William Donthorne

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Aylsham workhouse, south elevation St Michael's Hospital (closed) - south elevation - geograph.org.uk - 1293924.jpg
Aylsham workhouse, south elevation

William John Donthorn (1799 – 18 May 1859) was a notable early 19th-century English architect, and one of the founders of what became the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).

Architect Person trained to plan and design buildings, and oversee their construction

An architect is a person who plans, designs and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e., chief builder.

Royal Institute of British Architects professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom

The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.

He was born in Swaffham, Norfolk and a pupil of Sir Jeffry Wyattville. He worked both in the Gothic and Classical styles, but is perhaps best known for his severe Greek Revival country houses, most of which have been demolished.

Swaffham market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk

Swaffham is a market town and civil parish in the Breckland District and English county of Norfolk. It is situated 12 miles east of King's Lynn and 31 miles west of Norwich.

Norfolk County of England

Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).

Gothic architecture Style of architecture

Gothic architecture is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France, it was widely used, especially for cathedrals and churches, until the 16th century.

In 1834 he was one of several prominent architects to form the Institute of British Architects in London (later RIBA). [1]

A large number of his drawings are in the RIBA drawings collection, now housed at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Victoria and Albert Museum Art museum in London

The Victoria and Albert Museum in London is the world's largest museum of applied and decorative arts and design, as well as sculpture, housing a permanent collection of over 2.27 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

Works

Donthorn designed Holy Trinity Church at Upper Dicker in 1843 Holy Trinity Church, Upper Dicker.JPG
Donthorn designed Holy Trinity Church at Upper Dicker in 1843
Sessions House (1842), Thorpe Road, Peterborough Sessions House, Thorpe Road, Peterborough - geograph.org.uk - 155845.jpg
Sessions House (1842), Thorpe Road, Peterborough
The Leicester Monument on the grounds of Holkham Hall The Monument to Coke of Holkham - geograph.org.uk - 314992.jpg
The Leicester Monument on the grounds of Holkham Hall
Cromer Hall

Cromer Hall is a country house located one mile south of Cromer on Holt Road, in the English county of Norfolk. The present house was built in 1829 by architect William Donthorne. The hall is a grade II* listed building.

South Pickenham village in the United Kingdom

South Pickenham is a small village and civil parish in the Breckland district of mid Norfolk, East Anglia, England. It has an area of 758 hectares and it had a population of 101 in 40 households at the 2001 census. This had dropped to an estimated 85 as at the 2007/2008 Breckland yearbook. The Parish Council Tax 1 April 2007 was £28.75. It was once in the Hundred of South Greenhoe. At the 2011 Census the village population had again fallen to less than 100 and was included in the civil parish of Cockley Cley.

Felbrigg Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in North Norfolk, United Kingdom

Felbrigg Hall is a 17th-century English country house near the village of that name in Norfolk. Part of a National Trust property, the unaltered 17th-century house is noted for its Jacobean architecture and fine Georgian interior. Outside the house are a walled garden, an orangery and orchards.

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References

  1. Port, M.H. "Founders of the Royal Institute of British Architects (act. 1834–1835)" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect_full.php?id=200199 (retrieved Oct 2010)
  3. https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/155845 (retrieved Oct 2010)
  4. http://www.roughwood.net/ChurchAlbum/EastSussex/Hellingly/UpperDickerHolyTrinity2004.htm (retrieved Oct 2010)
  5. Hassall, W. O. "Ilexes at Holkham". Garden History, Volume 6, No. 1, 1978. 58–60.
  6. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-138560-the-old-rectory-dummer (retrieved Oct 2010)