William Bromley-Davenport (British Army officer)

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Sir William Bromley-Davenport

Financial Secretary to the War Office
In office
12 October 1903 4 December 1905
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
Preceded by Lord Stanley
Succeeded by Thomas Buchanan
Personal details
Born21 January 1862 (1862-01-21)
Died6 February 1949 (1949-02-07) (aged 87)
NationalityBritish
Political party Conservative
Alma mater Balliol College, Oxford

Brigadier-General Sir William Bromley-Davenport, KCB , CMG , CBE , DSO , TD , JP , DL (21 January 1862 – 6 February 1949) was a British soldier, footballer and Conservative politician. He fought with distinction in both the Second Boer War and the First World War. An MP from 1886 to 1906, he held political office under Arthur Balfour as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1903 to 1905.

Distinguished Service Order UK military decoration

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Territorial Decoration military medal of the United Kingdom

The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army. This award superseded the Volunteer Officer's Decoration when the Territorial Force was formed on 1 April 1908, following the enactment of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907, which was a large reorganisation of the old Volunteer Army and the remaining units of militia and Yeomanry. However, the Militia were transferred to the Special Reserve rather than becoming part of the Territorial Force. A recipient of this award is entitled to the letters "TD" after their name (post-nominal).

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, sometimes informally called the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 312 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

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Background and education

Bromley-Davenport was the son of William Bromley Davenport and his wife Augusta Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of Walter Campbell, of Islay. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford. [1]

William Bromley-Davenport (1821–1884) British politician

William Bromley-Davenport, also known as Davenport and Davenport-Bromley, was an English Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1864-84.

Islay southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland

Islay is the southernmost island of the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. Known as "The Queen of the Hebrides", it lies in Argyll just south west of Jura and around 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the Northern Irish coast. The island's capital is Bowmore where the distinctive round Kilarrow Parish Church and a distillery are located. Port Ellen is the main port.

Eton College British independent boarding school located in Eton

Eton College is a 13–18 independent boarding school and sixth form for boys in the parish of Eton, near Windsor in Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore , as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference school.

Footballing career

Bromley-Davenport played football for Oxford University and Old Etonians. He represented England on two occasions in March 1884, against Scotland and Wales respectively. A centre-forward, he scored two goals in the game against Wales. [2] [3]

Oxford University A.F.C.

Oxford University Association Football Club is an English football club representing the University of Oxford.

Old Etonians F.C. association football club

The Old Etonians Association Football Club is an English association football club whose players are alumni of Eton College, in Eton, Berkshire.

England national football team Mens association football team representing England

The England national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.

Political and military career

Bromley-Davenport was elected Member of Parliament for Macclesfield in the July 1886 general election. [4] He was appointed a captain in the Staffordshire Yeomanry on 30 December 1891, and received the honorary rank of major on 28 February 1900. [5] While an MP, he fought in the Second Boer War with the Imperial Yeomanry, [1] where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in November 1900. [6] At the end of 1901, he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Cheshire. [7] He served in the Conservative administration of Arthur Balfour as Financial Secretary to the War Office from 1903 to 1905 and was a Civil Member of the Army Council from 1904 to 1905. [1] However, he lost his seat in the House of Commons in the 1906 Liberal landslide.

Macclesfield (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Macclesfield is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Rutley, a Conservative.

1886 United Kingdom general election

The 1886 United Kingdom general election took place from 1 July to 27 July 1886. It resulted in a major reversal of the results of the 1885 election as the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury were joined in an electoral pact with the breakaway Unionist wing of the Liberals led by Lord Hartington and Joseph Chamberlain. The new Liberal Unionist party gave the Conservatives their parliamentary majority but did not join them in a formal coalition.

Staffordshire Yeomanry

The Staffordshire Yeomanry was a unit of the British Army. Raised in 1794 following Prime Minister William Pitt's order to raise volunteer bodies of men to defend Great Britain from foreign invasion, the Staffordshire Yeomanry began as a volunteer cavalry regiment.

During the First World War Bromley-Davenport commanded the 22nd Mounted Brigade of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force with the rank of Brigadier-General from 1916 [1] [8] to 1917. He was also Assistant Director of Labour from 1917 to 1918. Between 1920 and 1949 he held the honorary post of Lord-Lieutenant of Cheshire. [1] He was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1918, [9] a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1919 [10] and a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) in 1924.

Egyptian Expeditionary Force former British Empire military formation

The Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) was a British Empire military formation, formed on 10 March 1916 under the command of General Archibald Murray from the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force and the Force in Egypt (1914–15), at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.

Order of St Michael and St George series of appointments of an order of chivalry of the United Kingdom

The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.

Order of the British Empire British order of chivalry

The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service. It was established on 4 June 1917 by King George V and comprises five classes across both civil and military divisions, the most senior two of which make the recipient either a knight if male or dame if female. There is also the related British Empire Medal, whose recipients are affiliated with, but not members of, the order.

Personal life

Bromley-Davenport's seat was Capesthorne Hall, Cheshire. He died unmarried in February 1949, aged 87.

Capesthorne Hall manor in Cheshire, England

Capesthorne Hall is a country house near the village of Siddington, Cheshire, England. The house and its private chapel were built in the early 18th century, replacing an earlier hall and chapel nearby. They were built to Neoclassical designs by William Smith and (probably) his son Francis. Later in the 18th century, the house was extended by the addition of an orangery and a drawing room. In the 1830s the house was remodelled by Edward Blore; the work included the addition of an extension and a frontage in Jacobean style, and joining the central block to the service wings. In about 1837 the orangery was replaced by a large conservatory designed by Joseph Paxton. In 1861 the main part of the house was virtually destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt by Anthony Salvin, who generally followed Blore's designs but made modifications to the front, rebuilt the back of the house in Jacobean style, and altered the interior. There were further alterations later in the 19th century, including remodelling of the Saloon. During the Second World War the hall was used by the Red Cross, but subsequent deterioration prompted a restoration.

Cheshire County of England

Cheshire is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west. Cheshire's county town is the City of Chester (118,200); the largest town is Warrington (209,700). Other major towns include Crewe (71,722), Ellesmere Port (55,715), Macclesfield (52,044), Northwich (75,000), Runcorn (61,789), Widnes (61,464) and Winsford (32,610)

He still is patron of Poynton Show, a Horticultural and Agricultural show in Poynton, Cheshire, which still to this day takes place in the Saturday of the August Bank Holiday.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Brief biography of Sir William Bromley-Davenport
  2. William Bromley-Davenport at Englandstats.com
  3. "Sir William Bromley-Davenport at englandfc.com". Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
  4. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
  5. "No. 27169". The London Gazette . 27 February 1900. p. 1355.
  6. "No. 27359". The London Gazette . 27 September 1901. p. 6306.
  7. "No. 27392". The London Gazette . 31 December 1901. p. 9176.
  8. "No. 29552". The London Gazette . 18 April 1916. p. 4024.
  9. "No. 30450". The London Gazette . 28 December 1917. p. 4.
  10. "No. 31370". The London Gazette . 30 May 1919. p. 6794.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Brocklehurst
Member of Parliament for Macclesfield
1886–1906
Succeeded by
William Brocklehurst
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Stanley
Financial Secretary to the War Office
1902–1905
Succeeded by
Thomas Buchanan
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Westminster
Lord Lieutenant of Cheshire
1920–1949
Succeeded by
The Viscount Leverhulme