William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot

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William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, PC (16 May 1710 27 April 1782), known as the Lord Talbot from 1737 to 1761, was a British politician.

Great Britain island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Contents

Life

Talbot was born at Worcester, the son of Charles Talbot, later Baron Talbot. He was educated at Eton from 1725 to 1728 and matriculated at Exeter College, Oxford on 23 January 1727. He was created DCL (Doctor of Civil Law) on 12 June 1736. He was Member of Parliament for Glamorganshire from 1734 to 1737, when he succeeded his father in the barony and entered the House of Lords. He was Lord High Steward at King George III's coronation, and became a member of the Privy Council in 1761. He served from then until his death as Lord Steward of the Household. He was created Earl Talbot on 29 March 1761.

Worcester Cathedral City and non-metropolitan district in England

Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, 31 miles (50 km) southwest of Birmingham, 101 miles (163 km) west-northwest of London, 27 miles (43 km) north of Gloucester and 23 miles (37 km) northeast of Hereford. The population is approximately 100,000. The River Severn flanks the western side of the city centre, which is overlooked by Worcester Cathedral.

Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot British politician

Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot, was a British lawyer and politician. He was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1733 to 1737.

Earl Talbot title in the Peerage of Great Britain

Earl Talbot is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of Great Britain. This branch of the Talbot family descends from the Hon. Sir Gilbert Talbot, third son of John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury. His great-great-great-grandson, the Right Reverend William Talbot, was Bishop of Oxford, of Salisbury and of Durham. His eldest son Charles Talbot was a prominent lawyer and politician. In 1733, he was raised to the Peerage of Great Britain as Lord Talbot, Baron of Hensol, in the County of Glamorgan, and then served as Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1733 to 1737.

Talbot died 27 April 1782 at Lincolns Inn Fields and was buried at Sutton.

Family

Portrait of Charles (1777-1849) and John Chetwynd-Talbot (1779-1825), Thomas Lawrence, painted in 1793 Thomas Lawrence - The Two Sons of the 1st Earl of Talbot - WGA12509.jpg
Portrait of Charles (1777-1849) and John Chetwynd-Talbot (1779-1825), Thomas Lawrence, painted in 1793

Talbot had no sons so when he was created Baron Dynevor of Dynevor in the county of Carmarthen on 17 October 1780, it was with a special remainder in favour of his only child, a daughter, and the heirs male of her body.

Carmarthen county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales

Carmarthen is the county town of Carmarthenshire in Wales and a community. It lies on the River Towy 8 miles (13 km) north of its estuary in Carmarthen Bay. Carmarthen has a claim to be the oldest town in Wales – Old Carmarthen and New Carmarthen became one borough in 1546. Carmarthen was the most populous borough in Wales in the 16th–18th centuries, described by William Camden as "the chief citie of the country". Growth was stagnating by the mid-19th century, as new economic centres developed in the South Wales coalfield. The population in 2011 was 14,185, down from 15,854 in 2001. Dyfed–Powys Police headquarters, Glangwili General Hospital and a campus of the University of Wales Trinity Saint David are located in Carmarthen.

Talbot had married Mary, daughter and heir of Adam de Cardonnel, secretary to the Duke of Marlborough, on 21 February 1733, at St George, Hanover Square.

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough English soldier and statesman

General John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, 1st Prince of Mindelheim, 1st Count of Nellenburg, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, was an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs. From a gentry family, he served first as a page at the court of the House of Stuart under James, Duke of York, through the 1670s and early 1680s, earning military and political advancement through his courage and diplomatic skill.

He had an affair with Frances Somerset, Duchess of Beaufort (born 14 August 1711 – died 16 February 1750), wife of Henry Scudamore-Somerset, 3rd Duke of Beaufort which led to the Beauforts' divorce in 1743.

Frances Scudamore, Duchess of Beaufort (1711–1750) was a noblewoman and heiress. The only child of James Scudamore, 3rd Viscount Scudamore, she was his sole heir upon his death in 1716. Her mother, Frances née Digby, had introduced the family to Alexander Pope. Frances married, on 28 June 1729, Henry Somerset, 3rd Duke of Beaufort, who the following year took the surname Scudamore by Act of Parliament. The marriage was not a happy one, leading the Duchess to have an affair with William Talbot, 2nd Baron Talbot. In 1742, the Duke filed for divorce due to this affair; the Duchess countersued, claiming that the Duke was impotent. When the Duke disproved her claim before court-appointed examiners, the divorce was granted in March 1743, followed by the Duke suing Lord Talbot for damages.

Henry Scudamore, 3rd Duke of Beaufort English noble

Henry Somerset-Scudamore, 3rd Duke of Beaufort born Henry Somerset, was an English nobleman and peer. He was the elder son of Henry Somerset, 2nd Duke of Beaufort and his second wife, Rachel Noel. As his father's eldest son and heir to his father's title he was known as (styled) Marquess of Worcester, a courtesy title. On his father's death on 24 April 1714 he succeeded him and became 3rd Duke of Beaufort.

Mary Anne Talbot claimed to be one of sixteen illegitimate children of Lord Talbot. [1]

At his death, the earldom became extinct, whilst the barony of Talbot passed to his nephew (and is now part of the earldom of Shrewsbury), and the barony of Dynevor to his daughter and thereafter to her eldest son. She had married George Griffiths and had two sons, the eldest of which was George Griffiths, 3rd Baron Dynevor.

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References

  1. Talbot, M. A. (May 2006) [1809]. Royster, P. (ed.). "The Life and Surprising Adventures of Mary Ann Talbot, in the Name of John Taylor". University of Nebraska - Lincoln.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Charles Kemeys
Member of Parliament for Glamorganshire
1734–1737
Succeeded by
Bussy Mansell
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Rutland
Lord Steward of the Household
1761–1782
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl Talbot
1761–1782
Extinct
Baron Dynevor
1780–1782
Succeeded by
Cecil Rice
Preceded by
Charles Talbot
Baron Talbot
1737–1782
Succeeded by
John Chetwynd-Talbot