William O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin

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The Earl of Inchiquin

Personal details
Born Ireland
DiedIreland
Spouse(s) Lady Anne Hamilton
MotherMary O'Brien
Father William O'Brien, 3rd Earl of Inchiquin
OccupationPolitician

William McWilliam O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin, KB, PC(I) (1700 – 18 July 1777) was an Irish peer and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1722 and 1754.

Order of the Bath Series of awards of an order of chivalry of the United Kingdom

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The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1922. It performed a similar role in the Dublin Castle administration in Ireland to that of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in the government of the United Kingdom.

A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles in a number of countries, and composed of assorted noble ranks.

Contents

Background

O'Brien was the eldest son of William O'Brien, 3rd Earl of Inchiquin, and his wife, Mary (née Villiers), sister of the 1st Earl of Jersey, and inherited his father's titles in 1719. [1] He founded the predecessor of the present day Royal Cork Yacht Club, the Water Club of the Cork Harbour, in 1720.

William OBrien, 3rd Earl of Inchiquin Irish Earl

William MacWilliam O'Brien, 8th Baron of Inchiquin, 3rd Baron O'Brien of Burren, 3rd Earl of Inchiquin PC was an Irish nobleman.

Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey British diplomat

Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey was an English peer, courtier, and statesman of the Villiers family. He was created Baron Villiers and Viscount Villiers in 1691 and Earl of Jersey in 1697.

Royal Cork Yacht Club

The Royal Cork Yacht Club is a claimant to the title of the world's oldest yacht club, founded in 1720, although some consider the Neva Yacht Club to be older by two years. It is presently located in Crosshaven, Co. Cork, Ireland.

Political career

Inchiquin was Whig Member of Parliament for Windsor from 1722 to 1727, for Tamworth from 1727 to 1734, for Camelford from 1741 to 1747 and for Aylesbury from 1747 to 1754. In 1725, he had been appointed a Knight Companion of the Order of the Bath. From 1740 to 1741, he was Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England, Governor of County Clare from 1741 to 1777 and Custos Rotulorum of Clare from 1762 to 1767. From 1744 to 1751, he was a Lord of the Bedchamber to Frederick, Prince of Wales, and admitted to the Privy Council of Ireland in 1753. [1]

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Tamworth (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1997 onwards

Tamworth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Christopher Pincher, a Conservative.

Camelford was a rotten borough in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1552 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

On his death in 1777, without surviving male heirs, his titles passed to his nephew, Murrough O'Brien, who was later created Marquess of Thomond. [1]

Murrough OBrien, 1st Marquess of Thomond Irish Marquess

Sir Murrough O'Brien, 10th Baron of Inchiquin, 5th Baron O'Brien of Burren, 1st Baron Thomond of Taplow, 5th Earl of Inchiquin, 1st Marquess of Thomond KP, PC (Ire), known from 1777 to 1800 as the 5th Earl of Inchiquin, was an Irish peer, soldier and politician.

Family

On 29 March 1720, he married his cousin, Lady Anne Hamilton, the eldest daughter and heiress of George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, and his wife Elizabeth (née Villiers). His wife became 2nd Countess of Orkney in her own right in 1737. They had five children:

Anne Douglas-Hamilton, 2nd Countess of Orkney was a Scottish noblewoman and the eldest daughter of Field Marshal George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, and Elizabeth Villiers.

George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney 17th- and 18th-century Scottish nobleman and field marshal

Field Marshal George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, KT, styled Lord George Hamilton from 1666 to 1696, was a British soldier and Scottish nobleman and the first British Army officer to be promoted to the rank of field marshal. After commanding a regiment for the cause of William of Orange during the Williamite War in Ireland, he commanded a regiment in the Low Countries during the Nine Years' War. He then led the final assault at the Battle of Blenheim attacking the village churchyard with eight battalions of men and then receiving the surrender of its French defenders during the War of the Spanish Succession. He also led the charge of fifteen infantry battalions in an extremely bloody assault on the French entrenchments at the Battle of Malplaquet. In later life he became a Lord of the Bedchamber to George I and was installed as Governor of Edinburgh Castle.

Elizabeth Hamilton, Countess of Orkney British noble

Elizabeth Hamilton, Countess of Orkney was an English courtier from the Villiers family and the reputed mistress of William III & II, King of England and Scotland, from 1680 until 1695. She was a lady-in-waiting to his wife and co-monarch, Queen Mary II.

Mary O'Brien, 3rd Countess of Orkney was the eldest daughter of Anne O'Brien, 2nd Countess of Orkney and William O'Brien, 4th Earl of Inchiquin, and Countess of Orkney in her own right.

He married, secondly, Mary Moore, daughter of Stephen Moore, 1st Viscount Mount Cashell and Alicia Colville, on 12 October 1761

Additionally, Inchiquin was feted by antiquarians and many of the works of Irish history produced at this time are dedicated to him; as an Anglican deriving his lineage from an old Gaelic family, he was a politique choice for those wishing to disseminate their work in Ascendancy Ireland and Hanoverian Britain.

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Baron Inchiquin

Baron Inchiquin is one of the older titles in the Peerage of Ireland. It was one of two titles created on 1 July 1543 for Murrough O'Brien, Prince of Thomond, who was descended from the great high king Brian Boru. The grant of the English titles was conditional upon the abandonment of native titles, the adoption of English customs and laws, pledging of allegiance to the English crown, apostasy from the Catholic Church, and conversion to the Anglican Church. Murrough was made both Earl of Thomond in the Peerage of Ireland, with remainder to his nephew Donough O'Brien and Baron Inchiquin, with remainder to his male heirs.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "O'BRIEN, William, 4th Earl of Inchiquin [I] (c.1700-77)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Henry Ashurst
Samuel Travers
Member of Parliament for Windsor
17221727
With: Earl of Burford 1722–1726
Lord Vere Beauclerk 1726–1727
Succeeded by
Lord Vere Beauclerk
Viscount Malpas
Preceded by
Hon. Francis Willoughby
Hon. George Compton
Member of Parliament for Tamworth
17271734
With: Thomas Willoughby
Succeeded by
Lord John Sackville
Hon. George Compton
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Lyttelton
Hon. James Cholmondeley
Member of Parliament for Camelford
17411747
With: Charles Montagu
Succeeded by
The Earl of Londonderry
Samuel Martin
Preceded by
Charles Pilsworth
Hon. William Stanhope
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
17471754
With: Edward Willes
Succeeded by
Thomas Potter
John Willes
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Lord Paisley
Grand Master of the
Premier Grand Lodge of England

1726–1727
Succeeded by
The Lord Coleraine
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
William O'Brien
Earl of Inchiquin
1719–1777
Succeeded by
Murrough O'Brien