Wingecarribee Shire

Last updated

Wingecarribee Shire
New South Wales
Wingecarribee LGA NSW.png
Location in NSW
Coordinates 34°28′S150°25′E / 34.467°S 150.417°E / -34.467; 150.417 Coordinates: 34°28′S150°25′E / 34.467°S 150.417°E / -34.467; 150.417
Population
 • Density17.807/km2 (46.119/sq mi)
Established1 January 1981 (1981-01-01)
Area2,689 km2 (1,038.2 sq mi)
MayorDuncan Gair [3]
Council seat Moss Vale [4]
Region Southern Highlands, Capital Country
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
WingecarribeeLOGO.jpg
Website Wingecarribee Shire
LGAs around Wingecarribee Shire:
Upper Lachlan Wollondilly Wollongong
Goulburn Wingecarribee Shire Shellharbour
Goulburn Shoalhaven Kiama
Shoalhaven

Wingecarribee Shire is the local government area of the Southern Highlands in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Wingecarribee Shire is around 110 kilometres (70 mi) southwest of the Sydney central business district and is part of regional Capital Country and to some extent can be considered part of the Southern Tablelands.

Contents

Wingecarribee Shire covers an area of 2,700 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) that is typically referred to as the Southern Highlands. Wingecarribee Shire is an important catchment area for water supply to Sydney, Wollongong and the Northern Shoalhaven.

The Mayor of Wingecarribee Shire is Cr. Duncan Gair. [3] The Council seat and Chambers is based in Moss Vale. However, the centre of commerce of the Shire is based in Bowral.

The Shire came into existence on 1 January 1981 as an amalgamation of the three previous local government areas that made up the Southern Highlands; Mittagong Shire Council (previously Nattai Shire Council), Bowral Municipality Council and the former Wingecarribee Shire (based in Moss Vale). [5]

In 2012, the Wingecarribee Shire Council won a landmark class action against Lehman Brothers Australia in the Federal Court after it was found that Lehman Brothers failed to give sound financial advice to the Wingecarribee Shire and other councils through exposure to high-risk investments known as collateralised debt obligations. Wingecarribee Council suffered A$1.5 million of losses on its investments. The Federal Court found that the Council was entitled to an initial award of A$9 million. In 2016 Council announced they had recovered $9.5 million of the $11 million in total losses, recovering 85.6% of all losses. Council's total legal costs of $724,894 were also recovered. [6] [7] [8] [9]

Major towns and villages

The major towns in the Shire are Mittagong, Bowral, Moss Vale, Robertson and Bundanoon.

Villages include: Alpine , Aylmerton , Avoca , Balaclava, Balmoral Village, Belanglo , Berrima , Braemar , Bullio, Burradoo , Burrawang , Canyonleigh, Colo Vale , East Kangaloon , Exeter, Fitzroy Falls , Glenquarry , High Range, Hill Top , Joadja , Kangaloon , Manchester Square, Mandemar , Medway , Meryla , Mount Murray, New Berrima , Paddys River , Penrose , Sutton Forest, Wattle Ridge , Welby , Werai , Wildes Meadow, Willow Vale, Wingello , Woodlands and Yerrinbool.

Etymology

The current shire retains the name of the former Wingecarribee Shire because the Wingecarribee River is one of the most significant geographical features that is found in all the three previous local government areas that made up the Highlands prior to amalgamation. [5]

The word Wingecarribee is from the Dharawal language (an Indigenous Australian language) which loosely translates into "a flight of birds", or "waters to rest beside". Moreover, the term "Wingecarribee" was used as the name of the area by the first settlers of the area, the Oxley Family (See, History of Bowral ) and Governor Macquarie in 1816 recorded it as "Winge Karribee". In 1838, the contemporary spelling was adapted by Surveyor Mitchell. [5]

Geology and geography

The Shire is crossed by the Hume Highway and the Southern Highlands railway line.

The pattern of development is one of small towns and villages. The eastern parts of the Shire are bounded by the Illawarra escarpment and Morton National Park, with some remnant rainforest and heathland. The north of the Shire is characterised by rugged eucalypt bushland, with gullies, gorges and sandy soils. This area forms part of the catchment for Sydney's water supply and two major storage dams (Avon and Nepean Dams) are in this area. The dams cannot be accessed by any roads within the Wingecarribee Shire but by roads leading off south-east of the Wollondilly Shire. The Wollondilly and Wingecarribee Rivers flow through the west of the Shire, through deep sandstone valleys and much of this area forms part of the catchment for Warragamba Dam. The south of the Shire is bounded by Uringalla Creek and is a sandstone plateaux dissected by deep gorges.

Wingecarribee Swamp is home to the remaining population of the endangered Giant dragonfly and Wingecarribee Leek Orchid. [10]

Demographics

Population

At the 2016 census, the Wingecarribee Shire had an estimated population of 47,882 [1] and has grown from 40,636 at the 2001 census, [11] a growth rate 1.1% per annum.

The population density is 17.8 person/km2. The Shire is relatively homogenous with an Australian-born population making up 77.1% of the population. Indigenous Australians make up 2.0% of the population. 88.4% of the population speak English at home. [1]

Workforce

The Shire's workforce is at a current estimate of 18,919 residents, around 40% of Shire's entire population. [12] The Shire's workforce are 14.7% managers, 19.3% professionals, 16.2% technicians and trades workers, 9.2% community and personal service workers, 12.5% clerical and administrative workers, 9.5% sales workers, 6.3 machinery operators and drivers, and 10.7% labourers. [13] At the 2006 census, [12] the average median income for the workforce of the Shire was $43,052. The workforce are primarily employed in four main industries: 16% in retail trading, 12% in manufacturing, 11% in health and community services, and 9% in construction. [14] The workforce predominately works within the Shire, with 77% of the workforce working within the Shire. Moreover, 3% travel to nearby Wollongong for employment and 20% work in Sydney. [14] Educationally, 40% of residents of the Shire are qualified with post High School certification in which 11% hold a University Degree and 28% qualified with a Diploma or Certificate. [14]

At the 2006 census [15] the Shire had an unemployment rate of 4.3%.

Housing and residential

Separate and detached housing make up the majority of the housing in the Shire at 90.7%. The rest is semi-detached/townhouse at 5.9% and apartments and units at 1.8%. [1]

Council

General Map of the Wingecarribee Shire & Southern Highlands. SOUTHERNHIGHLANDS.png
General Map of the Wingecarribee Shire & Southern Highlands.

Current composition and election method

Wingecarribee Shire is composed of nine Councillors elected proportionally. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council is as follows: [16]

The current makeup of the council is as follows: [16] [17]

PartyCouncillors
  Independents 7
  Labor 1
Total8

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is: [16] [17]

CouncillorPartyNotes
 Duncan Gair Independent Mayor
 Graham McLaughlin Labor
 Grahame AndrewsIndependentDeputy Mayor
 Larry WhipperIndependent
 Garry TurlandIndependent
 Ken HalsteadIndependent
 Ian ScandrettIndependent
 Peter NelsonIndependent
 Gordon Markwart Greens Resigned 4 August 2020

Past Mayors

In 1981, the first Shire President was David Wood and the Shire Clerk was Harold Jopling. [5] Duncan Gair Gordon Lewis 2004 Dr Sara Murray 2012 Philip Yeo Juliet Arkwright

Local media

Fortnightly free local newspaper, LatteLife Wingecarribee Local radio station, 102.9FM 2ST Tri-weekly paid newspaper, Southern Highland News

Local attractions

Related Research Articles

Southern Highlands (New South Wales) Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Southern Highlands, also locally referred to as the Highlands, is a geographical region and district in New South Wales, Australia and is 110 km south-west of Sydney. The entire region is under the local government area of the Wingecarribee Shire. The region is also considered a wine region.

Bundanoon, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Bundanoon is a town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. At the 2016 census, Bundanoon had a population of 2,729. It is an Aboriginal name meaning "place of deep gullies" and was formerly known as Jordan's Crossing. Bundanoon is colloquially known as Bundy/Bundi.

Division of Throsby Former Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Throsby was an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division was named after Charles Throsby, a prominent pioneer and explorer in the early nineteenth century of the areas to the south of Sydney.

Bowral Town in New South Wales, Australia

Bowral is the largest town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, about ninety minutes southwest of Sydney. It is the main business and entertainment precinct of the Wingecarribee Shire and Highlands. At the 2016 census, the population of the Bowral area was 12,949.

Berrima, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Berrima is a historic village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The village, once a major town, is located on the Old Hume Highway between Canberra and Sydney. It was previously known officially as the Town of Berrima. It is close to the three major towns of the Southern Highlands; Mittagong, Bowral and Moss Vale.

Mittagong Town in New South Wales, Australia

Mittagong is a town located in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The town acts as the gateway to the Southern Highlands when coming from Sydney. Mittagong is situated at an elevation of 635 metres (2,083 ft). The town is close to Bowral, Berrima, Moss Vale and the Northern Villages such as Yerrinbool and Colo Vale. Moreover, Mittagong is home to many wineries of the Southern Highlands which has been a recent growing wine and cellar door region.

Moss Vale, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Moss Vale is a town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in the Wingecarribee Shire. At the 2016 census, it has a population of 8,579 and is sited on the Illawarra Highway, which connects to Wollongong and the Illawarra coast via Macquarie Pass.

Mittagong railway station

Mittagong railway station is a heritage-listed railway station on the Main South line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Mittagong in the Southern Highlands. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Bowral railway station

Bowral railway station is located on the Main South line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Bowral opening on 1 March 1867.

Willow Vale, New South Wales (Wingecarribee) Town in New South Wales, Australia

Willow Vale is a Northern Village of the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. It is located 1 km north of Mittagong and is often considered part of Braemar along with its neighbour Balaclava. At the 2016 census, Willow Vale had a population of 717.

Burradoo, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Burradoo is a suburb of Bowral, in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. At the 2016 census, Burradoo had a population of 2,645 people.

Yerrinbool, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Yerrinbool is a Northern Village of the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in the Wingecarribee Shire, and is accessible from the Hume Highway and is about a 12 km (7.5 mi) drive from nearby Mittagong. It is 7 km (4.3 mi) to Hill Top as the crow flies, accessible by foot via a fire trail. It is on the western edge of the Upper Nepean Nature Reserve, a vast area of forest, lakes and dams between Yerrinbool and the coastal communities around Wollongong. Yerrinbool was previously officially known as the Town of Yerrinbool. It is located on the historic Old Hume Highway. At the 2016 census, Yerrinbool had a population of 1,164.

Balaclava, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Balaclava is a Northern Village of the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia in Wingecarribee Shire. It is 1 km north-east of Mittagong. The village includes a service station, real estate, pre-school, nursery, doctor's surgery and antiques store. It is located in Wingecarribee Shire and is often considered part of Braemar along with its neighbour Willow Vale. At the 2016 census, Balaclava had a population of 496.

Colo Vale, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Colo Vale is a Northern Village of the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. Colo Vale is approximately 100 km south west on the Hume Highway from Sydney. It is situated 2 km north-west of Aylmerton, 5 km from the Hume Highway and 12 km drive to Mittagong. At the 2016 census, Colo Vale had a population of 1,618. The surrounding area is part of the Parish of Colo which includes the villages of Aylmerton, Willow Vale, Alpine and Yerrinbool. Colo Vale has a mixed-business general store and many home-based businesses, including hairdressers, small manufacturing businesses and a large native plant nursery and a Public School on Wattle Street. A large sporting oval is located adjacent to the school with tennis courts, a community hall and a Rural Fire Service station.

Avoca, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Avoca is a small town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire.

Bowral is a town in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia. It has a history spanning nearly 200 years.

Bowral and District Hospital is an acute care public hospital servicing the Southern Highlands region in New South Wales, Australia. The hospital is centrally located in the town of Bowral and is the only hospital operated outside the Sydney metropolitan area by the South Western Sydney Local Health District.

White Horse Inn, Berrima

White Horse Inn is a heritage-listed former residence, inn, bank and restaurant at Market Street, Berrima, Wingecarribee Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1834 to 1850 by Edward Davies. It is also known as Commercial Bank of Australia, Rosebank, Oldbury's Inn, Holsberry Inn, Mail Coach Inn, and Royal Mail Coach Inn. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Chalybeate Spring, Mittagong

The Chalybeate Spring at Mittagong, New South Wales was a perennial, carbonated, chalybeate (iron-rich) mineral spring

Mittagong Shire was a local government area in the Southern Highlands region of New South Wales, Australia.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wingecarribee (A)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 July 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. 1 2 "Larry Whipper new Wingecarribee Mayor". Wingecarribee Shire Council. Australia. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  4. "Wingecarribee Shire". Division of Local Government . Retrieved 27 November 2006.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "History Prior to 1981" (PDF). Wingecarribee Shire History. Wingecarribee Shire Council. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  6. Johnston, Eric (22 September 2012). "Councils owed millions after Lehman Brothers 'bet', court finds". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  7. O'Brien, Justin (24 September 2012). "Explaining Lehman's devastation Down Under". Business Spectator. Australia. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  8. Hoerr, Karl (21 September 2012). "Lehman Brothers clients win compensation" (transcript). Lateline. Australia: ABC TV. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  9. "COUNCIL RECOVERS $9.5 MILLION IN CDO INVESTMENTS". Media Centre Wingecarribee Shire Council. Wingecarribee Shire Council. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  10. http://www.threatenedspecies.environment.nsw.gov.au/tsprofile/profile.aspx?id=10669&print=yes
  11. Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Wingecarribee (A)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  12. 1 2 "Population". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  13. "Employment types". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  14. 1 2 3 http://www.southernhighlandsbusiness.com.au/shbc_region.cfm
  15. "Unemployment rate". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  16. 1 2 3 "Wingecarribee Shire: Summary of First Preference and Group Votes for each Candidate". Local Government Elections 2016. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 19 September 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
  17. 1 2 "Mayor announces Councillor Markwart's resignation | Wingecarribee Shire Council Media Centre". media.wsc.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 22 February 2021.