Ernst Wilhelm Wenders
14 August 1945
|Occupation||Filmmaker, director, screenwriter, playwright, author, photographer|
(m. 1968;div. 1974)
(m. 1974;div. 1978)
(m. 1979;div. 1981)
(m. 1981;div. 1982)
(m. after 1993)
|Awards|| Golden Lion |
for The State of Things (1982)
for Paris, Texas (1984)
Cannes Film Festival
Grand Jury Prize
for Faraway, So Close! (1993)
Silver Bear Jury Prize
for The Million Dollar Hotel (2000)
Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders (German: [ˈvɪm ˈvɛndɐs] ; born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker, playwright, author, and photographer. He is a major figure in New German Cinema. Among many honors, he has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature: for Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban music culture; Pina (2011), about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch; and The Salt of the Earth (2014), about Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado.
One of Wenders's earliest honors was a win for the BAFTA Award for Best Direction for his narrative drama Paris, Texas (1984), which also won the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival. Many of his subsequent films have also been recognized at Cannes, including Wings of Desire (1987), for which he won the Best Director Award at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival.
Wenders has been the president of the European Film Academy in Berlin since 1996. Alongside filmmaking, he is an active photographer, emphasizing images of desolate landscapes.He is considered an auteur director.
Wenders was born in Düsseldorf, Germany, into a traditionally Catholic family. His father, Heinrich Wenders, was a surgeon. The Dutch name "Wim" is a shortened version of the baptismal name "Wilhelm". As a boy, Wenders took unaccompanied trips to Amsterdam to visit the Rijksmuseum. He graduated from high school in Oberhausen in the Ruhr area. He then studied medicine at the University of Freiburg (1963–64) and philosophy at the University of Dusseldorf (1964–65), but dropped out and moved to Paris in October 1966 in order to become a painter.Wenders failed his entry test at France's national film school, IDHEC (now La Fémis), and instead became an engraver at Johnny Friedlaender's studio in Montparnasse. During this time Wenders became fascinated with cinema, and saw up to five movies a day at the local movie theater.
Set on making his obsession his life's work, he returned to Germany in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf office of United Artists. That fall, he entered the Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film München (University of Television and Film Munich).Between 1967 and 1970, while at the "HFF", he also worked as a film critic for FilmKritik, the Munich daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung , Twen magazine, and Der Spiegel .
Wenders completed several short films before graduating from the Hochschule with a 16mm black-and-white film, Summer in the City (1970), his feature directorial debut.
Wenders's career began in the late 1960s, the New German Cinema era. Much of the distinctive cinematography in his movies is the result of a long-term collaboration with Dutch cinematographer Robby Müller.Paris, Texas and Wings of Desire were the result of collaborations with avant-garde authors Peter Handke and Sam Shepard. Handke's novel The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick was adapted for Wenders's second feature film, The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty . Handke co-wrote the script for Wings of Desire and Until the end of the World .
Wenders has directed several highly acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban musicians, and The Soul of a Man (2003), on American blues. He also directed a documentary-style film on the Skladanowsky brothers, known in English as A Trick of the Light.The Skladanowsky brothers were inventing "moving pictures" when several others like the Lumière brothers and William Friese-Greene were doing the same. Buena Vista Social Club and his documentaries on Pina Bausch, Pina , and Sebastiao Salgado, The Salt of the Earth , received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
Wenders has also directed many music videos for groups such as U2 and Talking Heads, including "Stay (Faraway, So Close!)" and "Sax and Violins".[ citation needed ] His television commercials include a UK advertisement for Carling Premier Canadian beer.[ citation needed ]
Wenders's book Emotion Pictures, a collection of diary essays written as a film student, was adapted and broadcast as a series of plays on BBC Radio 3, featuring Peter Capaldi as Wenders, with Gina McKee, Saskia Reeves, Dennis Hopper, Harry Dean Stanton and Ricky Tomlinson, dramatised by Neil Cargill.
In 2015, Wenders collaborated with artist/journalist and longtime friend Melinda Camber Porter on a documentary feature about his body of work, Wim Wenders – Visions on Film, when Porter died. The film remains incomplete.
Wenders is a member of the advisory board of World Cinema Foundation. The project was founded by Martin Scorsese and aims to find and reconstruct world cinema films that have been neglected. As of 2015 he served as a Jury Member for the digital studio Filmaka, a platform for undiscovered filmmakers to show their work to industry professionals.
In 2011, Wenders was selected to stage the 2013 cycle of Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival.The project fell through when he insisted on filming in 3-D, which the Wagner family found too costly and disruptive.
In 2012, while promoting his 3-D dance film Pina , Wenders told the Documentary channel Blog that he had begun work on a new 3-D documentary about architecture.He also said he would only work in 3-D from then on. Wenders had admired the dance choreographer Pina Bausch since 1985, but only with the advent of digital 3-D cinema did he decide that he could sufficiently capture her work on screen.
In June 2017, Wenders stage-directed Georges Bizet's opera Les Pêcheurs de perles , starring Olga Peretyatko and Francesco Demuro and conducted by Daniel Barenboim at the Berlin State Opera (Staatsoper).
In a 2018 interview, Wenders said his favorite movie of all time was his film about Pope Francis, and that his entire career had been building up to it. His admiration for Francis is profound; he said he felt Francis is doing his best in a world full of calamities. He also said that, though raised Catholic, he had converted to Protestantism years earlier.
In 2019 Wenders acted as executive producer for his former assistant director Luca Lucchesi's documentary A Black Jesus, which has similar themes to Pope Francis: A Man of His Word. The film explores the role of religion in communal identity and how this can create or dissolve differences in a small Sicilian town during the height of the refugee crisis.Lucchesi noted that Wenders pushed the film to be more symbolic and philosophical, saying that Wenders wanted the film to have a "universal fairy-tale aspect" and to represent "Europe in a nutshell."
Wenders has worked with photographic images of desolate landscapes and themes of memory, time, loss, nostalgia and movement.He began his long-running project "Pictures from the Surface of the Earth" in the early 1980s and pursued it for 20 years. The initial photographic series was titled "Written in the West" and was produced while Wenders criss-crossed the American West in preparation for his film Paris, Texas (1984). It became the starting point for a nomadic journey across the globe, including Germany, Australia, Cuba, Israel and Japan, to take photographs capturing the essence of a moment, place or space.
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"The Space Between the Characters Can Carry the Load", Collection Ivo Wessel, Weserburg Museum for modern Art, Bremen, DE
Wenders has received many awards, including the Golden Lion for The State of Things at the Venice Film Festival (1982); the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival for his movie Paris, Texas ; and Best Direction for Wings of Desire in the 1987 Bavarian Film Awardsand the 1987 Cannes Film Festival. He won the Bavarian Film Awards for Best Director for Faraway, So Close! in 1993. In 2004, he received the Master of Cinema Award of the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg. He was awarded the Leopard of Honour at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2005. In 2012, his dance film Pina was nominated for the Best Documentary Feature of the 84th Academy Awards. Wenders also received a nomination for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Documentary Screenplay for the film.
He has been awarded honorary doctorates by the Sorbonne in Paris in 1989, the University of Fribourg (Switzerland) in 1995 and the Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium in 2005.
The Wim Wenders Foundation was established in Düsseldorf in 2012. The foundation provides a framework to bring together his cinematic, photographic, artistic and literary works in his native country and to make it permanently accessible to the public.
Wenders was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2015.In 2016, Wenders received the Großer Kulturpreis of the Sparkassen Culture-Foundation Rhineland, one of the highest-endowed cultural honorings in Germany, with previous winners such as photographer legend Hilla Becher, sculptor Tony Cragg, musician Wolfgang Niedecken and director Sönke Wortmann. In 2017, Wenders received the Douglas Sirk Award at the Hamburg Film Festival.
Wenders lives and works in Berlin with his wife, Donata.He has lived in Berlin since the mid-1970s. He is an ecumenical Christian; as a teenager he wished to become a Catholic priest.
|Year||English title||German title||Notes|
|1970||Summer in the City||First full-length feature film (Dedicated to The Kinks)|
|1972||The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty (UK) or The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (USA)||Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter||Adaptation of a novel by Peter Handke|
|1973||The Scarlet Letter||Der Scharlachrote Buchstabe||Adapted from the novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne|
|1974||Alice in the Cities||Alice in den Städten||First part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy|
|1975||The Wrong Move||Falsche Bewegung||Second part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy, with Nastassja Kinski|
|1976||Kings of the Road||Im Lauf der Zeit||Third part of Wenders's Road Movie Trilogy|
|1977||The American Friend||Der Amerikanische Freund||Adaptation of Patricia Highsmith's novel Ripley's Game|
|1980||Lightning Over Water||Documentary about the last days of Nicholas Ray|
|1982||Hammett||Fictional story about Dashiell Hammett, American writer; based on a novel by Joe Gores|
|1982||Room 666||Chambre 666||Short documentary interviews directors on the future of cinema, including Steven Spielberg, Jean-Luc Godard, and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Filmed at Cannes|
|1982||Reverse Angle||Short film documents Wenders's disputes with Coppola during Hammett|
|1982||The State of Things||Stand der Dinge|
|1985||Tokyo-Ga||Documentary about Japanese film director Yasujirō Ozu|
|1987||Wings of Desire||Der Himmel über Berlin||Written with Peter Handke. A guardian angel is tempted to prefer human experience over the outsider's immortality.|
|1989||Notebook on Cities and Clothes||Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten||Documentary about Japanese fashion designer Yohji Yamamoto.|
|1990||Red Hot + Blue||Music video for "Night and Day" performed by U2|
|1991||Until the End of the World||Bis ans Ende der Welt|
|1992||Arisha, the Bear and the Stone Ring||Arisha, der Bär und der steinerne Ring|
|1993||Faraway, So Close!||In weiter Ferne, so nah!||Sequel to Wings of Desire|
|1994||Lisbon Story||Partially a sequel to The State of Things|
|1995||Beyond the Clouds||Jenseits der Wolken||(with Michelangelo Antonioni)|
|1995||A Trick of Light||Die Gebrüder Skladanowsky||Also known as The Brothers Skladanowsky|
|1995||Lumière et compagnie||Anthology film made in collaboration between forty-one international film directors|
|1997||The End of Violence||Am Ende der Gewalt|
|1998||Willie Nelson at the Teatro|
|1999||Buena Vista Social Club||Documentary about Cuban musicians; made with Ry Cooder|
|2000||The Million Dollar Hotel|
|2000||Un matin partout dans le monde||TV Short|
|2001||Souljacker Part 1||Music Video for "Souljacker Pt 1" by Eels|
|2002||Ode to Cologne: A Rock 'N' Roll Film||Viel passiert – Der BAP-Film||Documentary about the Cologne rock group BAP|
|2002||Ten Minutes Older||Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet||Contributed segment "Twelve Miles to Trona"|
|2003||Other Side of the Road||Short|
|2003||The Soul of a Man||Documentary about Blues musicians, from the doc series Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues|
|2004||Land of Plenty||based on a story by Scott Derrickson, with Michelle Williams and John Diehl|
|2005||Don't Come Knocking||Script by Wenders and Sam Shepard who also played the main character|
|2007||Invisibles||Documentary, contributed segment "Invisible Crimes"|
|2007||To Each His Own Cinema||Contributed segment "War in Peace"|
|2008||Palermo Shooting||dedicated to Ingmar Bergman and Michelangelo Antonioni|
|2008||8||Contributed segment "Person to Person"|
|2010||If Buildings Could Talk||Short doc about the Rolex Learning Center|
|2011||Pina||Documentary about the late choreographer Pina Bausch, in 3D, premiered Out of Competition at the Berlin Film Festival|
|2012||Mundo Invisível||segment "Ver ou Não Ver"|
|2014||The Salt of the Earth||Das Salz der Erde||Documentary about photographer Sebastião Salgado|
|2015||Every Thing Will Be Fine||Drama|
|2016||The Beautiful Days of Aranjuez||Die schönen Tage von Aranjuez||based on the play for two persons by Peter Handke, filmed in 3D|
|2017||Submergence||Grenzenlos||Adaptation from war journalist JM Ledgard's novel|
|2018||Pope Francis: A Man of His Word||Papst Franziskus – Ein Mann seines Wortes||Documentary|
|2021||United States vs. Reality Winner||Executive producer|
Peter Handke is a novelist, playwright, translator, poet, film director, and screenwriter from Austria. Handke was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2019. The decision to award Handke a Nobel Prize was denounced internationally by a variety of public and academic intellectuals, writers, and journalists, who cited his support of the late Slobodan Milošević and Bosnian genocide denial.
Wings of Desire is a 1987 romantic fantasy film directed by Wim Wenders. The film is about invisible, immortal angels who populate Berlin and listen to the thoughts of its human inhabitants, comforting the distressed. Even though the city is densely populated, many of the people are isolated or estranged from their loved ones. One of the angels, played by Bruno Ganz, falls in love with a beautiful, lonely trapeze artist, played by Solveig Dommartin. The angel chooses to become mortal so that he can experience human sensory pleasures, ranging from enjoying food to touching a loved one, and so that he can discover human love with the trapeze artist.
Paris, Texas is a 1984 road movie directed by Wim Wenders and starring Harry Dean Stanton, Dean Stockwell, Nastassja Kinski, and Hunter Carson. The screenplay was written by L. M. Kit Carson and playwright Sam Shepard, while the musical score was composed by Ry Cooder. The film was a co-production between companies in France and West Germany, and was shot in the United States by Robby Müller.
Robert Michael Mapplethorpe was an American photographer, best known for his black-and-white photographs. His work featured an array of subjects, including celebrity portraits, male and female nudes, self-portraits, and still-life images. His most controversial works documented and examined the gay male BDSM subculture of New York City in the late 1960s and early 1970s. A 1989 exhibition of Mapplethorpe's work, titled Robert Mapplethorpe: The Perfect Moment, sparked a debate in the United States concerning both use of public funds for "obscene" artwork and the Constitutional limits of free speech in the United States.
Henri Langlois was a French film archivist and cinephile. A pioneer of film preservation, Langlois was an influential figure in the history of cinema. His film screenings in Paris in the 1950s are often credited with providing the ideas that led to the development of the auteur theory.
Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado Júnior is a Brazilian social documentary photographer and photojournalist.
Robby Müller, NSC, BVK, was a Dutch cinematographer. Known for his use of natural light and minimalist imagery, Müller first gained recognition for his contributions to West German cinema through his acclaimed collaborations with Wim Wenders.
Peter Lindbergh was a German fashion photographer and film director.
Rüdiger Vogler is a German film and stage actor.
Alice in the Cities is a 1974 German road movie directed by Wim Wenders. It is the first part of Wenders' "Road Movie trilogy", which also includes The Wrong Move (1975) and Kings of the Road (1976). The film is shot in black and white by Robby Müller with several long scenes without dialogue. The film's theme foreshadows Wenders' later film Paris, Texas.
The Wrong Move is a 1975 German road movie directed by Wim Wenders. This was the second part of Wenders' "Road Movie trilogy" which included Alice in the Cities (1974) and Kings of the Road (1976).
The Road Movie trilogy is a series of three road movies directed by German film director Wim Wenders in the mid-1970s: Alice in the Cities (1974), The Wrong Move (1975), and Kings of the Road (1976). All three films were shot by cinematographer Robby Müller and mostly take place in West Germany. The centerpiece of the trilogy, The Wrong Move, was shot in colour whereas Alice in the Cities was in black and white 16 mm, and Kings of the Road was in black and white 35 mm film.
James Crump is an American film director, writer, producer, art historian and curator. His films include Black White + Gray: A Portrait of Sam Wagstaff and Robert Mapplethorpe; Troublemakers: The Story of Land Art; and Antonio Lopez 1970: Sex Fashion & Disco.
Mathilde Bonnefoy is a French film editor and director who was nominated for an ACE Eddie Award for the editing of the film Run Lola Run (1998) and who won the award for editing the documentary Citizenfour (2014). She and her husband Dirk Wilutzky additionally served as producers of Citizenfour with its director Laura Poitras, and the three received the 2014 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
Jun Miyake is a Japanese composer. His music was used in the film Pina, nominated for the Academy Awards for Best Documentary Feature in January 2012. He has also been awarded by the German critic’s award - Der Preis der deutschen Schallplattenkritik - as Best Album of the Year for his last 3 albums “Stolen from Strangers”, “Lost Memory Theatre act-1”, and “Lost Memory Theatre act-2”. He is not to be confused by the Jazz saxophone player of the same name active in New York.
Pina is a 2011 German 3D documentary film about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch. It was directed by Wim Wenders. The film premiered out of competition at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival.
Gian-Piero Ringel is a German producer.
Helene Louvart is a French cinematographer. She graduated in 1985 from the prestigious École nationale supérieure Louis-Lumière in Paris. She is a member of French Society of Cinematographers (AFC), the French equivalent of American Society of Cinematographers. She has worked with many French and international directors, such as Wim Wenders, Agnès Varda, Claire Denis, Christophe Honoré, Jacques Doillon, Nicolas Klotz, Sandrine Veysset, Marc Recha, Alice Rohrwacher, and Léos Carax.
Kino Flo is a manufacturer of professional LED-based lighting equipment for cinema and television and production. Located in Burbank, California, Kino Flo is best known for developing proprietary LEDs based on a color science technology that ensures color quality for lighting both close-ups and on large studio spaces. In 1995 Kino Flo earned a technical achievement award from the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences for developing cool, tube-based arrays with color-correct tungsten and daylight balanced light that "changed the way motion picture movies are made," according to the academy.
Richard Reitinger is a German screenwriter. He is known for co-writing the 1987 film Wings of Desire with Peter Handke and director Wim Wenders. As Handke submitted writings for the project, Reitinger assisted Wenders in scripting scenes around Handke's contributions. Reitinger later reunited with Wenders to write the Wings of Desire sequel Faraway, So Close! with Ulrich Ziegler, with Reitinger and Ziegler responsible for the bulk of the screenplay. Faraway, So Close! went on to win the Grand Prix at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival.
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