William Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester

Last updated


The Duke of Manchester
William Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester.jpg
William Montagu c. 1910
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
In office
18 December 1905 20 April 1907
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Preceded by The Earl Waldegrave
Succeeded by The Lord Allendale
Personal details
Born3 March 1877
Died9 February 1947 (1947-02-10) (aged 69)
Seaford, East Sussex, England
NationalityBritish
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s)
Helena Zimmerman
(m. 1900;div. 1931)

Kathleen Dawes(m. 1931)
Children
Parents
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester (3 March 1877 – 9 February 1947), styled Lord Kimbolton from 1877 to 1890 and Viscount Mandeville from 1890 to 1892, was a British peer and Liberal politician. He served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1905 to 1907 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.

Contents

Background and education

Manchester was the son of George Montagu, 8th Duke of Manchester, by his wife Consuelo Yznaga [1] He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. [2]

Career

Manchester succeeded his father in the dukedom in 1892 at the age of fifteen, and took his seat on the Liberal benches in the House of Lords in June 1902. [3] When the Liberals came to power in December 1905 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, he was appointed Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard. He retained this post until April 1907, but never held ministerial office again. Apart from his political career he also achieved the rank of Captain in the Lancashire Fusiliers.

Bankruptcy

Manchester was a notorious spendthrift, and as a result of the excessive spending of both him and the prior two Dukes, the family's fortune (already low) was completely exhausted, culminating in the sale of the family's lands during the tenure of the tenth Duke. [4] He spent much of his life abroad, evading creditors, seeking out wealthy consorts, and attempting to extract money from wealthy acquaintances. [5] He is perhaps most well known in America from the leading case of Hamilton v. Drogo, 150 N.E. 496 (N.Y. 1926), which concerned the establishment of a spendthrift trust for the benefit of the young Duke. [6]

Personal life

Kimbolton Castle - Former seat of the Dukes of Manchester Kimbolton Castle 01.jpg
Kimbolton Castle - Former seat of the Dukes of Manchester
His wife and a daughter in 1930 Bundesarchiv Bild 102-10021, Herzogin von Manchester mit ihrer Tochter.jpg
His wife and a daughter in 1930

Manchester married firstly Helena Zimmerman, at London on 14 November 1900. She was the daughter of Eugene Zimmerman of Cincinnati, Ohio, a railroad president and major stockholder in Standard Oil. (The marriage was secret and his mother, Consuelo, was appalled by it.) They had four children:

The Duke and Duchess of Manchester divorced in 1931. On 17 December 1931 Manchester married Kathleen Dawes (d. 28 March 1966), daughter of W. H. Dawes, Greenwich, Connecticut. There were no children from this marriage.

The Duke of Manchester died at Seaford, Sussex, on 9 February 1947, aged 69, and was succeeded in his titles by his son Alexander.

Ancestry

Related Research Articles

Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester English politician

Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, KG, KB, FRS was an important commander of Parliamentary forces in the First English Civil War, and for a time Oliver Cromwell's superior.

Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough British soldier and Conservative politician

Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough,, styled Earl of Sunderland until 1883 and Marquess of Blandford between 1883 and 1892, was a British soldier and Conservative politician, and a close friend of his first cousin Winston Churchill. He was often known as "Sunny" Marlborough after his courtesy title of Earl of Sunderland.

Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester English noble and politician

Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester was an English judge, politician and peer.

Duke of Manchester

Duke of Manchester is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain, and the current senior title of the House of Montagu. It was created in 1719 for the politician Charles Montagu, 4th Earl of Manchester.

Louisa Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire British noble

Louisa Frederica Augusta Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, formerly Louisa Montagu, Duchess of Manchester, née Luise Fredericke Auguste, Countess von Alten was a German-born British aristocrat sometimes referred to as the "Double Duchess" due to her marriages to first the Duke of Manchester and later to the Duke of Devonshire.

William Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans British Liberal politician

William Amelius Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans, PC DL, styled Earl of Burford until 1849, was a British Liberal parliamentarian of the Victorian era.

Robert Montagu, 3rd Earl of Manchester was an English courtier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1671 when he inherited the peerage as Earl of Manchester.

Robert Montagu, 3rd Duke of Manchester was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1734 until 1739 when he succeeded to the peerage as Duke of Manchester.

William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester British colonial administrator

Colonel William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester, styled Viscount Mandeville until 1788, was a British peer, soldier, colonial administrator and politician.

George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester British politician

George Montagu, 6th Duke of Manchester, etc., known as Viscount Mandeville from 1799 to 1843, was a British peer and Tory Member of Parliament.

William Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester British politician

William Drogo Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester KP, known as Lord Kimbolton from 1823 to 1843 and as Viscount Mandeville from 1843 to 1855, was a British peer and Conservative Member of Parliament.

George Montagu, 8th Duke of Manchester British politician

George Victor Drogo Montagu, 8th Duke of Manchester, styled Lord Kimbolton from 1853 to 1855 and Viscount Mandeville from 1855 to 1890, was a British peer and Member of Parliament.

Angus Montagu, 12th Duke of Manchester British peer

Angus Charles Drogo Montagu, 12th Duke of Manchester was a British hereditary peer. Until he inherited the dukedom in 1985, he was known by the courtesy title of Lord Angus Montagu.

Sidney Montagu, 11th Duke of Manchester British noble

Sidney Arthur Robin George Drogo "Kim" Montagu, 11th Duke of Manchester, was a British hereditary peer, the son of the 10th Duke of Manchester and the elder brother of the 12th Duke.

Alexander George Francis Drogo Montagu, 10th Duke of Manchester, OBE, was a Royal Navy officer and British hereditary peer. From birth until 1947 he was known by the courtesy title of Viscount Mandeville.

Mary Goelet American heiress

Mary Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe was an American-British socialite and heiress.

Consuelo Montagu, Duchess of Manchester British duchess

Consuelo Montagu, Duchess of Manchester, née Consuelo Yznaga was a Cuban American woman who married George Montagu, Viscount Mandeville, and later became the Duchess of Manchester.

Elizabeth Montagu, Duchess of Manchester, formerly Elizabeth Dashwood, was the wife of George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester.

Anne Montagu, Viscountess Mandeville

Anne Montagu, Viscountess Mandeville, was born Lady Anne Rich, the daughter of Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick, an English colonial administrator who opposed the policies of Charles I prior to the English Civil War. In 1625 she married, becoming the second wife of Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, a senior commander of Parliamentary forces during the English Civil War. She had three children by Montagu; her son Robert would later become the 3rd Earl of Manchester. Anne Montagu died a year or two before her fortieth birthday, shortly before the Civil War began.

Susan Montagu, Duchess of Manchester, formerly Lady Susan Gordon, was the wife of William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester.

References

  1. "LORD MANDEVILLE'S WEDDING.;". The New York Times . Retrieved 12 July 2015., Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  2. "Manchester, William Angus Drogo, Duke of (MNCR894WA)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. "Parliament - House of Lords". The Times (36802). London. 24 June 1902. p. 6.
  4. "DUKE OF MANCHESTER BANKRUPT; Petitions to the Court Included One from Himself". The New York Times . 30 August 1900. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  5. David Cannadine, The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy, 403 (1990)
  6. "WILL OF DUCHESS IN COURT; Justice Here Asked to Construe Terms of Manchester Trust". The New York Times . 19 June 1929. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl Waldegrave
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1905–1907
Succeeded by
The Lord Allendale
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Victor
Drogo Montagu
Duke of Manchester
1892–1947
Succeeded by
Alexander George Francis
Drogo Montagu