Workers' Party is a name used by several political parties throughout the world. The name has been used by both organisations on the left and right of the political spectrum. It is currently used by followers of Marxism, Marxism-Leninism, Maoism, social democracy, democratic socialism, socialism and Trotskyism.
|Australia||Australian Workers Party||Social democratic|
|Bangladesh||Workers Party of Bangladesh||Maoist|
|Belgium||Workers' Party of Belgium||Marxist|
|Brazil||Workers' Party||Democratic socialist|
|Costa Rica||Workers' Party||Trotskyist|
|Czech Republic||Workers' Party of Social Justice||National Socialist|
|Egypt||Workers Democratic Party||Social democratic|
|Ecuador||Workers' Party of Ecuador||Communist|
|Finland||Workers Party of Finland||Marxist-Leninist|
|Hungary||Hungarian Workers' Party||Communist|
|India (Maharashtra state)||Peasants and Workers Party of India||Marxist|
|India (West Bengal state)||Workers Party of India||Communist|
|Indonesia||Worker's Party of Indonesia||Democratic Socialist|
|Ireland||Workers' Party of Ireland||Marxist|
|Montenegro||Workers' Party||Labour rights|
|Nepal||Nepal Workers Peasants Party||Juche|
|North Korea||Workers' Party of Korea||Juche|
|Singapore||Workers' Party||Social democratic|
|Sweden (Västerbotten County)||Workers' Party||Trotskyist|
|United Kingdom||Workers Revolutionary Party||Trotskyist|
|United Kingdom||Workers Party of Britain||Socialist|
|United States||Workers Party, USA||Marxist-Leninist|
Defunct Workers' parties include:
|Country||Party||Political orientation||Reason defunct|
|Barbados||Workers Party of Barbados||Marxist||Defunct due to unpopularity|
|Cambodia||Workers' Party of Kampuchea (1960–1966)||Communism||Renamed to Communist Party of Kampuchea in 1966. Dissolved in 1981.|
|Canada||Workers' Party of Canada (1922-1924)||Communist||Legal face of the illegal Communist Party until the government's ban was lifted.|
|Canada||Workers' Party of Canada (1934-1937)||Trotskyist||Dissolved upon entry into the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation. Reformed in 1939 as the Socialist Workers League.|
|Canada||Revolutionary Workers Party (1946-1952)||Trotskyist||Entered the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation.|
|Croatia||Croatian Workers Party (1906-1918)||Left-wing populism|
|Czech Republic||Workers' Party||National Socialist||Banned in 2010 by the Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic|
|Estonia||Estonian Workers' Party||Communist|
|Ethiopia||Workers' Party of Ethiopia||Marxist-Leninist||Overthrown in 1991|
|Finland||Workers' Party of Finland||Marxist||Banned in 1923|
|Germany||German Workers' Party||Nationalist||Renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party in 1920|
|Germany||National Socialist German Workers' Party||National Socialist||Dissolved and banned in 1945|
|Hungary||Hungarian Workers' Party||National Socialist||Dissolved and regrouped|
|Ireland||Irish Workers Party||Communist||Merged with the Communist Party of Northern Ireland to reconstitute the all-Ireland Communist Party of Ireland in 1962|
|Israel||Workers Party of Eretz Israel (Mapai)||Merged into the Israeli Labor Party||Labor Zionism|
|Israel||United Workers Party (Mapam)||Merged into Meretz||Labor Zionism|
|Israel||workers of Agudat Yisrael||Haredi Judaism|
|Korea|| Workers' Party of North Korea |
Workers' Party of South Korea
|Merged to form the Workers' Party of Korea in 1949|
|Latvia||Workers' Party||Left-wing politics|
|Macedonia||Workers Party||Left-wing politics|
|Mexico||Mexican Workers' Party||Social democratic||Merged with the Unified Socialist Party of Mexico to form the Mexican Socialist Party in 1987|
|New Zealand||Workers Party of New Zealand||Marxist||Renamed to Fightback in 2013|
|Poland||Polish Workers' Party||Communist||Merged to form the Polish United Workers' Party in 1948|
|Poland||Polish United Workers' Party||Marxist-Leninist||Self-dissolved in 1990|
|Poland||Zionist Workers Party|
|Romania||Romanian Workers' Party||Communist||Renamed the Romanian Communist Party in 1965|
|South Africa||Workers Party of South Africa||Trotskyist||Banned in 1953|
|Spain||Workers' Party of Marxist Unification||Marxist||Dissolved in 1980|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Workers and Farmers Party||Marxist Communism||Defunct due to unpopularity|
|Trinidad and Tobago||British Empire Citizens' and Workers' Home Rule Party||Garveyism||Popularly known as the Butler Party, defunct due to unpopularity|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Progressive Workers Democrat Movement||Defunct due to unpopularity|
|Turkey||Workers' Party||Scientific socialist||Renamed the Patriotic Party in 2015|
|United Kingdom||International Leninist Workers Party||Marxist-Leninist||Dissolved into the Socialist Labour Party in 1996|
|United Kingdom||Workers Party of Scotland||Marxist-Leninist|
|United States||Democratic Workers Party||Marxist-Leninist||Dissolved in 1986|
|United States||Workers Party||Trotskyist||Renamed the Independent Socialist League in 1949|
|United States||American Workers Party||Musteite||Merged into Workers' Party of the United States|
|United States||Workers Party of America||Communist||Became Communist Party USA in 1929.|
|United States||Workers' Party of the United States||Trotskyist||Absorbed into the Socialist Party of America in 1936|
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Leninism is a political ideology developed by Russian Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin that proposes the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat led by a revolutionary vanguard party, as the political prelude to the establishment of communism. The function of the Leninist vanguard party is to provide the working classes with the political consciousness and revolutionary leadership necessary to depose capitalism in the Russian Empire (1721–1917). Leninist revolutionary leadership is based upon The Communist Manifesto (1848) identifying the communist party as "the most advanced and resolute section of the working class parties of every country; that section which pushes forward all others." As the vanguard party, the Bolsheviks viewed history through the theoretical framework of dialectical materialism, which sanctioned political commitment to the successful overthrow of capitalism, and then to instituting socialism; and, as the revolutionary national government, to realize the socio-economic transition by all means.
Marxism–Leninism is a communist ideology and the main communist movement throughout the 20th century. Marxism–Leninism was the formal name of the official state ideology adopted by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, its satellite states in the Eastern Bloc and various self-declared scientific socialist regimes in the Non-Aligned Movement and Third World during the Cold War as well as the Communist International after Bolshevisation. Today, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of several communist parties and remains the official ideology of the ruling parties of China, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam as unitary one-party socialist republics and of Nepal in a people's multiparty democracy. Generally, Marxist–Leninists support proletarian internationalism, socialist democracy and oppose anarchism, fascism, imperialism and liberal democracy. Marxism–Leninism holds that a two-stage communist revolution is needed to replace capitalism. A vanguard party, organised hierarchically through democratic centralism, would seize power "on behalf of the proletariat" and establish a communist party-led socialist state, which it claims to represent the dictatorship of the proletariat. The state would control the economy and means of production, suppress the bourgeoisie, counter-revolution and opposition, promote collectivism in society and pave the way for an eventual communist society, which would be both classless and stateless. As a result, Marxist–Leninist states have been commonly referred to by Western academics as communist states.
Socialist Appeal is the newspaper of the British section of the International Marxist Tendency, and also the name used by a group of members and supporters of the Labour Party who organise around the paper.
Alexander Theodore Callinicos is a Zimbabwean-born British political theorist and activist. In an academic capacity, he serves as Professor of European Studies at King's College London. An adherent of Trotskyism, he is a member of the Central Committee of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP) and serves as its International Secretary. He is also editor of International Socialism, the SWP's theoretical journal, and has published a number of books.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, better known as historical materialism, to understand class relations and social conflict as well as a dialectical perspective to view social transformation. It originates from the works of 19th-century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. As Marxism has developed over time into various branches and schools of thought, there is currently no single definitive Marxist theory.
Libertarian Marxism is a broad scope of economic and political philosophies that emphasize the anti-authoritarian and libertarian aspects of Marxism. Early currents of libertarian Marxism such as left communism emerged in opposition to Marxism–Leninism.
Communism is a philosophical, social, political and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of a communist society, namely a socioeconomic order structured upon the ideas of common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that originates in the works of 19th century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Marxism analyzes and critiques the development of class society and especially of capitalism as well as the role of class struggles in systemic economic, social and political change. It frames capitalism through a paradigm of exploitation and analyzes class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development - materialist in the sense that the politics and ideas of an epoch are determined by the way in which material production is carried on.
Lassallism is the strategy of the pursuit of socialism through the use of the state. This school of thought developed from German jurist and socialist activist Ferdinand Lassalle.
Ho Chi Minh Thought, or Ho Chi Minh Ideology, is a political philosophy that builds upon Marxism–Leninism and the ideology of Ho Chi Minh. It was first formalised by the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1991. Ho Chi Minh Thought is a broad term for political theories and policies that are seen by their proponents as representing Marxism–Leninism adapted to Vietnamese circumstances and specific time periods. The ideology includes views on the basic issues of the Vietnamese Revolution, specifically the application and development of Marxism-Leninism to the material conditions of Vietnam. The contents of Ho Chi Minh Thought was codified and developed by the Communist Party of Vietnam. The Communist Party of Vietnam defines Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought as a guideline for all actions and victories of the Vietnamese revolution. Ho Chi Minh Thought, while named after the Vietnamese revolutionary and President, does not necessarily reflect the ideology of Ho Chi Minh, rather Ho Chi Minh Thought refers to the official ideology of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Types of socialism include a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production and organizational self-management of enterprises as well as the political theories and movements associated with socialism. Social ownership may refer to forms of public, collective or cooperative ownership, or to citizen ownership of equity in which surplus value goes to the working class and hence society as a whole. There are many varieties of socialism and no single definition encapsulates all of them, but social ownership is the common element shared by its various forms. Socialists disagree about the degree to which social control or regulation of the economy is necessary; how far society should intervene and whether government, particularly existing government, is the correct vehicle for change.
Socialist Party is the name of many different political parties around the world. All of these parties claim to uphold some form of socialism, though they may have very different interpretations of what "socialism" means. Statistically, most of these parties advocate either democratic socialism, social democracy or even Third Way as their ideological position. Many Socialist Parties have explicit connections to the labor movement and trade unions. See also Socialist International, list of democratic socialist parties and organizations and list of social democratic parties. A number of affiliates of the Trotskyist International Socialist Alternative also use the name "Socialist Party".
Orthodox Marxism is the body of Marxist thought that emerged after the death of Karl Marx (1818–1883) and which became the official philosophy of the majority of socialist movement as represented in the Second International until the First World War in 1914. Orthodox Marxism aims to simplify, codify and systematize Marxist method and theory by clarifying the perceived ambiguities and contradictions of classical Marxism.
A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers' state or workers' republic, is a sovereign state constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism. The term communist state is often used synonymously in the West specifically when referring to one-party socialist states governed by Marxist–Leninist communist parties, despite these countries being officially socialist states in the process of building socialism. These countries never describe themselves as communist nor as having implemented a communist society. Additionally, a number of countries that are multi-party capitalist states make references to socialism in their constitutions, in most cases alluding to the building of a socialist society, naming socialism, claiming to be a socialist state, or including the term people's republic or socialist republic in their country's full name, although this does not necessarily reflect the structure and development paths of these countries' political and economic systems. Currently, these countries include Algeria, Bangladesh, Guyana, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Portugal, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Marxism: