William Henry Chandler (chemist)

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William Henry Chandler
William Henry Chandler.jpg
Born(1841-12-13)December 13, 1841
New Bedford, Massachusetts, US
Died November 23, 1906(1906-11-23) (aged 64)
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, US
Nationality American
Scientific career
Fields Chemistry

William Henry Chandler (December 13, 1841 – November 23, 1906) was a United States chemist.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Chemist Scientist trained in the study of chemistry

A chemist is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry. Chemists study the composition of matter and its properties. Chemists carefully describe the properties they study in terms of quantities, with detail on the level of molecules and their component atoms. Chemists carefully measure substance proportions, reaction rates, and other chemical properties. The word 'chemist' is also used to address Pharmacists in Commonwealth English.

Contents

Biography

William Henry Chandler was born in New Bedford, Massachusetts, on December 13, 1841 to Charles Chandler and Sarah Whitney. Chandler had two siblings, a brother named Charles, and a sister named Catherine. He was educated at Union College, and from 1862 to 1867 he was a chemist for various companies. From 1868 to 1871 Chandler was an instructor in chemistry at the Columbia School of Mines. He received a Ph.D. from Hamilton College in 1872. In 1871, he became a Professor of Chemistry at Lehigh University. Chandler was a fellow of the Chemical Society of London, and a member of the Chemical Societies of Paris and New York. In 1876 he was a juror at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition, and in 1878 at the Paris exhibition. His contributions to chemical literature appeared principally in American Chemist, which he and his brother, Charles F. Chandler, edited from 1870 until 1877.

New Bedford, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

New Bedford is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 95,072, making it the sixth-largest city in Massachusetts. New Bedford is nicknamed "The Whaling City" because during the 19th century, the city was one of the most important whaling ports in the world, along with Nantucket, Massachusetts and New London, Connecticut. The city, along with Fall River and Taunton, make up the three largest cities in the South Coast region of Massachusetts and is known for its fishing fleet and accompanying seafood producing industries as well as having a high concentration of Luso Americans.

Union College college located in Schenectady, New York, United States

Union College is a private, non-denominational liberal arts college located in Schenectady, New York. Founded in 1795, it was the first institution of higher learning chartered by the New York State Board of Regents. In the 19th century, it became the "Mother of Fraternities", as three of the earliest such organizations were established there. After 175 years as a traditional all-male institution, Union College began enrolling women in 1970.

Lehigh University university in Pennsylvania

Lehigh University is a private research university in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. It was established in 1865 by businessman Asa Packer. Its undergraduate programs have been coeducational since the 1971–72 academic year. As of 2019, the university had 5,047 undergraduate students and 1,942 graduate students.

Chandler's interests extended beyond chemistry. In 1878, he was made director of Lehigh University's Linderman Library, which he ran for many years. Chandler also compiled an encyclopedia, Chandler's Encyclopedia: An Epitome of Universal Knowledge, which was published in 1898 by P. F. Collier & Son. [1]

Chandler married Mary Elizabeth Sayre on June 10, 1873. They had three children, Robert, Evelyn, and Sarah Whitney. [2] He died on November 23, 1906, in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Bethlehem, Pennsylvania City in Pennsylvania, United States

Bethlehem is a city in Lehigh and Northampton counties in the Lehigh Valley region of the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 74,982, making it the seventh largest city in Pennsylvania, after Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading, and Scranton. Of this, 55,639 were in Northampton County, and 19,343 were in Lehigh County.

Notes

  1. Billinger, R.D. (June 1939). "The Chandler Influence in American Chemistry". Journal of Chemical Education: 253–257. Bibcode:1939JChEd..16..253B. doi:10.1021/ed016p253.
  2. Chandler, George (1883). The Chandler Family: The Descendants of William and Annis Chandler. Worcester, MA. p. 1169.

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William Henry Chandler may refer to:

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References

Attribution

The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply. Those rights may have expired, been forfeited, expressly waived, or may be inapplicable.

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