William Allain

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William Allain
William Allain.png
Allain at the University of Mississippi, 1950
59th Governor of Mississippi
In office
January 10, 1984 January 12, 1988
Lieutenant Brad Dye
Preceded by William Winter
Succeeded by Ray Mabus
36th Attorney General of Mississippi
In office
January 22, 1980 January 10, 1984
Governor William Winter
Preceded by A. F. Summer
Succeeded by Edwin L. Pittman
Personal details
Born(1928-02-14)February 14, 1928
Washington, Mississippi, U.S.
DiedDecember 2, 2013(2013-12-02) (aged 85)
Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.
Resting placeNatchez City Cemetery
Natchez, Mississippi
Political party Democratic
Alma mater University of Notre Dame
University of Mississippi, Oxford
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Branch/serviceFlag of the United States Army.svg  United States Army
Years of service1950-1953
Battles/wars Korean War

William Alexander "Bill" Allain (February 14, 1928 December 2, 2013) was an American politician who held office as the 59th Governor of Mississippi as a Democrat from 1984 to 1988. [1]

Mississippi State of the United States of America

Mississippi is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Mississippi is the 32nd largest and 34th-most populous of the 50 United States. Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southwest by Louisiana, and to the northwest by Arkansas. Mississippi's western boundary is largely defined by the Mississippi River. Jackson is both the state's capital and largest city. Greater Jackson, with an estimated population of 580,166 in 2018, is the most populous metropolitan area in Mississippi and the 95th-most populous in the United States.

Biography

He was born in Washington in Adams County near Natchez, Mississippi. He attended the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, and received his law degree from the University of Mississippi School of Law at Oxford. [2] Allain served in the United States Army infantry in the Korean War. [2] A Catholic, [3] he was a member of the American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars. [2] After the war, he practiced law in Natchez, Mississippi, until his appointment as assistant state attorney general in 1962.

Washington, Mississippi town in Mississippi

Washington is an unincorporated community in Adams County, Mississippi, United States. The community is close to Natchez. Located along the lower Mississippi River, it was the second and longest-serving capital of the Mississippi Territory.

Adams County, Mississippi County in the United States

Adams County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,297. The county seat is Natchez.

Natchez, Mississippi Sole incorporated city in Mississippi, United States

Natchez is the county seat and only city of Adams County, Mississippi, United States. Natchez has a total population of 15,792. Located on the Mississippi River across from Vidalia in Concordia Parish, Louisiana, Natchez was a prominent city in the antebellum years, a center of cotton planters and Mississippi River trade.

Allain was elected state attorney general in 1979, having defeated the Republican State Senator Charles W. Pickering of Laurel. Allain earned a reputation as a consumer advocate. He fought utility rate increases and stopped the storage of nuclear waste in Mississippi. State labor president Claude Ramsay sought to broker an agreement between Democratic Party presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale and Allain when the latter sought a veto over the federal storage of nuclear waste in Mississippi as a condition for his political support of Mondale. [4]

Mississippi Attorney General attorney general for the U.S. state of Mississippi

The Attorney General of Mississippi is the chief legal officer of the state and serves as the state's lawyer. Only the Attorney General can bring or defend a lawsuit on behalf of the state.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Mississippi State Senate upper state chamber of a state of the United-States of America

The Mississippi Senate is the upper house of the Mississippi Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The Senate is composed of 52 senators representing an equal amount of constituent districts, with 54,704 people per district. Senators serve four-year terms with no term limits.

He also fought the powerful Mississippi Legislature, which for decades had diluted executive branch power by appointing legislators to executive department boards and commissions. The Mississippi Supreme Court, at Allain's insistence, struck the practice as a violation of the constitutional principle of separation of powers. The resulting decision, Allain v. Alexander , is sometimes referred to as "Mississippi's Marbury vs. Madison," after the landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court which delineated the powers of the three branches of the federal government. Allain's efforts strengthened the Mississippi executive and streamlined Mississippi's political processes. Allain as governor instituted a legal panel to study the possibility of re-writing the 1890 Bourbon state constitution and created an administrative task force of state agency heads to reduce the use of illegal drugs. He was unsuccessful in the former and successful in the later case, particularly in the interdiction and seizure of almost a ton of cocaine. [5] [6]

In 1983, while Allain was running for governor against Republican candidate Leon Bramlett of Clarksdale, private detective Rex Armistead, formerly with the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission, helped to spread rumors that Allain had sexual intercourse with two African-American male transvestites. [7] [8] [9] Allain denied the charges. [8] The transvestites went on the record with a lie detector but in 1984 claimed they had never met Allain and had been paid for their testimony. [7] [10]

Leon Crow Bramlett, Jr., known as Lee Bramlett, was an American farmer and businessman from Clarksdale, Mississippi, who was a 1944–1945 All-American football player at the United States Naval Academy and the 1983 Republican nominee for governor of Mississippi.

Clarksdale, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States


Clarksdale is a city in Coahoma County, Mississippi, United States, and seat of the county.

Rex Armistead was a private detective, Mississippi Highway Patrol officer, and the leading operative for the since disbanded Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission. Later, he was heavily involved as an investigator for the Arkansas Project, a co-ordinated attempt in the 1990s to investigate then U.S. President Bill Clinton. The project was funded by conservative media billionaire Richard Mellon Scaife.

Allain died December 2, 2013, in Jackson, Mississippi. [11] [12]

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References

  1. David Sansing (January 2004). "William A. Allain: Fifty-eighth Governor of Mississippi: 1984-1988". Mississippi Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  2. 1 2 3 John Howard, Men Like That: A Southern Queer History, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1999, pp. 286–287
  3. "Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1983-1988 - Marie Marmo Mullaney - Google Books". Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  4. Cawthon, Raad. "Allain's behavior befuddles Democrats". The Clarion Ledger . August 24, 1984. p. 3B.
  5. State of Mississippi. (December 1986) A draft of a new constitution for the State of Mississippi. Constitutional Study Committee. Mississippi Department of Archives and History call no. 342.02/C7585 p 3
  6. State of Mississippi. (1986) Governor's Alliance against drugs. Report on Phase 1: Task Force Hearings. Report to Governor Bill Allain. MDAH call no. 101GA.7:198601 p 28
  7. 1 2 John Howard, Men Like That: A Southern Queer History, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1999, pp. 281–297
  8. 1 2 Andersen, Kurt (1983-11-21). ""Elections '83; A Winning Round", ''Time'' magazine''". Time.com. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  9. Warren Johansson, William A. Percy, Outing: Shattering the Conspiracy of Silence, Routledge, 1994, p. 156
  10. "Transvestites withdraw allegations", Rock Hill Herald
  11. Wagster, Emily (2004-06-29). "JACKSON, Miss.: Former Mississippi Gov. Bill Allain dies at 85 | Politics". The Sun Herald. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
Legal offices
Preceded by
A. F. Summer
Attorney General of Mississippi
January 22, 1980–January 10, 1984
Succeeded by
Edwin L. Pittman
Party political offices
Preceded by
William Winter
Democratic nominee for Governor of Mississippi
1983
Succeeded by
Ray Mabus
Political offices
Preceded by
William Winter
Governor of Mississippi
January 10, 1984–January 12, 1988
Succeeded by
Ray Mabus