Squamish. The river's name is an anglicization of the name of Chiyakmesh, a village of the Squamish people and a reserve of the Squamish Nation.

Pacific Ranges

The Pacific Ranges are the southernmost subdivision of the Coast Mountains portion of the Pacific Cordillera. Located entirely within British Columbia, Canada, they run northwest from the lower stretches of the Fraser River to Bella Coola and Burke Channel, north of which are the Kitimat Ranges. The Coast Mountains lie between the Interior Plateau and the Coast of British Columbia.

Garibaldi Ranges

The Garibaldi Ranges are the next-to-southwesternmost subdivision of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains; only the North Shore Mountains are farther southwest. They lie between the valley formed by the pass between the Cheakamus River and Green River on the west and the valley of the Lillooet River on the east, and extend south into Maple Ridge, an eastern suburb of Vancouver, and the northern District of Mission. To their south are the North Shore Mountains overlooking Vancouver while to their southeast are the Douglas Ranges.

Pemberton, British Columbia Village in British Columbia, Canada

Pemberton is a village municipality north of Whistler in the Pemberton Valley of British Columbia in Canada, with a population of 2,574. Until the 1960s the village could be reached only by train, but that changed when Highway 99 was built through Whistler and Pemberton.

Sea-to-Sky Corridor Subregion of British Columbia in Canada

The Sea-to-Sky Corridor, often referred to as the Corridor or the Sea to Sky Country, is a region in British Columbia spreading from Horseshoe Bay through Whistler to the Pemberton Valley and sometimes beyond to include Birken and D'Arcy. From Whistler on up, the region overlaps with the older and more historic Lillooet Country, of which Squamish, at the region's centre, was once the southward extension in the days when it was the rail-port terminus from the Interior, via Lillooet, and accessible from the Lower Mainland only by sea. Most of the region is in the Squamish-Lillooet Regional District, although south of Britannia Beach a small part of the region is in the Greater Vancouver Regional District.

Mount Currie is a small, mostly First Nations, community in British Columbia, 164 kilometres north of Vancouver and 40 kilometres north-east of Whistler along Highway 99. "The Mount Currie settlement and mountain were named after Scottish settler John Currie, who located to Quebec in 1851. After failure as a gold seeker in California and the Cariboo, Currie turned to ranching and finally settled near Pemberton with his Lillooet Indian wife in 1885." The area is traditional territory of the Lil'wat, a subgroup of the St'at'imc people who with the communities of Skatin, Samahquam and Xa'xtsa to the south comprise the Lower St'at'imc or Lower Lillooet. The Mount Currie Indian Reserve hosts most of the population of Mount Currie, who are known as the Lil'wat, their name for the spot, but west of the reserve there are non-native farms, industrial sites and tourist resorts, and on the mountain shoulder immediately north of the reserve is Owl Creek, the site of the original Catholic mission school which drew the Lil'wat from their former homebase at Pemberton Meadows so as to be close to their children. Owl Creek today is the name of a modern subdivision of mostly non-natives, though Owl Creek remains on the rail crossing on the CNR just outside the reserve.

Lilwat First Nation First Nation band government

The Lil'wat First Nation, a.k.a. the Lil'wat Nation or the Mount Currie Indian Band, is a First Nation band government located in the southern Coast Mountains region of the Interior of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is a member of the Lillooet Tribal Council, which is the largest grouping of band governments of the St'at'imc or Stl'atl'imx people. Other St'at'imc governments include the smaller In-SHUCK-ch Nation on the lower Lillooet River to the southwest, and the independent N'quatqua First Nation at the near end of Anderson Lake from Mount Currie, which is the main reserve of the Lil'wat First Nation, and also one of the largest Indian reserves by population in Canada.

Wedge Mountain Mountain in British Columbia, Canada

Wedge Mountain, 2,895 m (9,498 ft) prominence: 2,249 m (7,379 ft), often locally referred to as The Wedge or simply "Wedge", is the highest summit in the Garibaldi Ranges and therefore also Garibaldi Provincial Park, and is among the nearest of the many peaks visible from the Whistler Blackcomb Ski Area, lying north across the valley of Billygoat Pass from the Spearhead Range, which includes one of that resort's two flagship mountains, Blackcomb. It was named for its distinctive wedge shape by the Garibaldi Park Board in 1932 in preference to Mount Vancouver, which had been submitted earlier. It is part of an unnamed range forming the most northerly group of peaks in the Garibaldi Ranges, the other two most notable being Mount Weart, known as the Armchair because of its shape, and Mount Currie, which overlooks the First Nations Reserve of the same name and the neighbouring town of Pemberton. Wedge's very high prominence is defined by the divide between the Green and Cheakamus Rivers at a locality at the south end of Alta Lake known as Tokum Corners.

Powder Mountain Icefield

The Powder Mountain Icefield, also called the Powder Mountain Icecap and the Cayley Icefield, is a glacial field in the Pacific Ranges of southwestern British Columbia, Canada, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Whistler and about 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Vancouver. On the west side of the icefield is the valley of the Squamish River, while on its east is the Callaghan Valley, which is the setting for the Nordic facilities for the 2010 Winter Olympics.

Green Lake (Whistler)

Green Lake is the largest and most northerly lake in the Resort Municipality of Whistler, British Columbia, Canada. It is the source of the Green River, a tributary of the Lillooet River, and is fed by the River of Golden Dreams, which issues from Alta Lake, which is at the height of land dividing the Green River drainage from that of the Cheakamus River to the south, which is a tributary of the Squamish River. Also feeding Green Lake are Fitzsimmons Creek, which originates in the valley above Whistler Village between Blackcomb and Whistler Mountains, and Rainbow Creek, which descends from Rainbow Mountain via the Alpine Meadows subdivision. A former minor ski hill, Rainbow, is located midway between Alpine Meadows and Emerald Estates near the lake's western extremity.

The Pemberton Icefield or Pemberton Icecap, is the southernmost of the series of very large icefields studding the Pacific Ranges of the southern Coast Mountains in British Columbia, Canada.

Whistler Transit Ltd., a division of Pacific Western Transportation, operates the public transit service in Whistler and the Pemberton Valley area of British Columbia, Canada. Buses operate every day between 5:30 a.m. and 3 a.m. and are equipped with racks for skis or bikes, depending on the season.

The Fitzsimmons Range is a small mountain range on the northwestern edge of the Garibaldi Ranges in southwestern British Columbia, Canada, located between the valleys of Cheakamus Lake (SW) and Fitzsimmons Creek (NE). Its most famous summit is Whistler Mountain, which overlooks the resort town of Whistler and is one of the two mountains forming the Whistler Blackcomb ski resort. Most of the range is within Garibaldi Provincial Park, while its northeastern extremity is part of the resort municipality, and of the lands associated with the ski resort operation. Other summits in the range include Oboe Summit, Piccolo Summit and Flute Summit, which are hillocks along the ridge running southeast from Whistler Mountain and were named in association with the renaming of Whistler. Beyond them is Singing Pass and Mount Fitzsimmons 2603 m (8540 ft) which is at the opposite end of the range from Whistler Mountain and the location of Fitzsimmons Glacier, which is the source of Fitzsimmons Creek.

References

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  36. White Fang 2: Myth of the White Wolf

Coordinates: 50°7′15″N122°57′16″W / 50.12083°N 122.95444°W / 50.12083; -122.95444