Wookey

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Wookey
Wookey church.jpg
Church of St Matthew, Wookey
Somerset UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wookey
Location within Somerset
Population1,311 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference ST515455
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WELLS
Postcode district BA5
Dialling code 01749
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°12′34″N2°41′29″W / 51.2094°N 2.6915°W / 51.2094; -2.6915 Coordinates: 51°12′34″N2°41′29″W / 51.2094°N 2.6915°W / 51.2094; -2.6915

Wookey is a village and civil parish 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Wells, on the River Axe in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. The parish includes the village of Henton and the nearby hamlets of Yarley and Bleadney where the River Axe travels the length of the village. There used to be a port at Bleadney on the river in the 8th century which allowed goods to be brought to within 3 miles (5 km) of Wells. Wookey is often confused with its sister village Wookey Hole (2 miles to the north), site of the Wookey Hole Caves.

Contents

History

The name Wookey is thought to come from the Old English wocig, meaning an animal trap. [2] An alternative explanation has been offered which suggests it comes from the Celtic word ogof meaning cave, [3] [4] possibly appearing also as Woky [5]

Fenny Castle Fenny Castle Motte and Bailey - geograph.org.uk - 668704.jpg
Fenny Castle

One mile north-west of Polsham, but within the parish of Wookey are the earthwork remains of Fenny Castle, a motte and bailey castle sited on a natural hillock. [6] [7]

The parish was part of the hundred of Wells Forum. [8]

The now-closed Wookey Station, once lying on Cheddar Valley line branch of the Bristol and Exeter Railway, is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest.

The village included a manor house built by Bishop Jocelin of Wells in the 13th century. It was rebuilt in the sixteenth century and is now a farmhouse and Grade II* listed building. [3] [9] [10]

The population in 1821 was 1,040, comprising 223 families, of which 147 were employed in agriculture. [11]

The National School was founded in the village in 1844 by St Matthew's Church. From October to December 1880, H. G. Wells joined the school as a pupil-teacher aged 12, following a relative who was headteacher at that time. [12] It later became Wookey Primary School, a community primary for around 85 children aged 4 to 11 of Wookey and the surrounding area. [13]

Governance

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council's operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Mendip, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wells Rural District, [14] which is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

The village falls within the 'Wookey and St Cuthbert Out West' electoral ward. The ward starts near Wells and stretches via St Cuthbert Out to Godney. The total population of this ward taken from the 2011 census was 2,510. [15]

It is also part of the Wells county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Religious sites

St Matthew's church dates from the twelfth century and is a Grade I listed building. [16] It was granted to the dean of Wells by Bishop Robert, rebuilt by Bishop Reginald and assigned to the sub dean of the cathedral in 1209. The south chancel is thought to have been built to house the memorial to Thomas Clerke in 1556. [3] Beside the church stands the Mellifont Abbey, which was once home to Sir Jacob Wolff, 1st Baronet, where a monument to him and his wife can be seen in the church. [17] Mellifont Abbey is named after the abbey of the same name in Ireland. [3]

Notable residents

Wookey was the birthplace of the trade unionist A.J. Cook, [18] and of Sir Arthur Pearson, the publisher and philanthropist. [19]

Related Research Articles

Mendip District Non-metropolitan district in England

Mendip is a local government district of Somerset in England. The district covers a largely rural area of 285 square miles (738 km2) with a population of approximately 112,500, ranging from the Wiltshire border in the east to part of the Somerset Levels in the west. The district takes its name from the Mendip Hills which lie in its northwest. The administrative centre of the district is Shepton Mallet but the largest town is Frome.

South Cadbury Human settlement in England

South Cadbury is a village in the civil parish of South Cadbury and Sutton Montis, in the South Somerset council area of the English county of Somerset. The parish includes the village of Sutton Montis.

Coleford, Somerset Human settlement in England

Coleford is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated on the Mells River in the Mendip Hills five miles west of Frome. The parish has a population of 2,313 in 2011.

Ilton Human settlement in England

Ilton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 8 miles (12.9 km) south-east of Taunton, and 2 miles (3.2 km) north of Ilminster in the South Somerset district. The village has a population of 854. The parish includes the hamlets of Ilford and Cad Green with its 16th-century almshouses.

Whatley, Mendip Human settlement in England

Whatley is a small rural village and civil parish near Frome in the English county of Somerset. Whatley is located near rural villages such as Chantry, Mells and Nunney.

St Cuthbert Out Human settlement in England

St Cuthbert Out, sometimes Wells St Cuthbert Out, is a civil parish in the Mendip district of Somerset, England. It entirely surrounds the city and parish of Wells. According to the 2011 census it had a population of 3,749.

Litton, Somerset Human settlement in England

Litton is a small village and civil parish between Chewton Mendip and West Harptree in the Mendip Hills, Somerset, England. The parish includes the hamlet of Sherborne. Very close to the village are the Litton Reservoirs.

Hinton Blewett Human settlement in England

Hinton Blewett is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Wells and 15 miles (24.1 km) south of Bristol on the northern slope of the Mendip Hills, within the designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) and in the Chew Valley near the source of the River Chew. The parish has a population of 308.

Cameley Human settlement in England

Cameley is a village in the civil parish of Temple Cloud with Cameley, within the Chew Valley in Somerset, and on the northern slopes of the Mendip Hills, in the Bath and North East Somerset Council area just off the A37 road. It is located 11 miles (18 km) from Bristol, Bath and Wells. The nearest town is Midsomer Norton, which is 6 miles (10 km) away. The parish has a population of 1,292 and includes the village of Temple Cloud.

Westbury-sub-Mendip Human settlement in England

Westbury-sub-Mendip is a village in Somerset, England, on the southern slopes of the Mendip Hills 4 miles (6.4 km) from Wells and Cheddar.

Rodney Stoke Human settlement in England

Rodney Stoke is a small village and civil parish, located at grid reference ST486501, 5 miles north-west of Wells, in the English county of Somerset. The village is on the A371 between Draycott and Westbury-sub-Mendip.

Compton Bishop Human settlement in England

Compton Bishop is a small village and civil parish, at the western end of the Mendip Hills in the English county of Somerset. It is located close to the historic town of Axbridge. Along with the village of Cross and the hamlets of Rackley and Webbington it forms the parish of Compton Bishop and Cross.

Milton Clevedon Human settlement in England

Milton Clevedon is a village and civil parish 1 mile (1.6 km) south of Evercreech in the Mendip district of Somerset, England.

North Wootton, Somerset Human settlement in England

North Wootton is a village and civil parish, on the River Redlake, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south east of Wells, and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south west of Shepton Mallet in the Mendip district of Somerset, England.

Trudoxhill Human settlement in England

Trudoxhill is a village and civil parish near Nunney in the Mendip district of Somerset, England.

Wookey Hole Human settlement in England

Wookey Hole is a village in Somerset, England. It is the location of the Wookey Hole show caves.

Monksilver Human settlement in England

Monksilver is a village 3 miles (5 km) west of the town of Williton in Somerset, England, on the eastern flank of the Brendon Hills and the border of the Exmoor National Park. The Coleridge Way footpath passes through the village.

Puckington Human settlement in England

Puckington is a village and civil parish, situated 10 miles (16 km) south-east of Taunton and 10 miles (16 km) west of Yeovil in the South Somerset district of Somerset, England. The parish includes the hamlet of South Bradon.

Church of St Matthew, Wookey

The Church of St Matthew in Wookey, Somerset, England, dates from the twelfth century and is a Grade I listed building.

Montacute Priory

Montacute Priory was a Cluniac priory of the Benedictine order in Montacute, Somerset, England.

References

  1. "Wookey Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  2. Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN   1-874336-03-2.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide . Wimborne, Dorset: Dovecote Press. ISBN   1-874336-27-X.
  4. Holmes, Thomas Scott. The History of the Parish and Manor of Wookey.
  5. Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas. National Archives; CP40/541; year 1396; 9th entry; the defendant is William Smyth, of Woky
  6. "Fenny Castle". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
  7. Historic England. "Fenny Castle (197243)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 13 May 2011.
  8. "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  9. Historic England. "Court Farmhouse (1058584)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  10. Historic England. "Bishop's palace (1013588)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  11. Greenwood, Christopher (1822). "Somersetshire delineated, by C. and J. Greenwood, 1822". Google Books. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  12. Searle, Muriel (2002). West Country History: Somerset. Intellect Books. p. 119. ISBN   9781841508023.
  13. "Wookey Primary School". Wookey Primary School. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
  14. "Wells RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  15. "Wookey and St Cuthbert Out West ward 2011" . Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  16. Historic England. "Church of St Matthew (1295105)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  17. Historic England. "Mellifont Abbey (1180119)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 12 October 2007.
  18. "A.J. Cook". The Wales archive. Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
  19. "Sir (Cyril) Arthur Pearson, 1st Bt". National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved 16 July 2018.