Whitworth Hall

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Whitworth Building
Whitworth Hall Manchester.jpg
General information
Architectural style Neogothic
Coordinates 53°27′55.8″N2°14′0.6″W / 53.465500°N 2.233500°W / 53.465500; -2.233500 Coordinates: 53°27′55.8″N2°14′0.6″W / 53.465500°N 2.233500°W / 53.465500; -2.233500
Completedc.1895–1902 [1]
Design and construction
Architect Paul Waterhouse [1]

The Whitworth Hall on Oxford Road and Burlington Street in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Manchester, England, is part of the University of Manchester. It has been listed Grade II* since 18 December 1963. [2] The Gothic revival hall lies at the south-east range of the Old Quadrangle of the University, with the Manchester Museum adjoined to the north, and the former Christie Library connected to the west.

Chorlton-on-Medlock inner city area of Manchester, England

Chorlton-on-Medlock is an inner city area of Manchester, England.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is the United Kingdom's second-most populous, with a population of 2.55 million. The city's metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom, after London, with a population of over 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council. Manchester is a major international centre of tourism, commerce and industrial heritage. Manchester is frequently referred to as the United Kingdom's second city.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Contents

History and description

It was constructed c. 1895–1902, and was designed by Paul Waterhouse. [1] The official opening ceremony took place 12 March 1902, when the Prince and Princess of Wales (later King George V and Queen Mary) were present. [3] Whitworth Hall is named after Mancunian industrialist, Sir Joseph Whitworth, who bequeathed much of his fortune to fund public developments in Manchester. The legatees, among whom was Richard Copley Christie, funded the building of the hall and the adjoining Christie Library (the library was completed first and opened in 1898).

Paul Waterhouse,, was a British architect.

George V King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India

George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

Mary of Teck 20th-century queen consort of the United Kingdom and Empress of India

Mary of Teck was Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress consort of India as the wife of King George V.

The inside of Whitworth Hall Whitworth Hall inside.jpg
The inside of Whitworth Hall

The hall is constructed of sandstone, with red tiled roofs in fishscale bands, and is connected to the Manchester Museum to the north via a 2-storey entrance archway. The hall has two unequal storeys, consisting of 8 bays separated by buttresses. It has a large perpendicular style stained glass window facing south. Two 3-stage corner towers flank the window, with octagonal belfrys and short spires. It [1]

Sandstone A clastic sedimentary rock composed mostly of sand-sized particles

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments.

<i>Fishscale</i> 2006 studio album by Ghostface Killah

Fishscale is the fifth studio album by American rapper and Wu-Tang Clan member Ghostface Killah, released March 28, 2006 on Def Jam in the United States. The album features guest appearances from every member of the Wu-Tang Clan, as well as Ghostface Killah's Theodore Unit. It also features production from several acclaimed producers, such as MF Doom, Pete Rock, J Dilla, and Just Blaze, among others. The album follows an organized crime theme, and is named after a term for uncut cocaine.

Manchester Museum University museum of archaeology, natural history and anthropology in Manchester, England

Manchester Museum is a museum displaying works of archaeology, anthropology and natural history and is owned by the University of Manchester, in England. Sited on Oxford Road (A34) at the heart of the university's group of neo-Gothic buildings, it provides access to about 4.5 million items from every continent. It is the UK's largest university museum and serves both as a major visitor attraction and as a resource for academic research and teaching. It has around 430,000 visitors each year.

Whitworth Hall can hold up to 675 people for meetings, up to 300 people for banquets or up to 200 for dinner dances. [4] There are five boardrooms and a council chamber on the lower floor of the building, whilst the hall proper is on the upper floor. The interior of the hall is also Gothic in construction and decoration, in keeping with the exterior. It has a hammerbeam roof, a dais and a large organ occupy the northernmost part of the hall, and raised wooden galleries project from both northern and southern walls. [4] The hall is licensed for civil weddings, [4] and is used for all graduation ceremonies at the University. [5]

Hammerbeam roof A decorative, open timber roof truss typical of English Gothic architecture

A hammerbeam roof is a decorative, open timber roof truss typical of English Gothic architecture and has been called "...the most spectacular endeavour of the English Medieval carpenter". They are traditionally timber framed, using short beams projecting from the wall on which the rafters land, essentially a tie beam which has the middle cut out. These short beams are called hammer-beams and give this truss its name. A hammerbeam roof can have a single, double or false hammerbeam truss.

The organ was donated by Mrs. Enriqueta Rylands in 1902. [6]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Victoria University of Manchester including Christie Library, Whitworth Hall, Oxford Road". Images of England, English Heritage . Retrieved 22 March 2008.
  2. "Listed Buildings in Manchester — O". Manchester City Council . Retrieved 22 March 2008.
  3. "The Prince and Princess in Manchester". The Times (36714). London. 13 March 1902. p. 12.
  4. 1 2 3 "Main Campus Oxford Road (The University of Manchester)". University of Manchester. Archived from the original on 9 July 2007. Retrieved 22 March 2008.
  5. "Graduation FAQs". University of Manchester. Archived from the original on 3 March 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2008.
  6. Farnie, D. A. (1989). "Enriqueta Augustina Rylands, 1843–1908, Founder of the John Rylands Library". Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester. 71 (2): 37.

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