William S. Darling

Last updated

William S. Darling
Born
Vilmos Béla Sándorházi

(1882-09-14)14 September 1882
Died15 December 1963(1963-12-15) (aged 81)
OccupationArt director
Painter
Years active1921-1954

William S. Darling (born Vilmos Béla Sándorházi; 14 September 1882 15 December 1963) [1] was a Hungarian-born art director who was prominent in Hollywood during the 1920s and 30s. [2] Darling received six Academy Award nominations, winning three times. He was inducted into the American Art Directors Guild (ADG) Hall of Fame in 2012. According to the ADG, Darling was one of the "most influential designers in the early days of Hollywood's Golden Age." [2]

Contents

Early and education

Darling was born Vilmos Béla Sándorházi (also Adalbert Sandorhazi) [3] in Sándorháza, Austria-Hungary. He initially studied architecture because of his father's wishes, but later switched to the Budapest Academy of Fine Arts where he studied painting. [1] He continued his studies on scholarship at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris, France. [2]

Career

In 1910, Darling immigrated to New York City using the name Adalbert Sandorhazi. [3] He successfully pursued a career as a portrait artist. He changed his name from Sándorházi to Darling during World War I when his wife suggested he adopt her maiden name to avoid the foreign sound. [1] Around 1920 he moved to Southern California where he began work as an art designer on films and soon became the head of the art department at 20th Century Fox. Darling worked on 61 films between 1921 and 1954. His notable work includes the John Ford-directed films The Iron Horse (1924), Judge Priest (1934) and The Prisoner of Shark Island (1936); the Academy Award-winning film adaptation of the Noël Coward's play Cavalcade (1933); and The Rains Came (1939) with Tyrone Power and Myrna Loy.

Darling was nominated six times between 1934 and 1947 in the category Best Art Direction. [4] He won the Oscar for Cavalcade, The Song of Bernadette (1943) and Anna and the King of Siam (1946). [5]

Darling was a fellow of the American Academy of the Fine Arts. [1] In 2012, the American Art Director's Guild inducted Darling into its Hall of Fame. [2]

Personal life

Darling was first married in Hungary and had two children, William and Imre. On 2 February 1915, he married Gwendolin Darling in New York City. They remarried on 19 November 1937 in Phoenix, Arizona. Gwendolin died in April 1955 in Palm Springs, California. In 1957, Darling married the portrait artist Marjory Adams. [1] They lived in Laguna Beach, California where he was a noted member of the art community and a life member of the Laguna Beach Art Association. [1] He died on 15 December 1963 at his home in Laguna Beach, California. [1]

Selected filmography

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Famed Art Director Lost". Laguna Beach Post. 25 (8): 1. 26 December 1963.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "William S. Darling (1882 - 1963)". Hall of Fame. Art Directors Guild. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  3. 1 2 Petition by Adalbert Sandorhazi (William Darling), Naturalization Records of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, Central Division (Los Angeles), 1887-1940; Microfilm Serial: M1524; Microfilm Roll: 220.
  4. "IMDb.com: William S. Darling - Award". IMDb.com. Retrieved 7 December 2008.
  5. Stephens, Michael L. (2 September 2015). Art Directors in Cinema: A Worldwide Biographical Dictionary. McFarland. p. 70.