Wilhelm Beiglböck

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Wilhelm Beiglböck
Wilhelm Beiglboeck KZ-Arzt.jpg
Mug shot of Wilhelm Beiglböck
Born10 October 1905 (1905-10-10)
DiedNovember 22, 1963(1963-11-22) (aged 58)
Buxtehude, Germany
Occupation medical doctor
Conviction(s) crimes against humanity at Dachau concentration camp.
Criminal penalty15 years imprisonment, later commuted.

Wilhelm Franz Josef Beiglböck (October 10, 1905, in Hochneukirchen  [ de ] (Hochneukirchen-Gschaidt), Lower Austria, Imp.&R. Austria November 22, 1963, in Buxtehude, Lower Saxony, Germany) was an internist and held the title of Consulting Physician to the German Luftwaffe during World War II.

Hochneukirchen-Gschaidt Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Hochneukirchen-Gschaidt is an Austrian market town in the district of Wiener Neustadt-Land. The municipality was formed by merging the former municipalities of Hochneukirchen and Gschaidt.

Lower Austria State in Austria

Lower Austria is the northeasternmost of the nine states of Austria. Since 1986, the capital of Lower Austria has been St. Polten, the most recently designated capital in Austria. Previously, Lower Austria's capital was Vienna, even though Vienna has not officially been part of Lower Austria since 1921. With a land area of 19,186 km2 (7,408 sq mi) and a population of 1.612 million people, Lower Austria is the country's largest state; it is the second most populous after the federal state of Vienna. Other main cities are Amstetten, Krems an der Donau and Wiener Neustadt.

Imperial and Royal

The German phrase kaiserlich und königlich, typically abbreviated as k. u. k., k. und k., k. & k. in German, cs. és k. in Hungarian, c. a k. in Czech, C. i K. in Polish, c. in k. in Slovenian, c. i kr. in Bosnian and Croatian, and I.R. in Italian, refers to the Court of the Habsburgs in a broader historical perspective. Some modern authors restrict its use to the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary from 1867 to 1918. During that period, it indicated that the Habsburg monarch reigned simultaneously as the Emperor of Austria and as the King of Hungary, while the two territories were joined in a real union. The acts of the common government, which only was responsible for the Imperial & Royal ("I&R") Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the I&R Ministry of War and the I&R Ministry of Finance, were carried out in the name of "His Imperial and Royal Majesty" and the central governmental bodies had their names prefixed with k. u. k.

Beiglböck visited Stiftsgymnasium Melk [1] and studied medicine at the university of Vienna. During his studies he there became active in Wiener Burschenschaft Moldavia. First he worked as an assistant at the Medical University Clinic in Vienna for Franz Chvostek junior and afterwards for Hans Eppinger junior.

Stiftsgymnasium Melk Austrian monastic school

Stiftsgymnasium Melk is a Roman Catholic Benedictine-run gymnasium located in Melk, Austria. The gymnasium is located within and run by the well-known monastery Melk Abbey. Founded in the 12th century as a monastic school, it is also the oldest continuously operating school in present-day Austria.

Burschenschaft

A Burschenschaft is one of the traditional Studentenverbindungen of Germany, Austria and Chile. Burschenschaften were founded in the 19th century as associations of university students inspired by liberal and nationalistic ideas. They were significantly involved in the March Revolution and the unification of Germany. After the formation of the German Empire in 1871, they faced a crisis, as their main political objective had been realized. So-called Reformburschenschaften were established, but these were dissolved by the National Socialist regime in 1935/6. In West Germany, the Burschenschaften were re-established in the 1950s, but they faced a renewed crisis in the 1960s and 1970s, as the mainstream political outlook of the German student movement of that period swerved to the radical left. Roughly 160 Burschenschaften exist today in Germany, Austria and Chile.

Since 1933 he was a member of the Nazi Party and since 1934 of SA, promoted till the rank of Obersturmbannführer. In 1939 he made his habilitation and in 1940 he became top doctor under Hans Eppinger. From May 1941 Beiglböck worked as Stabsarzt of the Luftwaffe. In 1944 he became extrabudgetary professor at the Vienna university. During the war he performed medical tests involving seawater on inmates at Dachau concentration camp.

<i lang="de" title="German language text">Sturmabteilung</i> original Nazi paramilitary

The Sturmabteilung, literally Storm Detachment, was the Nazi Party's original paramilitary. It played a significant role in Adolf Hitler's rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s. Its primary purposes were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies, disrupting the meetings of opposing parties, fighting against the paramilitary units of the opposing parties, especially the Red Front Fighters League of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD), and intimidating Romani, trade unionists, and, especially, Jews – for instance, during the 1933 Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses.

Stabsarzt, in English Staff Surgeon, is a military commissioned officer rank in German speaking armed forces. In the German Bundeswehr and the former Wehrmacht and Reichswehr, it describes a qualified or licensed surgeon or dentist who practises military medicine, with a rank equal to captain in the army or air force or lieutenant in the navy.

<i>Luftwaffe</i> Aerial warfare branch of the German military forces during World War II

The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II. Germany's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Army and the Marine-Fliegerabteilung of the Navy had been disbanded in May 1920 as a result of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which stated that Germany was forbidden to have any air force.

Wilhelm Beiglbock pleading "not guilty" at the Doctors' Trial. Wilhelm Beiglboeck.jpg
Wilhelm Beiglböck pleading "not guilty" at the Doctors' Trial.

Beiglböck was a defendant in the Nuremberg Doctor's Trial. He was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. His sentence was commuted to 10 years and from 1952 - 1963 he served as the chief physician at the Hospital of Buxtehude.

In the beginning of 1947 the Vienna prosecution initiated proceedings against Beiglböck because of war crimes, mistreatment, and violating human rights. The Vienna proceedings were finished in October 1947. [2]

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References

  1. Wilhelm Beiglböck auf encyclopedie.bseditions.fr
  2. "DöW - Dokumentationsarchiv des Österreichischen Widerstandes". de.doew.braintrust.at (in German). Retrieved 2015-01-02.