Woodville, Derbyshire

Last updated

Woodville
The Parish Church St. Stephen the Martyr - geograph.org.uk - 377162.jpg
Parish Church of St Stephen the Martyr, Woodville
World location map (equirectangular 180).svg
Red pog.svg
Woodville
Location within
Population5,161 (2011)
OS grid reference SK3119
Civil parish
  • Woodville
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Swadlincote
Postcode district DE11
Dialling code 01283
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
52°46′08″N1°31′59″W / 52.769°N 1.533°W / 52.769; -1.533 Coordinates: 52°46′08″N1°31′59″W / 52.769°N 1.533°W / 52.769; -1.533

Woodville is a suburban village and civil parish that crosses two districts - South Derbyshire district of Derbyshire and North West Leicestershire district of Leicestershire, England, 1.73 miles (2.78 km) east of Swadlincote, of which it is now effectively a suburb. At the 2011 Census, the parish had a population of 5,161, [1] an increase from 3,420 at the 2001 Census. [2] The centre of the village, known as the Tollgate, is a busy traffic island on the A511. Woodville forms part of the border with Leicestershire.

Contents

History

A Measham Bargeware Teapot showing the original name of Woodville as 'Wooden Box' Measham Bargeware Teapot.jpg
A Measham Bargeware Teapot showing the original name of Woodville as 'Wooden Box'

Woodville was formerly known as Wooden Box, named after the wooden toll booth on the toll road between Ashby de la Zouch and Burton-upon-Trent.

The area around the roundabout, which is the modern equivalent of the toll booth, is still known as 'Tollgate'. The name Woodville first appeared in a leaflet issued when the foundation stone of the Church of England parish church of St Stephen was laid on 7 November 1845. [3] St Stephen's is a Norman revival building designed by Henry Isaac Stevens and completed in 1846. [4]

The Woodville area is rich in industrial heritage with a wide variety of industries such as potteries, crate-making, pipe works, breweries, rope-making and railways all having had a presence in the area which is now either totally gone or extremely diminished. [5]

One of the most famous Woodville potteries was Bretby Art Pottery, founded in 1882 by Henry Tooth and William Ault.

Local geography

On some approaches it is difficult to tell where the village starts and ends as it is increasingly contiguous with neighbouring Swadlincote and Albert Village.

On the northern edge of Woodville is the Goseley district which was constructed during the 1950s. There has been much development of the surrounding area with large private estates of new homes having been constructed, including the ‘Bird’ district.

To the south of Woodville, along the county border with Leicestershire, a large community of new houses is being developed (unofficially referred to as Woodville Woodlands) by the developers Bloor Homes [6] and Bryant Homes. [7] This development is built on the land of the former Woodville Pipe Works and incorporates the planting of new trees on the former fire clay pit as part of the National Forest scheme. [8]

The Mount Pleasant works operated by John Knowles & Company, demolished in 1993, produced pottery and has been replaced by a housing development. A discovery by archaeologists led to the preservation of some of its records. [9]

Off Hartshorne Road is the site of the former Woodville railway station which opened in 1851 and connected the village with Swadlincote, Ashby and Burton-Upon-Trent but the station closed in 1947 and the line in 1964. The site is now an industrial estate.

Amenities

Woodville High Street (which is part of the A511 road) has a small shopping area incorporating a convenience store, a pharmacy and a fish and chip shop. Also located on the High Street side of the road are additional food outlets, including a Chinese takeaway, a further fish and chip shop, and Indian and Chinese restaurants.

There is a village post office together with further shops and light industrial and commercial units.

Woodville has a 24-hour petrol station, incorporating a convenience store, and a tyre and exhaust centre which is located on the Tollgate roundabout.

Woodville has a Scout Group. [10]

Woodville has an infant school and a Church of England Junior School. [11] Both schools are off the High Street.

Sport

Woodville Rangers Football Club was founded in 2005 and caters for all age groups from four to adult. Their nickname is The Tollers after the famous toll gate which was situated in Woodville for many years. The club badge shows the toll house. Woodville Rangers gained FA Charter Standard status early in 2008. [12]

A short lived greyhound racing track called the Victory Greyhound and Whippet Racing Track was opened during October 1929 at the Woodville Cricket Ground on the Burton Road. The racing was independent (not affiliated to the sports governing body the National Greyhound Racing Club) and was known as a flapping track, which was the nickname given to independent tracks. [13] The venue usually raced on Saturdays and regularly attracted over 1,000 people despite being so close to Swandlicote Greyhound Stadium. A second season of racing was held in 1930 but there is no evidence of anything beyond 2 May 1930. [14]

Industrial heritage

Woodville Beehive kiln, Archaeological Investigations Ltd Woodville Behive kiln.jpg
Woodville Beehive kiln, Archaeological Investigations Ltd
Woodville Tunnel kiln, additional image at Archaeological Investigations Ltd Woodville tunnel kiln cutaway.jpeg
Woodville Tunnel kiln, additional image at Archaeological Investigations Ltd

John Knowle's Mount Pleasant Pipe-works at Woodville was once a major employer in the area. It has now been demolished but before redevelopment the bases of a tunnel kiln and beehive kiln were excavated. [15] [16] Together with detailed records going back to the 19th century and photos preserved by ex-employees it has been possible to create detailed 3-D reconstructions of the plant.

The beehive kilns were down-draft kilns. In this case they had a double skin with fire holes around the external circumference and a main loading door. Counter-weighted covers were used to open and close these openings. The heat would initially rise to the top of the kiln and then be forced down through the centre around the product, finally being vented below ground in tunnels to a chimney at the end of the group of kilns. The kilns were specifically designed for the production of salt-glazed sewerage pipes. Their construction reflects this as the salt could be added to the fires and then distributed evenly across the product as vapour at a certain stage of firing.

The tunnel kiln produced 70% of the country's gas fire radiants (white ceramic grills that sit in the front of many domestic gas fires) in the mid-20th century and was difficult to visualise from the archaeological evidence alone. The digital reconstruction has assisted in understanding how the technology worked. The later design of the tunnel kiln enabled continuous firing thereby minimising delays while waiting for it to cool before loading and unloading. The product was slowly passed through a central chamber using gas to fire it.

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bretby</span> Human settlement in England

Bretby is a village and civil parish in the south of Derbyshire, England, north of Swadlincote and east of Burton upon Trent, on the border between Derbyshire and Staffordshire. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 893. The name means "dwelling place of Britons". On the A511 road, there is a secondary settlement, Stanhope Bretby, which was the site of Bretby Colliery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ashby-de-la-Zouch</span> Market town in Leicestershire, England

Ashby-de-la-Zouch, sometimes spelt Ashby de la Zouch and shortened locally to Ashby, is a market town and civil parish in the North West Leicestershire district of Leicestershire, England. The town is near to the Derbyshire and Staffordshire borders. Its 2001 census population of 11,410 rose to 12,370 in 2011. The castle in the town was an important fort in the 15th–17th centuries. In the 19th century the town's main industries were ribbon manufacture, coal mining, and brickmaking.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Breedon on the Hill</span> Village in Leicestershire, England

Breedon on the Hill is a village and civil parish about 5 miles (8 km) north of Ashby-de-la-Zouch in North West Leicestershire, England. The parish adjoins the Derbyshire county boundary and the village is only about 2 miles (3 km) south of the Derbyshire town of Melbourne. The 2001 Census recorded a parish population of 958 people in 404 households. The parish includes the hamlets of Tonge 1 mile (1.6 km) east of the village and Wilson 1.3 miles (2 km) north of the village on the county boundary. The population at the 2011 census was 1,029 in 450 households.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moira, Leicestershire</span> Human settlement in England

Moira is a former mining village about 2.5 miles (4 km) southwest of Ashby-de-la-Zouch in North West Leicestershire, England. The village is about 3 miles (5 km) south of Swadlincote and is close to the boundary with Derbyshire. The population is included in the civil parish of Ashby Woulds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Donisthorpe</span> Human settlement in England

Donisthorpe is a village in the North West Leicestershire district of Leicestershire, England, historically an exclave of Derbyshire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Derbyshire</span> Non-metropolitan district in England

South Derbyshire is a local government district in Derbyshire, England. The population of the local authority at the 2011 Census was 94,611. It contains a third of the National Forest, and the council offices are in Swadlincote. The district also forms part of the wider Burton upon Trent and Swadlincote Green Belt, which covers the towns of Burton-upon-Trent in East Staffordshire and Swadlincote in South Derbyshire. The district is also landlocked between the districts of Derby, Derbyshire Dales, East Staffordshire, Erewash District, Lichfield District, North Warwickshire, North West Leicestershire and Tamworth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Swadlincote</span> Town in South Derbyshire district, Derbyshire, England

Swadlincote is a former mining town in the district of South Derbyshire, England, lying within The National Forest area. It borders the counties of Leicestershire and Staffordshire, 5 miles (8 km) south-east of Burton upon Trent and north-west of Ashby-de-la-Zouch, and 11.5 miles (19 km) south-west of Derby. It also covers Newhall, Oversetts, Midway and the villages of Church Gresley and Woodville, with the sub-district of Goseley. It has a population of some 36,000. Castle Gresley is 2 miles (3 km) to the south-west and Albert Village 1.5 miles (2 km) to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Burton on the Wolds</span> Human settlement in England

Burton on the Wolds is a village in Leicestershire, England situated on the B676 road 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the A46 and about the same distance to the east of Loughborough, close to the county border with Nottinghamshire. In the 2011 census, the population was measured at 1,218. The Parish Council of Burton on the Wolds, Cotes and Prestwold serves the village and its two neighbouring hamlets. The local borough council is Charnwood.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Markfield</span> Human settlement in England

Markfield is a large village in both the National Forest and Charnwood Forest and in the Hinckley and Bosworth district of Leicestershire, England. The settlement dates back to at least the time of the Norman conquest and is mentioned in the Domesday Book under the name Merchenefeld. A variant of this is still used as the name for the village primary school, Mercenfeld. It is to the south-east of Junction 22 of the M1, and to the south of the A50. The highest point in Markfield is shown on OS sheet 129 at 222 metres above sea level. Nearby places are Newtown Linford, Groby, Field Head, and Stanton under Bardon. In the 1841 census its population was recorded at 1,203. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 5681. Markfield is within the LE67 postcode district. In 2012 Hinckley & Bosworth Borough Council published an overview of Markfield conservation area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brizlincote</span>

Brizlincote is a civil parish in Burton upon Trent in East Staffordshire, England. Formerly farmland and a manor lying in Derbyshire, it was added to the municipal borough of Burton by the Local Government Act 1888 and formally transferred to Staffordshire in 1894. It was developed for housing in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The area of the parish was previously considered part of the (unparished) adjoining areas of Stapenhill and Winshill. All three areas are now separate parishes. Brizlincote has a population of around 5,000 and has the highest average household income of any parish in Burton.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Newhall, Derbyshire</span> Human settlement in England

Newhall is a suburban settlement located in Swadlincote, South Derbyshire, England. As of the 2011 census it had a population of 776. The village of Stanton is nearby.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Overseal</span> Human settlement in England

Overseal is a village and civil parish in South Derbyshire, 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Swadlincote, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) west of Ashby-de-la-Zouch and 12.5 miles (20.1 km) due south-southwest of Derby. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 2,450. Situated within the National Forest area, it is one of the southernmost settlements in Derbyshire, close to the border with Leicestershire.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leicester–Burton upon Trent line</span> Freight-only railway line in England

The Leicester–Burton upon Trent line is a freight-only railway line in England linking the Midland Main Line near Leicester to the Derby to Birmingham line at Burton upon Trent. The line was built by the Midland Railway, which had acquired the Leicester and Swannington Railway in 1847, improving it and extending it. It opened throughout in 1849. The line connected an exceptional number of collieries and industrial premises, and several industrial branch lines were built radiating from it. Swadlincote was already an established community engaged in industry and there was a complex of branch lines there. The passenger service on the line was discontinued in 1964, and much of the mining-based industry has closed down; quarrying is the dominant residual originating traffic. There are proposals to reopen the passenger service, and these are under review at present (2022).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albert Village</span> Human settlement in England

Albert Village is a small post-industrial village in Leicestershire, England and is located approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the town of Swadlincote. The area's heritage is in coal-mining and pottery manufacture, both locally defunct. The National Forest's visitor attraction 'Conkers' is at nearby Moira. The population is included in the civil parish of Ashby Woulds.

Granville Academy, formerly Granville Sports College is a comprehensive school on Burton Road (A511) in Woodville, Derbyshire maintained by the Derbyshire County Council. It is part of the De Ferrers Trust.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boundary, Derbyshire</span> Human settlement in England

Boundary is a large hamlet in South Derbyshire situated between the towns of Swadlincote and Ashby de la Zouch on the A511 route. It is west of the village of Smisby and forms part of the county border with Leicestershire, hence its name. Residences on the north side of the A511 lie in Derbyshire and those on the south side lie within Leicestershire. The hamlet falls within the civil parish of Smisby, Derbyshire.

John Stuart Bloor OBE is a British billionaire businessman. His business, Bloor Holdings, owns both Bloor Homes and Triumph Motorcycles.

National Cycle Route 63 is a route of the National Cycle Network, running from Burton on Trent to Wisbech.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Woodville railway station (England)</span> Former railway station in Derbyshire, England

Woodville railway station is a former railway station on the Swadlincote Loop Line which served the village of Woodville, Derbyshire, England.

Swadlincote is a town in the South Derbyshire district of Derbyshire, England. It contains 24 listed buildings that are recorded in the National Heritage List for England. Of these, two are at Grade II*, the middle of the three grades, and the others are at Grade II, the lowest grade. The list contains the listed buildings in the town, and also those in the village of Church Gresley, the wards of Midway, and Newhall and Stanton, and part of the ward of Woodville. The listed buildings include houses and associated structures, farmhouses, churches, former industrial buildings including bottle kilns, a town hall, a showroom and a school.

References

  1. "Woodville (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
  2. "Woodville (Parish): Key Figures for 2001 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  3. A Brief History of Knowles [John Knowles & Co (Wooden Box) Ltd], no date, page 3
  4. Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (1978) [1953]. Derbyshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 361. ISBN   0-14-071008-6.
  5. Local Heritage Initiative Website
  6. Bloor Homes development
  7. Bryant Homes: The Coppice
  8. The National Forest
  9. Archaeological report
  10. 1st Woodville (St Stephens) Scout Group
  11. Woodville Junior School
  12. Woodville Rangers F.C.
  13. Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File, page 419. Ringpress Books. ISBN   0-948955-15-5.
  14. "Woodville". Greyhound Racing Times.
  15. Archaeological report
  16. Cradock-Bennett, L (2007) 'John Knowles & Co. Mount Pleasant Works, Woodville Woodlands', Hereford Archaeology Series – Archaeological Investigation and history of the works, ref 757, 969.
  17. "John Hurt, Derbyshire actor". 29 April 2010.
  18. "Selwyn H. Goodacre".
  19. "Serendipitous Collecting : Textualities".

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Woodville, Derbyshire at Wikimedia Commons