William Bratton

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Critics use the term "zero tolerance" in a pejorative sense to suggest that Broken Windows policing is a form of zealotry—the imposition of rigid, moralistic standards of behavior on diverse populations. It is not. Broken Windows is a highly discretionary police activity that requires careful training, guidelines, and supervision, as well as an ongoing dialogue with neighborhoods and communities to ensure that it is properly conducted. [35]

The central theory behind broken windows policing is that low-level crime and disorder creates an environment that encourages more serious crimes. Bratton and Kelling also argue that low-level disorder is often a greater worry to residents than major crimes, and that different ethnic groups have similar ideas as to what "disorder" is. [35] He and Kelling advocate both effective enforcement and lenient punishment for minor crimes. Citing fare evasion as an example, they argue that the police should attempt to catch fare evaders, and that the vast majority should be summoned to court rather than arrested and given a punishment other than jail. The goal is to deter minor offenders from committing more serious crimes in the future and reduce the prison population in the long run. [35]

Bratton also supports community policing, describing it as being related to broken windows policing. He and Kelling stress the need for the police to collaborate with other government agencies and a variety of community groups, writing that "many of the challenges to public order confronting cities and communities cannot be solved by simple police action." [35]

Bratton has stated that racial tensions and distrust of the police are hindrances to reducing crime. Bratton's solution in Los Angeles and New York City was to make police forces more ethnically diverse and "reflective of the ethnic make-up of their cities". [9] Bratton argues that stop-and-frisk is a useful tool that should be used in moderation. [36] Use of stop-and-frisk was increased during his first term as NYPD Commissioner and dramatically reduced during his second term. Bratton supported reducing it on the grounds that it was causing tension between the police and minority groups and that it was less needed in an era of lower crime. [35]

Memoir

In 1998, Random House published his memoir Turnaround: How America's Top Cop Reversed the Crime Epidemic, [37] written with co-author Peter Knobler. It was named a New York Times Notable Book of the Year. His most recent book, The Profession: A Memoir of Community, Race, and the Arc of Policing in America, [38] also written with Knobler, was a 2021 New York Times Book Review Editors' Choice.

Personal life

Bratton holds a Bachelor of Science in Law Enforcement from the University of Massachusetts Boston and was a research fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Bratton has been married four times. He is currently married to attorney and TruTV analyst Rikki Klieman, and has one son, David, from a prior marriage. Bratton was previously married to attorney and Boston Police spokeswoman and newscaster Cheryl Fiandaca.

Bratton addressed the Roger Williams University graduating class at the May 22, 2010 commencement ceremony and also received an honorary degree during the ceremony. [39] He also received an honorary degree from New York Institute of Technology. [40]

After more than 40 years in policing, Bill Bratton retired from law enforcement in 2016. As of 2018, he is currently the Executive Chairman of Teneo Risk Holdings and is on the Board of Directors for Mission Ready Solutions.

Bratton is a Roman Catholic.

See also

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References

  1. Mancusi, Peter (September 19, 1980). "Bratton's confident: Boston's new police superintendent says, 'I'll have my detractors, but I know I can handle this job. I have no doubt about it.'". The Boston Globe.
  2. Turnaround: How America's Top Cop Reversed the Crime Epidemic.
  3. Archived June 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  4. Carlos Granda (August 12, 2011). "LAPD reforms provide example for other cities". ABC News.
  5. Goodman, J. David (December 5, 2013). "De Blasio to Name Bratton as New York Police Commissioner". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  6. Goodman, J. David (August 2, 2016). "William Bratton, New York Police Commissioner, Will Step Down Next Month". The New York Times. Retrieved August 2, 2016.
  7. 1 2 "US 'supercop' Bill Bratton says riot arrests not only answer". BBC News. August 13, 2011.
  8. https://www.dhs.gov/news/2020/08/18/acting-secretary-chad-wolf-announces-new-homeland-security-advisory-council-member [ dead link ]
  9. 1 2 Batty, David (August 13, 2011). "UK riots: police should tackle racial tension, says 'supercop' Bill Bratton". The Guardian. London.
  10. Swaine, Jon (August 13, 2011). "UK riots: supercop's battle order for tackling Britain's street gangs". The Daily Telegraph. London. But in keeping with his desire to nip problems in the bud, he is clear that the repercussions for those who step out of line must be severe, especially among younger offenders. 'Very early on in people's lives you have to have them understand that abhorrent behaviour, anti-social behaviour, will not be tolerated,' he said.
  11. "University of Massachusetts Boston". www.umb.edu. Archived from the original on September 13, 2017. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  12. "With Subway Crime Up, Transit Police Get a New Chief". The New York Times. April 2, 1990.
  13. "Transcript". This American Life. September 10, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  14. http://www.justicestrategies.org/sites/default/files/Judy/ZeroTolerance.pdf [ bare URL PDF ]
  15. "THE BRATTON RESIGNATION: BEHIND THE SCENES;Squabbling Behind the Amicable Departure". The New York Times. March 27, 1996.
  16. 'The Bratton Resignation'New York Times
  17. Kroll Associates' LAPD page
  18. "Police Commission Letter to Mayor Hahn Recommending Three Finalists: William Bratton, Art Lopez, John Timoney". Los Angeles Community Policing. September 19, 2002. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
  19. "Bratton Out of Town for a Third of '05" – Los Angeles Times March 11, 2006
  20. 'Third term for LAPD chief? Councilman seeks hearings'Los Angeles Times
  21. "LAPD Chief Bratton Honored by Queen Elizabeth II". LAPD Blog. September 11, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
  22. Lawless, Jill (August 12, 2011). "Thousands of police patrol Britain's streets, nearly 600 charged in riots". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
  23. Whitehead, Tom (August 5, 2011). "David Cameron's US 'supercop' blocked by Theresa May". Daily Telegraph. London.
  24. "Oakland hires former Los Angeles police chief as consultant". ABC7 San Francisco. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  25. Kuruvila, Matthai (January 23, 2013). "Oakland hires police consultant Bratton". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  26. Goodman, J. David; Goldstein, Joseph (January 2, 2014). "Bratton Takes Helm of Police Force He Pledged to Change". The New York Times.
  27. http://www.foxnews.com/us/2016/08/02/nypd- [ dead link ]
  28. "BlueLine Wants to Be a Facebook for Cops". Mashable. October 29, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  29. 'LAPD Chief William Bratton to Resign', KTLA 5 Los Angeles
  30. "Secretary Napolitano Swears in Homeland Security Advisory Council Members". United States Department of Homeland Security. October 18, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  31. "New Advisory Board member: William J. (Bill) Bratton | Crest Advisory". Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
  32. "Mission Ready Announces Appointment of Former NYPD Commissioner to Board of Directors". Bloomberg.com. May 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
  33. "'Zero tolerance' advice to PM". Sydney Morning Herald. August 14, 2011.
  34. Justiceinspectors.gov.uk
  35. 1 2 3 4 5 William Bratton, George Kelling (December 2014). "Why we need Broken Windows policing". City Journal. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  36. "Bill Bratton seeks good community relations to make stop-and-frisk work". The Guardian . December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
  37. Turnaround: How America's Top Cop Reversed the Crime Epidemic
  38. The Profession: A Memoir of Community, Race, and the Arc of Policing
  39. "Roger Williams University to Confer more than 1000 Degrees in 2010 Commencement". Roger Williams University. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
  40. "William J. Bratton". Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2016.
Bill Bratton
Bill Bratton at the seminar on his new book Collaborate or Perish! Lessons for Politics, Business and Public Services.jpg
Chair of the Homeland Security Advisory Council
Assumed office
August 18, 2020
Police appointments
Preceded by
Joseph Saia
Superintendent in Chief of the Boston Police Department
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commissioner of the Boston Police Department
1993–1994
Preceded by Police Commissioner of New York City
1994–1996
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief of Police of Los Angeles
2002–2009
Succeeded by
Preceded by Police Commissioner of New York City
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Chair of the Homeland Security Advisory Council
2020-Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent