William Anstruther-Gray, Baron Kilmany

Last updated

Anstruther-Gray in 1931 Baron Kilmany.jpg
Anstruther-Gray in 1931

William John St Clair Anstruther-Gray, Baron Kilmany, MC PC (5 March 1905 – 6 August 1985) was a Scottish Unionist Party politician.



The only son of Col William Anstruther-Gray of Kilmany and Clayre Jessie Tennant, he was educated at Eton College and at Christ Church, Oxford, England. He served as a Lieutenant in the Coldstream Guards from 1926–30, and with the Shanghai Defence Force in 1927–28.

He was elected as Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for North Lanarkshire, in Scotland, in 1931, holding the seat until 1945. Until September 1939, he served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Financial Secretary to the Treasury, and to Secretary for Overseas Trade, and latterly to Sir John Colville, Secretary of State for Scotland.

In September 1939, he rejoined the Coldstream Guards and served in North Africa, France and Germany with Coldstream Guards and Lothians and Border Horse. He was promoted to the rank of Major in 1942. He was awarded the Military Cross in 1943.

He served as Assistant Postmaster-General from May–July 1945. He contested Berwick and East Lothian in February 1950, and was elected for the seat in 1951, holding it until 1966. He was Chairman of Ways and Means and Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons from 1962–64 (having been Deputy Chairman from 1959–62). He was Chairman of the 1922 Committee from 1964–66.

He was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of Fife in 1953, and Lord Lieutenant of Fife from 1975–80. He was also the Crown nominee for Scotland on the General Medical Council from 1952–65.

He was created a baronet in 1956, [1] appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1962.

On his retirement from the House of Commons in 1966, he was created a life peer as Baron Kilmany, of Kilmany in the County of Fife. [2] His wife died in 1985, he in August the same year aged 80.


In 1934, Anstruther-Gray married Monica Helen, only child of Geoffrey Lambton, second son of Frederick Lambton, 4th Earl of Durham.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Coldstream Guards</span> Infantry regiment of the British Army

The Coldstream Guards is the oldest continuously serving regular regiment in the British Army. As part of the Household Division, one of its principal roles is the protection of the monarchy; due to this, it often participates in state ceremonial occasions. The Regiment has consistently provided formations on deployments around the world and has fought in the majority of the major conflicts in which the British Army has been engaged.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Patrick Buchan-Hepburn, 1st Baron Hailes</span>

Patrick George Thomas Buchan-Hepburn, 1st Baron Hailes, was a British Conservative politician and the only Governor-General of the short-lived West Indies Federation from 1958 to 1962.

This is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Fife.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn</span> British politician (1897–1971)

James Gray Stuart, 1st Viscount Stuart of Findhorn, was a British Unionist politician. He was joint-Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury in Winston Churchill's war-time coalition government and later served as Secretary of State for Scotland under Churchill and then Sir Anthony Eden from 1951 to 1957. In 1959 he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Stuart of Findhorn.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Douglas Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking</span> British politician

Douglas Hewitt Hacking, 1st Baron Hacking was a British Conservative politician.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Priscilla Buchan, Baroness Tweedsmuir of Belhelvie</span>

Priscilla Jean Fortescue Buchan, Baroness Tweedsmuir of Belhelvie, styled as Priscilla, Lady Grant between 1934 and 1944, and as Lady Tweedsmuir between 1948 and 1970, was a Unionist and Conservative politician.

William Anstruther-Gray may refer to:

George Mathers, 1st Baron Mathers KT, PC, DL was a Scottish trade unionist and Labour Party politician. He served as Comptroller of the Household from 1944 to 1945 in Winston Churchill's war-time coalition government and as Treasurer of the Household from 1945 to 1946 in Clement Attlee's post-war Labour administration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charles Rhys, 8th Baron Dynevor</span>

Charles Arthur Uryan Rhys, 8th Baron Dynevor CBE, was a British peer and politician. He was the son of Walter FitzUryan Rice, 7th Baron Dynevor.

There have been three baronetcies created for members of the Anstruther family, two in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of Great Britain. Two of the creations are extant while one is extinct.

Lieutenant-Colonel William Anstruther-Gray, FSA, JP, DL was a Scottish soldier and politician.

Major Sir Ralph (Hugo) Anstruther, 7th Baronet was a Scottish British Army officer and courtier.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kilmany</span> Human settlement in Scotland

Kilmany is a village and parish in Fife, Scotland. It is located on the A92 between Auchtermuchty and the Tay Road Bridge. In 2001 it had a population of 75.

Colonel Sir John Edward Gilmour, 3rd Baronet, DSO, TD, DL was a British Conservative Party politician. He was Member of Parliament for East Fife for 18 years, from 1961 to 1979. He was also a soldier, farmer and landowner, and a company director and building society vice-president.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults</span> British politician

Thomas Horatio Arthur Ernest Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults, was a Scottish soldier and Liberal Unionist politician. He was Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department under Arthur Balfour between 1902 and 1905.

The 1966 Dissolution Honours List was issued on 19 May 1966 following the dissolution of the United Kingdom parliament in preparation for a general election.

Sir William McEwan Younger, 1st Baronet was a Scottish brewer and political activist.

Major-General the Honourable Sir William Lambton, KCB, CMG, CVO, DSO was a British Army officer who commanded the 4th Division during the First World War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">James Charles Macnab of Macnab</span>

James Charles Macnab of Macnab JP, otherwise known as The Macnab, was the 23rd Chief of Clan Macnab, and a member of the Royal Company of Archers, Queen Elizabeth II's bodyguard in Scotland.

The 1959 Dissolution Honours List was issued on 19 September 1959 to mark the dissolution of the United Kingdom parliament prior to the 1959 general election.


  1. "No. 40824". The London Gazette . 6 July 1956. p. 3948.
  2. "No. 44003". The London Gazette . 3 June 1966. p. 6457.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for North Lanarkshire
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Berwick and East Lothian
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chairman of the 1922 Committee
Succeeded by
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Kilmany)
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Fife
Succeeded by