Wilfred Carlyle Stamp, 2nd Baron Stamp, MA, ACA (28 October 1904 – 16 April 1941) was a son of the British banker Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp. He holds the record for holding a peerage for the shortest length of time.
Stamp was born in Hereford,  while his father was working there as a civil servant for the Inland Revenue.
He was educated at The Leys School, Cambridge, then went up to King's College at Cambridge University, where he graduated as Master of Arts. 
He became by profession a chartered accountant. 
Stamp married on 10 December 1929, a fellow Cambridge graduate (BA),  Katharine Mary, daughter of Tom Wickett of Redruth, Cornwall.  They had three daughters: 
At time of his death he lived near his father at 'Farringleys', Park Hill Road, Shortlands, Beckenham, Kent. 
Stamp was killed, aged thirty-six, along with his father Josiah Stamp, the second-richest man in Britain at the time, when the latter's house, 'Tantallon' in Park Hill Road, Shortlands, Beckenham, was bombed in 1941 during The Blitz.  Stamp's mother, Olive Jessie Stamp, Lady Stamp, was killed by the same bomb. They were buried at Beckenham Cemetery.
English law has a legal fiction that, when the order of death is indeterminable, the eldest is deemed to have died first. Legally therefore Wilfred momentarily inherited the peerage of Baron Stamp and the family had to pay death duty twice. Because Wilfred left no sons, the peerage was passed to his father's second son Trevor.
The shortest peerage without legal fiction was Charles Brandon, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, who outlived his brother Henry Brandon, 2nd Duke of Suffolk, by an hour. (See Duke of Suffolk.)
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Baron Stamp, of Shortlands in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1938 for the civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, Sir Josiah Stamp. The second Baron, Wilfred Carlyle Stamp, holds the record for having held a peerage for the shortest length of time. On 16 April 1941, the first Baron Stamp was killed by a German bomb, as was his son Wilfred. Legally, the son was presumed to have died a fraction of a second after his father, and therefore is supposed to have succeeded to the title for that short amount of time. The second Baron was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Baron. As of 2022 the title is held by the latter's grandson, the fifth Baron.
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