William H. Ludlow

Last updated
William Handy Ludlow
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
In office
January 1 – December 31, 1853
Preceded by Jonas C. Heartt
Succeeded by Robert H. Pruyn
Member of the New York State Assembly from Suffolk Co.
In office
January 1 – December 31, 1853
Preceded by Zopher B. Oakley
Succeeded by William S. Preston
Personal details
Born(1821-04-02)April 2, 1821
Yonkers, New York, U.S.
Died September 26, 1890(1890-09-26) (aged 69)
Oakdale, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s)Frances Louisa Nicoll
(m. 1841;her death 1887)
Children 6, including William
Parents Ezra Ludlow
Rachel Seguine
Military service

Flag of the United States (1865-1867).svg  United States of America

Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1861–1866
Rank Union Army LTC rank insignia.png Lieutenant Colonel
Union Army major general rank insignia.svg Brevet Major General
Unit 73rd New York Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

William Handy Ludlow (April 2, 1821 Yonkers, Westchester County, New York – September 26, 1890 Oakdale, Suffolk County, New York) was an American politician. He also served as officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Yonkers, New York City in New York, United States

Yonkers is a city in Westchester County, New York. It is the fourth most populous city in the U.S. state of New York, behind New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester. The population of Yonkers was 195,976 as enumerated in the 2010 United States Census and is estimated to have increased by 2.5% to 200,807 in 2016. It is an inner suburb of New York City, directly to the north of the Bronx and approximately two miles (3 km) north of the northernmost point in Manhattan.

Westchester County, New York County in New York, United States

Westchester County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. It is the second-most populous county on the mainland of New York, after the Bronx, and the most populous county in the state north of New York City. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a population of 949,113, estimated to have increased by 3.3% to 980,244 by 2017. Situated in the Hudson Valley, Westchester covers an area of 450 square miles (1,200 km2), consisting of six cities, 19 towns, and 23 villages. Established in 1683, Westchester was named after the city of Chester, England. The county seat is the city of White Plains, while the most populous municipality in the county is the city of Yonkers, with an estimated 200,807 residents in 2016.

Oakdale, New York Hamlet and census-designated place in New York, United States

Oakdale is a hamlet in Suffolk County, New York, United States. The population was 7,974 at the 2010 census. Oakdale is in the Town of Islip. It has been home to Gilded Age mansions, the South Side Sportsmen's Club, and the main campus of Dowling College. It is now home to Connetquot River State Park Preserve.


Early life

Ludlow was born on April 2, 1821 in Yonkers, Westchester County, New York. [1] [2] He was the son of Ezra Ludlow (1786–1861) [3] and Rachel Seguine (1788–1864), [4] who wed in Staten Island on February 6, 1808. [5] His father was the architect and builder of the University of the City of New York building. [6] [7] [8]

He was a direct descendant of Roger Ludlow (1590–1664), who was appointed by Oliver Cromwell Deputy Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and Lt. Governor of Connecticut and was the first in the family to settle in North America. His paternal grandfather, Obadiah Ludlow, [9] an officer of the New Jersey troops during the American Revolution, [10] was George Washington's right hand man throughout the War. [11] [12] Dr. Charles Stedman Bull was the son of Ludlow's first cousin, Henry King Bull. [10]

Roger Ludlow English lawyer, founder and deputy governor of Connecticut Colony

Roger Ludlow (1590–1664) was an English lawyer, magistrate, military officer, and colonist. He was active in the founding of the Colony of Connecticut, and helped draft laws for it and the nearby Massachusetts Bay Colony. Under his and John Mason's direction, Boston's first fortification, later known as Castle William and then Fort Independence was built on Castle Island in Boston harbor. Frequently at odds with his peers, he eventually also founded Fairfield and Norwalk before leaving New England entirely.

Oliver Cromwell 17th-century English military and political leader

Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland "and of the dominions thereto belonging" from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic.

North America Continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.

Ludlow graduated from New York University. [11]


He was a Democratic member from Suffolk County of the New York State Assembly in 1853 during the 76th New York State Legislature. [13] [14] During that session, Ludlow was elected Speaker of the Assembly with 85 votes against 39 for Jeremiah Ellsworth, the Whig candidate. [11] During his time as Speaker, Gov. Horatio Seymour vetoed the "Bill for Extension of the Basis of Banking Capital." [15]

New York State Assembly lower house of the New York State Legislature

The New York State Assembly is the lower house of the New York State Legislature, the New York State Senate being the upper house. There are 150 seats in the Assembly, with each of the 150 Assembly districts having an average population of 128,652. Assembly members serve two-year terms without term limits.

76th New York State Legislature

The 76th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met in Albany from January 4 to July 21, 1853, during the first year of Horatio Seymour's governorship.

Horatio Seymour American politician (1810-1886)

Horatio Seymour was an American politician. He served as Governor of New York from 1853 to 1854 and from 1863 to 1864. He was the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 1868 presidential election.

In 1854, he ran for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the ticket with Horatio Seymour, but was defeated. [16] [17]

Lieutenant Governor of New York

The Lieutenant Governor of New York is a constitutional office in the executive branch of the Government of the State of New York. It is the second highest-ranking official in state government. The lieutenant governor is elected on a ticket with the governor for a four-year term. Official duties dictated to the lieutenant governor under the present New York Constitution are to serve as president of the state senate, serve as acting governor in the absence of the governor from the state or the disability of the governor, or to become governor in the event of the governor's death, resignation or removal from office via impeachment. Additional statutory duties of the lieutenant governor are to serve on the New York Court for the Trial of Impeachments, the State Defense Council, and on the board of trustees of the College of Environmental Science and Forestry.

He was a delegate to the 1860 Democratic National Convention. [18]

War service

He joined the 73rd New York Volunteer Infantry as a 2nd lieutenant, and was soon attached to the staff of Major General John Adams Dix, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel and aide-de-camp to the general. [19] [20]

At the end of the Civil War, he was the agent for exchange of prisoners at Fort Monroe, Virginia, and was brevetted brigadier general and major general, US Volunteers, on March 13, 1865 for "faithful and meritorious services during the war".

Later career

In 1866, he was appointed as part of the State Central Committee for the State of New York to the National Union State Central Committee, representing Suffolk County. [21] Despite his retirement from politics, he continued to attend political events. [22]

After the war, starting in 1868, he served as president of the Tontine Life Insurance Company of New York. [23]

Personal life

On December 9, 1841 married Frances Louisa Nicoll (1822–1887), [24] daughter of William Nicoll (1798–1823) and Sarah Greenly, heiress of the Nicoll estate around Islip on Long Island, New York. They were the parents of six children, including: [23]

In 1889, he sold "Oakdale Farm", a 400-acre (1.6 km2) estate, to Frederick Gilbert Bourne.

Ludlow died on September 26, 1890 in Oakdale, Suffolk County, New York. [29]

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  1. Gordon, William Seton (1919). Gabriel Ludlow and His Descendants. New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  2. Littell, John (1851). Family Records: Or, Genealogies of the First Settlers of Passaic Valley and Vicinity Above Chatham, with Their Ancestors and Descendants as Far as Can Now be Ascertained. D. Felt. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  3. "Obituary 1 -- LUDLOW". The New York Times . 15 December 1861. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  4. "DIED -- LUDLOW". The New York Times . 20 January 1864. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  5. Wright, Tobias Alexander (2009). Staten Island Church Records. Genealogical Publishing Com. ISBN   9780806351582 . Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  6. 1 2 Black, William M. (June 9, 1902). Thirty Third Annual Reunion of the Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point. Saginaw, M.I.: Slemann & Peters, Printers and Binders. pp. 79–97. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  7. "ROBERT and ANNE DICKEY HOUSE, 67 Greenwich Street (aka 28-30 Trinity Place), Manhattan. Built 1809-10" (PDF). nyc.gov. Landmarks Preservation Commission. 28 June 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  8. Doggett's New-York City Directory, for. J. Doggett, Jr. 1846. p. 243. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  9. Dickinson, Harriet Cory (1914). Some chronicles of the Cory family relating to Eliakim and Sarah Sayre Cory and their descendants, Westfield, N.J., Ballston Spa, N.Y.: with others from "John of Southold,". T.A. Wright. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  10. 1 2 The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography | Volume IX. New York: James T. White & Company. 1907. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  11. 1 2 3 "Mr. Speaker Ludlow" (PDF). The New York Times . January 22, 1853. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  12. 1 2 Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers. American Society of Civil Engineers. 1922. pp. 1700–1704. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  13. "The State Government for 1853.; Democrats in Roman; Whigs in Italics". The New York Times . 5 January 1853. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  14. Hough, A.M., M.D., Franklin B. (1858). The New York Civil List: Containing the names and origin of the civil divisions, and the names and dates of election or appointment of the principal state and county officers from the Revolution to the present time. Albany, N.Y.: Weed, Parsons and Co., Publishers. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  15. "Veto Message of Gov. Seymour--Veto of the Banking Basis Bill". The New York Times . 3 June 1853. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  16. Kestenbaum, Lawrence. "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Ludlow". politicalgraveyard.com. The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  17. "The Democratic Convention at Syracuse.; PROBABLE CANDIDATES. HOW THE DIFFICULTIES WILL BE SETTLED, Gathering of Delegates--LAck of Excitement. The Multiplicity of Delegations from New-York". The New York Times . 10 September 1857. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  18. "THE BATTLE OF NEW-ORLEANS.; Celebration of the Anniversary by the Tammany Society". The New York Times . 10 January 1860. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  19. "ADDITIONAL AIDES-DE-CAMP.; COLONEL. LIEUTENANT-COLONELS. MAJORS. CAPTAINS". The New York Times . 11 January 1862. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  20. "MILITARY MATTERS.; Important General Order--Assignments to Staff Duty. ASSISTANT ADJUTANTS GENERAL. ASSISTANT INSPECTORS-GENERAL. QUARTERMASTERS. COMMISSARIES OF SUBSISTENCE". The New York Times . 22 March 1863. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  21. "National Union State Central Committee". The New York Times . August 20, 1866. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 Dwight, Benjamin Woodbridge (1871). The History of the Descendants of Elder John Strong, of Northampton, Mass | Vol. I. Albany, N.Y.: Joel Munsell. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  24. "Obituary -- LUDLOW". The New York Times . 10 June 1887. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  25. "ADMIRAL LUDLOW DIES.; Retired Veteran of 36 Years' Service Succumbs to Apoplectic Stroke". The New York Times . 10 December 1915. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  26. "Capt. Nicoll Ludlow Retired". The New York Times . 1 November 1899. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  27. Times, Special To The New York (23 November 1915). "MRS. NICOLL LUDLOW DEAD.; Former Washington Social Leader Was a Sister of John R. McLean". The New York Times . Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  28. "BRIG. GEN. LUDLOW DEAD; Consumption Carried Off Popular Officer at Convent, N.J." The New York Times . 31 August 1901. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  29. "Obituary -- LUDLOW". The New York Times . 29 September 1890. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jonas C. Heartt
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
Robert H. Pruyn