William John Hamilton

Last updated

William John Hamilton

FRS
Member of Parliament
for Newport
with John Heywood Hawkins
In office
22 July 1841   26 August 1847
Prime Minister Robert Peel
Preceded by William John Blake
with Charles Wykeham Martin
Succeeded by William Plowden
with Charles Wykeham Martin
Personal details
Born(1805-07-05)5 July 1805
Wishaw, Lanarkshire
Died27 June 1867(1867-06-27) (aged 61)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s)
  • Martin Trotter
    (m. 1832;died 1833)
  • Margaret Frances Florence Dillon(m. 1838)
ChildrenWith Martin Trotter
Robert William Hamilton (b. 1833)
With Margaret Frances Florence Dillon
  • Margaret Wilhelmina Hamilton
  • Florence Selina Hamilton
  • Victoria Henrietta Hamilton
  • Alexander Charles Hamilton
  • Constantine Henry Hamilton
  • Archibald William Hamilton
Parents William Richard Hamilton (father)
Alma mater University of Göttingen
Occupation Geologist

William John Hamilton, FRS (5 July 1805 – 27 June 1867) was an English geologist born in Wishaw, Lanarkshire.

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the UK Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.

Geologist Scientist who studies geology

A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid, liquid, and gaseous matter that constitutes the Earth and other terrestrial planets, as well as the processes that shape them. Geologists usually study geology, although backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, and other sciences are also useful. Field work is an important component of geology, although many subdisciplines incorporate laboratory work.

Contents

Early life

He was the son of William Richard Hamilton, FRS (1777–1859) and was educated at Charterhouse School and the University of Göttingen.

William Richard Hamilton British antiquarian, traveller and diplomat

William Richard Hamilton, FRS, (1777–1859) was a British antiquarian, traveller and diplomat. He was the third son of Rev. Anthony Hamilton, Archdeacon of Colchester and Anne, daughter of Richard Terrick, Bishop of London.

Charterhouse School English collegiate independent boarding school

Charterhouse is a boarding school in Godalming, Surrey. Originally founded by Thomas Sutton in 1611 on the site of the old Carthusian monastery in Charterhouse Square, Smithfield, London, it educates over 800 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years, and is one of the original Great Nine English public schools. Today pupils are still referred to as Carthusians, and ex-pupils as Old Carthusians.

University of Göttingen university in the city of Göttingen, Germany

The University of Göttingen is a public research university in the city of Göttingen, Germany. Founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and starting classes in 1737, the Georgia Augusta was conceived to promote the ideals of the Enlightenment. It is the oldest university in the state of Lower Saxony and the largest in student enrollment, which stands at around 31,500.

Career

He became a fellow of the Geological Society of London in 1831. In 1835 he made a geological tour of the Levant with Hugh Edwin Strickland, continuing on his own through Armenia and across Asia Minor. This journey was described in Researches in Asia Minor, Pontus, and Armenia (1842). Hamilton was the first known person to have successfully climbed Mount Erciyes.

Geological Society of London learned society

The Geological Society of London, known commonly as the Geological Society, is a learned society based in the United Kingdom. It is the oldest national geological society in the world and the largest in Europe with more than 12,000 Fellows.

Hugh Edwin Strickland British scientist

Hugh Edwin Strickland was an English geologist, ornithologist, naturalist and systematist. Through the British Association, he proposed a series of rules for the nomenclature of organisms in zoology, known as the Strickland Code, that was a precursor of later codes for nomenclature.

Armenia Republic in South Caucasus in West Asia

Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia, is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in Western Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.

He was a Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) for Newport, Isle of Wight from 1841 to 1847. [1]

Conservative Party (UK) Political party in the United Kingdom

The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, sometimes informally called the Tories, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom. The governing party since 2010, it is the largest in the House of Commons, with 313 Members of Parliament, and also has 249 members of the House of Lords, 4 members of the European Parliament, 31 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 11 members of the Welsh Assembly, eight members of the London Assembly and 8,916 local councillors.

Newport was a parliamentary borough located in Newport, which was abolished in for the 1885 general election. It was occasionally referred to by the alternative name of Medina.

Hamilton was president of the Royal Geographical Society for 1848-49 and of the Geological Society between 1854 and 1866. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1855. [2]

Royal Geographical Society British learned society

The Royal Geographical Society is the UK's learned society and professional body for geography, founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical sciences. Today, it is the leading centre for geographers and geographical learning. The Society has over 16,500 members and its work reaches millions of people each year through publications, research groups and lectures.

He made excursions in France and Belgium and wrote on the rocks and minerals of Tuscany, the agate quarries of Oberstein, and on the geology of the Mayence basin and the Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) district.

Belgium Federal constitutional monarchy in Western Europe

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30,688 km2 (11,849 sq mi) and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Rock (geology) A naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids

A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its chemical composition and the way in which it is formed. Rocks are usually grouped into three main groups: igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks and sedimentary rocks. Rocks form the Earth's outer solid layer, the crust.

Tuscany Region of Italy

Tuscany is a region in central Italy with an area of about 23,000 square kilometres and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013). The regional capital is Florence (Firenze).

Personal life

He married Martin Trotter, daughter of John Trotter, on 26 April 1832, she died in March 1833, they had a son, Robert William Hamilton. He then married Hon. Margaret Frances Florence Dillon, the daughter of Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee, 13th Viscount Dillon and Henrietta Browne, on 26 July 1838. They had six children: Margaret Wilhelmina Hamilton, Florence Selina Hamilton, Victoria Henrietta Hamilton, Alexander Charles Hamilton, Constantine Henry Hamilton and Archibald William Hamilton. Alexander Charles successfully claimed the title of 10th Lord Belhaven and Stenton. [3]

Death

He died in London in 1867, his wife survived him. [3]

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References

  1. "Mr William Hamilton (Hansard)" . Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  2. "Fellows Details". Royal Society. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  3. 1 2 Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, US: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 330. OCLC   745497791.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William John Blake
Charles Wykeham Martin
Member of Parliament for Newport
18411847
With: John Heywood Hawkins
Succeeded by
William Plowden
Charles Wykeham Martin