|Current season, competition or edition:|
|No. of teams||16|
The Women's Hockey World Cup is the field hockey World Cup competition for women, whose format for qualification and the final tournament is similar to the men's. It has been held since 1974. The tournament has been organized by the International Hockey Federation (FIH) since they merged with the International Federation of Women's Hockey Associations (IFWHA) in 1982. Since 1986, it has been held regularly once every four years, in the same year as the men's competition, which is mid-cycle between Summer Olympic games.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family. The game can be played on grass, water turf, artificial turf or synthetic field as well as an indoor board surface. Each team plays with eleven players, including the goalie. Players use sticks made out of wood, carbon fibre, fibre glass or a combination of carbon fibre and fibre glass in different quantities to hit a round, hard, plastic ball. The length of the stick is based on the player's individual height. Only one face of the stick is allowed to be used. Goalies often have a different kind of stick, however they can also use an ordinary field hockey stick. The specific goal-keeping sticks have another curve at the end of the stick, this is to give them more surface area to save the ball. The uniform consists of shin guards, shoes, shorts, a mouth guard and a jersey. Today, the game is played globally, mainly in parts of Western Europe, South Asia, Southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and parts of the United States. Known simply as "hockey" in many territories, the term "field hockey" is used primarily in Canada and the United States where ice hockey is more popular. In Sweden, the term "landhockey" is used and to some degree also in Norway where it is governed by Norway's Bandy Association.
The Fédération Internationale de Hockey, commonly known by the acronym FIH, is the international governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey. Its headquarters are in Lausanne, Switzerland and the president is Narinder Batra. FIH is responsible for field hockey's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup.
Of the fourteen tournaments held so far, only four teams have won the event. Netherlands is by far the most successful team, having won the title eight times. Argentina, Germany and Australia are joint second best teams, having each won the title twice. So far, the Netherlands and Australia are the two champions able to defend their titles. At the end of the 2018 World Cup, fifteen nations had reached the semifinal of the tournament.
The Netherlands' national women's field hockey team is currently number one on the FIH world rankings and the reigning world champion. The Netherlands is the most successful team in World Cup history, having won the title a record eight times. The team has also won eight Olympic medals.
The Argentina women's national field hockey team is governed by the Argentine Hockey Confederation (CAH). The current coach is Carlos Retegui, who was appointed after Agustín Corradini. The team is currently third in the FIH World Rankings since july 2019 after their 4th place at the 2019 FIH Pro League.
The Germany women's national field hockey team has represented the unified Germany since 1991. The team won the gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, by defeating the Netherlands in the final.
The size of the tournament has changed over time. The 1974 and 1978 World Cups featured 10 nations (smallest); the 1976 World Cup featured 11 nations; the 2002 World Cup featured 16 nations (largest), and the remaining seven World Cups have featured 12 nations. The World Cup will expand to 16 teams again in 2018, and the FIH will evaluate the possibility of increasing it to 24 in 2022.
The 2018 tournament was held in London, England from 21 July to 5 August,with Netherlands winning a second consecutive title and a record eighth title after beating Ireland 6–0 in the final.
London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom, with the largest municipal population in the European Union. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.
The Ireland women's national field hockey team is organised by Hockey Ireland and represents both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland in international women's field hockey competitions, including the Women's Hockey World Cup and the Women's EuroHockey Nations Championship. They have previously competed in the Women's Intercontinental Cup, the Women's Hockey Champions Challenge, Women's FIH Hockey World League and the Women's FIH Hockey Series. On 2 March 1896, Ireland played England in the first ever women's international field hockey match. Ireland were finalists and silver medallists at the 2018 Women's Hockey World Cup.
|Year||Host||Final||Third place match|
|Winner||Score||Runner-up||Third place||Score||Fourth place|
after extra time
|West Berlin, West Germany|
|Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
after extra time
|The Hague, Netherlands|
|Team||Titles||Runners-up||Third places||Fourth places|
|8 (1974, 1978, 1983, 1986*, 1990, 2006, 2014*, 2018)||4 (1981, 1998*, 2002, 2010)||1 (1976)|
|2 (2002, 2010*)||3 (1974, 1976, 1994)||3 (1978, 2006, 2014)||1 (1998)|
|2 (1994, 1998)||3 (1990*, 2006, 2014)||1 (1983)||3 (1981, 2002*, 2018)|
|2 (1976*, 1981)||2 (1978, 1986)||2 (1974, 1998)||3 (1983, 1994, 2010)|
|1 (1983)||1 (1986)|
|1 (1978)||1 (1976)|
|1 (1994)||1 (2014)|
|1 (2010)||1 (1990)|
|1 (2018)||1 (2006*)|
|Europe||10 titles, won by the Netherlands (8) and Germany (2)|
|America||2 titles, won by Argentina|
|Oceania||2 titles, won by Australia|
|Asia||Third place (Korea, 1990 and China, 2002)|
|Africa||Seventh place (South Africa, 1998)|
|Part of the Soviet Union||12th||–||16th||–||–||–||–||2|
|Part of the Soviet Union||–||–||14th||–||–||–||–||1|
Argentina, Germany and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at each World Cup; 28 teams have competed in at least one World Cup.
The Hockey Champions Trophy (HCT) was an international field hockey tournament held by the International Hockey Federation (FIH).
The Men's Hockey World Cup is an international field hockey competition organised by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). The tournament was started in 1971. It is held every four years, bridging the four years between the Summer Olympics. Pakistan is the most successful team, having won the tournament four times. The Netherlands and Australia have each won three titles, and Germany has won two titles. Belgium and India have both won the tournament once.
Field hockey, was introduced at the Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The 2006 Women's Hockey World Cup was the 11th edition of the Women's Hockey World Cup field hockey tournament. It was held from 27 September to 8 October 2006 in Madrid, Spain.
The 2002 Women's Hockey World Cup was the 10th edition of the Women's Hockey World Cup field hockey tournament. It was held from 24 November to 8 December 2002 in Perth, Australia.
The Pakistan national field hockey team is administered by the Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF), the governing body for hockey in Pakistan. They have been a member of the International Hockey Federation (FIH) since 1948 and founding member of the Asian Hockey Federation (ASHF) which formed in 1958. Pakistan is the most successful national field hockey team in the Hockey World Cup with four championships: 1971, 1978, 1982 and 1994. Pakistan also has the best overall performance in World Cup history in both proportional and absolute terms with 53 victories in 84 matches played, seven time draws, six appearances in the finals and only 24 losses. Pakistan national team has played in all FIH World Cup editions with only one absence in 2014. The green shirts is also one of the most successful national teams in the Asian Games with eight gold medals: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1990 and 2010, the highest number of times a country has come first, and the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy with three championships: 1978, 1980 and 1994. Pakistan have won a total of 29 official international titles to professional and grassroots level selections, with three gold medals in the Olympic Games field hockey tournaments in Rome 1960, Mexico City 1968 and Los Angeles 1984.
The Germany men's national field hockey team is one of the most successful sides in the world, winning gold at the Summer Olympics four times, the Hockey World Cup twice, the EuroHockey Nations Championship eight times and the Hockey Champions Trophy nine times.
The Argentina national field hockey team, represents Argentina in field hockey and is governed by the Argentine Hockey Confederation (CAH). The current coach is Germán Orozco, who was appointed after the resignation of previous coach Carlos Retegui in 2018, and the team is currently fourth in the FIH World Rankings since December 2018 after their 7th place at the 2018 Hockey World Cup.
The FIH Junior World Cup, formerly known as the Hockey Junior World Cup, is an international field hockey competition organised by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). The tournament was started in 1979. Since 1985 it has been held every four years. Competitors must be under the age of 21 as of December 31 in the year before the tournament is held.
The Women's FIH Junior World Cup, formerly known as the Women's Hockey Junior World Cup, is the field hockey Junior World Cup competition for women, with the format for qualification and the final tournament similar to the men's. It is organized by the International Hockey Federation (FIH) and has been played since 1989. The tournament features players who are under 21 years of age and is held once every four years.
The 2011 Women's Hockey Champions Trophy was the 19th edition of the Hockey Champions Trophy for women. It was held from 25 June to 3 July 2011 in Amstelveen, Netherlands.
The 2012 Women's Hockey Champions Trophy was the 20th edition of the Hockey Champions Trophy for women. It was held from 28 January to 5 February 2012 in Rosario, Argentina. This was the last annual edition of the tournament until 2014 when it returned to its original biennial format due to the introduction of the World League.
The 1981 Women's Hockey World Cup, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, was the fourth edition of the Women's Hockey World Cup field hockey tournament. West Germany won its second world title after defeating the Netherlands on penalty strokes. The host nation, Argentina finished sixth.
The 2012–13 Women's FIH Hockey World League was the inaugural edition of the women's field hockey series. The tournament started in August 2012 in Prague, Czech Republic and finished in December 2013 in San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.
The 1990 Women's Hockey World Cup was the seventh edition of the Women's Hockey World Cup field hockey tournament. It was held from 2 to 13 May in Sydney, Australia. It was won by the Netherlands, who defeated host nation Australia 3–1 in the final. It was the Netherlands fifth Women's Hockey World Cup title and their third consecutive title. South Korea beat England 3–2 to finish third.
The 2016 Women's Hockey Champions Trophy was the 22nd edition of the Hockey Champions Trophy for women. It was held between 18 and 26 June 2016 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2016–17 Women's FIH Hockey World League was the third and last edition of the women's field hockey series. The tournament started in April 2016 in Singapore and finished in November 2017 in Auckland, New Zealand.
The 2018 Women's Four Nations Cup was the fourth Hockey Four Nations Cup, an international women's field hockey tournament, consisting of a series of test matches. It was held in Germany, from July 11 to 14, 2018, and featured four of the top nations in women's field hockey.
The Hockey Four Nations Cup is an international field hockey tournament held by the International Hockey Federation and the Deutscher Hockey-Bund.