The Duke of Leinster
|Master of the Rolls in Ireland|
|Preceded by||Richard Rigby|
|Clerk of the Crown in Ireland|
|Preceded by||Sir Lucius O'Brien|
|Succeeded by||Lord Glentworth|
|Member of Parliament for Dublin City|
|Member of Parliament for Kildare Borough|
|Born||12 March 1749|
|Died||20 October 1804 55) (aged|
Emilia Olivia St George
(m. 1775;died 1798)
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Ireland|
William Robert FitzGerald,2nd Duke of Leinster,KP,PC (Ire) (12/13 March 1749 –20 October 1804) was an Irish liberal politician and landowner. He was born in London.
FitzGerald made his Grand Tour between 1768 and 1769. During the same time,he also was Member of Parliament (MP) for Kildare Borough. FitzGerald then sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dublin City until 1773,when he inherited his father's title and estates. He was appointed High Sheriff of Kildare for 1772. Politically he was a liberal supporter of Henry Grattan's Irish Patriot Party and he co-founded the Irish Whig Club in 1789. He controlled about six Kildare members of the Irish House of Commons. In 1779,he was elected colonel of the Dublin Regiment of the Irish Volunteers.
In 1770,FitzGerald was chosen Grandmaster of the masonic Grand Lodge of Ireland,which post he held for two years.He was re-elected for another year in 1777. In 1783 he was among the first knights in the newly created Order of St. Patrick.
In 1788–9,he was Master of the Rolls in Ireland;in theory a senior judicial office,it was then largely a sinecure,but so blatant a choice of a man who wholly unqualified for it gave rise to unfavourable comment,and a few years later it became the rule that the Master must be a lawyer of repute.
FitzGerald was a supporter of Catholic Emancipation and helped to found the Catholic seminary at Maynooth on land he donated,in 1795. Withdrawing from Parliament with Grattan in 1797,he moved to England to be with his sick wife and remained there during the 1798 rebellion.
He was the second,but eldest surviving,son of James FitzGerald,1st Duke of Leinster,and the well-connected Lady Emily Lennox. He was also the elder brother of the 1790s revolutionary Lord Edward FitzGerald,and was a first cousin of the English liberal politician Charles James Fox. On 4 or 7 November 1775 he married The Hon. Emilia Olivia Usher St George (died 23 June 1798,London),daughter of The 1st Baron Saint George and Elizabeth Dominick.Their children were:
His homes were at Carton,where he died,and Kilkea in County Kildare,and at Leinster House in Dublin (now the home of the Oireachtas). He was a founder member of the Order of St Patrick in 1783 and of the Royal Irish Academy (1785),and was a large investor in the Royal Canal company launched in 1790. His family's estates of 60,000 acres (25,000 Ha) in Kildare were in three main parts,around Maynooth,Rathangan and Athy. He rebuilt the main bridge in Athy over the River Barrow.
Emily FitzGerald, Duchess of Leinster, known before 1747 as Lady Emily Lennox, from 1747 to 1761 as The Countess of Kildare and from 1761 to 1766 as The Marchioness of Kildare, was the second of the famous Lennox sisters, daughters of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond.
Duke of Leinster is a title in the Peerage of Ireland and the premier dukedom in that peerage. The subsidiary titles of the Duke of Leinster are: Marquess of Kildare (1761), Earl of Kildare (1316), Earl of Offaly (1761), Viscount Leinster, of Taplow in the County of Buckingham (1747), Baron of Offaly, Baron Offaly (1620) and Baron Kildare, of Kildare in the County of Kildare (1870). The viscounty of Leinster is in the Peerage of Great Britain, the barony of Kildare in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, and all other titles in the Peerage of Ireland. The courtesy title of the eldest son and heir of the Duke of Leinster is Marquess of Kildare. The Duke of Leinster is the head of the House of Kildare.
Lieutenant-General James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, PC (Ire), styled Lord Offaly until 1743 and known as The Earl of Kildare between 1743 and 1761 and as The Marquess of Kildare between 1761 and 1766, was an Irish nobleman, soldier and politician.
The FitzGerald/FitzMaurice Dynasty is a noble and aristocratic dynasty of Cambro-Norman, Anglo-Norman and later Hiberno-Norman origin. They have been peers of Ireland since at least the 13th century, and are described in the Annals of the Four Masters as having become "more Irish than the Irish themselves" or Gaels, due to assimilation with the native Gaelic aristocratic and popular culture. The dynasty has also been referred to as the Geraldines and Ireland's largest landowners. They achieved power through the conquest of large swathes of Irish territory by the sons and grandsons of Gerald of Windsor. Gerald of Windsor was the first Castellan of Pembroke Castle in Wales, and became the male progenitor of the FitzMaurice and FitzGerald Dynasty. His father, Baron Walter FitzOther, was the first Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle for William the Conqueror, and was the Lord of 38 manors in England, 21 of which he owned as tenant-in-chief. "Castle Dodd", of the Fitzgerald family, appears on a 1736 map of north County Cork.
Carton House is a country house and surrounding demesne that was the ancestral seat of the Earls of Kildare and Dukes of Leinster for over 700 years. Located 23 km west of Dublin, in Maynooth, County Kildare, the Carton Demesne is a 1,100 acres estate, from an original estate of 70 000 acres. For two hundred years, the Carton Demesne was the finest example in Ireland of a Georgian-created parkland landscape. In the 2000s, much of the demesne was redeveloped into two golf courses and the house into a hotel complex.
George William Fox Kinnaird, 9th Lord Kinnaird, KT, PC was a Scottish Whig politician. He served as Master of the Buckhounds under Lord Melbourne from 1839 to 1841.
There have been two creations of the title Baron Offaly, both in the Peerage of Ireland.
Vice-Admiral Charles James FitzGerald, 1st Baron Lecale PC (Ire), styled Lord Charles FitzGerald between 1761 and 1800, was an Irish naval commander and politician.
County Kildare in the province of Leinster, Ireland, was first defined as a diocese in 1111, shired in 1297 and assumed its present borders in 1836. Its location in the Liffey basin on the main routes from Dublin to the south and west meant it was a valuable possession and important theatre of events throughout Irish history.
Earl of Fingall and Baron Fingall were titles in the Peerage of Ireland. Baron Fingall was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The seat of the title-holders was, from its establishment until 1953, Killeen Castle in County Meath, Ireland, and there was an ongoing close relationship with the related Plunkett family of Dunsany, and with the Viscounts Gormanston, with whom they intermarried. Around 1426, Christopher Plunkett was created Baron Killeen: his seven sons founded five separate branches of the Plunket family, including the Plunkets of Dunsany, Rathmore and Dunsoghly. He also had a daughter Matilda, who became celebrated as "the bride of Malahide", when her first husband, Thomas Hussey, Baron Galtrim, was reputedly murdered on their wedding day.
Lord Otho Augustus FitzGerald PC was a British soldier and Liberal politician. He notably served as Comptroller of the Household under William Gladstone between 1868 and 1874. He was also a noted amateur composer.
Lord Henry FitzGerald PC (Ire) was the fourth son of the 1st Duke of Leinster and the Duchess of Leinster. A younger brother was the revolutionary Lord Edward FitzGerald.
Thomas Foley, 3rd Baron Foley PC, DL, was a British peer and Whig politician. He served as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen Pensioners under Lord Grey between 1830 and 1833.
George FitzGerald, 16th Earl of Kildare was known as the "Fairy Earl", apparently for no other reason than that his portrait, which is extant, was painted on a small scale."
The Lennox sisters were four eighteenth-century British aristocrats, the daughters of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond (1701–1750) by his wife Lady Sarah Cadogan (1705–1751).
Elizabeth FitzGerald was the first wife of Lucas Plunket, who succeeded as Baron Killeen in 1613, and who in due course became the 1st Earl of Fingall in 1628. They lived at Killeen Castle, County Meath in Ireland. She was a daughter of Henry FitzGerald, 12th Earl of Kildare, and therefore sister to Bridget, the Countess of Tyrconnell and wife of Prince Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell.
Charles William FitzGerald, 4th Duke of Leinster,, styled Marquess of Kildare until 1874, was an Irish peer and politician.
Henry FitzGerald, 12th Earl of Kildare was an Irish peer and soldier.
Gerald FitzMaurice, jure uxoris 1st Lord of Offaly was a Cambro-Norman nobleman who took part with his father, Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Llanstephan, in the Norman Invasion of Ireland (1169–71). Together with his five brothers and one sister Nesta they founded the notable FitzGerald/FitzMaurice dynasty which was to play an important role in Irish history.
Isabella Charlotte de Rohan-Chabot was an Irish aristocrat and diarist.