William, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg

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William, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg
Wilhelm Hachberg.JPG
William of Hachberg-Sausenberg - drawing on a wall painting in the cathedral of Constance
Born11 July 1406
Died(1482-08-15)15 August 1482
Noble family House of Zähringen
Spouse(s)Elisabeth of Montfort-Bregenz
Father Rudolf III, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg
MotherAnne of Freiburg-Neuchâtel

Margrave William of Hachberg-Sausenberg (11 July 1406 - 15 August 1482) was the son of Margrave Rudolf III of Hachberg-Sausenberg and Anne of Freiburg-Neuchâtel. He ruled from 1428 to 1441, and abdicated on 21 June 1441 in favor of his infant sons, Rudolf IV and Hugo. As they were still infants, his cousin Count John of Freiburg-Neuchâtel took over the government as regent. [1]

Rudolf III, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg

Margrave Rudolf III of Hachberg-Sausenberg (1343–1428) was the son of Margrave Rudolf II of Hachberg-Sausenberg and Catherine of Thierstein. He inherited Hachberg-Sausenberg when his father died in 1352. As he was a minor at the time, his uncle Otto I acted as regent. When Rudolf II came of age, he and Otto I ruled jointly, until Otto's death in 1384. Rudolf III is considered the most important of the Margraves of Hachberg-Sausenberg.

Margrave Rudolf IV of Hachberg-Sausenberg was the son the Margrave William of Hachberg-Sausenberg and his wife Elisabeth of Montfort-Bregenz.

John of Freiburg-Neuchâtel was a son of Conrad of Freiburg and his wife, Marie of Vergy. He succeeded his father as Count of Neuchâtel in 1421. He is, however, not in a hurry to pay homage to his father-in-law John III of Chalon-Arlay. In 1444, he joined the alliance of the Dauphin Louis and a number of Swiss cantons against the Habsburgs.

Contents

Marriage and issue

William married Elizabeth, daughter of the Count William VII of Montfort-Bregenz. His wife's relatives intervened because of his lavish lifestyle and he had to promise not to mortgage any assets from her dowry without their consent. Nevertheless, his lifestyle led to a divorce in 1436. They had at least three children: two sons, Rudolf IV and Hugo, who succeeded him, and a daughter, Ursula, who became the second wife of Count James Truchseß of Waldburg.

A dowry is a transfer of parental property, gifts or money at the marriage of a daughter. Dowry contrasts with the related concepts of bride price and dower. While bride price or bride service is a payment by the groom or his family to the bride's parents, dowry is the wealth transferred from the bride's family to the groom or his family, ostensibly for the bride. Similarly, dower is the property settled on the bride herself, by the groom at the time of marriage, and which remains under her ownership and control. Dowry is an ancient custom, and its existence may well predate records of it. Dowries continue to be expected and demanded as a condition to accept a marriage proposal in some parts of the world, mainly in parts of Asia, Northern Africa and the Balkans. In some parts of the world, disputes related to dowry sometimes result in acts of violence against women, including killings and acid attacks. The custom of dowry is most common in cultures that are strongly patrilineal and that expect women to reside with or near their husband's family (patrilocality). Dowries have long histories in Europe, South Asia, Africa and other parts of the world.

Margrave Hugo of Hachberg-Sausenberg was the youngest son of Margrave William of Hachberg-Sausenberg and his wife, Elisabeth of Montfort-Bregenz. After his father died in 1441, he ruled jointly with his elder brother Rudolf IV.

As William was constantly in debt and the pressure of his creditors increased, he found eventually that he could only keep his ancestral lands in the family by abdicating in favour of his sons.

Construction activities

After his father had expanded Rötteln Castle, William dedicated himself to the expansion of Sausenburg Castle.

Rötteln Castle castle ruins in Lörrach, Germany

Rötteln Castle, located above the Lörrach suburb of Haagen, lies in the extreme southwest corner of the German state of Baden-Württemberg, just 10 kilometres north-east of the Swiss City of Basel. The fortification was one of the most powerful in the southwest, and today, it is the third largest castle ruin in Baden.

Sausenburg Castle castle

Sausenburg Castle is a ruined German castle on the edge of the Black Forest, just north of the town of Kandern in Baden-Württemberg, between the villages of Sitzenkirch and Malsburg-Marzell. The castle was originally the stronghold of the lords of Sausenburg, and is built on a hill, 665 metres high, known as the Sausenberg.

Expansion of the country's sovereignty

He bought in 1432 the low justice in Efringen, Kirchen, Eimeldingen, Holzen and Niedereggenen.

Efringen-Kirchen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Efringen-Kirchen is a municipality in the district of Lörrach in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Eimeldingen Place in Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Eimeldingen is a town in the district of Lörrach, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

On 3 November 1437, Margrave William of Hachberg, in his capacity as bailiff, gave Cüne am Bühel rights to Waldshut, Guardian of the Abbess of Königsfelden Abbey, the third part of the grain tithe to Birkingen, the tithe to Eschbach and the wine tithe on Schönenbühel to Waldshut. He had boughts these rights from Albrecht Merler, who lived at Kadelburg. [2] It is not known when he bought these rights.

Diplomatic services

Via his cousin John of Freiburg-Neuchâtel, William gained access to the court of the Duke of Burgundy in Dijon. [3] During the Council of Basel, he was called upon as mediator between Austria and Burgundy and later as mediator between Burgundy and France. In 1432, the Protector of the Council, Duke William III of Bavaria appointed William of Hachberg as acting head. In 1434, Duke Philip III of Burgundy, appointed him as councillor and Chamberlain. [4]

Duchy of Burgundy historic principality

The Duchy of Burgundy emerged in the 9th century as one of the successors of the ancient Kingdom of the Burgundians, which after its conquest in 532 had formed a constituent part of the Frankish Empire. Upon the 9th-century partitions, the French remnants of the Burgundian kingdom were reduced to a ducal rank by King Robert II of France in 1004, and in 1032 were awarded to his younger son Robert per Salic law – other portions had passed to the Imperial Kingdom of Arles and the County of Burgundy (Franche-Comté).

Dijon Prefecture and commune in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, France

Dijon is a city in eastern France, capital of the Côte-d'Or département in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region.

William III, was Duke of Bavaria-Munich (1397–1435), together and in concord with his older brother Ernest, Duke of Bavaria. William III was a son of John II and a member of the Parakeet Society.

In 1437, the Duke of Austria appointed him governor of the Austrian possessions in the Sundgau, Alsace and Freiburg. As governor of Further Austria, he was involved in the war between Emperor Frederick III and the Old Swiss Confederacy. After the Swiss defeated the Austrians in the Battle of St. Jakob an der Sihl in 1443, the Emperor sent William to King Charles VII of France to plea for help. France sent 40000mercenaries, the so-called Armagnacs.

See also

Footnotes

  1. Fritz Schülin: Rötteln-Haagen, Beiträge zur Orts-, Landschafts- und Siedlungsgeschichte, Lörrach 1965, p. 75
  2. Calendar of the Margrave of Baden and Hachberg, Volume 1, Certificate number 1471
  3. Karl Seith: Die Burg Rötteln im Wandel ihrer Herrengeschlechter, Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte und Baugeschichte der Burg, special edition published by the Röttelbund e.V., Haagen, date unknown, p. 14
  4. Sachs, p. 548

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References


William, Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg
Born: 1406 Died: 15 August 1482
Preceded by
Rudolf III
Margrave of Hachberg-Sausenberg
1428-1441
Succeeded by
Rudolf IV