Wenders at the Berlinale 2017
Ernst Wilhelm Wenders
14 August 1945
|Occupation||Filmmaker, director, screenwriter, playwright, author, photographer|
(m. 1968;div. 1974)
(m. 1974;div. 1978)
(m. 1979;div. 1981)
(m. 1981;div. 1982)
|Awards|| Golden Lion |
for The State of Things (1982)
for Paris, Texas (1984)
Cannes Film Festival
Grand Jury Prize
for Faraway, So Close! (1993)
Silver Bear Jury Prize
for The Million Dollar Hotel (2000)
Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders (German: [vɪm vɛndɐs] ; born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker, playwright, author, and photographer. He is a major figure in New German Cinema. Among many honors, he has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature: for Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban music culture; Pina (2011), about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch; and The Salt of the Earth (2014), about Brazilian photographer Sebastião Salgado.
A playwright or dramatist is a person who writes plays. One such person is William Shakespeare, who lived during both the Tudor and Stuart eras of British history.
An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is also considered a writer. More broadly defined, an author is "the person who originated or gave existence to anything" and whose authorship determines responsibility for what was created.
A photographer is a person who makes photographs.
One of Wenders' earliest honors was a win for the BAFTA Award for Best Direction for his narrative drama Paris, Texas (1984), which also won the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival. Many of his subsequent films have also been recognized at Cannes, including Wings of Desire (1987), for which Wenders won the Best Director Award at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival.
The BAFTA Award for Best Direction is a British Academy Film Award presented annually by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA). John Schlesinger, Roman Polanski, Woody Allen, Alan Parker, Louis Malle, Joel Coen, Peter Weir, Ang Lee, and Alfonso Cuarón tie for the most wins in this category, with two each. Martin Scorsese holds the record for most nominations, with nine.
Paris, Texas is a 1984 road movie directed by Wim Wenders and starring Harry Dean Stanton, Dean Stockwell, Nastassja Kinski, and Hunter Carson. The screenplay was written by L. M. Kit Carson and playwright Sam Shepard, while the distinctive musical score was composed by Ry Cooder. The film was a co-production between companies in France and West Germany, and was shot in the United States by Robby Müller.
The Palme d'Or is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the festival's organizing committee. Previously, from 1939 to 1954, the highest prize at the festival was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film. In 1964, The Palme d'Or was replaced again by the Grand Prix, before being reintroduced in 1975.
Wenders has been the president of the European Film Academy in Berlin since 1996. Alongside filmmaking, he is an active photographer, emphasizing images of desolate landscapes.He is considered to be an auteur director.
The European Film Academy (EFA) is an initiative of a group of European filmmakers who came together in Berlin on the occasion of the first presentation of the European Film Awards in November 1988.
An auteur is an artist, usually a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work; in other words, a person equivalent to an author of a novel or a play. The term commonly refers to filmmakers or directors with a recognizable style or thematic preoccupation.
Wenders was born in Düsseldorf into a traditionally Catholic family. His father, Heinrich Wenders, was a surgeon. The use of the Dutch name "Wim" is a shortened version of the baptismal name "Wilhelm". As a boy, he took unaccompanied trips to Amsterdam to visit the Rijksmuseum. He graduated from high school in Oberhausen in the Ruhr area. He then studied medicine (1963–64) and philosophy (1964–65) in Freiburg and Düsseldorf. However, he dropped out of university studies and moved to Paris in October 1966 to become a painter. Wenders failed his entry test at France's national film school IDHEC (now La Fémis), and instead became an engraver in the studio of Johnny Friedlander, in Montparnasse. During this time, Wenders became fascinated with cinema, and saw up to five movies a day at the local movie theater.
Düsseldorf is the capital and second-largest city of the most populous German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia after Cologne, as well as the seventh-largest city in Germany, with a population of 617,280. At the confluence of the Rhine and its tributary Düssel, the city lies in the centre of both the Rhine-Ruhr and the Rhineland Metropolitan Regions with the Cologne Bonn Region to its south and the Ruhr to its north. Most of the city lies on the right bank of the Rhine. The city is the largest in the German Low Franconian dialect area. "Dorf" meaning "village" in German, the "-dorf" suffix is unusual in the German-speaking area for a settlement of Düsseldorf's size.
The Rijksmuseum is a Dutch national museum dedicated to arts and history in Amsterdam. The museum is located at the Museum Square in the borough Amsterdam South, close to the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and the Concertgebouw.
Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen. The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
Set on making his obsession also his life's work, Wenders returned to Germany in 1967 to work in the Düsseldorf office of United Artists. That fall, he entered the "Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film München" (University of Television and Film Munich). Between 1967 and 1970 while at the "HFF", Wenders also worked as a film critic for FilmKritik, then the Munich daily newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung , Twen magazine, and Der Spiegel .
United Artists Corporation (UA), currently doing business as United Artists Digital Studios, is an American film and television entertainment studio. Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, the studio was premised on allowing actors to control their own interests, rather than being dependent upon commercial studios. UA was repeatedly bought, sold, and restructured over the ensuing century. The current United Artists company exists as a successor to the original; as a distributor of films across MGM and third-party titles and as a provider of digital content, in addition to handling most of its post-1952 in-house library and other content it has since acquired. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer acquired the studio in 1981 for a reported $350 million.
The University of Television and Film Munich is a publicly funded film school in Munich, Germany. The school was established in 1966 by decree of the Bavarian government. The University of Television and Film Munich is one of Germany's most reputable film schools with about 350 students enrolled. The school has celebrated its 50th anniversary in July 2017.
The Süddeutsche Zeitung[ˈzyːtˌdɔʏtʃə ˈtsaɪtʊŋ], published in Munich, Bavaria, is one of the largest daily newspapers in Germany.
Wenders completed several short films before graduating from the Hochschule with a feature-length 16mm black-and-white film, Summer in the City .
Summer in the City is the first full-length feature film by director Wim Wenders, released in 1970 and starring Hanns Zischler.
Wenders began his career during the New German Cinema era of the late 1960s, making his feature directorial debut with Summer in the City (1970). Much of the distinctive cinematography in his movies is the result of a highly productive long-term collaboration with Dutch cinematographer Robby Müller. Some of his more successful and critically acclaimed movies— Paris, Texas and Wings of Desire , for example—have been the result of fruitful collaborations with avant-garde authors Peter Handke and Sam Shepard. Handke's novel, The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick was adapted for Wenders' second feature film, The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty. Handke co-wrote the script for Wings of Desire and Until the End of the World , both featuring Solveig Dommartin.
Wenders has directed several highly acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club (1999), about Cuban musicians, and The Soul of a Man (2003), on American blues. He has also directed a documentary style film on the Skladanowsky brothers, known in English as A Trick of the Light.The Skladanowsky brothers were inventing 'moving pictures' when several others like the Lumière brothers and William Friese-Greene were doing the same. Alongside Buena Vista Social Club his documentaries on Pina Bausch, Pina , and Sebastiao Salgado, The Salt of the Earth also received nominations for the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature.
He has also directed many music videos for groups such as U2 and Talking Heads, including "Stay (Faraway, So Close!)" and "Sax and Violins". His television commercials include a UK advertisement for Carling Premier Canadian beer.
Wenders' book, Emotion Pictures, a collection of diary essays written while a film student, was adapted and broadcast as a series of plays on BBC Radio 3, featuring Peter Capaldi as Wenders, with Gina McKee, Saskia Reeves, Dennis Hopper, Harry Dean Stanton and Ricky Tomlinson, dramatised by Neil Cargill.
Wenders was collaborating with artist/journalist and longtime friend Melinda Camber Porter on a documentary feature about his body of work, Wim Wenders - Visions on Film, when Porter died – the film remains incomplete.
Wenders is a member of the advisory board of World Cinema Foundation. The project was founded by Martin Scorsese and aimed at finding and reconstructing world cinema films that have been long neglected. He serves as a Jury Member for the digital studio Filmaka, a platform for undiscovered filmmakers to show their work to industry professionals.
In 2011 he was selected to stage the 2013 cycle of Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen at the Bayreuth Festival,a reflection of his capacity to produce imaginative tributes to great works of art. The project fell through when he insisted on filming in 3-D, which the Wagner family found too costly and disruptive.
While promoting his 3-D dance film, Pina , Wenders told the Documentary channel Blog in December 2011 that he has already begun work on a new 3-D documentary, this one about architecture.He also has said that he will only be working in the 3-D film format from now on. Wenders admired the dance choreographer Pina Bausch since 1985, but only with the advent of digital 3-D cinema did he decide that he could sufficiently capture her work on screen.
He will stage director debut for Georges Bizet's opera Les Pêcheurs de perles starring Olga Peretyatko, Francesco Demuro, conducted by Daniel Barenboim at Berlin State Opera in June 2017 (Staatsoper).
In an interview with Christiane Amanpour in May 2018, Wim indicated that his favorite movie of all time, was his movie about Pope Francis, that his entire career had been building up to it. His admiration for the Pope is profound, as he feels that the Pope is doing his best, in a difficult time, in a world full of calamities. When questioned by Amanpour, he indicated that he was born a Catholic but had converted to the Protestant faith, years ago.
Alongside filmmaking, Wim Wenders works with the medium of photography and his poignant images of desolate landscapes engage themes including memory, time, loss, nostalgia and movement.Wenders' long-running artistic project, "Pictures from the Surface of the Earth", began in the early 1980s and was subsequently pursued by the artist for the next twenty years. The initial photographic series in this body of work was titled "Written in the West" which Wenders produced when criss-crossing through the American West in preparation for his film Paris, Texas (1984). This became the starting point for the artist's nomadic journey across the globe, travelling through countries including Germany, Australia, Cuba, Israel and Japan to take photographs which capture the essence of a moment, place or space.
Wenders has already received many awards, including the Golden Lion for The State of Things at the Venice Film Festival (1982); the Palme d'Or at the 1984 Cannes Film Festival for his movie Paris, Texas ; and Best Direction for Wings of Desire in the 1987 Bavarian Film Awardsand the 1987 Cannes Film Festival. In 1993 he won the Bavarian Film Awards for Best Director for Faraway, So Close! . In 2004, he received the Master of Cinema Award of the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg. He was awarded the Leopard of Honour at the Locarno International Film Festival in 2005. In 2012, his dance film Pina was nominated for the Best Documentary Feature of the 84th Academy Awards. Wenders also received a nomination for the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Documentary Screenplay for the film.
He has been awarded honorary doctorates at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1989, at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland) in 1995 and at the Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium in 2005.
In 2012 the Wim Wenders Foundation was created in Düsseldorf creating a framework to bring together the cinematic, photographic, artistic and literary lifework of Wim Wenders in his native country and to make it permanently accessible to the general public worldwide.
He was presented with the Honorary Golden Bear at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival in February 2015.In 2016, Wenders received the Großer Kulturpreis of the Sparkassen Culture-Foundation Rhineland, one of the highest endowed cultural honorings in Germany, with previous winners such as photographer legend Hilla Becher, sculptor Tony Cragg, musician Wolfgang Niedecken and director Sönke Wortmann. In 2017, Wenders received the Douglas Sirk Award at the Hamburg Film Festival.
|Year||English title||German title||Notes|
|1970||Summer in the City||First full-length feature film (Dedicated to The Kinks)|
|1972||The Goalkeeper's Fear of the Penalty (UK) or The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (USA)||Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter||Adaptation of a novel by Peter Handke|
|1973||The Scarlet Letter||Der Scharlachrote Buchstabe||Adapted from the novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne|
|1974||Alice in the Cities||Alice in den Städten||First part of Wenders' Road Movie Trilogy|
|1975||The Wrong Move||Falsche Bewegung||Second part of Wenders' Road Movie Trilogy, with Nastassja Kinski|
|1976||Kings of the Road||Im Lauf der Zeit||Third part of Wenders' Road Movie Trilogy|
|1977||The American Friend||Der Amerikanische Freund||Adaptation of Patricia Highsmith's novel Ripley's Game|
|1980||Lightning Over Water||Documentary about the last days of Nicholas Ray|
|1982||Hammett||Fictional story about Dashiell Hammett, American writer; based on a novel by Joe Gores|
|1982||Room 666||Chambre 666||Short documentary interviews directors on the future of cinema, including Steven Spielberg, Jean-Luc Godard, and Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Filmed at Cannes|
|1982||Reverse Angle||Short film documents Wenders' disputes with Coppola during Hammett|
|1982||The State of Things||Stand der Dinge|
|1985||Tokyo-Ga||Documentary about Japanese film director Yasujirō Ozu|
|1987||Wings of Desire||Der Himmel über Berlin||Written with Peter Handke. A guardian angel is tempted to prefer human experience over the outsider's immortality.|
|1989||Notebook on Cities and Clothes||Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten||Documentary about Japanese fashion designer Yohji Yamamoto.|
|1990||Red Hot + Blue||Music video for "Night and Day" performed by U2|
|1991||Until the End of the World||Bis ans Ende der Welt|
|1992||Arisha, the Bear and the Stone Ring||Arisha, der Bär und der steinerne Ring|
|1993||Faraway, So Close!||In weiter Ferne, so nah!||Sequel to Wings of Desire|
|1994||Lisbon Story||Partially a sequel to The State of Things|
|1995||Beyond the Clouds||Jenseits der Wolken||(with Michelangelo Antonioni)|
|1995||A Trick of Light||Die Gebrüder Skladanowsky||Also known as The Brothers Skladanowsky|
|1995||Lumière et compagnie||Anthology film made in collaboration between forty-one international film directors|
|1997||The End of Violence||Am Ende der Gewalt|
|1998||Willie Nelson at the Teatro|
|1999||Buena Vista Social Club||Documentary about Cuban musicians; made with Ry Cooder|
|2000||The Million Dollar Hotel|
|2000||Un matin partout dans le monde||TV Short|
|2001||Souljacker Part 1||Music Video for "Souljacker Pt 1" by Eels|
|2002||Ode to Cologne: A Rock 'N' Roll Film||Viel passiert - Der BAP-Film||Documentary about the Cologne rock group BAP|
|2002||Ten Minutes Older||Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet||Contributed segment "Twelve Miles to Trona"|
|2003||Other Side of the Road||Short|
|2003||The Soul of a Man||Documentary about Blues musicians, from the doc series Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues|
|2004||Land of Plenty||based on a story by Scott Derrickson, with Michelle Williams and John Diehl|
|2005||Don't Come Knocking||Script by Wenders and Sam Shepard who also played the main character|
|2007||Invisibles||Documentary, contributed segment "Invisible Crimes"|
|2007||To Each His Own Cinema||Contributed segment "War in Peace"|
|2008||Palermo Shooting||dedicated to Ingmar Bergman und Michelangelo Antonioni|
|2008||8||Contributed segment "Person to Person"|
|2010||If Buildings Could Talk||Short doc about the Rolex Learning Center|
|2011||Pina||Documentary about the late choregrapher Pina Bausch, in 3D, premiered Out of Competition at the Berlin Film Festival|
|2012||Mundo Invisível||segment "Ver ou Não Ver"|
|2014||The Salt of the Earth||Das Salz der Erde||Documentary about photographer Sebastião Salgado|
|2015||Every Thing Will Be Fine||Drama|
|2016||The Beautiful Days of Aranjuez||Die schönen Tage von Aranjuez||based on the play for two persons by Peter Handke, filmed in 3D|
|2017||Submergence||Grenzenlos||Adaptation from war journalist JM Ledgard's novel|
|2018||Pope Francis: A Man of His Word||Papst Franziskus – Ein Mann seines Wortes||Documentary|
Peter Handke is an Austrian novelist, playwright and translator.
Wings of Desire is a 1987 romantic fantasy film directed by Wim Wenders. The film is about invisible, immortal angels who populate Berlin and listen to the thoughts of its human inhabitants, comforting the distressed. Even though the city is densely populated, many of the people are isolated or estranged from their loved ones. One of the angels, played by Bruno Ganz, falls in love with a beautiful, lonely trapeze artist, played by Solveig Dommartin. The angel chooses to become mortal so that he can experience human sensory pleasures, ranging from enjoying food to touching a loved one, and so that he can discover human love with the trapeze artist.
Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado Júnior is a Brazilian social documentary photographer and photojournalist.
Nicholas David Gordon "Nick" Knight OBE is a British fashion photographer and founder and director of SHOWstudio.com. He is an honorary professor at University of the Arts London and was awarded an honorary Ph.D. by the same university. He has produced books of his work including retrospectives Nicknight (1994) and Nick Knight (2009). In 2016, Knight's 1992 campaign photograph for fashion brand Jil Sander was sold by Phillips auction house at the record-breaking price of HKD 2,360,000.
John Smith is an award winning avant garde filmmaker noted for his use of humour in exploring various themes that often play upon the film spectator's conditioned assumptions of the medium.
Peter Lindbergh is a German photographer and film director. Lindbergh is known for his cinematic images.
Guy Bourdin, was a French artist and fashion photographer known for his provocative images. From 1955, Bourdin worked mostly with Vogue as well as other publications including Harper's Bazaar. He shot ad campaigns for Chanel, Charles Jourdan, Pentax and Bloomingdale's.
Pierre Bismuth is a French artist and filmmaker based in Brussels. His practice can be placed in the tradition of conceptual art and appropriation art. His work uses a variety of media and materials, including painting, sculpture, collage, video, architecture, performance, music, and film. He is best known for being among the authors of the story for Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 2005 alongside Michel Gondry and Charlie Kaufman. Bismuth made his directorial debut with the 2016 feature film Where is Rocky II?.
Daniel Richter is a German artist based in Berlin and Hamburg.
Alice in the Cities is a 1974 German road movie directed by Wim Wenders. It is the first part of Wenders' "Road Movie trilogy", also which includes The Wrong Move (1975) and Kings of the Road (1976). The film is shot in black and white by Robby Müller with several long scenes without dialogue. The film's theme foreshadows Wenders' later film Paris, Texas.
The Wrong Move is a 1975 German road movie directed by Wim Wenders. This was the second part of Wenders' "Road Movie trilogy" which included Alice in the Cities (1974) and Kings of the Road (1976).
Anri Sala is an Albanian contemporary artist whose primary medium is video.
Leiko Ikemura is a Japanese-Swiss painter and sculptor.
Jean "Johnny" Pigozzi is an art collector, photographer, fashion designer and heir to the Simca automobile brand. He is based out of Paris, Antibes, London, New York, Geneva, and Panama.
Pina is a 2011 German 3D documentary film about the contemporary dance choreographer Pina Bausch. It was directed by Wim Wenders. The film premiered out of competition at the 61st Berlin International Film Festival.
Gian-Piero Ringel is a German producer.
Helene Louvart is a French cinematographer. She graduated in 1985 from the prestigious Louis-Lumiere Collège in Paris. She is a member of The French Society of Cinematographers (AFC), the French equivalent of American Society of Cinematographers. She has worked with many French and international directors, such as Wim Wenders, Agnès Varda, Claire Denis, Christophe Honoré, Jacques Doillon, Nicolas Klotz, Sandrine Veysset, Marc Recha, Alice Rohrwacher, and Léos Carax.
Thomas Rusch is a German photographer living in Berlin, Hamburg and Paris.
Kim Prisu, a pseudonym for Joaquim António Gonçalves Borregana, is a Portuguese painter. After 34 years in France, he once more lives in Portugal. His work combines Figuration Libre, French street art of the 1980s, digital imaging and Art singulier.
Richard Reitinger is a German screenwriter. He is known for co-writing the 1987 film Wings of Desire with Peter Handke and director Wim Wenders. As Handke submitted writings for the project, Reitinger assisted Wenders in scripting scenes around Handke's contributions. Reitinger later reunited with Wenders to write the Wings of Desire sequel Faraway, So Close! with Ulrich Ziegler, with Reitinger and Ziegler responsible for the bulk of the screenplay. Faraway, So Close! went on to win the Grand Prix at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival.
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