William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg

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William VII of Jülich
1st Duke of Berg
Bornc. 1348
Jülich
Died(1408-06-25)25 June 1408
Düsseldorf
BuriedAbbey church in Altenberg
Noble family House of Jülich
Spouse(s)Anna of the Palatinate
Father Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
Mother Margaret of Ravensberg

William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg (c.1348 25 June 1408) was born in Jülich, as the son of Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg, and Margaret, daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Ravensberg, and Margaret of Berg. [1]

Jülich Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Jülich is a town in the district of Düren, in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. As a border region between the competing powers in the Lower Rhine and Meuse areas, the town and the Duchy of Jülich played a historic role from the Middle Ages up to the 17th century.

Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg was the son of William V, Duke of Jülich and Joanna of Hainaut.

Margaret of Ravensberg was the daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Ravensberg and Margaret of Berg-Windeck.

Contents

Upon his father's death in 1360, William became Count of Berg and Ravensberg, a title that his father had gained by marrying the heiress of Berg and Ravensberg. In 1380, King Wenzel elevated him to the rank of Duke, thus becoming the first Duke of Berg.

William fought the counties of Mark and Cleves to prevent them from combining but in 1397 he was taken prisoner in the battle of Kleverhamm. He lost Remagen, Kaiserwerth and Sinzig to his nephew Adolf IV, Count of Kleve-Mark and due to these losses, his sons turned against him and imprisoned him in 1403/04. He ultimately forced them to submit and later supported his brother-in-law Rupert, King of Germany against Guelders-Jülich and won the county of Blankenburg. William died on 25 June 1408 and is buried in the Abteikirche in Altenberg.

Rupert, King of Germany King of Germany and Elector Palatine

Rupert of the Palatinate, a member of the House of Wittelsbach, was Elector Palatine from 1398 and King of Germany (rex Romanorum) from 1400 until his death.

Family and children

On 28 September 1363, William married Anna of the Palatinate (1346 – 30 November 1415), daughter of Rupert II, Elector Palatine and Beatrice of Sicily. They had the following children:

Rupert II, Elector Palatine Elector Palatine

Rupert II, Count Palatine of the Rhine. He was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine from the house of Wittelsbach in 1390–1398.

Beatrice of Sicily (1326–1365) Mother of King Rupert of Germany

Beatrice of Sicily was a daughter of Peter II of Sicily and his wife Elisabeth of Carinthia. She was born into the House of Aragon.

  1. Beatrice (c. 1364 – 16 May 1395), married in 1385 Rupert I, Elector Palatine, his second wife, no issue
  2. Margarete (c. 1364 – 18 July 1442), married in 1379 Otto I (the Evil), Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen (died 13 December 1394)
  3. Rupert (died 29 July 1394), Bishop of Passau and Paderborn
  4. Adolf (died 14 July 1437), married Yolande de Bar and Elisabeth of Bavaria, ruled Ravensburg (1395-1403) and Berg (1408-1437)
  5. Gerhard (died 22 October 1435), Archdeacon of Cologne
  6. William (c. 1382–1428), married Adelheid of Tecklenburg, ruled Ravensberg (1403-1428)

Related Research Articles

House of Wittelsbach German noble family

The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.

Duchy of Berg former German state and dukedom

Berg was a state – originally a county, later a duchy – in the Rhineland of Germany. Its capital was Düsseldorf. It existed as a distinct political entity from the early 12th to the 19th centuries.

Duchy of Jülich duchy

The Duchy of Jülich comprised a state within the Holy Roman Empire from the 11th to the 18th centuries. The duchy lay left of the Rhine river between the Electorate of Cologne in the east and the Duchy of Limburg in the west. It had territories on both sides of the river Rur, around its capital Jülich – the former Roman Iuliacum – in the lower Rhineland. The duchy amalgamated with the County of Berg beyond the Rhine in 1423, and from then on also became known as Jülich-Berg.

Duchy of Cleves State of the Holy Roman Empire

The Duchy of Cleves was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged from the mediaeval Hettergau (de). It was situated in the northern Rhineland on both sides of the Lower Rhine, around its capital Cleves and the towns of Wesel, Kalkar, Xanten, Emmerich, Rees and Duisburg bordering the lands of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster in the east and the Duchy of Brabant in the west. Its history is closely related to that of its southern neighbours: the Duchies of Jülich and Berg, as well as Guelders and the Westphalian county of Mark. The Duchy was archaically known as Cleveland in English.

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The County of Ravensberg was a historical county of the Holy Roman Empire. Its territory was in present-day eastern Westphalia, Germany at the foot of the Osning or Teutoburg Forest.

House of La Marck historical German noble family

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William V, Duke of Jülich was a German nobleman. Some authors call him William I, because he was the first Duke of Jülich; the earlier Williams had been Count of Jülich. Other authors call the subject of this article "William VI"; they count the son and co-ruler of William IV as William V.

Adolf, Duke of Jülich-Berg, was the first Duke of the combined duchies of Jülich and Berg. He was the son of William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg and Anna of the Palatinate.

William VIII of Jülich, Count of Ravensberg was the youngest son of William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg and Anna of the Palatinate.

Gerhard VII, Duke of Jülich-Berg Duke of Jülich-Berg and Count of Ravensberg

Gerhard VII, Duke of Jülich-Berg was the son of William VIII of Jülich, Count of Ravensberg and Adelheid of Tecklenburg. Gerhard was the second duke of the combined Duchy of Jülich-Berg but the 7th Gerhard in the House of Jülich.

Henry of Berg, Lord of Windeck was the son of Adolf VII of Berg and Margaret of Hochstaden. He was the younger brother of Adolf VIII of Berg and William I of Berg.

Adolf IX of Berg was the eldest son of Henry of Berg, Lord of Windeck and Agnes of the Mark.

Sophie of Saxe-Lauenburg was a German regent, Duchess of Jülich-Berg by marriage to Gerhard VIII of Jülich-Berg, and regent of Jülich, Berg and Ravensberg for her eldest son William IV from 1456 until 1473.

Margaret of Jülich was a daughter of Duke Gerhard VI of Jülich and his wife, Margaret of Ravensberg (1315-1389).

References

  1. Walther Möller, Stammtafeln westdeutscher Adelsgeschlechter im Mittelalter (Darmstadt, 1922, reprint Verlag Degener & Co., 1995), Vol. 1, page 14.
William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg
Born:c. 1348 Died: 25 June 1408
Preceded by
Gerhard
Count of Berg
Since 1380 Duke of Berg
13601408
Succeeded by
Adolf
Count of Ravensberg
13601395