William Donthorne

Last updated

Aylsham workhouse, south elevation St Michael's Hospital (closed) - south elevation - geograph.org.uk - 1293924.jpg
Aylsham workhouse, south elevation

William John Donthorn (1799 – 18 May 1859) was a notable early 19th-century English architect, and one of the founders of what became the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).

Architect Person trained to plan and design buildings, and oversee their construction

An architect is a person who plans, designs and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e., chief builder.

Royal Institute of British Architects professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom

The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects primarily in the United Kingdom, but also internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971.

He was born in Swaffham, Norfolk and a pupil of Sir Jeffry Wyattville. He worked both in the Gothic and Classical styles, but is perhaps best known for his severe Greek Revival country houses, most of which have been demolished.

Swaffham market town and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk

Swaffham is a market town and civil parish in the Breckland District and English county of Norfolk. It is situated 12 miles east of King's Lynn and 31 miles west of Norwich.

Norfolk County of England

Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England. It borders Lincolnshire to the northwest, Cambridgeshire to the west and southwest, and Suffolk to the south. Its northern and eastern boundaries are the North Sea and to the north-west, The Wash. The county town is Norwich. With an area of 2,074 square miles (5,370 km2) and a population of 859,400, Norfolk is a largely rural county with a population density of 401 per square mile. Of the county's population, 40% live in four major built up areas: Norwich (213,000), Great Yarmouth (63,000), King's Lynn (46,000) and Thetford (25,000).

Gothic architecture Style of architecture

Gothic architecture is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France, it was widely used, especially for cathedrals and churches, until the 16th century.

In 1834 he was one of several prominent architects to form the Institute of British Architects in London (later RIBA). [1]

A large number of his drawings are in the RIBA drawings collection, now housed at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Victoria and Albert Museum Art museum in London

The Victoria and Albert Museum in London is the world's largest museum of applied and decorative arts and design, as well as sculpture, housing a permanent collection of over 2.27 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.


Donthorn designed Holy Trinity Church at Upper Dicker in 1843 Holy Trinity Church, Upper Dicker.JPG
Donthorn designed Holy Trinity Church at Upper Dicker in 1843
Sessions House (1842), Thorpe Road, Peterborough Sessions House, Thorpe Road, Peterborough - geograph.org.uk - 155845.jpg
Sessions House (1842), Thorpe Road, Peterborough
The Leicester Monument on the grounds of Holkham Hall The Monument to Coke of Holkham - geograph.org.uk - 314992.jpg
The Leicester Monument on the grounds of Holkham Hall
Cromer Hall

Cromer Hall is a country house located one mile south of Cromer on Holt Road, in the English county of Norfolk. The present house was built in 1829 by architect William Donthorne. The hall is a grade II* listed building.

South Pickenham village in the United Kingdom

South Pickenham is a small village and civil parish in the Breckland district of mid Norfolk, East Anglia, England. It has an area of 758 hectares and it had a population of 101 in 40 households at the 2001 census. This had dropped to an estimated 85 as at the 2007/2008 Breckland yearbook. The Parish Council Tax 1 April 2007 was £28.75. It was once in the Hundred of South Greenhoe. At the 2011 Census the village population had again fallen to less than 100 and was included in the civil parish of Cockley Cley.

Felbrigg Hall Grade I listed historic house museum in North Norfolk, United Kingdom

Felbrigg Hall is a 17th-century English country house near the village of that name in Norfolk. Part of a National Trust property, the unaltered 17th-century house is noted for its Jacobean architecture and fine Georgian interior. Outside the house are a walled garden, an orangery and orchards.

Related Research Articles

George Gilbert Scott English architect (1811–1878)

Sir George Gilbert Scott, styled Sir Gilbert Scott, was a prolific English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses. Over 800 buildings were designed or altered by him.

William Kent painter, landscape architect

William Kent was an eminent English architect, landscape architect, painter and furniture designer of the early 18th century. He began his career as a painter, and became Principal Painter in Ordinary or court painter, but his real talent was for design in various media.

Wells-next-the-Sea port town on the North Norfolk coast of England

Wells-next-the-Sea is a port on the North Norfolk coast of England.

Holkham village in the United Kingdom

Holkham is a village and civil parish in the north of the county of Norfolk, England. Besides the small village, the parish includes the major stately home and estate of Holkham Hall and an attractive beach at Holkham Gap. The three lie at the centre of the Holkham National Nature Reserve.

Arthur Blomfield English architect

Sir Arthur William Blomfield was an English architect. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read Architecture.

Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester (fifth creation) British landowner

Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester, KB was an English land-owner and patron of the arts. He is particularly noted for commissioning the design and construction of Holkham Hall in north Norfolk. Between 1722 and 1728, he was one of the two Members of Parliament for Norfolk. He was honoured by being created first Earl of Leicester, in a recreation of an ancient earldom.

Samuel Sanders Teulon was a 19th-century English Gothic Revival architect, noted for his use of polychrome brickwork, and the complex planning of his buildings.

James Piers St Aubyn, often referred to as J P St Aubyn, was an English architect of the Victorian era, known for his church architecture and confident restorations.

Matthew Brettingham English architect

Matthew Brettingham, sometimes called Matthew Brettingham the Elder, was an 18th-century Englishman who rose from humble origins to supervise the construction of Holkham Hall, and become one of the country's best-known architects of his generation. Much of his principal work has since been demolished, particularly his work in London, where he revolutionised the design of the grand townhouse. As a result, he is often overlooked today, remembered principally for his Palladian remodelling of numerous country houses, many of them situated in the East Anglia area of Britain. As Brettingham neared the pinnacle of his career, Palladianism began to fall out of fashion and neoclassicism was introduced, championed by the young Robert Adam.

Holkham Hall Large 18th-century Palladian country house in Norfolk, England

Holkham Hall is an 18th-century country house located adjacent to the village of Holkham, Norfolk, England. The house was constructed in the Palladian style for The 1st Earl of Leicester by the architect William Kent, aided by the architect and aristocrat Lord Burlington.

Hevingham farm village in the United Kingdom

Hevingham is a village and civil parish in the Broadland district of the English county of Norfolk. Situated between the A140 road Norwich to Cromer road and the B1149 road Norwich to Holt road. It is 7 miles (11 km) north from the city of Norwich and 4 miles (6.4 km) south from the market town of Aylsham.

John Raphael Rodrigues Brandon was a British architect and architectural writer.

Holkham was a railway station which served the coastal village of Holkham in Norfolk, England. Opened by the West Norfolk Junction railway in 1866, it closed with the line in 1952.

Longford Hall, Derbyshire 16th-century country house at Longford in Derbyshire, England

Longford Hall is a 16th-century country house at Longford in the Dales district of Derbyshire, England. It is a Grade II* listed building.

Edward George Bruton was a British Gothic Revival architect who practised in Oxford. He was made an Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1855 and a Fellow of the RIBA in 1861.

Joseph Clarke was a British Gothic Revival architect who practised in London, England.

John Henderson (architect) Scottish architect, born 1804

John Henderson was a Scottish architect operational in the mid-19th century. He is chiefly remembered as a church architect, with his early work being in the Gothic revival and tractarian style, before developing his own distinct style.

Edmund Francis Law British architect

Edmund Francis Law, usually referred to as 'E. F. Law', FRIBA was a British architect during the 19th century, notable for a large number of projects, particularly restorations, in the counties of Northamptonshire, Leicestershire and Rutland.

Edward Boardman English architect

Edward Boardman (1833–1910) was a Norwich born architect. He succeeded John Brown as the most successful Norwich architect in the second half of the 19th century. His work included both civic and ecclesiastical buildings, in addition to private commissions. Together, with his rival, George Skipper, he produced many notable buildings with several standing to this day (2013).


  1. Port, M.H. "Founders of the Royal Institute of British Architects (act. 1834–1835)" . Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. http://www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect_full.php?id=200199 (retrieved Oct 2010)
  3. https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/155845 (retrieved Oct 2010)
  4. http://www.roughwood.net/ChurchAlbum/EastSussex/Hellingly/UpperDickerHolyTrinity2004.htm (retrieved Oct 2010)
  5. Hassall, W. O. "Ilexes at Holkham". Garden History, Volume 6, No. 1, 1978. 58–60.
  6. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-138560-the-old-rectory-dummer (retrieved Oct 2010)