Women's 100 metres world record progression

Last updated
Women's 100 metres world record progression as ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations. For greater legibility, times which equal the record in the same calendar year are not shown. Note *: The zero wind measurement is disputed. World record progression 100m women.svg
Women's 100 metres world record progression as ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations. For greater legibility, times which equal the record in the same calendar year are not shown. Note *: The zero wind measurement is disputed.

The first world record in the 100 metres sprint for women was recognised by the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI) in 1922. The FSFI was absorbed by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) in 1936. The current record is 10.49 seconds set by Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988.

Contents

To June 21, 2009, the IAAF (and the FSFI before it) have ratified 43 world records in the event. [1]

Records 1922–1976

ratified
not ratified

The "Time" column indicates the ratified mark; the "Wind" column indicates the wind assistance in metres per second, 2.0 m/s the current maximum allowable, a negative indicates the mark was set running into a wind; the "Auto" column indicates a fully automatic time that was also recorded in the event when hand-timed marks were used for official records, or which was the basis for the official mark, rounded to the 10th or 100th of a second, depending on the rules then in place. A "y" indicates a distance measured in yards and ratified as a world record in this event.

TimeWindAutoAthleteNationalityLocationDate
13.6 Marie Mejzlíková II Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Prague, Czechoslovakia August 5, 1922 [1]
12.8 Mary Lines Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Paris, France August 20, 1922 [1]
12.7
(110y)
Emmi Haux Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Frankfurt, Germany May 21, 1923
12.8 Marie Mejzlíková Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Prague, Czechoslovakia May 13, 1923
12.4 Leni Schmidt Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Leipzig, GermanyAugust 30, 1925
12.2
(110y)
Leni Junker Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Wiesbaden, GermanySeptember 13, 1925
12.4 Gundel Wittmann Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Braunschweig, GermanyAugust 22, 1926 [1]
12.2Leni JunkerFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Hanover, GermanyAugust 29, 1926
12.1
(110y)
Gertrud Gladitsch Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Stuttgart, GermanyJuly 3, 1927
12.2 Kinue Hitomi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Osaka, Japan May 20, 1928 [1]
12.0 Betty Robinson Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chicago, Illinois, United States June 2, 1928
12.0 Myrtle Cook Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Halifax, CanadaJuly 2, 1928 [1]
12.0Leni JunkerFlag of Germany.svg  Germany Magdeburg, GermanyAugust 1, 1931
12.0 Tollien Schuurman Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands August 31, 1930 [1]
11.9Tollien SchuurmanFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Haarlem, NetherlandsJune 5, 1932 [1]
11.9 Stanisława Walasiewicz [2] Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Los Angeles, United States August 1, 1932 [1]
11.9 Hilda Strike Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Los Angeles, United StatesAugust 2, 1932
11.8 Stanisława Walasiewicz [2] Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Poznań, Poland September 17, 1933 [1]
11.9 Käthe Krauß Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany London, England August 11, 1934
11.7 Stanisława Walasiewicz [2] Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Warsaw, Poland August 26, 1934 [1]
11.9 Helen Stephens Flag of the United States.svg  United States Fulton, United StatesApril 10, 1935
11.8Helen StephensFlag of the United States.svg  United States Saint Louis, United StatesJune 1, 1935
11.6Helen StephensFlag of the United States.svg  United States Kansas City, United StatesJune 8, 1935 [1]
11.5Helen StephensFlag of the United States.svg  United States Dresden, GermanyAugust 10, 1936
11.6 Stanisława Walasiewicz [2] Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Berlin, Germany August 1, 1937 [1]
11.5 Lulu Mae Hymes Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tuskegee May 6, 1939
11.5 Rowena Harrison Flag of the United States.svg  United States TuskegeeMay 6, 1939
11.5 Fanny Blankers-Koen Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Amsterdam, NetherlandsSeptember 5, 1943
11.5 Fanny Blankers-Koen Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Amsterdam, NetherlandsJune 13, 1948 [1]
11.51.711.65 Marjorie Jackson Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Helsinki, Finland July 22, 1952
11.41.7Marjorie JacksonFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Gifu, JapanOctober 4, 1952 [1]
11.31.4 Shirley Strickland Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Warsaw, Poland August 4, 1955
11.31.4 Vera Krepkina Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Kyiv, Soviet Union September 13, 1958 [1]
11.30.811.41 Wilma Rudolph Flag of the United States.svg  United States Rome, Italy September 2, 1960 [1]
11.20.7Wilma RudolphFlag of the United States.svg  United States Stuttgart, West Germany July 19, 1961 [1]
11.20.211.23 Wyomia Tyus Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tokyo, JapanOctober 15, 1964 [1]
11.12.0 Ewa Klobukowska Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Prague, Czechoslovakia July 9, 1965 [note 1] [3] :247
11.12.0 Irena Kirszenstein Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Prague, Czechoslovakia July 9, 1965 [1]
11.10.2Wyomia TyusFlag of the United States.svg  United States Kyiv, Soviet UnionJuly 31, 1965 [1]
11.10.3 Barbara Ferrell Flag of the United States.svg  United States Santa Barbara, United StatesJuly 2, 1967 [1]
11.1Wyomia TyusFlag of the United States.svg  United States Mexico City, Mexico April 21, 1968
11.10.0 Lyudmila Samotyosova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Leninakan, Soviet UnionAugust 15, 1968 [1]
11.1 Margaret Bailes Flag of the United States.svg  United States Aurora, Philippines August 18, 1968
11.1Barbara FerrellFlag of the United States.svg  United States Mexico City, MexicoOctober 14, 1968
11.11.811.20 Irena Szewińska Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Mexico City, MexicoOctober 14, 1968 [1]
11.01.211.08
(adjusted)
Wyomia TyusFlag of the United States.svg  United States Mexico City, MexicoOctober 15, 1968 [1]
11.01.911.22 Chi Cheng Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China (Taiwan) Vienna, Austria July 18, 1970 [1]
11.01.9 Renate Meißner Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Berlin, East Germany August 2, 1970 [1]
11.01.7 Renate Stecher (née Meißner) Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Berlin, East Germany July 31, 1971 [1]
11.0−1.5 Renate Stecher (née Meißner) Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Potsdam, East Germany June 3, 1972 [1]
11.01.9 Ellen Strophal Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Potsdam, East GermanyJune 15, 1972 [1]
11.01.4 Eva Glesková Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Budapest, Hungary July 1, 1972 [1]
10.91.9 Renate Stecher (née Meißner) Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Ostrava, Czechoslovakia June 7, 1973 [1]
10.9 Renate Stecher (née Meißner) Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Leipzig, East GermanyJune 30, 1973
10.81.811.07 Renate Stecher (née Meißner) Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Dresden, East Germany July 20, 1973 [1]

Records from 1975

From 1975, the IAAF accepted separate automatically electronically timed records for events up to 400 metres. Starting January 1, 1977, the IAAF required fully automatic timing to the hundredth of a second for these events. [1]

Wyomia Tyus's 1968 Olympic gold medal performance and Renate Stecher's 1972 Olympic championship win, both in 11.07, were the fastest recorded fully electronic 100-metre races to that time and were ratified as world records. However, Tyus's 11.07 was later adjusted to 11.08. [1]

TimeWindAthleteNationalityLocationDate
11.071.2 Wyomia Tyus Flag of the United States.svg  United States Mexico City, MexicoOctober 15, 1968 [1]
11.070.2 Renate Stecher (née Meißner) Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Munich, West GermanySeptember 2, 1972 [1]
11.040.6 Inge Helten Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Fürth, West GermanyJune 13, 1976 [1]
11.010.6 Annegret Richter Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Montreal, CanadaJuly 25, 1976 [1]
10.882.0 Marlies Oelsner Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Dresden, East GermanyJuly 1, 1977 [1]
10.881.9 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Karl-Marx-Stadt, East GermanyJuly 9, 1982 [1]
10.811.7 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Berlin, East GermanyJune 8, 1983 [1]
10.790.6 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States US Air Force Academy, United StatesJuly 3, 1983 [1]
10.761.7Evelyn AshfordFlag of the United States.svg  United States Zürich, Switzerland August 22, 1984 [1]
10.490.0* Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States Indianapolis, United StatesJuly 16, 1988 [1]

*There is controversy over Griffith-Joyner's world record as questions have been raised as to whether the wind actually was ever zero, as indicated by the trackside anemometer. The triple-jump anemometer, some 10 metres away, read 4.3 m/s, more than double the acceptable limit. [4] Despite the controversy, the record was ratified by the IAAF. The second-fastest wind legal time of 10.61 seconds was also run by Griffith-Joyner. [5]

Had this mark been ignored, the progression would have continued as follows:

TimeWindAthleteNationalityLocationDate
10.701.6Florence Griffith-JoynerFlag of the United States.svg  United States Indianapolis, United StatesJuly 17, 1988 [3]
10.611.2Florence Griffith-JoynerFlag of the United States.svg  United States Indianapolis, United StatesJuly 17, 1988 [3]

See also

Notes

  1. Ewa Klobukowska ran 11.1 to set a new world record along with teammate Irena Kirszenstein. But she was disqualified from competition in 1967 owing to a chromosome defect, and her world record was rescinded in 1970.

Related Research Articles

Florence Griffith Joyner American track and field athlete

Florence Delorez Griffith Joyner, also known as Flo-Jo, was an American track and field athlete.

Mens 100 metres world record progression

The first record in the 100 metres for men (athletics) was recognised by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1912.

The world record in the mile run is the best mark set by a male or female runner in the middle-distance track and field event. The IAAF is the official body which oversees the records. Hicham El Guerrouj is the current men's record holder with his time of 3:43.13, while Sifan Hassan has the women's record of 4:12.33. Since 1976, the mile has been the only non-metric distance recognized by the IAAF for record purposes.

100 metres Sprint race

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

200 metres

The 200 metres, or 200-metre dash, is a sprint running event. On an outdoor race 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes predominantly rely on anaerobic energy system during the 200 m sprint. Similarly to other sprint distances, the 200 m begins from the starting blocks. When the sprinters adopt the 'set' position in the blocks they are able to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles. This enables them to stride forwards more powerfully when the race begins and start faster.

The following table shows the world record progression in the men's and women's 800 metres, officially ratified by the IAAF.

1500 metres world record progression

The 1500-metre run became a standard racing distance in Europe in the late 19th century, perhaps as a metric version of the mile, a popular running distance since at least the 1850s in English-speaking countries.

Mens 200 metres world record progression

The following table shows the world record progression in the men's 200 metres, as ratified by the IAAF. The current record of 19.19 seconds was set by Usain Bolt at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics.

The first world record in the 400 m for men (athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1912. The IAAF ratified Charles Reidpath's 48.2 performance set at that year's Stockholm Olympics as a world record, but it also recognized the superior mark over 440 yards run by Maxie Long in 1900 as a world record.

The first World Record in the 200 m for women (athletics) was recognised by the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI) in 1922. The FSFI was absorbed by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1936. However, the IAAF did not maintain a record category for 200 m (bend) as opposed to 200 m (straight) until after 1951. The IAAF eliminated the 200 m (straight) record after 1976. "y" denotes times set at 220 yards which were ratified as world records.

The first world record in the 4 x 100 metres relay for men (athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1912.

The 10-second barrier is the physical and psychological barrier of completing the 100 metres sprint in under ten seconds. The achievement is traditionally regarded as the hallmark of a world-class sprinter. Its significance has become less important since the late 1990s, as an increasing number of runners have surpassed the ten seconds mark. Currently, Florence Griffith-Joyner holds the world record for women at 10.49 since 1988. The 10-second barrier for women is still about half a second away.

The following table shows the world record progression in the Men's 110 metres hurdles.

The first world record in the 400 m for women (athletics) was recognized by the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations, in 1957.

The first world record in the men's 400 metres hurdles was recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1912. That inaugural record was the performance by Charles Bacon at the 1908 Olympics.

The first world record in the women's 4 x 100 metres relay was recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1922. 45 world records have been ratified by the IAAF in the event. The following table shows the world record progression in the women's 4 × 100 metre relay, as ratified by the IAAF. "y" denotes time for 4 × 110 yards (402.34 m), ratified as a record for this event.

The following table shows the world record progression in the women's 100 metres hurdles. The first world record in the event was recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1969. 22 world records have been ratified by the IAAF in the event.

10,000 metres world record progression

The official world records in the 10,000 metres are held by Ugandan Joshua Cheptegei with 26:11.00 for men and Almaz Ayana from Ethiopia with 29:17.45 minutes for women.

200 metres at the Olympics

The 200 metres at the Summer Olympics has been contested since the second edition of the multi-sport event. The men's 200 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1900 and the women's 200 m has been held continuously since its introduction at the 1948 Games. It is the most prestigious 200 m race at elite level. The competition format typically has three or four qualifying rounds leading to a final race between eight athletes.

The first world record in the women's long jump was recognised by the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI) in 1922. The FSFI was absorbed by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1936.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009" (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. pp. Pages 546, 640. Archived from the original (pdf) on June 29, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Later identified as suffering from an inter-sex condition, and possible mosaicism.
  3. 1 2 3 Hymans, Richard; Matrahazi, Imre. "IAAF World Records Progression" (pdf) (2015 ed.). International Association of Athletics Federations. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  4. "ESPN Classics". Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  5. List of all time(iaaf) - 100m women Archived 2016-06-29 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2014-02-03