William Talbot (bishop)

Last updated


William Talbot
Bishop of Durham
William Talbot by Kneller.jpg
Portrait by Godfrey Kneller, 1718
Church Church of England
Diocese Diocese of Durham
Personal details
Born1658 (1658)
Died10 October 1730(1730-10-10) (aged 71–72)
Nationality English
Denomination Anglicanism

William Talbot (1658 – 10 October 1730) was an English Anglican bishop. He was Bishop of Oxford from 1699 to 1715, Bishop of Salisbury from 1715 to 1722 and Bishop of Durham from 1722 to 1730. [1]

Contents

Life

The son of William Talbot of Lichfield, by his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Stoughton of Whittington, Worcestershire, he was born at Stourton Castle, Staffordshire, around 1659. On 28 March 1674 he matriculated as a gentleman commoner at Oriel College, Oxford, and graduated B.A. on 16 October 1677, and M.A. on 23 June 1680. [1]

Talbot's first preferment was the rectory of Burghfield, Berkshire (1682), a living in the gift of his kinsman, Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury. The deanery of Worcester was vacant after the deprivation of George Hickes as a nonjuror, and Shrewsbury's interest secured the appointment of Talbot in April 1691. Hickes drew up a protest (2 May) claiming a "legal right", which he affixed to the entrance to the choir of Worcester Cathedral. John Tillotson then gave Talbot (8 June) a Lambeth degree of D.D. [1]

In 1699 Talbot succeeded John Hough as bishop of Oxford (consecrated 24 September), retaining his deanery in commendam ; he had been made D.D. of Oxford on 8 August. In the debate in the House of Lords following the trial (1710) of Henry Sacheverell, he was one of four bishops who spoke for his condemnation. His charge of 1712 maintained the validity of lay baptism against Roger Laurence. In 1718 he was made Dean of the Chapel Royal. On 23 April 1715 he was translated to the see of Salisbury, and resigned the deanery of Worcester. [1]

At Salisbury, through his son Edward Talbot, he was brought into connection with Thomas Rundle, Joseph Butler, and Thomas Secker, all of whom he helped by his patronage. On the death of Nathaniel Crew Talbot was translated (12 October 1721) to the see of Durham. There he became unpopular by promoting (February 1723) a bill empowering bishops to grant new mining leases without the consent of chapters. The bill was emasculated in the House of Commons, but Talbot in course of time managed the chapter through prebendaries of his appointment. He incurred further unpopularity by advancing the fines on his own leases and commending the example to the chapter. His profuse expenditure kept him short of money. [1]

Talbot died in Hanover Square, London, on 10 October 1730, and was buried on 14 October in St. James's, Westminster. [1] [2]

Works

Talbot published single sermons (1691–1717), his speech in the Lords on the Sacheverell case (1710), two charges (1712–17), and a circular to the Salisbury clergy directing collections for Moravians (1716). His volume of Twelve Sermons (1725 and 1731) follows the theology of Samuel Clarke. [1]

Family

Talbot had two sisters, Frances Talbot and Catherine Talbot. His father was a descendant of Sir Gilbert Talbot and Elizabeth Knollys.

He married, first, a daughter of Crispe, an attorney at Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, who died without issue; secondly, Catharine (d. 23 Nov. 1730), daughter of Alderman Richard King of London, by whom he had eight sons and several daughters. [1] The sons included:

Their daughter, Henrietta Maria, married Charles Trimnell, bishop of Winchester. [1]

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Talbot, William (1659?-1730)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  2. The Register of Burials in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster. 1723-1754. 14 October 1730.
  3. "Talbot, Catherine"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Attribution

Church of England titles
Preceded by Bishop of Oxford
16991715
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Salisbury
17151722
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Durham
17221730
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Durham
17221730
Succeeded by

Related Research Articles

Nonjuring schism British church schisms after 1688

The Nonjuring schism refers to a split in the established churches of England, Scotland and Ireland, following the deposition and exile of James II and VII in the 1688 Glorious Revolution. As a condition of office, clergy were required to swear allegiance to the ruling monarch; for various reasons, some refused to take the oath to his successors William III and II and Mary II. These individuals were referred to as Non-juring, from the Latin verb iūrō, or jūrō, meaning "to swear an oath".

White Kennett

White Kennett was an English bishop and antiquarian. He was educated at Westminster School and at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, where, while an undergraduate, he published several translations of Latin works, including Erasmus' In Praise of Folly.

John Piers Archbishop of York

John Piers (Peirse) was Archbishop of York between 1589 and 1594. Previous to that he had been Bishop of Rochester and Bishop of Salisbury.

Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds

Vice-Admiral Peregrine Osborne, 2nd Duke of Leeds, styled Viscount Osborne between 1673 and 1689, Earl of Danby between 1689 and 1694 and Marquess of Carmarthen between 1694 and 1712, was an English Tory politician.

Thomas Brooke Jr. American lawyer

Colonel Thomas Brooke Jr. of Brookefield was President of the Council in Maryland and acting 13th Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. He was the son of Major Thomas Brooke Sr. and Esquire (1632–1676) and his second wife Eleanor Hatton (1642–1725) who later remarried Col. Henry Darnall (1645-1711).

Grey Neville of Billingbear, Berkshire was an English landowner and politician who sat in the English House of Commons from 1705 to 1708 and in the British House of Commons between 1708 and 1723.

Charles Trimnell

Charles Trimnell (1663–1723) was an English bishop. He was a Whig in politics, and known for his attacks on High Church views, writing on the subordination of the Church of England to the state. After the accession of George I of Great Britain in 1714 he was in the royal favour and influential.

John Thomas (bishop of Rochester)

John Thomas was an English churchman, Bishop of Rochester from 1774.

Richard Steward

Richard Steward or Stewart was an English royalist churchman, clerk of the closet to Charles I and designated Dean of St. Paul's and Westminster, though not able to take up his position because of the wartime circumstances.

William Delaune D.D. was an English clergyman and academic, President of St John's College, Oxford, and chaplain to Queen Anne.

Thomas Manningham (1651?-1722) was an English churchman, bishop of Chichester from 1709.

Robert Carr (bishop)

Robert James Carr (1774–1841) was an English churchman, Bishop of Chichester in 1824 and Bishop of Worcester in 1831.

Peter Vannes was an Italian Catholic churchman who became a royal official in England, and Dean of Salisbury.

John Banks Jenkinson was an English bishop who was the Bishop of St David's from 1825.

The Venerable Thomas Ball was the son of Lawrence Ball, of Eccleston, Lancashire, and a Church of England clergyman.

Richard West (1670?–1716) was an English churchman and academic, and was archdeacon of Berkshire from 1710.

General Daniel Harvey was a British soldier and politician who was Governor of Guernsey from 1714 to 1732.

Sir Thomas Scawen was a British merchant, financier and Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1708 and 1722. He was Governor of the Bank of England from 1721 to 1723.

Thomas Rundle (c.1688–1743) was an English cleric suspected of unorthodox views. He became Anglican bishop of Derry not long after a high-profile controversy had prevented his becoming bishop of Gloucester in 1733.