William Southwell

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William Southwell (1669 – 23 January 1720) [1] was an Irish politician and British Army officer.

Contents

Background

He was the third son of Richard Southwell of Castle Matrix, Co. Limerick, and his wife Lady Elizabeth O'Brien, daughter of Murrough O'Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin. [2] His older brothers were Thomas Southwell, 1st Baron Southwell and Richard Southwell. [3] During the Glorious Revolution of 1689, he and his brother were attainted by the parliament of King James II of England. [4]

Career

Southwell entered the British Army under King William III of England in 1693. [5] During the Nine Years' War, he was wounded at the 2nd Siege of Namur in 1695 and was afterwards promoted to captain. [5] In the War of the Spanish Succession, he took part in the Battle of Cádiz and Battle of Vigo Bay as major of the 6th Foot in 1702. [6] He was promoted to lieutenant-colonel a year later. [6] Southwell commanded four hundred grenadiers in the 1st Siege of Barcelona in 1705 and was made colonel of the 6th Regiment of Foot the following year. [5] He sold his colonelcy to Thomas Harrison in 1708 and was appointed captain of the Battleaxe Guards in 1714, protecting the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. [5]

He was elected to the Irish House of Commons for Kinsale in 1703, representing the constituency until 1713. [7] Subsequently, Southwell sat for Castlemartyr until 1715 and then for Baltimore until his death in 1720. [7]

Family

In 1709, he married Lucy Bowen, younger daughter of William Bowen, [8] of Ballyadams, Co. Laois, a grandson of Sir William Domville, Attorney General for Ireland. By her he had six sons and nine daughters. [4] His third son, and eventual heir, Bowen was a Member of Parliament for Downpatrick. [3]

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References

  1. Johnston-Liik, Edith Mary (2006). MPs in Dublin: Companion to History of the Irish Parliament 1692–1800. Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 125. ISBN   1-903688-60-4.
  2. Burke, John (1863). Bernhard Burke (ed.). Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. II. London: Harrison. p. 1738.
  3. 1 2 "ThePeerage - William Southwell" . Retrieved 7 June 2009.
  4. 1 2 Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall (ed.). The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. Vol. VI. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 17–18.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "Southwell, Thomas (1667-1720)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. P. 304.
  6. 1 2 Cannon, Richard; Arthur Tupper (1836). Historical Records of the British Army. London: William Clowes and Sons. p. 108.
  7. 1 2 "Leigh Rayment - Irish House of Commons 1692-1800". Archived from the original on 7 June 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  8. Franks, August Wollaston; Edward Gambier (1904). Catalogue of British and American Book Plates. Vol. III. London: William Clowes and Sons. p. 61.
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Kinsale
1703–1713
With: Henry Hawley
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Castlemartyr
1713–1715
With: Robert Oliver
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Baltimore
1715–1720
With: Michael Beecher
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by
James Rivers
Colonel of the 6th Regiment of Foot
17061708
Succeeded by
Thomas Harrison