William R. Sapp

Last updated
William Robinson Sapp
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Ohio's 15th district
In office
March 4, 1853 March 3, 1857
Preceded by William F. Hunter
Succeeded by Joseph Burns
Personal details
Born(1804-03-04)March 4, 1804
Cadiz, Ohio
DiedJanuary 3, 1875(1875-01-03) (aged 70)
Mount Vernon, Ohio
Resting placeMound View Cemetery
Political party

William Robinson Sapp (March 4, 1804 January 3, 1875) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio, and uncle of U.S. Representative William F. Sapp of Iowa.

United States House of Representatives lower house of the United States Congress

The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of the United States.

Ohio State of the United States of America

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

Born at Cadiz, Ohio, Sapp moved to Knox County, Ohio, where he attended the public schools. He engaged in the mercantile business in Danville. He studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1833 and commenced practice at Millersburg, Ohio. He served as prosecuting attorney of Holmes County, Ohio. Presidential elector in 1844 for Clay/Frelinghuysen. [1] He moved to Mount Vernon, Ohio, in 1846.

Cadiz, Ohio Village in Ohio, United States

Cadiz is a village in Harrison County, Ohio, United States. The population was 3,353 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Harrison County.

Knox County, Ohio County in the United States

Knox County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 60,921. Its county seat is Mount Vernon. The county is named for Henry Knox, an officer in the American Revolutionary War who was later the first Secretary of War.

Danville, Ohio Village in Ohio, United States

Danville is a village in Knox County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,044 at the 2010 census.

Sapp was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-third Congress and reelected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1857). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection. Assessor of internal revenue for the thirteenth district 1869-1872. He served as collector of internal revenue from 1872 until his death in Mount Vernon, Ohio, January 3, 1875. He was interred in Mound View Cemetery.

Whig Party (United States) Political party in the USA in the 19th century

The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States. Four presidents belonged to the party while in office. It emerged in the 1830s as the leading opponent of Jacksonian democracy, pulling together former members of the National Republican and the Anti-Masonic Party. It had some links to the upscale traditions of the long-defunct Federalist Party. Along with the rival Democratic Party, it was central to the Second Party System from the early 1840s to the mid-1860s. It originally formed in opposition to the policies of President Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. It became a formal party within his second term, and slowly receded influence after 1854. In particular terms, the Whigs supported the supremacy of Congress over the presidency and favored a program of modernization, banking and economic protectionism to stimulate manufacturing. It appealed to entrepreneurs, planters, reformers and the emerging urban middle class, but had little appeal to farmers or unskilled workers. It included many active Protestants and voiced a moralistic opposition to the Jacksonian Indian removal. Party founders chose the "Whig" name to echo the American Whigs of the 18th century who fought for independence. The political philosophy of the American Whig Party was not related to the British Whig party. Historian Frank Towers has specified a deep ideological divide:

33rd United States Congress

The Thirty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1853, to March 4, 1855, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Franklin Pierce. During this session, the Kansas–Nebraska Act was passed, an act that soon led to the creation of the Republican Party. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

The Opposition Party was a party identification under which Northern, anti-slavery politicians, formerly members of the Democratic and Whig parties, briefly ran in the 1850s. This was in response to the expansion of slavery into the new territories. It was one of the movements which arose from the political chaos in the decade before the Civil War in the wake of the Compromise of 1850. The movement arose before and was quickly subsumed by the coalescence of the Republican Party in 1856.

Sources

The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the United States Congress and its predecessor, the Continental Congress. Also included are Delegates from territories and the District of Columbia and Resident Commissioners from the Philippines and Puerto Rico.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William Kennon, Jr.
United States Representative from Ohio's 15th congressional district
1853–1857
Succeeded by
Joseph Burns

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