William Lemen Thomas

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William Thomas
William Lemen Thomas.png
Member of the Legislative Assembly
of Western Australia
In office
1 March 1911 29 September 1917
Preceded bySir Newton Moore
Succeeded by Griffin Money
Constituency Bunbury
Personal details
Born(1872-09-25)25 September 1872
Kilmore, Victoria, Australia
Died13 July 1921(1921-07-13) (aged 48)
Bunbury, Western Australia, Australia
Political party Labor (to 1916)
National Labor (from 1916)

William Lemen Thomas (25 September 1872 – 13 July 1921) was an Australian politician who was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia from 1911 to 1917, representing the seat of Bunbury. He was a minister in the government of Henry Lefroy.

Western Australian Legislative Assembly legislature of the State of Western Australia

The Western Australian Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of Western Australia, an Australian state. The Parliament sits in Parliament House in the Western Australian capital, Perth.

Electoral district of Bunbury state electoral district of Western Australia

Bunbury is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia.

Henry Lefroy Australian politician

Sir Henry Bruce Lefroy was the eleventh Premier of Western Australia.

Contents

Early life

Thomas was born in Kilmore, Victoria, to Mary (née Browne) and James Thomas. He trained as a chemist in New South Wales, becoming a member of the state's Pharmaceutical Society. In 1893, Thomas moved to Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, where he initially worked in the hospital dispensary and later had his own pharmacy. He moved to Perth in 1901, and eventually to Bunbury, where he was elected to the Bunbury Municipal Council in 1906. [1]

Kilmore, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Kilmore is a town in the Australian state of Victoria. Located 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Melbourne, it is the oldest inland town in Victoria by the combination of age and physical occupation, and because it had unique agricultural attributes to drive that earliest settlement. It grew very rapidly to become four times bigger than its nearest inland rival by 1851. Its spectacular growth continued to match that of the major gold mining towns of Ballarat, Bendigo and Beechworth until at least 1861. p115

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.


The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia (PSA) is a professional organisation of Australian pharmacists. PSA is the peak national body for pharmacists, representing all of the pharmacy profession in Australia, with approximately 18,000 members. PSA is the major provider of continuing professional development programmes for pharmacists in Australia. PSA also organises various pharmacy events including a national conference attended by over 1,200 delegates from around Australia and internationally. PSA publishes the Australian Pharmaceutical Formulary, the Australian Pharmacist journal, and various other pharmacy publications.

Politics

Thomas first stood for parliament at the 1908 state election, as the Labor Party's candidate for the seat of Sussex, but was defeated by Frank Wilson (a future premier). [2] At the 1910 Legislative Council elections, he stood for South-West Province, but lost to Edward McLarty. [1] Thomas eventually entered parliament at the 1911 Bunbury by-election, which had been caused by the resignation of Sir Newton Moore (a former premier). [2]

Elections were held in the Australian state of Western Australia in late 1908 to elect 50 members to the state's Legislative Assembly. The main polling day was 11 September, although five remote electorates went to the polls at later dates.

Australian Labor Party (Western Australian Branch) Western Australian state branch of the Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party , commonly known as WA Labor, is the Western Australian branch of the Australian Labor Party. It is the current governing party of Western Australia since winning the 2017 election under Mark McGowan.

Sussex was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1890 to 1950.

Thomas was re-elected at the 1911 and 1914 state elections. [2] Following the 1916 Labor Party split, he transferred to the new National Labor Party. In June 1917, Thomas was made a minister without portfolio in the new ministry formed by Henry Lefroy, who had replaced Frank Wilson as premier. [1] However, at the 1917 state election, he was defeated in Bunbury by the Nationalist Party's Griffin Money. [2]

1911 Western Australian state election state election in Western Australia in 1911

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 3 October 1911 to elect 50 members to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. The Labor Party, led by Opposition Leader John Scaddan, defeated the conservative Ministerialist government led by Premier Frank Wilson. In doing so, Scaddan achieved Labor's first absolute majority on the floor of the Assembly and, with 68% of the seats, set a record for Labor's biggest majority in Western Australia. The record would stand for nearly 106 years until Labor won 69% of seats at the 2017 election. The result came as something of a surprise to many commentators and particularly to the Ministerialists, as they went to an election for the first time as a single grouping backed by John Forrest's Western Australian Liberal League, under a new system of compulsory preferential voting and new electoral boundaries both of which had been passed by Parliament earlier in the year despite ardent Labor opposition.

Elections were held in the state of Western Australia on 21 October 1914 to elect 50 members to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly. The Labor party, led by Premier John Scaddan, retained government against the opposition conservative Liberal Party led by Opposition Leader Frank Wilson, though with only the barest of majorities. The election also saw the emergence of the Western Australian Country Party, which had been formed at a conference of the Farmers and Settlers Association the previous year to fight for rural interests, and won eight seats at the election.

The Australian Labor Party split of 1916 occurred following severe disagreement within the Australian Labor Party over the issue of proposed World War I conscription in Australia. Labor Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes had, by 1916, become an enthusiastic supporter of conscription as a means to boost Australia's contribution to the war effort. On 30 August 1916, he announced plans for a referendum on the issue, and introduced enabling legislation into parliament on 14 September, which passed only with the support of the opposition. Six of Hughes' ministers resigned in protest at the move, and the New South Wales state branch of the Labor Party expelled Hughes. The referendum saw an intense campaign in which Labor figures vehemently advocated on each side of the argument, although the "no" campaign narrowly won on 14 November. In the wake of the referendum defeat, the caucus moved to expel Hughes on 14 November; instead, he and 23 supporters resigned and formed the National Labor Party. Frank Tudor was elected leader of the rump party. Hughes was recommissioned as Prime Minister, heading a minority government supported by the opposition Commonwealth Liberal Party; the two parties then merged as the Nationalist Party of Australia and won the 1917 federal election. The Nationalist Party served as the main conservative party of Australia until 1931, and the split resulted in many early Labor figures ending their careers on the political right.

Later life

After leaving parliament, Thomas returned to local government, being elected Mayor of Bunbury in 1918. He collapsed at a council meeting in July 1921, and died a few days later. [3] He had married Hannah Walker in 1901, with whom he had one son. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 William Lemen Thomas – Biographical Register of Members of the Parliament of Western Australia. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Black, David; Prescott, Valerie (1997). Election statistics : Legislative Assembly of Western Australia, 1890-1996. Perth, [W.A.]: Western Australian Parliamentary History Project and Western Australian Electoral Commission. ISBN   0730984095.
  3. "DEATH OF MR. W. L. THOMAS", The Daily News , 14 July 1921.
Parliament of Western Australia
Preceded by
Sir Newton Moore
Member for Bunbury
1911–1917
Succeeded by
Griffin Money