Witold Jakóbczyk (Polish pronunciation: [ˈvitɔlt jaˈkupt͡ʂɨk] ; 15 January 1909 in Sosnowiec – 3 October 1986 in Poznań) was a Polish historian and professor at Poznań University, specializing in the history of Greater Poland in the 19th century.
Przemysł II, was the Duke of Poznań from 1257–1279, of Greater Poland from 1279–1296, of Kraków from 1290–1291, and Gdańsk Pomerania (Pomerelia) from 1294–1296, and then King of Poland from 1295 until his death. After a long period of Polish high dukes and two nominal kings, he was the first to obtain the hereditary title of king, and thus to return Poland to the rank of kingdom. A member of the Greater Poland branch of the House of Piast as the only son of Duke Przemysł I and the Silesian princess Elisabeth, he was born posthumously; for this reason he was brought up at the court of his uncle Bolesław the Pious and received his own district to rule, the Duchy of Poznań in 1273. Six years later, after the death of his uncle, he also obtained the Duchy of Kalisz.
The Grand Duchy of Posen was part of the Kingdom of Prussia, created from territories annexed by Prussia after the Partitions of Poland, and formally established following the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. Per agreements derived at the Congress of Vienna it was to have some autonomy. However, in reality it was subordinated to Prussia and the proclaimed rights for Polish subjects were not fully implemented. The name was unofficially used afterward for denoting the territory, especially by Poles, and today is used by modern historians to refer to different political entities until 1918. Its capital was Posen. The Grand Duchy was formally replaced by the Province of Posen in the Prussian constitution of December 5, 1848.
Prince Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł was a Polish and Prussian noble, aristocrat, musician and politician. Initially a hereditary Duke of Nieśwież and Ołyka, as a scion of the Radziwiłł family he also held the honorific title of a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1815 and 1831 he acted as Duke-Governor of the Grand Duchy of Posen, an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia created out of Greater Polish lands annexed in the Partitions of Poland.
Karol Libelt was a Polish philosopher, writer, political and social activist, social worker and liberal, nationalist politician, and president of the Poznań Society of Friends of Learning.
Karol Marcinkowski was a Polish physician, social activist in the Greater Poland region, supporter of the basic education programmes, organizer of the Scientific Help Society and the Poznań Bazar - the Polish mall in Poznań that included a hotel, meeting rooms, crafts and shops.
Tytus Adam Działyński was a Polish political activist and protector of arts and a Prussian politician.
Franciszek Dobrowolski was a Polish theatre director, editor of Dziennik Poznański.
Czesław Czypicki (1855-1926) was a Polish lawyer from Kożmin, activist for the singers societies. His father was a forester. After graduating from a Junior High School in Braniewo, he studied law in Wroclaw. He did his internship in a court in Jastrowie, and then settled in Koźmin Wielkopolski.
Kazimierz Jarochowski (1828–1888) was a Polish historian, publicist of the Dziennik Poznański, co-founder of PTPN.
Władysław Marcinkowski was a Polish sculptor who created a monument of Adam Mickiewicz in Milosław.
Władysław Niegolewski was a Polish liberal politician and member of Prussian House of Representatives, insurgent in Greater Poland Uprising 1846, Greater Poland Uprising 1848 and January Uprising 1863, cofounder of Central Economic Society (CTG) in 1861 and People's Libraries Society (TCL) in 1880.
Leon Wegner was a Polish economist and historian, co-founder of Poznań Society of Friends of Arts and Sciences.
Florian Stablewski was a Polish priest and politician, archbishop of Poznań and Gniezno, and member of the Prussian parliament.
Walenty Stefański was a Polish bookseller, publisher, political activist and co-founder of the Polish League. He supported autonomy for Greater Poland during the Greater Poland Uprising of 1848 against Kingdom of Prussia, and was a member of the Polish National Committee (1848).
Karol Rzepecki was a Polish bookseller, social and political activist, editor of Sokół (Falcon) magazine.
Count Edward Raczyński, of the Nałęcz coat-of-arms was a Polish conservative politician, protector of arts, founder of the Raczyński Library in Poznań.
Henryk Zieliński was a Polish historian and professor at the University of Wrocław.
Kaliszanie or Kalisz Opposition was a semi-formal political group opposed to the conservative authorities of the Kingdom of Poland in the period preceding the outbreak of the November Uprising. The circle was formed around 1820 by brothers Bonawentura and Wincenty Niemojowski, two liberal politicians from the western provinces of Poland. The group was opposed to the government, yet supported only legal means of political struggle. Its main aims were the defence of the autonomy of Congress Poland within the Russian Empire and the Polish Constitution of 1815. They also played a pivotal role in founding of the National Patriotic Society.
Teodor Teofil Matecki was a Polish physician, social activist and member of Poznań Society of Friends of Learning. He died in his home town of Poznań.
Greater Poland, often known by its Polish name Wielkopolska, is a historical region of west-central Poland. Its chief and largest city is Poznań followed by Kalisz, the oldest city in Poland.