|Women's football in Scotland|
|Governing body||Scottish Women's Football|
|National team(s)||Women's national team|
Women's association football is a largely amateur sport in Scotland, given the greater emphasis of the male competitions.As in the men's game, the women's league structure consists of a Premier League and a Football League with Divisions One and Two, but the second division is split into North, West, East, and South East regions. In the women's SFL, reserve and youth squads may compete as long as they do not compete in the same division as the titular club. The team that wins the Premier League title qualifies for the following season's UEFA Champions League. There are also four cup competitions, the Scottish Cup, Scottish Premier League Cup, Scottish First Division Cup and the Scottish Second Division Cup.
Women's association football, also commonly known as women's football or women's soccer is the most prominent team sport played by women around the globe. It is played at the professional level in numerous countries throughout the world and 176 national teams participate internationally.
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.
The Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL) is the highest level of league competition in women's football in Scotland. The league consists of two divisions, SWPL 1 and SWPL 2, each with eight teams and is owned and managed by Scottish Women's Football. The league was formed in 2002 when the Premier Division of the Scottish Women's Football League (SWFL) broke away to form the SWPL. Initially operating as a single division of twelve teams, the current format was introduced in 2015 with the creation of SWPL 2.
Scottish Women's Football are in sole charge of women's football in Scotland.
Scottish Women's Football (SWF), formerly the Scottish Women’s Football Association (SWFA), is the governing body for women's association football in Scotland, and an affiliated national association of the Scottish Football Association (SFA). The SWFA was founded in 1972, when four teams met and decided to form an Association.
Scotland first played a women's international match in May 1881.Women's football struggled for recognition during this early period and was banned by the football authorities in 1921. Club sides who were interested in using their grounds for women's football were subsequently denied permission by the Scottish Football Association (SFA). The sport continued on an unofficial basis until the 1970s, when the ban was lifted. In 1971 UEFA instructed its members to take control of women's football within their territories. The motion was passed 31–1, but Scotland was the only member to vote against it. Football in Scotland has traditionally been seen as a working class and male preserve.
The Scottish Football Association, is the governing body of football in Scotland and has the ultimate responsibility for the control and development of football in Scotland. Members of the SFA include clubs in Scotland, affiliated national associations as well as local associations. It was formed in 1873, making it the second oldest national football association in the world. It is not to be confused with the "Scottish Football Union", which is the name that the SRU was known by until the 1920s.
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.
Association football is one of the national sports of Scotland and the most popular sport in the country. There is a long tradition of "football" games in Orkney, Lewis and southern Scotland, especially the Scottish Borders, although many of these include carrying the ball and passing by hand, and despite bearing the name "football" bear little resemblance to association football.
In 1971 the Scottish Women's Football Association (SFWA) was founded and six teams registered for competition: Aberdeen, Edinburgh Dynamos, Westthorn United, Motherwell AEI, Dundee Strikers and Stewarton and Thistle. In 1972–73 Westthorn Utd won the first league title. Having played their first official internationaöl match and two teams reaching the final of the English FA Women's Cup in 1972 and 1973 the SFA lifted the ban and recognised the SWFA in August 1974. Since then the SWFA has been renamed Scottish Women's Football Ldt (SWF). The Scottish Women's Football League (SWFL) formed in November 1999 and in 2002–03 the Premier Division broke away to form the Premier League (SWPL).
Scottish League winners were:
In 2016, the Premier League was reduced from 12 to 8 eight teams but expanded to a second level. In 2017, the SWFL 2 changed from 4 to 3 regions.
The pyramid is over 4 tiers:
Scottish Women's Premier League
Scottish Women's Premier League 2
SWFL Division 1 – North
SWFL Division 1 – South
SWFL Division 2 – West
SWFL Division 2 – Central
SWFL Division 2 – East
Highlands and Islands League
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Scotland's first official match, a 3–2 defeat to England, took place in November 1972. The team was managed by Rab Stewart. The 1921 ban on women's football was lifted in 1974. The SFA assumed direct responsibility for Scottish women's football in 1998.
The Scottish government in 2013 promised to increase funding for the Women's national team.Scotland women's national football team qualified for their first major tournament Euro 2017. 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup will the first time the Womens team have qualified for a world cup.
The East of Scotland Football League (EoSFL) is a league of football teams from south-east Scotland, which was formed in 1923. The league sits at level 6 on the pyramid system, on par with the South of Scotland Football League and acts as a feeder to the Lowland Football League.
The Scottish football league system is a series of generally unconnected leagues for Scottish football clubs. The Scottish system is more complicated than many other national league systems, consisting of several completely separate systems or 'grades' of leagues and clubs, with Senior football, Junior football, and beneath these Amateur and Welfare football.
The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the Scottish Cup, is an annual association football knock-out cup competition for men's football clubs in Scotland. The competition was first held in 1873–74. Entry is open to all 90 clubs with full membership of the Scottish Football Association (SFA), along with up to eight other clubs who are associate members. The competition is called the William Hill Scottish Cup for sponsorship reasons.
Edinburgh University Association Football Club are a football club representing the University of Edinburgh. Established in 1878, they are third oldest club in East of Scotland football and have been a member of the Scottish Football Association (SFA) since that year. Edinburgh University are eligible to compete in the Scottish Cup every season as they are full members of the SFA. The club's present home is at Peffermill, where it has played since its move from Canal Field in 1978.
The Scotland women's national football team represents Scotland in international women's football competitions. Since 1998, the team has been governed by the Scottish Football Association (SFA). Scotland qualified in the FIFA Women's World Cup for the first time in 2019, and qualified for their first UEFA Women's Euro in 2017. As of December 2018, the team was 20th in the FIFA Women's World Rankings.
Rose Reilly, whose married name is Rose Peralta, is a Scottish former women's association football player, who represented both the Scottish women's football team and Italian women's football team.
The Scottish Women's Football Scottish Cup, commonly known as the Scottish Women's Cup and currently as the SSE Scottish Women's Cup for sponsorship reasons, is the national knockout cup competition for women's football in Scotland. The competition is owned and managed by Scottish Women's Football (SWF), an affiliated body of the Scottish Football Association (SFA), and is open to all senior teams affiliated with the SWF. The competition was first held in 1971. Glasgow City and Hibernian are its most successful teams, having won it eight times each.
The Scottish Women's Football League First Division Cup is a cup competition in Scottish women's football, a competition only open to teams in the Scottish Women's First Division, the second highest division in women's football in Scotland. There are four rounds, including the final.
In addition to the Heart of Midlothian F.C. first team competing in the Scottish Premiership, the club also maintain an Under-20 squad in the SPFL Development League and various youth teams. Previously the club fielded a reserve team, prior to its abandonment in 2009.
The North and South Region Challenge Cups are regional non-league competitions run by the Scottish Football Association. The southern tournament is open to full member non-league clubs in the south of the country, while similar stipulations applied to its northern counterpart.
Motherwell Ladies Football Club is a women's football team that plays in the Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL). They currently compete in its top tier, SWPL1, following a record-breaking title winning SWPL2 campaign in 2018.
The 2015 SWF Scottish Cup is the national cup competition in Scottish women's football. All teams in the Scottish Women's Football League and Premier League are eligible to enter.
The 2017 Scottish Women's Football League First Division, commonly known as SWFL 1, is the second season of the Scottish Women's Football League First Division, the third tier of women's football in Scotland since its reconstruction at the end of the 2015 season.
Central Girls Football Academy is a women's football team based in Grangemouth, Central Scotland.
Pauline MacDonald is a Scottish football coach and former player who was appointed manager of the Scotland under-17 women's team in October 2017. As a player MacDonald made her senior Scotland debut in 1992, served the national team as captain and amassed a total of 65 caps. A versatile defender or midfielder, MacDonald played at club level in the American USL W-League and the English FA Women's Premier League, as well as in her native Scotland.
Dundee United Women's Football Club is a Scottish women's association football club based in Dundee that is affiliated with the professional men's club Dundee United F.C. Founded in 2015, they will play in Scottish Women's Premier League 2, the second tier of the national league system, after winning promotion from the third tier in 2018. They had previously been promoted from the fourth tier in their 2016 debut season.
The Scottish Women's Football League (SWFL) is a women's association football league in Scotland. Formed in 1999 as the country's top women's football league, it now comprises the third and fourth tiers of the Scottish league system, following the breakaway of its top division to create the Scottish Women's Premier League (SWPL) in 1999 and the subsequent expansion of the SWPL to two divisions. The league is owned and managed by Scottish Women's Football (SWF), an affiliated body of the Scottish Football Association (SFA).