Wilbert Keon

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Wilbert Keon

Senator for Ottawa, Ontario
In office
September 27, 1990 May 17, 2010
Nominated by Brian Mulroney
Appointed by Ray Hnatyshyn
Personal details
Wilbert Joseph Keon

(1935-05-17)May 17, 1935
Sheenboro, Quebec, Canada
DiedApril 8, 2019(2019-04-08) (aged 83)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political party Conservative
Occupation heart surgeon, researcher

Wilbert Joseph Keon OC OOnt (May 17, 1935 – April 8, 2019) was a Canadian physician. A heart surgeon and researcher by profession, Keon was a longtime Canadian senator. [1]

Order of Canada order

The Order of Canada is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada. It comes second only to membership in the Order of Merit, which is the personal gift of Canada's monarch.

Order of Ontario order

The Order of Ontario is the most prestigious official honour in the Canadian province of Ontario. Instituted in 1986 by Lieutenant Governor Lincoln Alexander, on the advice of the Cabinet under Premier David Peterson, the civilian order is administered by the Lieutenant Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former Ontario residents for conspicuous achievements in any field.

Research formal work undertaken systematically to increase the stock of knowledge

Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. Research projects can be used to develop further knowledge on a topic, or in the example of a school research project, they can be used to further a student's research prowess to prepare them for future jobs or reports. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, life, technological, etc.



Born in Sheenboro, Quebec, [1] Keon received a Bachelor of Science from St. Patrick's College, Carleton University [2] and a Doctor of Medicine from the University of Ottawa. [3]

Sheenboro Municipality in Quebec, Canada

Sheenboro is a village and municipality in the Outaouais region, part of the Pontiac Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada. It was formerly known as Sheen-Esher-Aberdeen-et-Malakoff. Its territory stretches along the north shore of the Ottawa River from Chichester to Rapides-des-Joachims.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

A Bachelor of Science is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.

After a period of studying and teaching at Harvard University in Boston, he returned to Ottawa in 1969. [2] Keon founded the University of Ottawa Heart Institute at the Ottawa Civic Hospital in 1976, [3] acting as its CEO for more than thirty years until his retirement from that job in April 2004. [4] In 1986, he was the first Canadian to implant an artificial heart into a human as a bridge to transplant. [5] Keon retired as a working doctor and resigned from the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons in June 2010.

Harvard University private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6,700 undergraduate students and about 15,250 postgraduate students. Established in 1636 and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

University of Ottawa Heart Institute Hospital in Ontario, Canada

The University of Ottawa Heart Institute (UOHI) is Canada's largest cardiovascular health centre. It is located in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It began as a department in The Ottawa Hospital, and since has evolved into Canada's only complete cardiac centre, encompassing prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, research, and education.

The Ottawa Hospital Hospital in Ontario, Canada

The Ottawa Hospital is a non-profit, public university teaching hospital in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. The hospital is made up of the former Grace Hospital, Ottawa Riverside Hospital, Ottawa General Hospital and Ottawa Civic Hospital. It is a 1,117-bed academic health sciences centre affiliated with the University of Ottawa, and the University of Ottawa Heart Institute is located at the hospital's Civic Campus. The Ottawa Hospital is also one of two trauma centres in Eastern Ontario and southern Quebec. The other is Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario accommodating juvenile and adolescent patients.

In 1990 Keon was appointed to the Senate by Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn on the advice of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, where he sat as a Conservative. [1] In 2010, Keon retired from the Senate upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75. [6]

Governor General of Canada representative of the monarch of Canada

The Governor General of Canada is the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II. The person of the sovereign is shared equally both with the 15 other Commonwealth realms and the 10 provinces of Canada, but resides predominantly in her oldest and most populous realm, the United Kingdom. The Queen, on the advice of her Canadian prime minister, appoints a governor general to carry out most of her constitutional and ceremonial duties. The commission is for an unfixed period of time—known as serving at Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the normal convention. Beginning in 1959, it has also been traditional to rotate between anglophone and francophone officeholders—although many recent governors general have been bilingual. Once in office, the governor general maintains direct contact with the Queen, wherever she may be at the time.

Ray Hnatyshyn Canadian politician of Ukrainian descent

Ramon John Hnatyshyn, commonly known as Ray Hnatyshyn, was a Canadian statesman who served as Governor General of Canada, the 24th since Canadian Confederation.

Prime Minister of Canada head of government for Canada

The Prime Minister of Canada is the primary minister of the Crown, chairman of the Cabinet, and Canada's head of government. The current, and 23rd, Prime Minister of Canada is the Liberal Party's Justin Trudeau, following the 2015 Canadian federal election. Canadian prime ministers are styled as The Right Honourable, a privilege maintained for life.

Keon married Anne Jennings in 1960. They have three children: Claudia, Ryan, (who ran for the Liberal Party of Canada in the federal riding of Nepean-Carleton, [7] ) and Neil. Keon also has a school named after him in Chapeau, Quebec. He died from a suspected heart attack on April 7, 2019, aged 83. [8]

Chapeau, Quebec

Chapeau is a village in the Canadian province of Quebec, located along the Culbute Channel of the Ottawa River in the municipality of L'Isle-aux-Allumettes in Pontiac Regional County Municipality.


On November 25, 1999, Keon was caught in a prostitution sting by an undercover Ottawa police officer. Shortly thereafter, on December 16 of that same year, he resigned as director of the Ottawa Heart Institute. [9]


See also

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  1. 1 2 3 Wilbert Keon – Parliament of Canada biography
  2. 1 2 "Wilbert Keon". Carleton University.
  3. 1 2 3 "Senator Dr. Wilbert Keon". Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.
  4. "Board Member Biographies". Champlain Local Health Integration Network.
  5. "Achievements 'dwarf' doctor's humanity". Calgary Herald. May 11, 1986. p. 13.
  6. "Lions, Argos owner Braley tapped for Senate". CBC News. May 20, 2010.
  7. "Liberals: Ryan Keon". Ottawa Citizen. April 17, 2014.
  8. "Renowned heart surgeon Dr. Wilbert Keon dies", CBC, April 8, 2019
  9. Buchanan, Carrie. "Senator Keon quits director's job at Heart Institute". OTTAWA CITIZEN.
  10. "Wilbert Joseph Keon". Order of Canada. Governor General of Canada.
  11. 1 2 "101st Convocation". Carleton University. June 18, 1994.
  12. April 8, Bruce Deachman Updated:; 2019 (2019-04-08). "Dr. Wilbert Keon: Former senator, heart institute founder dies at 83 | Ottawa Citizen" . Retrieved 2019-04-08.