Winslow, Arizona

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Winslow
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Navajo County Arizona Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Winslow Highlighted 0483930.svg
Location of Winslow in Navajo County, Arizona.
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Winslow
Location in the United States
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Winslow
Winslow (the United States)
Coordinates: 35°1′43″N110°42′3″W / 35.02861°N 110.70083°W / 35.02861; -110.70083 Coordinates: 35°1′43″N110°42′3″W / 35.02861°N 110.70083°W / 35.02861; -110.70083
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona
County Navajo
Incorporated 1900
Government
  MayorThomas L. McCauley
Area
[1]
  Total12.33 sq mi (31.93 km2)
  Land12.28 sq mi (31.79 km2)
  Water0.05 sq mi (0.14 km2)
Elevation
4,850 ft (1,478 m)
Population
  Total9,655
  Estimate 
(2016) [3]
9,754
  Density794.62/sq mi (306.80/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
ZIP code
86047
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-83930
Website City of Winslow

Winslow (Navajo : Béésh Sinil) is a city in Navajo County, Arizona, in the United States. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 9,655. [2] It is approximately 75 miles (121 km) SE of Flagstaff, 320 miles (510 km) W of Albuquerque, New Mexico, and 329 miles (529 km) SE of Las Vegas.

Navajo language Athabaskan language of Na-Dené stock spoken in the southwestern United States

Navajo or Navaho is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America. Navajo is spoken primarily in the Southwestern United States, especially on the Navajo Nation. It is one of the most widely spoken Native American languages and is the most widely spoken north of the Mexico–United States border, with almost 170,000 Americans speaking Navajo at home as of 2011. The language has struggled to keep a healthy speaker base, although this problem has been alleviated to some extent by extensive education programs on the Navajo Nation.

Navajo County, Arizona County in the United States

Navajo County is located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 107,449. The county seat is Holbrook.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Contents

History

Winslow was named for either Edward F. Winslow, president of St. Louis and San Francisco Rail Road, which owned half of the old Atlantic and Pacific Railroad, or Tom Winslow, a prospector who lived in the area. [4]

Atlantic and Pacific Railroad

The Atlantic and Pacific Railroad was a U.S. railroad that owned or operated two disjointed segments, one connecting St. Louis, Missouri with Tulsa, Oklahoma, and the other connecting Albuquerque, New Mexico with Southern California. It was incorporated by the U.S. Congress in 1866 as a transcontinental railroad connecting Springfield, Missouri and Van Buren, Arkansas with California. The central portion was never constructed, and the two halves later became parts of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway and Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway systems, now both merged into the BNSF Railway.

The last Harvey House (La Posada Hotel), designed by Mary Colter, opened in 1930. The hotel closed in 1957 and was used by the Santa Fe Railway for offices. The railroad abandoned La Posada in 1994 and announced plans to tear it down. It was bought and restored by Allan Affeldt [5] and it serves as a hotel. [6]

Fred Harvey Company restaurant chain

The Fred Harvey Company was the owner of the Harvey House chain of restaurants, hotels, and other hospitality industry businesses alongside railroads in the western United States. It was founded in 1876 by Fred Harvey to cater to the growing number of train passengers. When Harvey died in 1901, his family inherited 45 restaurants and 20 dining cars in 12 states. By 1968, when it was sold to Amfac, Inc., the Fred Harvey Company turned into the sixth largest food retailer in the United States. It left behind a lasting legacy of good food, dedication to customers, decent treatment of employees, and preservation of local traditions.

Mary Colter architect and designer from America

Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter was an American architect and designer. She was one of the very few female American architects in her day. She was the designer of many landmark buildings and spaces for the Fred Harvey Company and the Santa Fe Railroad, notably in Grand Canyon National Park. Her work had enormous influence as she helped to create a style, blending Spanish Colonial Revival and Mission Revival architecture with Native American motifs and Rustic elements, that became popular throughout the Southwest. Colter was a perfectionist, who spent a lifetime advocating and defending her aesthetic vision in a largely male-dominated field.

La Posada Historic District

The La Posada Historic District at 200 E. Second St. in Winslow, Arizona, dates from 1930. It was listed as an 11-acre (4.5 ha) historic district in 1992.

U.S. Route 66 was originally routed through the city. A contract to build Interstate 40 as a bypass north of Winslow was awarded at the end of 1977. I-40 replaced U.S. Route 66 in Arizona in its entirety.

U.S. Route 66 Former US Highway between Chicago and Los Angeles

U.S. Route 66 or U.S. Highway 66, also known as the Will Rogers Highway, the Main Street of America or the Mother Road, was one of the original highways in the U.S. Highway System. US 66 was established on November 11, 1926, with road signs erected the following year. The highway, which became one of the most famous roads in the United States, originally ran from Chicago, Illinois, through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona before ending in Santa Monica in Los Angeles County, California, covering a total of 2,448 miles (3,940 km). It was recognized in popular culture by both the hit song "(Get Your Kicks on) Route 66" and the Route 66 television show in the 1960s. In John Steinbeck's classic American novel, The Grapes of Wrath (1939), the road, "Highway 66", was turned into a powerful symbol of escape and loss.

Interstate 40 (I-40) is an east–west Interstate Highway that has a 359.11-mile (577.93 km) section in the U.S. state of Arizona, connecting sections in California and New Mexico. The section throughout Arizona is also known as the Purple Heart Trail. It enters Arizona from the west at a crossing of the Colorado River southwest of Kingman. It travels eastward across the northern portion of the state connecting the cities of Kingman, Ash Fork, Williams, Flagstaff, Winslow, and Holbrook. I-40 continues into New Mexico, heading to Albuquerque. The highway has major junctions with U.S. Route 93 — the main highway connecting Phoenix and Las Vegas, Nevada — in Kingman and again approximately 22 miles (35 km) to the east, and Interstate 17 — the freeway linking Phoenix to northern Arizona — in Flagstaff.

U.S. Route 66 in Arizona former highway in Arizona

U.S. Route 66 covered 401 miles (645 km) as part of a former United States Numbered Highway in the state of Arizona. The highway ran from west to east, starting in Needles, California, through Kingman and Seligman to the New Mexico state line as part of the historic US 66 from Santa Monica, California, to Chicago, Illinois. The highway was decommissioned in 1985, although portions remain as State Route 66 (SR 66).

Winslow achieved national fame in 1972 in the Eagles / Jackson Browne song “Take it Easy” which has the line “standing on a corner in Winslow, Arizona."

Eagles (band) American country rock band

The Eagles are an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1971. The founding members were Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon and Randy Meisner. With five number-one singles, six Grammy Awards, five American Music Awards, and six number-one albums, the Eagles were one of the most successful musical acts of the 1970s. At the end of the 20th century, two of their albums, Their Greatest Hits (1971–1975) and Hotel California, were ranked among the 20 best-selling albums in the United States according to the Recording Industry Association of America. By 2006, both albums were among the top three best-selling albums in the United States. Hotel California is ranked 37th in Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" and the band was ranked number 75 on the magazine's 2004 list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.

Jackson Browne American singer-songwriter

Clyde Jackson Browne is an American singer-songwriter and musician who has sold over 18 million albums in the United States. Coming to prominence in the 1970s, Browne has written and recorded songs such as "These Days", "The Pretender", "Running on Empty", "Lawyers in Love", "Doctor My Eyes", "Take It Easy", "For a Rocker", and "Somebody's Baby". In 2004, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, and given an honorary doctorate of music by Occidental College in Los Angeles, California. In 2015, Rolling Stone ranked him as 37th in its list of the "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time".

Standin on the Corner Park public park in Winslow, Arizona

Standin' on the Corner Park is a public park in Winslow, Arizona, opened in 1999, commemorating the song "Take It Easy" which was written by Jackson Browne and Glenn Frey and most famously recorded by the Eagles. The song includes the verse "Well, I'm a standing on a corner in Winslow, Arizona and such a fine sight to see. It's a girl, my Lord, in a flatbed Ford slowin' down to take a look at me." The park contains a two-story trompe-l'œil mural by John Pugh, and a bronze statue by Ron Adamson of a life-sized man who is standing on a corner with a guitar by his side. The park is surrounded by a wall of bricks, with windows to peer into; each brick has a donor's name on it, and a story by each of the donors describing their fondness for Winslow, Arizona.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 363
1900 1,305259.5%
1910 2,38182.5%
1920 3,73056.7%
1930 3,9175.0%
1940 4,57716.8%
1950 6,51842.4%
1960 8,86236.0%
1970 8,066−9.0%
1980 7,921−1.8%
1990 8,1903.4%
2000 9,52016.2%
2010 9,6551.4%
Est. 20169,754 [3] 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 9,520 people, 2,754 households, and 1,991 families residing in the city. The population density was 773.1 people per square mile (298.6/km²). There were 3,198 housing units at an average density of 259.7 per square mile (100.3/km²). The city's racial makeup was 40.8% White, 5.18% Black or African American, 23.47% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 13.49% from other races, and 4.18% from two or more races. 28.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Census Acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include agriculture, business, and traffic censuses. The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations also cover census topics to be collected, official definitions, classifications and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

There were 2,754 households, of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 122.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 134.6 males.

The city's median household income was $29,741, and the median family income was $35,825. Males had a median income of $28,365 versus $20,698 for females. The city's per capita income was $12,340. About 17.5% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.

Geography and climate

Winslow is at 35°1′43″N110°42′3″W / 35.02861°N 110.70083°W / 35.02861; -110.70083 (35.028482, −110.700782). [9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 12.3 square miles (32 km2), all land. It is approximately 75 miles SE of Flagstaff, 320 miles W of Albuquerque, New Mexico, and 329 miles SE of Las Vegas.

Winslow experiences a dry, temperate arid climate (Köppen BWk), with a wide diurnal temperature variation year-round, averaging 32.7 °F (18.2 °C). Winters are cool and dry, while summers are hot, and bringing the largest portion of the annual precipitation, which is 6.97 inches (177 mm); snowfall averages 6.2 inches (16 cm) per season.

Climate data for Winslow, Arizona (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)75
(24)
78
(26)
85
(29)
92
(33)
101
(38)
107
(42)
109
(43)
104
(40)
99
(37)
93
(34)
82
(28)
74
(23)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C)49.5
(9.7)
55.8
(13.2)
63.6
(17.6)
71.8
(22.1)
81.7
(27.6)
91.6
(33.1)
94.5
(34.7)
91.2
(32.9)
85.2
(29.6)
73.4
(23.0)
60.4
(15.8)
48.6
(9.2)
72.3
(22.4)
Average low °F (°C)20.8
(−6.2)
24.8
(−4.0)
30.4
(−0.9)
36.7
(2.6)
45.4
(7.4)
53.8
(12.1)
61.9
(16.6)
60.8
(16.0)
52.3
(11.3)
39.3
(4.1)
27.9
(−2.3)
20.6
(−6.3)
39.6
(4.2)
Record low °F (°C)−18
(−28)
−9
(−23)
−2
(−19)
14
(−10)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
42
(6)
41
(5)
29
(−2)
13
(−11)
−9
(−23)
−12
(−24)
−18
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.52
(13)
0.46
(12)
0.53
(13)
0.26
(6.6)
0.32
(8.1)
0.18
(4.6)
1.03
(26)
1.19
(30)
0.88
(22)
0.53
(13)
0.51
(13)
0.56
(14)
6.97
(175.3)
Average snowfall inches (cm)1.4
(3.6)
1.3
(3.3)
1.1
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
1.9
(4.8)
6.2
(15.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)4.64.65.02.92.81.96.28.65.13.43.44.553
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch)1.51.10.90.20000000.61.65.9
Source: NOAA (extremes 1915–present) [10]
Birds-eye view of Winslow (looking East), 1890 "Birds Eye View of Winslow, looking East." Atlantic and Pacific Railway cars on converging tracks in the foreground... - NARA - 516374.jpg
Birds-eye view of Winslow (looking East), 1890

Education

Winslow Police and Court Complex Winslow Police & Court Complex.jpg
Winslow Police and Court Complex

Winslow is served by the Winslow Unified School District.

The city has three public elementary schools: Bonnie Brennan Elementary School, Jefferson Elementary School, and Washington Elementary School. Winslow Junior High School and Winslow High School serve the city. Winslow also hosts the Little Colorado Campus of Northland Pioneer College.

Transportation

Diesel freight locomotive which has just come out of the Santa Fe roundhouse at Winslow, 1943. Photo by Jack Delano. ATSF 115 DL 1943.jpg
Diesel freight locomotive which has just come out of the Santa Fe roundhouse at Winslow, 1943. Photo by Jack Delano.

Winslow is served by Winslow-Lindbergh Regional Airport (IATA: INW, ICAO: KINW). Originally constructed by Transcontinental Air Transport, there is no commercial airline service here. The Winslow airport was designed by Charles Lindbergh, who stayed in Winslow during its construction. When it was built, it was the only all-weather airport between Albuquerque, New Mexico and Los Angeles, California.

The city is on BNSF Railway's Southern Transcon route which runs between Los Angeles and Chicago, Illinois. It is also a crew change point for BNSF Railway. The city also has twice-daily Amtrak service at Winslow (Amtrak station) (one train eastbound and one westbound).

Interstate 40 runs just north of Winslow; the town is on the historic U.S. Route 66 in Arizona.

Main sights

La Posada Hotel, Winslow La Posada AZ.jpg
La Posada Hotel, Winslow

The historic La Posada hotel has been beautifully restored. It is home to acres of flower and vegetable gardens, the museum of painter Tina Mion, and the Turquoise Room, a world class restaurant and martini bar.

The nearby Meteor Crater, sometimes known as the Barringer Crater and formerly as the Canyon Diablo crater, is a famous impact crater.

Standin' On The Corner Park is a park featuring murals depicting the famous "Girl my Lord in a flatbed Ford". Winslow also has an annual Standin' On The Corner street festival, traditionally held the last week of September.

The Painted Desert and Petrified Forest are about 60 miles (97 km) east of Winslow. The Little Painted Desert is 18 miles (29 km) north of Winslow.

Meteor Crater is a meteorite impact crater and museum approximately 18 miles (29 km) west of Winslow.

Historical events

In the era of steam locomotives, Winslow was an important stop on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway for adding water and fuel to trains. Passengers could disembark and have enough time to have a meal during the extended stop. During the 1920s many celebrities chose to come west to Hollywood and when they stopped in Winslow a parade took place. The local newspaper often documented these special events.

Winslow was also home to a roundhouse and maintenance depot for the Sante Fe. When the station at Barstow, California was given the engineering responsibility for newer diesel locomotives, Winslow began its slow decline. Company brass moved out, as did other employees needed for maintenance and repairs.

In 1949 when the Shah of Iran came to America and toured some sights, he chose to come to the Grand Canyon. His plane landed at the Winslow airport and the entourage took land transport to get to the canyon. [11]

In the 1970s, Winslow was chosen as the site of one of ten Decision Information Distribution System radio stations, designed to alert the public of an enemy attack. The system was never implemented and the station was never built.

9-11 Remembrance Gardens

Winslow is home to the 9-11 Remembrance Gardens, a memorial honoring those who lost their lives during the September 11 attacks. The memorial was constructed using two beams recovered from the wreckage of the World Trade Center towers in New York City.

The 9-11 Memorial in Winslow is a result of the efforts of Bill Herron and Councilwoman Dee Rodríguez, along with a committee, planning for a remembrance. There was news of beams from the Trade Center towers' wreckage being given away and the persons in charge of the wreckage were contacted and agreed to give Winslow beams of 14 and 16 foot length.

Walmart supplied the transportation to Winslow. A large number of citizens donated time and money to the erection of the memorial, which was in place and celebrated on the first anniversary of the event, September 11, 2002. The memorial is at the corner of Transcon Lane and old Route 66 near the Flying J Truck Stop.

Winslow Post Office with zip code 86047. Winslow Post Office.jpg
Winslow Post Office with zip code 86047.

Winslow was referenced in the popular 1972 song "Take It Easy" written by Jackson Browne and Glenn Frey and performed by the Eagles. [12] [13] The city had suffered a loss of commerce when U.S. Route 66 was supplanted by Interstate 40, [14] but the popularity of the song led to renewed attention for Winslow and a commercial renaissance [15] .[ citation needed ]

The Crew video game featured Winslow as a location, [16] as did its sequel The Crew 2. However, it is incorrectly called Winston, Arizona. It may have been confused with the name of a small town called Winston, New Mexico.

Media

Radio

Television

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  3. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. Jeff Scott (2002-08-07). "History and information about Winslow, Arizona". Jeff.scott.tripod.com. Retrieved 2011-12-26.
  5. "La Posada: Masterpiece Saved From The Wrecking Ball". Payson Roundup. 2015-09-18. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
  6. Weiser, Kathy (March 2010). "Winslow, Arizona - Frozen in Time". Legends of America. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2013-07-19.
  11. "Shah Arizona Schedule Set: Entourage To Arrive At Winslow Tuesday". Arizona Republic. November 27, 1949. p. 1.
  12. "Standin' on the Corner Park". RoadsideAmerica.com. Doug Kirby, Ken Smith, Mike Wilkins. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  13. "Mention the name Winslow, Arizona". Standin' on the Corner Park. Standing On The Corner Park Foundation. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  14. "Park History". Standin' on the Corner Park. Standing On The Corner Park Foundation. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  15. "Renaissance Commercial -". Renaissance Commercial. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  16. "Cities And Towns - The Crew - Guide". IGN. 2017-12-18. Retrieved 2018-06-25.