Wilhelmine Reichard

Last updated

Wilhelmine Reichard
Kunike-Reichard.jpg
Wilhelmine Reichard around 1820
Born(1788-04-02)2 April 1788
Died23 February 1848(1848-02-23) (aged 59)
Döhlen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation
OccupationBalloonist
Known forFirst solo balloon flight by a German woman
SpouseJohann Gottfried Reichard

Johanne Wilhelmine Siegmundine Reichard (née Schmidt; 2 April 1788 – 23 February 1848) [1] was a German aeronaut who was the first German female balloonist.

Contents

Biography

Reichard was the daughter of a cup-bearer of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. She married chemist and physicist Johann Gottfried Reichard in 1807 and their first child was born the same year. The family moved to Berlin in 1810. That same year, Johann Gottfried Reichard made his first flight in a self-constructed gas balloon from Berlin, making him the second person to fly in a gas balloon in Germany. [2] [3]

On 16 April 1811, Wilhelmine Reichard made her first solo flight starting in Berlin. She reached a height of over 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) and landed safely in Genshagen, 33.5 kilometres (20.8 mi) from her starting point. This was not the first solo flight by a woman in Germany; the Frenchwoman Sophie Blanchard had previously made a flight in September 1810, starting from Frankfurt. Reichard's third flight in 1811 reached a height of approximately 7,800 metres (25,600 ft). Due to the altitude, she lost consciousness and her balloon crash-landed in a forest; badly injured, she was rescued by local farmers. [2] [3] [4]

After some difficulties during the Napoleonic Wars, her husband wanted to purchase a chemical factory in Döhlen. To raise the money, Wilhemine Reichard conducted several more flights. Her first flight after the accident in 1811 took place in October 1816. [2] [3] A later flight took place during the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle in Aachen in 1818. Flights in Prague and Vienna also made her known in Austria-Hungary. Her last flight was in October 1820, starting in Munich at the Oktoberfest, which was held on the 10th anniversary of the first Oktoberfest. In 1821, the chemical factory started operations. [2] [3]

Wilhelmine's husband conducted balloon flights until 1835. He died in 1844, and Wilhelmine managed the chemical factory until her own death in 1848. [2] [3]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gottfried Kinkel</span> German poet (1815–1882)

Johann Gottfried Kinkel was a German poet also noted for his revolutionary activities and his escape from a Prussian prison in Spandau with the help of his friend Carl Schurz.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Heinrich von Kleist</span> German Romantic writer (1777–1811)

Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist was a German poet, dramatist, novelist, short story writer and journalist. His best known works are the theatre plays Das Käthchen von Heilbronn, The Broken Jug, Amphitryon and Penthesilea, and the novellas Michael Kohlhaas and The Marquise of O. Kleist died by suicide together with a close female friend who was terminally ill.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johann Peter Hebel</span> German writer

Johann Peter Hebel was a German short story writer, dialectal poet, Lutheran theologian and pedagogue, most famous for a collection of Alemannic lyric poems and one of German tales.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johann Christian Reil</span> German physician (1759–1813)

Johann Christian Reil was a German physician, physiologist, anatomist, and psychiatrist. He coined the term psychiatry – Psychiatrie in German – in 1808.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johanna Kinkel</span> German composer, writer and educationist

Johanna Kinkel, born Maria Johanna Mockel, was a German composer, writer, pedagogue, and revolutionary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carl Joseph Begas</span> German painter (1794–1854)

Carl Joseph Begas, or Karl Begas, was a German painter who played an important role in the transition from Romanticism to Realism. He was the first in a multi-generational "dynasty" of artists.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hilde Benjamin</span> East German judge and politician (1902–1989)

Hilde Benjamin was an East German judge and Minister of Justice of the German Democratic Republic. She is most notorious for presiding over the East German show trials of the 1950s, which drew comparisons to the Nazi Party's Volksgericht show trials under Judge Roland Freisler. Hilde Benjamin is particularly known for being responsible for the politically motivated prosecution of Erna Dorn and Ernst Jennrich. In his 1994 inauguration speech German President Roman Herzog cited Hilde Benjamin as a symbol of totalitarianism and injustice, and called both her name and legacy incompatible with the German Constitution and with the rule of law.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen</span> Queen of Bavaria from 1825 to 1848

Therese Charlotte Luise of Saxony-Hildburghausen was queen of Bavaria as the wife of King Ludwig I. Oktoberfest was created in honour of their wedding and is still celebrated annually on Theresienwiese in Munich. Therese was popular amongst the people of Bavaria, and was heavily involved in her husband's politics, as well as her own charity work.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Helmina von Chézy</span> German journalist, poet and playwright

Helmina von Chézy, née Wilhelmine Christiane von Klencke, was a German journalist, poet and playwright. She is known for writing the libretto for Carl Maria von Weber's opera Euryanthe (1823) and the play Rosamunde, for which Franz Schubert composed incidental music.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Princess Marianne of the Netherlands</span> Princess Albert of Prussia

Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau was the youngest child of King William I of the Netherlands and Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia.

Friedrich August Peter von Colomb was a Prussian general.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anna Milder-Hauptmann</span> German opera singer (1785–1838)

Pauline Anna Milder-Hauptmann was an operatic soprano.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rosine Elisabeth Menthe</span>

Rosine Elisabeth Menthe, was married morganatically with Duke Rudolph Augustus of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1627–1704), Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diana Rabe von Pappenheim</span>

Diana Rabe von Pappenheim was the royal mistress of Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia, from 1810 until 1813, by whom she most likely had a daughter in 1811.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten</span>

Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten was a German mineralogist. Among the most notable of Karsten's writings is a mineralogy book published in 1789 when he was only 21 years old. In later years Karsten held senior government positions in mining and mineralogy in the Kingdom of Prussia at Berlin.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Margarete Luise Schick</span> German operatic soprano

Margarete Luise Schick, was a German operatic soprano. A member of the Berlin Royal Opera, she was known for interpreting leading roles in operas by Gluck, singing in German with precise diction, and acting convincingly. She was a soloist at the coronation of Leopold II, with Mozart conducting.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wilhelmine Halberstadt</span> German educator and author

Wilhelmine Halberstadt was a German educator and author.

Heinrich Ferdinand Mannstein, real name Heinrich Ferdinand Steinmann, was a German singing teacher, writer and music critic.

Events from the year 1848 in Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gottfried Christian Reich</span> German physician and professor of medicine

Gottfried Christian Reich was a German physician and a professor of medicine first at the University of Erlangen and then at Berlin University. He translated several medical works in English to German. He also took an interest in natural history and edited two short-lived periodicals, one on the animal kingdom and another on plants.

References

  1. Monjau, Heide (2003), "Reichard, Johanne Wilhelmine (Minna) Siegmundine", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 21, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 293–294; ( full text online )
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Probst, Ernst (August 2010). Königinnen der Lüfte in Europa (in German). GRIN Verlag. pp. 197–210. ISBN   978-3-640-68876-0.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Wilhelmine Reichard – Deutschlands erste Ballonfahrerin Freital.de" (in German). Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
  4. Reichard, G (1812). "Beschreibung der von Wilhelmine Reichard, geb. Schmidt, unternommenen dritten Lfuftfahrt". Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung (in German).

Further reading