Wim Wenders

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Wim Wenders
MJK30764 Wim Wenders (Berlinale 2017).jpg
Wenders at the Berlinale 2017
Born
Ernst Wilhelm Wenders

(1945-08-14) 14 August 1945 (age 74)
OccupationFilmmaker, director, screenwriter, playwright, author, photographer
Years active1967–present
Spouse(s)
Edda Köchl
(m. 1968;div. 1974)

(m. 1974;div. 1978)

(m. 1979;div. 1981)

Isabelle Weingarten
(m. 1981;div. 1982)

Donata Wenders
(m. 1993)
Awards Golden Lion
for The State of Things (1982)
Golden Palm
for Paris, Texas (1984)
Cannes Film Festival
Grand Jury Prize
for Faraway, So Close! (1993)
Silver Bear Jury Prize
for The Million Dollar Hotel (2000)
Website www.wim-wenders.com

Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders (German: [ˈvɪm ˈvɛndɐs] ; born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker, playwright, author, and photographer. He is a major figure in New German Cinema. Among many honors, he has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature: for Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban music culture; Pina (2011), about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch; and The Salt of the Earth (2014), about Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado.

Contents

One of Wenders's earliest honors was a win for the BAFTA Award for Best Direction for his narrative drama Paris, Texas (1984), which also won the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival. Many of his subsequent films have also been recognized at Cannes, including Wings of Desire (1987), for which he won the Best Director Award at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival.

Wenders has been the president of the European Film Academy in Berlin since 1996. Alongside filmmaking, he is an active photographer, emphasizing images of desolate landscapes. [1] [2] He is considered to be an auteur director. [3]

Early life

Wenders was born in Düsseldorf, Germany, into a traditionally Catholic family. His father, Heinrich Wenders, was a surgeon. The Dutch name "Wim" is a shortened version of the baptismal name "Wilhelm". As a boy, Wenders took unaccompanied trips to Amsterdam to visit the Rijksmuseum. He graduated from high school in Oberhausen in the Ruhr area. He then studied medicine (1963–64) and philosophy (1964–65) at the University of Freiburg and the University of Dusseldorf, but dropped out and moved to Paris in October 1966 in order to become a painter. [4] Wenders failed his entry test at France's national film school, IDHEC (now La Fémis), and instead became an engraver at Johnny Friedlaender's studio in Montparnasse. [4] During this time Wenders became fascinated with cinema, and saw up to five movies a day at the local movie theater.

Set on making his obsession his life's work, he returned to Germany in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf office of United Artists. That fall, he entered the Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film München (University of Television and Film Munich). [4] Between 1967 and 1970, while at the "HFF", he also worked as a film critic for FilmKritik, the Munich daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung , Twen magazine, and Der Spiegel . [4]

Wenders completed several short films before graduating from the Hochschule with a 16mm black-and-white film, Summer in the City (1970), his feature directorial debut.

Career

Wenders began his career during the late 1960s, the New German Cinema era. Much of the distinctive cinematography in his movies is the result of a highly productive long-term collaboration with Dutch cinematographer Robby Müller.[ citation needed ] Paris, Texas and Wings of Desire were the result of collaborations with avant-garde authors Peter Handke and Sam Shepard. Handke's novel The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick was adapted for Wenders's second feature film, The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty . Handke co-wrote the script for Wings of Desire and Until the end of the World , both featuring Solveig Dommartin.

Wenders with Carrie Fisher in 1978 Carrie Fisher and Wim Wenders.jpg
Wenders with Carrie Fisher in 1978

Wenders has directed several highly acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban musicians, and The Soul of a Man (2003), on American blues. He has also directed a documentary style film on the Skladanowsky brothers, known in English as A Trick of the Light. [5] The Skladanowsky brothers were inventing 'moving pictures' when several others like the Lumière brothers and William Friese-Greene were doing the same. Alongside Buena Vista Social Club his documentaries on Pina Bausch, Pina , and Sebastiao Salgado, The Salt of the Earth also received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.

Wenders has also directed many music videos for groups such as U2 and Talking Heads, including "Stay (Faraway, So Close!)" and "Sax and Violins".[ citation needed ] His television commercials include a UK advertisement for Carling Premier Canadian beer.[ citation needed ]

Wim Wenders at Cannes in 2002 Wim Wenders(cannesPhotocall)-.jpg
Wim Wenders at Cannes in 2002

Wenders's book Emotion Pictures, a collection of diary essays written as a film student, was adapted and broadcast as a series of plays on BBC Radio 3, featuring Peter Capaldi as Wenders, with Gina McKee, Saskia Reeves, Dennis Hopper, Harry Dean Stanton and Ricky Tomlinson, dramatised by Neil Cargill.

In 2015, Wenders collaborated with artist/journalist and longtime friend Melinda Camber Porter on a documentary feature about his body of work, Wim Wenders – Visions on Film, when Porter died. The film remains incomplete. [6]

Wenders is a member of the advisory board of World Cinema Foundation. The project was founded by Martin Scorsese and aims to find and reconstruct world cinema films that have been neglected. As of 2015 he served as a Jury Member for the digital studio Filmaka, a platform for undiscovered filmmakers to show their work to industry professionals. [7]

Wim Wenders in 2008 Wim wenders.jpg
Wim Wenders in 2008

In 2011, he was selected to stage the 2013 cycle of Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival. [8] [9] The project fell through when he insisted on filming in 3-D, which the Wagner family found too costly and disruptive. [10]

In 2012, while promoting his 3-D dance film, Pina , Wenders told the Documentary channel Blog in December 2011 that he had begun work on a new 3-D documentary about architecture. [11] He also said he would only work in 3-D from then on. [12] Wenders had admired the dance choreographer Pina Bausch since 1985, but only with the advent of digital 3-D cinema did he decide that he could sufficiently capture her work on screen. [13]

In June 2017, Wenders stage-directed Georges Bizet's opera Les Pêcheurs de perles , starring Olga Peretyatko and Francesco Demuro and conducted by Daniel Barenboim at the Berlin State Opera (Staatsoper).

In a 2018 interview, Wenders said his favorite movie of all time was his film about Pope Francis, and that his entire career had been building up to it. His admiration for Francis is profound; he said he felt the Pope is doing his best in a difficult time, in a world full of calamities. He also said that, though raised Catholic, he had converted to Protestantism years earlier. [14]

Photography

Wenders has worked with photographic images of desolate landscapes and themes of memory, time, loss, nostalgia and movement. [1] [2] He began his long-running project "Pictures from the Surface of the Earth" in the early 1980s and pursued it for 20 years. The initial photographic series was titled "Written in the West" and was produced while Wenders criss-crossed the American West in preparation for his film Paris, Texas (1984). [4] It became the starting point for a nomadic journey across the globe, including Germany, Australia, Cuba, Israel and Japan, to take photographs capturing the essence of a moment, place or space. [15]

Selected exhibitions

1986–1992

1989–1994

1993–1995

1995

1996

2000

2000–2004

2003

2004

Wim Wenders in 2005 Wendersinterview.JPG
Wim Wenders in 2005

2004–2005

2005

2006

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

"The Space Between the Characters Can Carry the Load", Collection Ivo Wessel, Weserburg Museum for modern Art, Bremen, DE

Legacy and honors

Wenders has received many awards, including the Golden Lion for The State of Things at the Venice Film Festival (1982); the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival for his movie Paris, Texas ; and Best Direction for Wings of Desire in the 1987 Bavarian Film Awards [19] and the 1987 Cannes Film Festival. He won the Bavarian Film Awards for Best Director for Faraway, So Close! in 1993. [19] In 2004, he received the Master of Cinema Award of the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg. He was awarded the Leopard of Honour at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2005. In 2012, his dance film Pina was nominated for the Best Documentary Feature of the 84th Academy Awards. [20] Wenders also received a nomination for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Documentary Screenplay for the film. [21]

He has been awarded honorary doctorates by the Sorbonne in Paris in 1989, the University of Fribourg (Switzerland) in 1995 and the Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium in 2005.

The Wim Wenders Foundation was established in Düsseldorf in 2012. The foundation provides a framework to bring together his cinematic, photographic, artistic and literary works in his native country and to make it permanently accessible to the public. [22]

Wenders was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2015. [23] In 2016, Wenders received the Großer Kulturpreis of the Sparkassen Culture-Foundation Rhineland, one of the highest-endowed cultural honorings in Germany, with previous winners such as photographer legend Hilla Becher, sculptor Tony Cragg, musician Wolfgang Niedecken and director Sönke Wortmann. In 2017, Wenders received the Douglas Sirk Award at the Hamburg Film Festival. [24]

Personal life

Wenders lives and works in Berlin with his wife, Donata. [4] He has lived in Berlin since the mid-1970s. [25] He is an ecumenical Christian; as a teenager he wished to become a Catholic priest. [26]

Filmography

YearEnglish titleGerman titleNotes
1970 Summer in the City First full-length feature film (Dedicated to The Kinks)
1972 The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty (UK) or The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (USA) Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter Adaptation of a novel by Peter Handke
1973 The Scarlet Letter Der Scharlachrote BuchstabeAdapted from the novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne
1974 Alice in the Cities Alice in den StädtenFirst part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy
1975 The Wrong Move Falsche BewegungSecond part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy, with Nastassja Kinski
1976 Kings of the Road Im Lauf der ZeitThird part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy
1977 The American Friend Der Amerikanische FreundAdaptation of Patricia Highsmith's novel Ripley's Game
1980 Lightning Over Water Documentary about the last days of Nicholas Ray
1982 Hammett Fictional story about Dashiell Hammett, American writer; based on a novel by Joe Gores
1982 Room 666 Chambre 666Short documentary interviews directors on the future of cinema, including Steven Spielberg, Jean-Luc Godard, and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Filmed at Cannes
1982 Reverse Angle Short film documents Wenders's disputes with Coppola during Hammett
1982 The State of Things Stand der Dinge
1984 Paris, Texas
1984 Docu Drama Documentary
1985 Tokyo-Ga Documentary about Japanese film director Yasujirō Ozu
1987 Wings of Desire Der Himmel über BerlinWritten with Peter Handke. A guardian angel is tempted to prefer human experience over the outsider's immortality.
1989 Notebook on Cities and Clothes Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und StädtenDocumentary about Japanese fashion designer Yohji Yamamoto.
1990 Red Hot + Blue Music video for "Night and Day" performed by U2
1991 Until the End of the World Bis ans Ende der Welt
1992 Arisha, the Bear and the Stone Ring Arisha, der Bär und der steinerne Ring
1993 Faraway, So Close! In weiter Ferne, so nah!Sequel to Wings of Desire
1994 Lisbon Story Partially a sequel to The State of Things
1995 Beyond the Clouds Jenseits der Wolken(with Michelangelo Antonioni)
1995 A Trick of Light Die Gebrüder SkladanowskyAlso known as The Brothers Skladanowsky
1995 Lumière et compagnie Anthology film made in collaboration between forty-one international film directors
1997 The End of Violence Am Ende der Gewalt
1998 Willie Nelson at the Teatro
1999 Buena Vista Social Club Documentary about Cuban musicians; made with Ry Cooder
2000 The Million Dollar Hotel
2000 Un matin partout dans le monde TV Short
2001 Souljacker Part 1 Music Video for "Souljacker Pt 1" by Eels
2002 Ode to Cologne: A Rock 'N' Roll Film Viel passiert – Der BAP-FilmDocumentary about the Cologne rock group BAP
2002 Ten Minutes Older Ten Minutes Older: The TrumpetContributed segment "Twelve Miles to Trona"
2003 Other Side of the Road Short
2003 The Soul of a Man Documentary about Blues musicians, from the doc series Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues
2004 Land of Plenty based on a story by Scott Derrickson, with Michelle Williams and John Diehl
2005 Don't Come Knocking Script by Wenders and Sam Shepard who also played the main character
2007 Invisibles Documentary, contributed segment "Invisible Crimes"
2007 To Each His Own Cinema Contributed segment "War in Peace"
2008 Palermo Shooting dedicated to Ingmar Bergman and Michelangelo Antonioni
2008 8 Contributed segment "Person to Person"
2010 If Buildings Could Talk Short doc about the Rolex Learning Center
2011 Pina Documentary about the late choreographer Pina Bausch, in 3D, premiered Out of Competition at the Berlin Film Festival [27]
2012 Mundo Invisível segment "Ver ou Não Ver"
2014 The Salt of the Earth Das Salz der ErdeDocumentary about photographer Sebastião Salgado
2015 Every Thing Will Be Fine Drama
2016 The Beautiful Days of Aranjuez Die schönen Tage von Aranjuezbased on the play for two persons by Peter Handke, filmed in 3D
2017 Submergence GrenzenlosAdaptation from war journalist JM Ledgard's novel
2018 Pope Francis: A Man of His Word Papst Franziskus – Ein Mann seines WortesDocumentary

Selected bibliography

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Wim Wenders: Places, Strange And Quiet – in pictures | Art and design". The Guardian . Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  2. 1 2 Art Photography. "Wim Wenders: Show, don't tell". The Daily Telegraph . Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  3. Lehrer, Adam. "MoMA Celebrates Auteur Director Wim Wenders With Retrospective" . Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Wim Wenders". polkagalerie.com. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  5. A Trick of the Light on IMDb
  6. http://www.wimwendersfilmfestival.com/#!a-b-o-u-t/cfp1 Archived 22 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Profile Jury". Filmaka.com. 14 August 1945. Archived from the original on 10 July 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  8. "German Information Centre South Asia | Facebook". German-info.com. 8 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  9. Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  10. Archived 3 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  11. Archived 5 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  12. "It's 3D or Bust for 'Pina' Director Wim Wenders – Speakeasy – WSJ". The Wall Street Journal . 23 December 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  13. "Wim Wenders On 'Pina': A Dance Documentary in 3-D". NPR . Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  14. Amanpour, Christiane (host) (23 May 2018). "Amanpour: Joseph Yun and Wim Wenders". Amanpour on PBS. PBS.
  15. Rose, Barbara (1 January 2004). "Wim Wenders: Pictures From the Surface of the Earth". The Brooklyn Rail . Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  16. "Wim Wenders, Pictures from the Surface of the Earth". Multimedia Art Museum, Moscow.
  17. Italiano, FAI – Fondo Ambiente. "Wenders in mostra a Villa Panza con il FAI – Fondo Ambiente Italiano". wimwendersvillapanza.it. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  18. http://www.epal.pt/EPAL/menu/museu-da-água/atividades-e-serviços/exposições-temporárias
  19. 1 2 Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  20. "Nominees for the 84th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  21. Fernandez, Jay A. (19 February 2012). "Writers Guild Awards: Complete Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  22. "The Foundation – Wim Wenders Stiftung". wimwendersstiftung.de. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  23. "Homage 2015 and Honorary Golden Bear for Wim Wenders". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  24. "Awards Ceremony". filmfesthamburg.de.
  25. Michael, Chris (23 September 2014). "Wim Wenders on his Berlin: 'Oh man, has it ever changed!'". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  26. Burger, John (17 May 2018). "Exclusive interview: Wim Wenders discusses the Catholic influences on his film about Pope Francis". Aleteia . Aleteia SAS. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  27. "Berlinale 2011: First Competition Films". Berlinale.de. Retrieved 3 January 2011.