Women's Softball World Championship

Last updated
Women's Softball World Championship
Sport Softball
Founded1965
No. of teams16 (Finals)
ContinentInternational
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States (11)

The Women's Softball World Championship [1] is a fastpitch softball tournament for women's national teams held historically every four years, now every two years, by the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC). The tournament, originally known as the ISF Women's World Championship, was sanctioned by the International Softball Federation (ISF) until that body's 2013 merger with the International Baseball Federation to create the WBSC. The number of teams in the tournament began at five in its inaugural event in 1965, went to a high of 28 for the 1994 edition, and now the WBSC Code legislates that the maximum number of teams that may participate is 16. There are qualifying tournaments that determine which countries will play at the World Championship.

Contents

History

A women's softball world championship predates the ISF's event. A championship was held in Canada between several American and Canadian teams in 1952 and 1953. [2] Australia had also hosted an international tournament that predated the first Women's World Championship. [3] [4]

In 1965, the first ISF Women's World Championship was held in Melbourne, with games being played at Albert Park. [5] [6] [7] Five nations competed at the inaugural championships including the United States, Japan and Australia, which Australia won 1-0 in a final game against the United States. [6] [7] [8] In the game, Australia was held to only two hits while the United States had four. [7] Lorraine Woolley was named the player of the tournament. [7] The inaugural men's championship would occur one year later in Mexico. [5]

In 1970, ten countries participated. The Japanese won competition after having twelve consecutive wins and beating the Americans 3-0 in a final game spectated by 30,000 people. [8]

In 1974, the Americans knocked out the Australians during the semi-finals, when they beat them by a score of 6-0. [9]

Chinese Taipei's leadership discussed inviting China to compete at the 1982 competition which was the country was hosting. Ching-khou and Wang Shen supported mainland China's participation in the event and an invitation was issued but the Chinese government elected to not send a team. [10]

The 1990 edition was the seventh to be held, with six different countries having played hosts to the competition. [11]

Teams that competed in 1990 included the US, New Zealand, China, Australia, Chinese Taipei, Japan, Canada, Italy, Netherlands, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Bahamas, Netherlands Antilles, Mexico, Aruba, Bermuda, Indonesia, Argentina, and Zimbabwe. [12] The United States took home gold, New Zealand silver and China bronze. [12] The Soviet Union had a representative attend the 1990 competition and promise that a Soviet side would be competing at the next championships. [12]

The 2006 edition was very important as the Championships were used for Olympic qualifying, with the top four finishers going to the Olympic Games. In 2006, the fourth-place finishers automatically qualified to the Games because China was the Olympic Games based on that. Thus, there was a battle for fifth place between Canada and Italy for Olympic qualifications. In the match for fifth, Canada won 3-0 and earned their fourth consecutive trip to the Olympics. [13]

A world championships is just as tough as any Olympics you attend, the only thing different is at the Olympics you just don't have the same magnitude of hype around it.

Kere Johanson, Australian softball national team coach [14]

Teams that will be competing at the 2012 edition include Australia, Canada and Japan who will play in the same pool. [14] [15] The competition was scheduled to act as a replacement for the Olympics. [14]

Results

Australia won the competition in 1965. The victory was considered very impressive as they beat the Americans, who invented the game in 1887, to win the championship. [16] Japan won in 1970, while the 1974 and 1978 editions were won by the United States, the American side also won seven championships in a row from 1988 to 2010, [17] [18] [19] [20] with the USA's most recent victory being a 7–0 win over Japan in the finals. [19] Other countries that have won it include Japan in 1970, 2012 and 2014, and New Zealand in 1982. [21] Teams that have finished second include the US in 1965, 1970, 2012 and 2014, Japan in 1974, 2002, 2006 and 2010, Canada in 1978, Taiwan in 1982, China in 1986 and 1994, New Zealand in 1990, and Australia in 1998. [19] [21] Countries that have finished third include the Philippines in 1970.

YearFinal HostMedalists
ChampionsFinal scoreRunners-up3rd place
1965
Details
Flag of Australia.svg
Melbourne
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
1 – 0Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
1970
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Osaka
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
1 – 0Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg
Philippines
1974
Details
Flag of the United States.svg
Stratford
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3 – 0Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
1978
Details
Flag of El Salvador.svg
San Salvador
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
4 – 0Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
1982
Details
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
Taipei
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
2 – 0Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
Chinese Taipei
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
1986
Details
Flag of New Zealand.svg
Auckland
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
2 – 0Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
1990
Details
Flag of the United States.svg
Normal
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
*Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
1994
Details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
St. John's
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
6 – 0Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
1998
Details
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Fujinomiya
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
1 – 0Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
2002
Details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Saskatoon
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
1 – 0Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg
Chinese Taipei
2006
Details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Beijing
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
3 – 0Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
2010
Details
Flag of Venezuela.svg
Caracas
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
7 – 0Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
2012
Details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Whitehorse
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
2 – 1
(F/10)
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
2014
Details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Haarlem
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
4 – 1Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia
2016
Details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Surrey
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
7 – 3Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
2018
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Chiba
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
7 – 6
(F/10)
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
* 1990: Rain washed out the grand final, leading USA to win based on its record in round-robin play. [22]

Medal table

Laura Berg won the competition four times as part of the United States women's national softball team. LauraBerg.jpg
Laura Berg won the competition four times as part of the United States women's national softball team.
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 114015
2Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 36211
3Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 1168
4Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 1124
5Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 0213
6Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 0134
7Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 0112
8Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 0011
Totals (8 nations)16161648

Hosting

The 1970 edition was hosted by Japan in Osaka. [21] The 1974 edition was played in Stratford, United States. [21] The 1978 games were played in San Salvador, El Salvador. [21] The 1982 competition was hosted by in Chinese Taipei in Taipei. [10] [21] The 1986 edition was hosted by New Zealand and held in Auckland. [20] [21] [23] In 1990, the competition was played in Normal, Illinois. [20] [21] The 1994 edition was played in St. John's, Newfoundland. [20] [21] [24] Japan hosted the 1998 competition in Fujinomiya. [20] [21] The 2002 Championships were held in Saskatoon, Canada. [21] China hosted the 2006 Championships in Beijing. [21] The 2010 edition was hosted by Venezuela. The 2012 championship took place in Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada. The 2014 championships were held in Haarlem, Netherlands. The 2016 Tournament was held in Surrey, British Columbia. [25]

See also

References

  1. "WBSC Calendar". World Baseball Softball Confederation. Retrieved 2014-03-11.
  2. Margaret Ann Hall (2002). The girl and the game: a history of women's sport in Canada. University of Toronto Press. pp. 126–127. ISBN   978-1-55111-268-8 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  3. Stell, Marion K. (1991). Half the Race, A history of Australian women in sport. North Ryde, Australia: Harper Collins. p. 209. ISBN   0207169713.
  4. Pollard, Jack (1968). AMPOL book of Australian Sporting Records. Sydney: The Pollard Publishing Co. pp. 273–274. OCLC   71140.
  5. 1 2 马国力 (2004). 体育英语. 清华大学出版社. p. 59. ISBN   978-7-302-08926-1 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
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  8. 1 2 Arlott, John (1975). The Oxford companion to sports and games. London ; New York: Oxford University Press. p. 978. ISBN   0192115383. OCLC   1583084.
  9. Cashman, Richard (2001). Australian sport through time. Milsons Point, N.S.W.: Random House Australia. p. 370. ISBN   1740514459. OCLC   223005022.
  10. 1 2 Jay Taylor (2000). The Generalissimo's son: Chiang Ching-kuo and the revolutions in China and Taiwan. Harvard University Press. p. 370. ISBN   978-0-674-00287-6 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  11. Marty Gitlin; Karen (CON) Johns (15 July 2011). Girls Play to Win Softball. Norwood House Press. pp. 44–45. ISBN   978-1-59953-465-7 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  12. 1 2 3 "International Softball Federation - ISF". Internationalsoftball.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
  13. "International Softball Federation". Internationalsoftball.com. 2006-09-05. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  14. 1 2 3 Rees, Courtney. "Swapping London games for Canberra". Canberra Times. Canberra, Australia. p. 20.
  15. "Australian Open Women's Squad 2012". Australia: Softball Australia. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  16. Viney, Nigel; Grant, Neil (1978). An illustrated history of ball games. London: Heinemann. pp. 97–98. ISBN   0434969400. OCLC   5125714.
  17. David L. Porter (30 March 2004). Latino and African American athletes today: a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 106–. ISBN   978-0-313-32048-4 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  18. Paula Edelson (2002). A to Z of American Women in Sports. Infobase Publishing. pp. 79–. ISBN   978-1-4381-0789-9 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  19. 1 2 3 "Team USA earns 7th straight world softball title - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. 2010-07-03. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 Ernestine G. Miller (29 May 2002). Making her mark: firsts and milestones in women's sports. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 273. ISBN   978-0-07-139053-8 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 White, Patrick (2005). Chambers sports factfinder. Edinburgh: Chambers. pp. 542–543. ISBN   0550101616. OCLC   58052551.
  22. "ISF VII WOMEN'S WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP" . Retrieved 2007-02-03.
  23. George B. Kirsch; Othello Harris; Claire Elaine Nolte (April 2000). Encyclopedia of ethnicity and sports in the United States. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 375–. ISBN   978-0-313-29911-7 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  24. Congressional Record. Government Printing Office. pp. 24996–. GGKEY:QQLDQYTX3ST. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  25. Judi Garman; Michelle Gromacki (22 February 2011). Softball Skills & Drills. Human Kinetics. pp. 314–. ISBN   978-0-7360-9074-2 . Retrieved 10 March 2012.